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Hanriot HD.1

Страна: Франция

Год: 1916

Истребитель

Hanriot - Concours de Securite - 1913 - Франция<– –>Hanriot - HD.2 - 1916 - Франция


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


"АНРИО" HD-1 / Hanriot HD-1

   Цельнодеревянный одностоечный биплан с полотняной обшивкой, вооруженный синхропулеметом "Виккерс". Спроектирован Рене Анрио и Пьером Дюпоном как истребитель для замены "ньюпоров" во французской авиации. В конструкции и внешнем облике машины заметно влияние английской фирмы "Сопвич". В частности, межкрыльевые стойки и подкосы сделаны по типу "полуторастоечного", а капот такой же, как на истребителе "Пап". Прототип успешно прошел испытания в июле 1916 года.
   "Анрио" получился более аэродинамичным и прочным, чем "Ньюпор". При том же 110-сильном моторе "Рон" 9J он показал лучшие летные данные. Однако французские военные решили сделать ставку на более перспективный истребитель "Спад" с мощным мотором жидкостного охлаждения.
   HD-1 так и не приняли на вооружение во Франции, но машиной весьма заинтересовались итальянцы, не имевшие на тот момент истребителей собственной разработки. Они приобрели лицензию и в ноябре 1916-го развернули серийное производство на заводе "Ньюпор-Макки" в городе Варезе. Общий объем заказов на HD-1 для итальянских ВВС составил 1700 экземпляров, правда, до заключения перемирия успели построить около половины от этого количества, после чего производство свернули. Всего в итальянских истребительных эскадрильях применялось примерно 900 "Анрио", часть из которых поступила из Франции. HD-1 был самым массовым истребителем на итальянской службе в Первую мировую войну и прослужил он довольно долго. Последние машины этого типа списали только в 1923 году.
   Помимо итальянцев, на HD-1 активно воевали бельгийцы, Бельгийские ВВС, действовавшие на территории Франции, так как их страна была оккупирована, приняли его на вооружение в июне 1917-го. Поставки начались в середине августа. Всего бельгийская "Авиасьон Милитэр" получила от фирмы "Анрио" 125 машин. К концу года ими были вооружены все бельгийские истребительные эскадрильи. Затем некоторые из них сменили свои "анрио" на "кэмелы", однако в Бельгии HD-1 применялись еще дольше, чем в Италии - вплоть до 1926 года.
   Некоторые бельгийские "Анрио" оснащались 120-сильными моторами "Рон" 9Jb и не одним, а двумя синхронными "Виккерсами". Но из-за возросшего веса и аэродинамического сопротивления летные данные этих машин ухудшились, несмотря на повышение мощности двигателя. Поэтому летчики предпочитали двухпулеметным "Анрио" однопулеметные.
   Последним эксплуатантом "Анрио" стала Швейцария. В 1921 году ВВС этой страны приобрели 16 машин.
   На базе HD-1 в 1918 году был создан поплавковый гидроистребитель HD-2, вооруженный двумя синхронными "виккерсами". Небольшое количество таких машин состояло на вооружении французской морской авиации. 10 штук закупили американцы. После войны их перевезли в США, там переделали под колесное шасси и использовали в качестве учебно-тренировочных машин.
  
  
ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
HD.1 1916г.
  
   Размах, м 8,70
   Длина, м 5,84
   Высота, м 2,54
   Площадь крыла, кв.м 18,10
   Сухой вес, кг 395
   Взлетный вес, кг 600
   Двигатель: "Рон"
   мощность, л. с. 110
   Скорость максимальная, км/ч 183
   Скорость подъема на высоту
   2000 м, мин.сек 6,40
   Дальность полета, км 550
   Потолок, м 6250
   Экипаж, чел. 1
   Вооружение 1 пулемет


А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты


Анрио-Дюпон HD.1 1916 г.

   Одновременно с фирмой "Ньюпор" в конкурсе на легкий истребитель участвовала фирма "Анрио". Инженером М. Дюпоном был построен и предложен командованию французской армии самолет HD.1. Это был одностоечный одноместный биплан. Конструкция обычная для самолетов этого типа. Деревянный каркас фюзеляжа, обтянутый полотном. Металлический капот полностью закрывал двигатель: 9-цилиндровый, воздушного охлаждения, ротативный, звездообразный "Рон" (110 л. с.). Топливный и масляный баки устанавливались между двигателем и кабиной пилота. Пулемет располагался на капоте перед летчиком. Самолет имел небольшой гаргрот и заголовник за кабиной пилота. Крыло двухлонжеронное, изготавливалось из дерева и обтягивалось полотном. Элероны были только на верхнем крыле, имевшем небольшое поперечное V и больший размах. Для обеспечения необходимой центровки верхнее крыло имело вынос над нижним крылом. Стойки крыла трубчатые, в деревянных обтекателях. Растяжки - стальной трос.
   Оперение обычного типа со стабилизатором и килем. Шасси тоже обычное на деревянных стойках и со сплошной осью. Амортизация резиновая шнуровая. Но командование французской армии отдало предпочтение истребителям "Ньюпор-17 C1", являвшимся развитием "Ньюпор-11", уже хорошо освоенных пилотами. Некоторое количество HD.1 все же попало в эскадрильи французских ВВС, а большинство из 831 построенных машин были переданы итальянским и бельгийским ВВС. В 1918 году некоторое количество машин НD.1 было продано командованию морской авиации флота США. Еще некоторое количество построено по лицензии в Филадельфии. Эти самолеты использовались для опытов по полетам с палубы. Неплохая для 1916 года машина к середине 1917-го уже уступала по летным данным немецким истребителям. К концу 1917 года оставшиеся машины были переданы в учебные подразделения.


G.Swanborough, P.Bowers United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911 (Putnam)


HANRIOT HD-1, 2

The Navy acquired 26 French Hanriot HD-2 seaplane fighters for use in Europe during World War 1. Except for the 130 hp Clerget engine and a large rudder, these were seaplane versions of the well-known Hanriot HD-1 (for Hanriot-Dupont) landplane. After the Armistice, 10 HD-2s were shipped to the US Naval Aircraft Factory for reconditioning and conversion to HD-1 landplanes, and were assigned serials A5620-A5629. Fitted with flotation bags and hydrovanes ahead of the wheel undercarriage, they were flown from battleships. Span, 28 ft 6 in; length, 19 ft 8 in; gross weight, 1,521Ib; max speed, 115 mph.


Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919


The Hanriot firm produced its first aircraft in 1916. The HD. 1, as it was designated, was designed by Pierre Dupont. The compact single-seater had an upper wing with dihedral. The lower wing had no dihedral; its span and chord were less than that of the upper wing. The center section struts were similar to those used on the Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutters which Hanriot had built under license. The synchronized Vickers 7.7-mm machine gun was fitted on the port side of the fuselage. The engine was a 110-hp Le Rhone 9Jb driving a Ratmanoff propeller 2.46 meters in diameter.
   The fuselage was of wood except for the forward portion extending from the firewall to the cockpit, which was metal. The forward fuselage had three longerons: one behind the firewall, a second supporting the cabane struts and landing gear, and a third at the rear of the cockpit. The lower wing spar passed between the second and third frames. The rear fuselage had four rectangular longerons. The frame for the headrest was situated over the first three frames. At the rear of the fuselage steel tubes supported the tail and landing skid. The upper wing had two parallel spars and a dihedral of four degrees. The lower wing had a single large spar and, as mentioned earlier, no dihedral. The oil tank was in the forward fuselage. There were three fuel tanks: two in front of the cockpit and a third in the headrest fairing. Normally only a single machine gun was carried, but some HD.1s were modified to have two.
   The Hanriot HD.1, as the new machine was designated, had an impressive performance which was fully evaluated when it made its first test flights in June 1916. The aircraft had the same engine as the Nieuport 16/17 series, which was probably the reason for its rejection by the Aviation Militaire. At this time the rotary engine's eccentric traits were being widely denounced by fighter pilots, who greatly preferred the SPAD 7 and its water-cooled engine. A 150 hp Gnome Monosoupape engine was later fitted to an HD.1 which also had new fuselage fairings and an altered fin and rudder. Although tests at Villacoublay confirmed its superior performance, no series production followed.
   Although rejected by the Aviation Militaire, the Aviation Maritime adopted a modified version of the aircraft designated HD.2. The HD.1 was also widely used by the Italian, Belgian, and Swiss air services (see below).
  
Foreign Service
  
   Belgium
  
   The Aeronautique Militaire Belge ordered 79 Hanriot HD.1s in 1917. The first example was received in August 1917 by the I st Escadrille. Others were supplied to most of the fighter units, the 9th Escadrille and 11th Escadrille (at Moeres airfield) being equipped entirely with Hanriot HD. Is during the war.
   Despite the fact that the Hanriot HD.1s were found to be lightly armed and relatively slow, they were used with great success by such Belgian aces as Coppens, de Meulemeester, and Olieslagers. Field modifications included fitting two machine guns (which seriously degraded performance), fitting an HD.2 rudder to the HD.1 (which improved maneuverability), and fitting an 11-mm Vickers gun in place of the 7.7-mm weapon.
   Postwar, the Hanriot HD. Is were operated by the 7th Escadrille of the 4th Groupe de Chasse based at Schaffen. By 1926 the 7th Escadrille was based at Nivelles. Later that year the unit retired the last of its Hanriot HD.1s.
  
   Italy
  
   The Aviazione Militaire needed a replacement for its Nieuport 17s, which were becoming rapidly obsolescent. Examples of the HD.1 had been tested by Italian pilots in Paris who gave favorable reports on the new fighter. The speed, maneuverability, and climb rate were found to be considerably better than that of the Nieuport-Macchi 17s. As a result, an arrangement was made for the Societa Nieuport-Macchi to produce the HD.1 under license.
   An initial order for 100 aircraft was placed in late 1916 and production began soon after. Most were powered by a 110-hp Le Rhone engine, although some were fitted with a 120-hp 9Jby. The Vickers machine gun, which originally was offset, was relocated to the centerline of the fuselage to improve the pilot's access to the gun in flight and to make aiming easier.
   The Italians were very pleased with the HD.1. They especially appreciated its robustness and agility. It was also marginally faster than the Albatros fighters and Brandenburg D.Is it was fighting.
   The initial unit to be equipped with the type was 76 Squadriglia, which received its first in August 1917. The unit was based at Borgnano and assigned to the 6 Gruppo in the 2nd Armata sector.
   It participated in the 11th Battle of Isonzo on 18 August 1917, where the qualities of the HD.1 became readily apparent.
  
  
   HD. 1 Single-Seat Fighter HD.1 Single-Seat Fighter
   with 120-hp Le Rhone 9Jb with 110-hp Le Rhone 9Jb
   Built by Nieuport-Macchi
Dimensions:
   Span 8.7 m 8.50 m
   length 5.85 m 5.85 m
   height 2.94 m 2.5 m
   wing area 18.2 sq. m 17.50 sq. m
   Empty weight 400 kg 410 kg
   loaded weight 605 kg 600 kg
Performance:
   Max speed
   at ground level 186 km/h 183 km/h
   at 2,000 m 178 km/h
   Climb to:
   1,000 m 2 minutes 58 seconds 2 minutes 40 seconds
   2,000 m 6 minutes 3 seconds 6 minutes 40 seconds
   3,000 m 11 minutes 3 seconds 11 minutes
   4,000 m 19 minutes 30 seconds 16 minutes 30 seconds
   5,000 m 32 minutes
Ceiling: 6,000 m 5,900 m
Endurance: 2.5 hours 2.5 hours
Armament: One 7.7-mm Vickers machine gun One 7.7-mm Vickers machine gun
Production: Approximately 100 HD.1s of all Approximately 900 built under
   variants were built by Hanriot license by Nieuport-Macchi


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


HANRIOT HD.1 France

   The first fighter to be produced by the Societe anonyme des Appareils d’Aviation Hanriot, the HD.1 was designed by Emile Dupont and was built in the summer of 1916. Powered by a 100 hp Le Rhone rotary engine and carrying an armament of one synchronised 7,7-mm Vickers machine gun (although a few aircraft were later to be fitted with two Vickers guns), the HD.1 was an extremely compact and agile single-seat fighter. Appearing later than the SPAD S.VII which was already in production, it was not ordered by France’s Aviation militaire. It was adopted by Italy, however, and licence manufacture was undertaken by the Societa Nieuport Macchi which delivered 125 to the Aeronautica del Regio Esercito in 1917, 706 in 1918, and a further 70 after the Armistice. The HD.1 was also adopted by Belgium, to which country Hanriot supplied 79 fighters of this type from August 1917. The HD.1 continued in service in both Italy and Belgium into the mid-’twenties. In 1921, Switzerland purchased 16 from Italian war surplus stocks and retained these in service until 1930. The following data relate to the HD-1 powered by the 120 hp Le Rhone 9Jb.

Max speed, 115 mph (184 km/h) at sea level, 111 mph (178 km/h) at 6,560 ft (2 000 m).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m), 2.97 min.
Ceiling, 19,685 ft (6 000 m).
Range, 224 mis (360 km).
Empty weight, 983 lb (446 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,437 lb (652 kg).
Span, 28 ft 6 1/2 in (8,70 m).
Length, 19 ft 2 1/4 in (5,85 m).
Height, 9 ft 7 1/2 in (2,94 m).
Wing area, 195.9 sq ft (18,20 m2).


E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918


00. Versuchs- und Beuteflugzeuge (Опытные и трофейные самолеты)
00.61 Hanriot HD 1, Nr. 50 (italienisch) Rh 120
00.72 Hanriot Hd 1 (italienisch) Rh 120


J.Davilla Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 74)


Hanriot HD.1

  The Nieuport N.11s and N.17s were not only inferior to their Austro-Hungarian figure counterparts, but also suffered from numerous structural problems including wing failures. The latter was exacerbated by the Nieuport firms’s decision to continue to produce these aircraft with “V” interplane struts, a remnant of the time the lower wings could be swiveled along the center spar to permit adjustment of the rigging while on the ground.
  Representing the Missione Militare Aeronautica Italiana (Italian Air Force Military Mission), capitano Ermanno Beltramo met with Hanriot and his chief engineer Pierre Dupont to discuss producing the HD.1 in Italy. The Aviation Militaire had decided to continue to rely on the SPAD 7 and forthcoming SPAD 13s to equip its fighter escadrilles. The HD.1 was seen as passe and no orders were forthcoming for the fighter variant. This created an opportunity for Hanriot to salvage their design, and for the Italians to modernize their fighter force.
  The Italian pilots prized maneuverability above all else (the perceived lack of that quality had ended the career of the very promising Ansaldo SVA as a fighter), and the HD.1s were very agile aircraft.
  The Hanriot was demonstrated in Italy in February 1917. It was decided that both the Hanriot firm and Nieuport-Macchi would produce the aircraft. In fact, Macchi not only built a new plant at Cocquio S. Andrea sole to build the new fighters, but they also ended their participation in the Ca.5 production program so they could concentrate on building HD.1s.
  This turned out to be a wise decision, as production delays and the Armistice would bring an early end to Ca.5 production, while Macchi went on to build 901 examples of Hanriot’s fighter. The Hanriot firm, itself, built at least 210 fighters, 90 of them were built and delivered after the war (24207-24266 and 24458-24487).
  Most were powered by a 110-hp Le Rhone engine, although some were fitted with a 120-hp 9Jby. The Vickers machine gun, which originally was offset, was relocated to the centerline of the fuselage to improve the pilot’s access to the gun in flight (as Italian ammunition frequently jammed the guns) and to make aiming easier.
  The Italians were very pleased with the HD.1. They especially appreciated its robustness and agility. It was also marginally faster than the Albatros fighters and Brandenburg D.Is it was fighting. However, as time passed problems developed.The HD.1s suffered from twisted and deformed wings (reminiscent of similar complaints with the Nieuport fighters), excessive vibration, and airframe defects.
  Growing dissatisfaction with the type became apparent. 73a Squadriglia’s commander, tenente de Biasi, complained to XXI Gruppo about frequent breakages of bolts and pins, and weakening of the aircraft’s tail surfaces. On 27 June, an aircraft suffered from rudder bar failure. The pilot succeeded in landing his machine with great difficulty. The unit reported that in March it had only two operational Hanriots.
  The Hanriots were also slower than the enemy planes, meaning that the Austro-Hungarian pilots could easily avoid combat. In September the commander stated that the engine performance was poor and 15 of the rotary engines had to be repaired. Note that these machines were being built under license in Italy, suggesting the problems with the type’s construction may have begun in Italy.
  By September 1918 the HD.1s were regarded as inferior to the newer Austro-Hungarian fighters being encountered over the front. The decision was made to replace all Hanriots with the new Ansaldo A.1s. However, production delays resulted in only a handful of A.1s being delivered before the Armistice.
  As noted below, the HD.1s were forced to soldier on until 1925 until enough new aircraft had arrived to replace them.
  Even then the HD.1s continued in service with the scuole, most notably with “Airone” school (later CAB from June 1927), which used HD.1s with 40-hp engine (for use as “penguins”) or 80-hp for limited flights. Some HD.1s were converted to two-seaters, although it is unclear if dual controls were fitted. Alegi notes that in 1927 CAB obtained its AR models directly from the Hanriot firm in 1927. The firm built at least 39 AR.1 single-seaters and at least 12 AR.2 two seaters. The last AR was registered in May 1932.

Operational Service

  The initial unit to be equipped with the type was 76 Squadriglia, which received its first in August 1917. The unit was based at Borgnano and assigned to the 6 Gruppo in the 2nd armata sector. It participated in the 11th Battle of Isonzo on 18 August 1917, where the qualities of the HD.1 became readily apparent.
  During 1917 many of the other Italian fighter units received the type. The units equipped with Hanriot HD.1s on 20 November 1917 were:
  X Gruppo (assigned to the Supreme Command): 70a, 82a, and 91a Squadriglias.
  XIII Gruppo (3rd armata): 80a and 83a Squadriglias.
  VI Gruppo (4th armata): 76a, 78a, and 81a Squadriglias, two Sezione of HD. 1s assigned to defend Padova.
  On 26 December 1917 HD.1s of VI and X Gruppo Aeroplani participated in the air war over Istrana. By the end of 1917 there had been substantial changes in the dispositions of the HD.1 units. The new organization was:
  X Gruppo (Supreme Command): 70a, 82a, and 91a Squadriglias.
  Ill Gruppo (1st armata): 72a Squadriglias.
  XIII Gruppo (3rd armata): 80a and 83a Squadriglias.
  VI Gruppo (4th armata): 76a, 78a, and 81a Squadriglias.
  By the time of the Battle of the Piave in June 1918 the following units had Hanriot HD.1s on strength:
  X Gruppo (Supreme Command): 70a, 80a, and 91a Squadriglias.
  XVI Gruppo (1st armata): 71a and 80a Squadriglias. VI Gruppo (4th armata): 76a Squadriglia.
  IX Gruppo (7th armata/9th armatas): 72a and 74a Squadriglias.
  XV Gruppo (8th armata): 78a and 79a Squadriglias.
  214a Squadriglia (Regia Marina).
  The Italian fighter command concentrated 120 fighters over the battlefield. This “Massa de Caccia,” the majority of which were Hanriot HD.1s, proved very successful, and these units claimed 107 enemy aircraft and seven balloons destroyed between 15 and 23 June.
  HD.1 units also saw action in Albania (85a Squadriglia Caccia based at Piskupi), Macedonia (73a Squadriglia Caccia based at Negocani), and Venezia Lido (214a Squadriglia of the Italian navy).
  The Hanriot HD.1 remained in service throughout the war. By the Battle of Vittorio Veneto on 20 October 1918 the number of squadriglias using the aircraft had increased from 10 to 14 with a total of 144 HD.1s in service. These were as follows:
  III Gruppo (1st armata): 75a Squadriglia.
  VI Gruppo (4th armata): 6a and 81a Squadriglias.
  VIII Gruppo (Albania): 85a Squadriglia.
  IX Gruppo (7th armata/9th armata):72a Squadriglia.
  X Gruppo (Supreme Command): 70a and 82a Squadriglias.
  XIII Gruppo (3rd armata): 80a Squadriglia
  XVI Gruppo (1st armata): 71a Squadriglia.
  20 Gruppo: 74a Squadriglia.
  XXI Gruppo (35th Divisione in Macedonia): 73a Squadriglia.
  XXIII Gruppo (9th armata): 79a Squadriglia.
  24 Gruppo (6th armata): 83a Squadriglia.
  241 Squadriglia (Marina Italiana).
  Squadriglias 72a, 73a, 76a, 80a, and 81a were equipped only with HD.1s; the other units operated a mixture of HD.1s, Nieuport 27s, and SPAD 7s.
  A total of 1,700 Hanriot HD.1s were ordered from the Nieuport Macchi firm and by the time of the Armistice 831 had been delivered. An additional 70 were delivered after the Armistice.

  By 1926 the Hanriot HD.1s were retired to the training units, having been replaced by the new Fiat C.R. 1.


HD.1 Single-Seat Fighter with 110-hp Le Rhone 9Jb Built by Nieuport-Macchi
  Wingspan 8.50 m; length 5.85 in, height 2.5 in; wing area 17.50 sq. m
  Empty weight 410 kg; loaded weight 600 kg
  Maximum speed: 183 km/h
  Climb: 1,000 in 2 minutes 40 seconds; 2,000 in 6 minutes 40 seconds; 3,000 m in 11 minutes; 4,000 in 16 minutes 30 seconds; ceiling 5,900 in; endurance 2.5 hours
  Armament: one 7.7-mm Vickers machine gun
  Approximately 900 built under license by Nieuport-Macchi

А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
HD.1 C1 эскадрильи SPA159 ВВС Франции (1916г.)
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Анрио" HD-1 из состава 70-й эскадрильи итальянских ВВС, 1918г.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1, 70a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1, 70a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #11432, 72a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1, 72a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #519, 76a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6647, 76a Squadriglia
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HANRIOT HD.1 Hd. 7517, 76th Squadriglia, ARE, 1917
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6239, Tenente Silvio Scaroni, 76a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 #6206, Sgt Raimondo Loretto, 76a Squadriglia, 1918
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6239, 78a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1 #6248, 78a Squadriglia, Summer 1918
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1, Tenente Mario Fucini, 78a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 #6614 (French-built #18), Sgt. Guido Nardini, 78a Squadriglia, 1917
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6239, 80a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Hanriot HD.1 #526, Capt. Mario Zoboli, OC, 81a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #543, 82a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6239, 82a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #6242, 82a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #13246, 83a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Hanriot HD.1 #7501, 85a Squadriglia, Sarrocchi
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Анрио HD.1
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD.1 No.1, Coppens, 1ere Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD.1 No.24, Coppens, 9me Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD.1 No.8, Olieslagers, 1ere Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD.1, Olieslagers, 9me Escadrille
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Истребитель Анрио-Дюпон HD.1 C1 1-й эскадрильи авиации Бельгии (1917г.)
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD.1 No.30, De Meulemeester, 9me Escadrille
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
HD.1 C1 7-й эскадрильи авиации Бельгии (1916г.)
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Анрио H.D.1, 1 эскадрилья бельгийских ВВС, пилот - су-лейтенант В.Коппенс, лето 1918г.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Палубный истребитель Анрио-Дюпон HD.1 C1 морской авиации США (1916г.)
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
One of the 16 ex-Italian HD.1s used until 1930 by Switzerland’s Jagdflieger-Abteilung III.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Hanriot HD 1 (Nr. 73) Gardolo Mai 1918
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Of French design, the HD.1 served principally in Italy, Belgium and Switzerland.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The first HD 1, #H.D.1, was delivered in August 1917, refused by such men as Jean Olieslagers and Andre De Meulemeester, and passed on to future ace Willy Coppens.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HD.1 serial 301
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
The Hanriot HD-1 made its debut towards the close of 1916 and although never built in anything like the numbers enjoyed by the Nieuport 17 or SPAD SVII, displayed a robustness that belied its rather frail appearance. Initially deployed operationally during the summer of 1917 and much beloved by those that flew it, the HD-1 was largely overlooked in the land of its origin, with only the French Navy buying 35. Outside its homeland, this typically 120hp Le Rhone-powered single seater found favour with the Belgian and Italian air arms. Belgium took 125, while Italy acquired no less than 831 HD-1s, which they preferred to the SPAD XIII. The only real criticism of the HD-1 appears to have been of its single .303-inch synchronised Vickers gun armament, generally considered to lack much 'clout' by mid-1917. Unfortunately, attempts to add a second gun seriously affected the machine's climb and altitude performance.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HD.1 showing cooling holes in cowling
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
An admirable ground view of an Italian operated Hanriot HD-1, serial no Hd 13244, seen in a mid to late 1918 setting. Although slow by contemporary standards and with only a single .303-inch Vickers gun, distinctly underarmed, the Hanriot was both very agile and robust, features that clearly endeared it to the Italians to such an extent that they foresook the much faster SPAD S XIII in favour of this more nimble mount. Indeed, at the time of the Armistice in November 1918, Italy had bought no fewer than 831 of these machines, ensuring that no fewer than sixteen of the total eighteen existing Italian fighter squadrons were equipped with the Hanriot.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 #21071.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Анрио H.D.1 итальянских ВВС.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1 #6642 of 71 a Squadriglia in its hangar at Villaverla, November 1917.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Sergente Aldo Astolfi and one of his Hanriot fighters. Number '8' is on the cockpit side; hardly visible on the fin is the star of the Bersaglieri collar badge that he chose as personal insignia. (Astolfi Family)
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1 on San Nicolo airfield, Venice.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Hanriot HD I, Nr. 50. italienisches Beuteflugzeug, erhielt später die Flugzeugnummer 00.61
Hanriot HD I, № 50. Итальянский трофейный самолет, впоследствии получивший номер 00.61.
Z.Czirok - Austro-Hungarian Fighter Units of WWI. Volume 1 /Aeronaut/ (1)
Ten. Flavio Torello Baracchini of 76a Squadriglia with his brand new French-built Hanriot H.D.515 emblazoned with the four aces. H.D.6272, which he flew later, had the same personal marking. (Roberto Gentilli)
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Colorful HD.1 of 76a Squadriglia on the airfield.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 #6647 of 76a Squadriglia.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 of Tenente Mario Fucini, 78a Squadriglia.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1#6246 of 78a Squadriglia with its pilot on the airfield.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1's of 78a Squadriglia on their airfield of San Luca.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HD.1 of 81a Squadriglia. The Hanriot replaced the Nieuports as the standard Italian fighter; it was more robust and had better climb and maneuverability at altitude. It still mounted only one gun, but it was synchronized.
A colorfully-marked Italian HD.1. The Vickers machine gun, which was originally offset, was relocated to the centerline of the fuselage in order to improve the pilot's access to the gun in flight and make aiming easier
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
The Hanriot HD.1 of S. tenente. Antonio Bogliolo.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Ten. Olivetti with his HD.1 of 81a Squadriglia.
The Hanriot HD.1 of S. tenente. Antonio Bogliolo.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Capt. Mario Zoboli, CO-81 Sq., in front of his HD.1
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Spad 7 fighters in the field. A Hanriot is in the background.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1s and Ni.27s of 74a Squadriglia at Castenedolo.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Macchi-built Hanriot HD1 fighters; despite producing some excellent bombers and reconnaissance aircraft, the Italians continued to rely on licence-building fighters.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
HD.1 fighters of 81a Squadriglia.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
HD.1 fighters of 81a Squadriglia on their airfield. The Hanriot, some bought from France but most built under license in Italy, was the mainstay Italian fighter for the last part of the war. Italian fighter pilots valued maneuverability above all other qualities, so preferred the HD.1 to the much faster SVA 5 because the SVA was not nearly as maneuverable. The HD.1 was much more robust than the Nieuports previously used, and had better maneuverablity at high altitude.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
FIAT R.2 with 270hp Fiat engine on its airfield at right, Spad 13 in middle, Hanriot HD.1 in left background.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HD.1 in service with the Belgian air force. The Aeronautique Militaire Belge ordered 79 Hanriot HD.1s in 1917
Production of the HD.1 was undertaken by Hanriot only to meet orders from Belgium.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
HD.1 in Belgian service. The Aeronautique Militaire Belge ordered 79 Hanriot HD.1s in 1917
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Hanriot HD 12 of the Red Flight, belonging to Iere Escadrille de Chasse, early 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
A British pilot is flanked by seven Belgian fighter pilots. LtoR: Gilbert Ory, Pierre Dubois, Leon Gerard & Carlos Verbessem. Seated LtoR: Pierre Braun, Willy Coppens & Georges Kervyn de Lettenhove. Apart from Braun, 5me Esc, all pilots belonged to Iere Esc.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
In July 1918 the Green-White Flight of Lt Jean Olieslagers, I Sgts Edmond Kervyn de Meerendre and Maurice Jamar, 9me Esc, was involved in some aerial combats.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The White Flight of Capt Walter Gallez (M), Adjts Willy Coppens (L) and Pierre Dubois, 9me Esc, claimed a two-seater on 12 March 1918. Pierre Dubois was the one who was credited.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Willy Coppens, Iere Esc, had a strange combat on 14 October 1917, when his seat collapsed and fell on the floor of his aircraft.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Willy Coppens, 9me Esc, flew a mission he ‘just wanted to do’, on 19 February 1918. Starting at 0835 at Les Moeres, he was over Brussels at 0952 flying at 2,400 feet. Coppens circled over the city until 1005 and landed back at 1045.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Willy Coppens, 9me Esc, opened his score on 25 April 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
After S/Lt Edmond Thieffry, Adjt Willy Coppens, 9me Esc, became the second fighter pilot to claim more than one victory in one day. The first time was on 8 May 1918, scoring his 2nd and 3rd victory.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Willy Coppens, 9me Esc, had just scored his 5th victory on 19 May 1918, and is being congratulated by his comrades.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Willy Coppens. 9me Esc, brought his score to 13 at the end of June 1918. Herewith he became the best scoring Belgian pilot.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sous-Lieutenant Willy Coppens, 9me Esc, brought his score to 32 during September 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Mr Leon Cremers, 11me Esc, crashed a Hanriot HD 1 on 13 September 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Pierre Dubois, 9me Esc, was the first fighter pilot of the newly created Groupe de Chasse to claim a victory, on 12 March 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Pierre Dubois, 9me Esc, was the last fighter pilot to crash. He did so on 10 November 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sgt Etienne Hage, 9me Esc, scored his first of three balloons on 29 September 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Capt Paul Hiernaux, 11me Esc, became that squadron’s Chef d’Escadrille, and was also the first to be involved in an aerial combat in May 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sgt Leon Guillon, 11me Esc, claimed two victories in October 1918. With this he became the units top-scoring pilot.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Jacques Lamarche, 11me Esc, claimed a possible victory on 11 August 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Novice pilot, Sgt Hector Maurage, 6me, Esc, only flew two war missions, but on his 2nd, he attacked a balloon.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Andre De Meulemeester, 9me Esc, scored two victories in February 1918. One of them was credited as his 7th. The other remained unconfirmed.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Andre De Meulemeester, 9me Esc, equaled Thieffry’s score, by downing his 10th victim on 17 May 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Gusto de Mevius, 9me Esc, scored his only confirmed victory on 25 April 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Lt Florent Noirsain is standing next to Hanriot HD6 at Calais in October 1917.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Mr Joseph Vuylsteke, 11me Esc, became Lt Willy Coppens’ substitute with the Groupe de Chasse. He scored his only victory on 1 November 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Craftsmen of Iere Escadrille de Chasse in front of one of their Hanriots.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Анрио" HD-1 в брюссельском авиационном музее. Самолет раскрашен как машина бельгийского аса 1-й мировой войны Яна Олиеслагерса.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Two views of a Hanriot in the Brussels Air Museum painted to represent Olieslager’s HD 1 of 9me Escadrille.
C.Owers - Fokker Aircraft of WWI. Vol.7: Postwar /Centennial Perspective/ (67)
View of Moeres airfield post-war. D.VII 6693/18 bears the Thistle emblem of the 9th Escadrille as does the Hanriot H.D.1 parked next to it. The serial 'F 2' is presented on the middle rudder stripe. The Escadrille was equipped with the Hanriot H.D.1 and the Fokkers were used as trainers - given that they had a stationary engine and were more powerful than the Hanriots, this seems a strange combination of types. A late-war Gotha bomber can be seen in the background. Belgium's air arm used some of these bombers along with other German types in the years following WWL (via D Brackx)
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
The beautifully-decorated HD.1 was captured and Austrian insignia applied.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
C.Owers - Fokker Aircraft of WWI. Vol.7: Postwar /Centennial Perspective/ (67)
A Hanriot H.D.1, Fokker D.VIII and a Spad at Fubara airfield.
M.Schmeelke - Zeppelin-Lindau Aircraft of WW1 /Centennial Perspective/ (42)
The Zeppelin C.II aircraft at the airfield in Dubendorf. Serial No. 811 is visible with Hanriot H.D.1 fighters in the background.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The machine gun of the first HD 1 was slightly off center. Thereafter the machine guns were placed in the center by the Service Technique at Beaumarais.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Jean Olieslagers, Iere Esc, crashed his HD 1 on 4 November 1917, putting him into hospital for a month.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
One of the Hanriots, in this case HD13, of 9me Escadrille de Chasse, destroyed during the bombardment on Les Moeres airfield on 13 June 1918. The aircraft was part of the Green-White Flight.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The Flight “Jaune”, of 9me Esc, was, during an evening sortie, pursued and attacked by a flight of RAF Dolphin scouts escorting a DH4 on 7 July 1918. The Hanriot of de Mevius was severely damaged in the attack, but fortunately the pilot was not hit.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A Hanriot HD-1 Single-seat Tractor Biplane.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Hanriot H.D.1
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Macchi-Built Hanriot HD.1
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Macchi-Built Hanriot HD.1
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Macchi-Built Hanriot HD.1