Самолеты (сортировка по:)
Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Nieuport Nieuport-11/16/18 Bebe

Страна: Франция

Год: 1915

Истребитель

Nieuport - Nieuport-10 - 1915 - Франция<– –>Nieuport - Nieuport-12/13/14 - 1915 - Франция


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


"Ньюпор-11"/-16 ("Ньюпор бебе") / Nieuport 11/16 (Nieuport bebe)

   Аппарат спроектирован Густавом Деляжем в 1914 году для участия в воздушных гонках на приз Гордона Беннета, где он должен был составить конкуренцию "Морану N". Но из-за неожиданного для многих начала войны ему, как и "Морану", пришлось выступать совсем в другой роли - боевого самолета-истребителя. "Ньюпор-11" представлял собой облегченный и уменьшенный в размерах одноместный вариант "Ньюпора-10", оснащенный 80-сильным ротативным мотором "Рон". За свои относительно небольшие габариты он получил прозвище "бебе" (младенец) или "Ньюпор бебе".
   Аэроплан запущен в серийное производство во Франции в середине 1915 года. Поначалу он не имел вооружения, но вскоре "бебе" стали оснащать курсовым пулеметом "Льюис", установленным на стойках над верхним крылом по типу "Ньюпора-10". Иногда, вместо "Льюиса", ставили "Кольт" или "Гочкисс". Таким образом, самолет превратился в довольно удачный одноместный истребитель с более высокими, чем у его предшественника, летными характеристиками.
Несмотря на относительно маломощный мотор, "Ньюпор-11" обладал неплохой скоростью, хорошей маневренностью, а главное - простотой и легкостью пилотирования, что выгодно отличало его от "Морана N". В результате самолет приобрел популярность среди пилотов, а его серийный выпуск быстро набирал обороты. К началу 1916 года "Ньюпор бебе" стал основным истребителем во французской авиации. Благодаря ему французам удалось ликвидировать немецкое превосходство в воздухе, захваченное летом 1915-го с помощью первых истребителей Фоккера.
   "Бебе" также состоял на вооружении ВВС Великобритании, Бельгии, Италии и России. В двух последних странах эти машины производились серийно. Итальянская фирма "Ньюпор-Макки" построила 646 "Ньюпоров-11", а московский завод "Дукс" - более сотни. Кроме того несколько десятков штук сделано по лицензии в нейтральной Голландии. Выпуск "бебе" непосредственно во Франции составил примерно 600 экземпляров.
   Но уже в марте 1916 года фирма "Ньюпор" выдала новую модификацию своего полутораплана, оснащенную более мощным 110-сильным мотором "Рон". Она получила обозначение "Ньюпор-16". Рост энерговооруженности вызвал значительное улучшение летных характеристик, особенно резко повысилась скороподъемность. Внешне же самолет отличался только наличием заголовника за кабиной пилота (надо отметить, что на многих "ньюпорах-11" российской сборки также был заголовник, поэтому отличить их по фотографиям, на которых не видно двигателя, от "Ньюпора-16" довольно сложно). Кроме того, на новом "бебе" впервые во Франции начали устанавливать синхронный пулемет "Виккерс" перед кабиной пилота, хотя из-за нехватки синхронизаторов большинство машин по-прежнему строилось с несинхронными надкрыльевыми "Льюисами".
   "Ньюпоры-11" и -16 широко и с успехом применялись на всех фронтах Первой мировой войны. Но их боевая карьера была недолгой. Уже в середине 1916 года на смену "бебе" пришла очередная модификация ньюпоровского истребителя, о которой пойдет речь в следующей главе. С западного фронта "бебе" исчезли к концу 1916-го, а с восточного и итальянского - к середине 1917 года.
  


А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты


"Ньюпор-11 "Бебе”" (Bebe) 1915 г.

   Было ясно, что нужна для борьбы с самолетами противника маневренная скоростная машина. Фирма "Ньюпор", взяв за основу свою предыдущую машину, сумела в короткий срок создать самолет, отвечающий требованиям военных.
   Внешне новый самолет в основном напоминал своего предшественника, но был гораздо меньших размеров. На верхнем крыле был установлен пулемет "Льюис" на подвижной установке с небольшим сектором обстрела, двигательная установка осталась такой же, что и на "Ньюпоре-10". Это был компактный одностоечный полутораплан цельнодеревянной конструкции. Фюзеляж прямоугольного сечения с небольшим гаргротом, имел каркас из ясеневого бруса и обтягивался полотном. Капот двигателя, открытый снизу, с небольшими треугольными щеками изготавливался из металла. Топливный бак размещался между двигателем и кабиной пилота. Последняя находилась за задней кромкой верхнего крыла, в которой был специальный вырез для улучшения обзора. Двухлонжеронное крыло изготавливалось из дерева и также обтягивалось полотном.
   Нижнее крыло, гораздо меньшего размаха, имело очень маленькую хорду (всего 0,6 м). V-образные стойки крыла изготавливались из стальных труб и имели деревянные обтекатели, растяжки - из стального троса. Оперение обычного типа, имело каркас из стальных труб и обтягивалось полотном. Киль отсутствовал. Руль поворота имел весовую роговую компенсацию. Управление рулями и элеронами тросовое, от ручки управления и педалей.
   Шасси обычное, со сплошной осью на деревянных V-образных стойках. Костыль подрессорный.
   Вооружение, как уже отмечалось, устанавливалось над верхним крылом, а позднее, с появлением синхронизатора, - на фюзеляже перед кабиной пилота. Двигатель 7-цилиндровый, воздушного охлаждения, ротативный, звездообразный "Гном" мощностью 80 л. с., позднее - "ГномМоносупап" (100 л. с.), "Рон" (100 л. с.), "Клерже" (80 или 100 л. с.).
   Самолет строился крупными сериями не только французской, но и итальянской фирмой "НьюпорМакки" и российским заводом "Дукс". На российских машинах ставилась пулеметная установка В. В. Иордана.
   На французских машинах последних серий устанавливался капот двигателя, подобный капоту "Ньюпор17", и кок винта, что несколько улучшило аэродинамику. Поскольку обстрел дирижаблей из пулемета при их огромном объеме был неэффективен, некоторое количество "Ньюпор-11" оборудовалось шестью пусковыми установками зажигательных ракет "Ле Прие", которые вызывали взрыв водорода, заполнявшего баллон дирижабля.


ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
  
   Ньюпор-11 Ньюпор-16
   1915г. 1915г.
   Размах, м 7,52 8,02/7,76
   Длина, м 5,90 5,8
   Высота, м 2,4 2,4
   Площадь крыла, кв.м 13,3 14,7
   Сухой вес, кг 345 375
   Взлетный вес, кг 480 550
   Двигатель: "Рон" "Рон"
   мощность, л. с. 80 110
   Скорость максимальная, км/ч 152 165
   Скорость подъема на высоту
   2000 м, мин.сек 11,0 5,50
   Дальность полета, км 300 300
   Потолок, м 4570 4800
   Экипаж, чел. 1 1
   Вооружение 1 пулемет 1 пулемет


В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.


"Ньюпор-XI" ( "Ньюпор-11" , "Бебё"). При той же одноместной схеме самолет имел наименьшие из всех "Ньюпоров" размеры и площади. Центроплана не было и верхние крылья стыковались по оси самолета. К фюзеляжу они крепились на четырех стойках, причем две передние были жестко закреплены на лонжеронах фюзеляжа и между ними были тросовые расчалки. Капот двигателя "Рон" в 80 л. с. - снизу открытый. Масса пустого самолета - от 320 кг (французский образец) до 350 кг (образец завода "Дукс"). Перетяжеление получалось из-за применения вместо спруса - сосны и вместо полушелкового полотна - льняного и т. д. Был сделан подголовник-обтекатель головы летчика, чего не было во французских экземплярах.

   Вооружение самолета состояло из одного легкого пулемета, установленного довольно высоко над центропланом параллельно оси двигателя для стрельбы вне диска винта. Пулемет мог откидываться почти в вертикальное положение и им можно было пользоваться как шкворневым для ведения огня снизу вверх. Получалась своеобразная пулеметная установка, в которой была осуществлена комбинация неподвижного пулемета с подвижным. К. К. Арцеулов с успехом применял ее в воздушных боях. Эта конструкция также принадлежала В. В. Иордану.

   "Ньюпор-XV" - одноместный истребитель с двигателем "Рон" в 80 л. с. или "Гном-Моносупап" в 100 л. с. с синхронным пулеметом. Был в одном экземпляре.

   "Ньюпор-XVl" - вариант известного "Ньюпора-XVII" с двигателем "Рон" в 110 л. с. Отличался неполным, открытым снизу капотом. Строился на заводе "Дукс" в немногих экземплярах.


Самолет|| ()/
Год выпуска||1916/1916
Двигатель, марка||/
   мощность, л.с.||80/110
Длина самолета, м||5,6/5,8
Размах крыла, м||7,5/8,02(7,76)
Площадь крыла, м2||13,5/14,7
Масса пустого, кг||350/375
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||45+12/65
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||175/160
Полетная масса, кг||525/535
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||38,9/36,2
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||6,6/4,9
Весовая отдача,%||33/30
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||152/173
Время набора высоты||
   1000 м, мин||4/2,8
   2000 м, мин||10/6,4
   3000 м, мин||19/10
   4000 м, мин||33/16,5
   5000 м, мин||?/25
Потолок практический, м||4500/6300
Продолжительность полета, ч.||2/2


O.Thetford British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Putnam)


NIEUPORT 11 SCOUT

   The Nieuport 17bis Scouts were preceded in RNAS service by the Nieuport 11 (sometimes known as the Bebe), a slightly smaller machine with a lower-powered (80 hp Le Rhone) engine. Nieuport 11s entered service early in 1916 and took part in some historic operations with the RNAS NO.1 Wing at Dunkirk and NO.2 Wing in the Aegean theatre. They also equipped one flight of the famous 'Naval Eight' Squadron for a few months in 1916, flying alongside Sopwith Pups. RNAS serial numbers were 3974-3994. Maximum speed, 97 mph at sea level. Climb, 5 min to 3,280 ft, 18 min to 9,800 ft. Service ceiling, 18,000 ft. Span, 24 ft 9 in. Length, 18 ft 8 in.


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


NIEUPORT 11 France

   One of the outstanding landmarks in the history of fighter evolution, the Nie 11, promptly christened the Bebe by its pilots, was a scaled-down refinement of the Nie 10. The first operational Nie 11 was delivered to the Aviation Militaire on 5 January 1916, and within a month there were 90 at the Front. Relatively fast and highly manoeuvrable, the Nie 11 soon outfought and contained the Fokker monoplanes. Armed with an overwing Hotchkiss or Lewis machine gun and powered by an 80 hp Le Rhone rotary, it was supplied to the Royal Naval Air Service in some numbers and was licence-built by Dux in Russia and by Nieuport-Macchi and Elettro-Ferroviarie in Italy. The former Italian company built 450 and the latter 93. Twenty were also built in the Netherlands. In addition to the gun, some Nie 11s carried eight Le Prieur rockets attached to the interplane struts. Although the Nie 11 was referred to as a sesquiplane, its lower wing had exactly half the area of the upper wing. Its main weakness was in the lower wing, which tended to twist and break under stress.

Max speed, 104 mph (167 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 15 min.
Empty weight, 705 lb (320 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,058 lb (480 kg).
Span, 24 ft 8 in (7,52 m).
Length, 18 ft 6 in (5,64 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 1/2 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 143.16 sq ft (13,30 m2).


NIEUPORT 16 France

   Fundamentally the Nie 11 adapted to take the more powerful Le Rhone 9J rotary engine of 110 hp, the Nie 16 was faster, but, retaining the wing area of its predecessor, its higher wing loading adversely affected its handling characteristics and it was nose heavy. The standard overwing Lewis gun remained the normal armament, but some Nie 16s had the gun mounted on the forward decking and synchronised by the Alkan mechanism to fire through the propeller. Additionally, eight Le Prieur rockets could be carried on the interplane struts. The Nie 16 began to appear in the early spring of 1916, supplementing and then replacing the Nie 10s and 11s. It was ordered by the RNAS, which transferred 17 of the Nie 16s to the RFC from 18 March 1916, the latter subsequently ordering more and taking at least 28 into its inventory. Small numbers were delivered to Belgium and it was licence-built by Dux in Russia. Its service life was comparatively brief as it was soon succeeded by the superior Nie 17.

Max speed, 103 mph (165 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 10.16 min.
Empty weight, 827 lb (375 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,213 lb (550 kg).
Span, 24 ft 8 in (7,52 m).
Length, 18 ft 6 in (5,64 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 1/2 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 143.16 sq ft (13,30 m2).


NIEUPORT 18 France

   Despite being assigned an official SFA designation, the Nie 18 single-seat fighter sesquiplane powered by an 80 hp Le Rhone 9C rotary apparently failed to attain service status and little is recorded of this type. Its external appearance suggested that it was a derivative of the Nie 11, the fuselage and tail assembly of the earlier type being mated with a wider-track undercarriage and a wing cellule with revised bracing geometry, the V-type interplane struts having a pronounced outward rake. A contemporary manual quoted the wing area of the Nie 18 as 13,00 m2 (139.9 sq ft) which was possibly a rounded figure.


H.Nowarra, G.Duval Russian Civil and Military Aircraft 1884-1969


Problems concerning aircraft armament were not confined to enemy types, however, for the first examples of the Nieuport 11 ‘Bebe’ arrived in Russia without guns. As the Russians did not possess, or could not obtain aircooled machine-guns at the time, to arm the Nieuports, a solution had to be found. Some pilots bowed to the inevitable, and took their machines into the air with a carbine or pistol in the cockpit, but not Cavalry Captain A. A. Kazakov, Russia’s leading ace, whose personal ‘Bebe’ was specially modified after the failure of attempts to obtain one of the highly-prized and very rare Lewis guns from the ‘Ilya Muromets’ Squadron. An engineer named V. V. Jordan, fellow-student of Sikorski at Kiev, and now on the staff of Russo-Baltic, heard of Kazakov’s plea and undertook to fit the ‘Bebe’ with a water-cooled Maxim machinegun. A triangular piece of the upper wing leading edge was cut out and the gun installed in the fuselage, between engine and cockpit, angled upwards so that the line of fire cleared the propeller. To use this weapon, Kazakov had to attack from below, without direct aim at his target. The fact that he added to his considerable number of victories - officially 17, but unofficially double that figure - while using the Maxim gives further indication of his ability.


E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918


00. Versuchs- und Beuteflugzeuge (Опытные и трофейные самолеты)
00.24 Nieuport 11 (russisch) Rh 80
00.27 Nieuport 11 Ni 1615 (italienisch) Rh 110


J.Davilla Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 75)


Nieuport 11

  Italy used large numbers of Nieuport 11s to supplement and later replace the Nieuport 10s. The Macchi-Nieuport firm built the type under license and 450 were built by that firm as well as an additional 93 (out of 200 originally ordered) by the Officine Elettro-Ferroviarie in Milano.
  The Nieuport 11s began to appear in Italian fighter units during 1916 and 70a Squadriglia, based at Santa Caterina, was probably the first unit to receive them. The unit subsequently moved to Udine, where the Comando supremo was located. While based in this area 70a Squadriglia flew offensive patrols along the front lines. By the end of 1916 most of the 56 enemy airplanes destroyed by Italian fighters had been dispatched by Nieuport 11s. At this time the main complaint about the Nieuport 11 concerned the Lewis gun, which was difficult to reload in flight, and the Nieuport 11s could only carry a small number of additional rounds. By late 1916 some of the Italian Nieuport 11s were fitted with the Le Prieur rocket system for use against enemy balloons.
  There were four Squadriglias using Nieuport 11s during 1916. These were organized as:
  Comando Supremo
   70a Squadriglia at Santa Canterina
   IX Gruppo (1st Armata) - 71a and 75a Squadriglias;
   II Gruppo (2nd Armata) - 76a Squadriglia.

  By early 1917 the following units were equipped with Nieuport 11s:
  I Gruppo (3rd Armata ) - 77a and 80a Squadriglias.
  II Gruppo (2nd Armata, 4th Armata) - 76a and 81a Squadriglias.
  VII Gruppo (6th Armata, 1st Armata) - 79a Squadriglia.
  IX Gruppo (1st Armata) - 71a, 75a, and 78a Squadriglias.
  X Gruppo (Comando supremo) - 70a and 82a Squadriglias.
  Independent units:
   83a Squadriglia at Kremain (Macedonia)
   85a Squadriglia at Piskupi (Albania) Sezione Nieuport at Belluno.

  During 1916 and early 1917 the output of Nieuports from the Macchi-Nieuport firm was between 35 and 45 a month; most of these were Nieuport 11s. However, by early 1917 the Nieuport Ils were being superseded on the production lines by the improved Nieuport 17. By October 1917 only nine Squadriglias still had Nieuport Ils on strength:
  II Gruppo (4a Armata) - 76a Squadriglia
  III Gruppo (1a Armata) - 72a Squadriglia.
  VII Gruppo (1a Armata) - 79a Squadriglia.
  IX Gruppo (1a Armata) - 71a and 75a Squadriglias
  X Gruppo (Comando supremo) - 70a, 78a, and 82a Squadriglias
  85a Squadriglia at Piskupi (Albania).

Only six squadriglias were still using Nieuport 11s at the end of 1917:
  II Gruppo (4a Armata) - 76a Squadriglia Ill Gruppo (1a Armata) - 72a Squadriglia.
  IX Gruppo (1a Armata) - 71a and 75a Squadriglias.
  X Gruppo (1st Armata) - 82a and 91a Squadriglias.
  85a Squadriglia at Piskupi (Albania).

  The Nieuport 11 had by 1918 been eclipsed by the Nieuport 17. As these newer airplanes reached front-line units, the Nieuport 11s were reassigned to training units. By February 1918 there were only 22 Nieuport 11s still in service. The last unit to have them on strength was 85a Squadriglia in Albania which flew them until 4 November 1918.


Nieuport-Macchi 11 Single-Seat Fighter with One 80-hp Le Rhone Engine
  Wingspan 7.40 m; length 5.57 m; height 2.45 m; wing area 13 sq m
  Empty weight 3540 kg; loaded weight 500 kg
  Maximum speed 144 km/h; ceiling 4,800 m; endurance 2 hours 30 minutes, range 350 km

В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Ньюпор 11, эскадрилья N-67, пилот - су-лейтенант Ж.Наварр, 1916г.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 11, N.576, Sous Lt. J Navarre, Escadrille N.67, 1916.
Finished in clear-doped fabric or pale yellow overall with natural metal cowling and cheek fairings. All surfaces outlined in an undefined colour, French roundels in six positions with white areas of upper wing markings apparently omitted. Fuselage and wheel decor emphasises the nationality of both machine and pilot.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Истребитель "Ньюпор-11" французских ВВС (1915г.)
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-11" с новым капотом и коком винта
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-11" с ракетами "Ле Прие" (1915г.)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
N1135 was a Nie 11 serving with Escadrille N.26. This aircraft was lost on July 9, 1916
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор-11" из 3-й эскадрильи французских ВВС, воевавшей в 1917 году совместно с русскими авиаторами на Юго-западном фронте. Пилот Морис Гонд.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Ньюпор 11
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 11, 3983, Flt. Cmdr. K S Savory, No. 2 Wing RNAS, 1915.
Finished in clear-doped fabric or pale yellow overall initially, 3983 was modified and had some areas repainted blue as shown. Photographic evidence reveals that in RNAS service the aeroplane retained its original French identity markings, at least for a time.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 16, 5172, Lt. WJC Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick, No.l AD, 1916.
Upper surfaces in sprayed green/brown camouflage (pattern undefined) with clear-doped or pale yellow under surfaces, the latter narrowly outlined in an unspecified dark colour. Natural metal cowling, cheek panels and spinner, RFC roundels in six positions, absent on fuselage sides.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-11" постройки завода "Дукс" с пулеметной установкой В.В.Иордана (1916г.)
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
An Nie 11 of the Romanian Sqn, September 1917.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11, Coppens, 1ere Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11, Olieslagers, 2me Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11, MOUSTIQUE, pilot and unit unknown
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11 'N3', Thieffry, 5me Escadrille
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11, SOIT!, Hanciau, 1ere Escadrille
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 11, serial unknown, Adjt. T Franchomme, 5eme Escadrille, 1916.
Finished in clear-doped fabric or pale yellow overall with natural metal cowling and cheek fairings. Belgian roundels in six positions, wheel discs painted in a red and white chequerboard pattern.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 11, Ni 1763, pilot unknown, 75* Squadriglia, 1916.
Finished in clear-doped fabric or pale yellow overall with natural metal cowling and cheek fairings, upper area of forward fuselage may have been varnished. National colours applied to rudder, wing under surfaces and additionally behind cockpit - no upper wing roundels. All surfaces narrowly outlined with an unknown colour - shown here dark brown.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 16 'N1497' FOX-TROT, Roobaert, 5me Escadrille
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 16, N.1407, Adjt. E Robaert, Unit unknown, 1916.
Upper surfaces in sprayed green/brown camouflage (pattern undefined) with clear-doped fabric or pale yellow under surfaces. Natural metal cowling and cheek fairings. Belgian roundels in six positions; photos indicate that the original French rudder stripes and serial were retained for a while before being overpainted in Belgian colours.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 Ni.1440, 76a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 Ni.1636, 76a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 Ni.1763, 76a Squadriglia
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 Ni.2123, S/Ten. Alvaro Leonardi, 80a Squadriglia, 1917
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Nieuport 11 (Nr. 1615) 00.27
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The prototype Nie.11 was unarmed and unnumbered. Its rear central support for the upper wing was of inverted-U form, possibly to minimize obstruction of the pilot's forward view. In side elevation the V-struts of the undercarriage were rather wide, and the elevators were small.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Первый невооруженный прототип "Ньюпора-11" с французскими военными эмблемами, 1915 г. The unarmed and unnumbered Nieuport 11 prototype. The elevators were smaller than those which would later become standard and the spread of the undercarriage V braces are somenhat greater here. The rear center section struts just in front of the cockpit are an inverted 'U' shape, probably to improve the view from the cockpit. The national markings are French
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The modified Nie.11 that had the revised wing-bracing configuration illustrated diagrammatically in Maurice Percheron’s book mentioned in the text, and unreliably attributed by him to a probably non-existent Nieuport Type 18.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1324 was a Nie.11 of Escadrille N.35 that came down intact in German-held territory on July 6 1916, when Lt. Jean Raty was shot down by Lin. Kurt Student of the Fokker-Staffel of the III Army. It had no roundels on the upper surface of the top wing.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1817 was a Nie.11 of a French unit in the Dardanelles area.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
It is said that the occupant of this Nie.11 is Jean Navarre. This aircraft was armed with a fixed Lewis gun, presumably with the Alkan synchronizing mechanism.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
On July 3 1916, Capitaine le Comte J L V de Plandes Sieyes de Veynes of Escadrille N.26 was brought down in the German lines between Flers and Douai. His Nie.11 N1135, broke its tailskid but apparently was otherwise undamaged.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Nieuport 11 in German hands.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
This Nie.11 (N1317), operating with a French unit in the Dardanelles, is having its 80-hp Le Rhone rotary engine serviced
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
It is unclear what national markings this Nie.11 carries, but interestingly the aircraft armed with twin machine guns. The wheel discs are believed to have been red
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
It soon became evident that the Nie.11 was underpowered. In what might now seem to have been a quick-fix expedient, the airframe was modified to take the 110-hp Le Rhone 9J engine. Apart from the engine, the only visible difference was the addition of a head fairing behind the cockpit. This was the Nie.16, which began to enter service in Spring 1916. N830, the subject of this photograph, was one of the Nieuports flown by Jean Navarre.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The installation of the 110-hp Le Rhone in the Nie.16 of Sergent Bernay, its cowling bearing the somewhat macabre marking of a winged skull, flanked by a plus sign to starboard and a minus (concealed by the airscrew blade) to port. Visible in this photograph are light chordwise battens securing the fabric to the ribs of upper and lower wings in the flow of the slipstream.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This photograph have as its subject an unusual Nie.11. This aircraft had, under its lower wings, brackets for flares: these appeared to be very similar to the Holt flare brackets fitted to many British aircraft of the time. The front view shows an unusual supplementary under-cowling fitted under the gap in the otherwise cutaway engine cowling. It seems possible that this might have been a flame shroud or damper, and that the Nieuport had been modified to serve as a night fighter. Unfortunately, the identity of the aircraft’s unit is not known, but it is thought that the photographs might have been taken in the Dunkerque area.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This photograph have as its subject an unusual Nie.11. It seems possible that the Nieuport had been modified to serve as a night fighter. Unfortunately, the identity of the aircraft’s unit is not known, but it is thought that the photographs might have been taken in the Dunkerque area.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Nieuport 11 established a good reputation and the basic Nieuport design characteristics began to appear in a number of aircraft; these are at Luxeuil in May 1916.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The spritely little Nieuport 11 Bebe single seater had been designed during the summer of 1914 to compete in that year's James Gordon Bennett air race, an event that was, sadly, overtaken by the war. Happily, however, the military were impressed by the Bebe's speed and agility, with, in chronological order of purchase, the Governments of Britain, France, Belgium, Italy and Russia buying it for use as a fast, unarmed scout. Initially ordered in relatively small numbers, the Bebe's sales prospects went sky high when in the summer of 1915, this brainchild of Gustav Delage was to make its debut fitted with an overwing .303 inch Lewis gun that fired forward and above the propeller arc. This may have meant the pilot was temporarily distracted by having to swing the gun backwards and down through an arc each time he needed to reload, but this was far outweighed by the benefit of a higher 'burst' rate of fire, unimpeded as the weapon was by interrupter or synchronising gear. Powered by an 80hp Le Rhone, the Bebes had a top level speed of 97mph at sea level, along with an impressive rate of climb and a 15,000 feet ceiling. When the Bebe became operational towards the close of 1915, it, along with the Airco DH 2, were soon to turn the air superiority tide in favour of the Allies, with the Bebe, in particular, proving more than a match for the previously dreaded Fokker Eindekker. This said, the machine did have a pitfall and a potentially fatal one at that in the guise of its 'V interplane strut and its lower mainplane pick-up. If over-stressed, this weak element could cause shedding of the lower wing, which in parting with the rest of the airframe frequently and unsurprisingly caused a progressive failure of the machine's overall structure and the inevitable loss of the pilot's life. Bebe pilots therefore needed to learn not to wrestle the controls too hard at high speed, or pay the ultimate penalty.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Contemporary captions stated that this distinctively marked Nie.11 was one of the aircraft flown by Jean Navarre of Escadrille N.67 in his unremitting defensive flying during the Battle of Verdun.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Современный снимок восстановленного "Ньюпора-11" с курсовым пулеметом "Кольт" над верхним крылом.
A.Olejko - War Wings Over Galicia 1918-1919 /Aeronaut/
Krzysztof Cwynar's Flying Circus... In southern Poland, Podkarpackie region, for several years, air shows have included two flying reproductions of fighter aircraft from the Great War, type Nieuport 11 and Nieuport 17. In 2018, their show honored the 3rd International Aviation Conference in Gorlice-Szymbark. (author's collection)
A.Olejko - War Wings Over Galicia 1918-1919 /Aeronaut/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Serving with the RNAS, 3983 was delivered to the Dunkerque Depot late in 1915. Initially allocated to No.l Wing by December 2 1915, it was soon transferred to No.2 Wing. For a time at least it was flown by Flight Commander K S Savory and was known as his Blue Bird. The aircraft's fuselage was refined by fitting side fairings behind the engine cowling in place of the original oil deflectors: these fairings resembled those of (and might have been taken from) the contemporary Bristol Scout C. This photograph suggests that the forward fuselage and mainplanes were coloured, doubtless blue, though here a replacement starboard aileron had not been painted to match the wing. This Nie.11 was lost on January 14 1917, when Flight Lieutenant W H Peberdy failed to return from a mission over Born Lake.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The known Service history of Nie.11 3993 indicates that it spent most of its RNAS life at or near Dunkerque, where it was with No.l Wing by February
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Second aircraft of the batch of Nie.16s received by the RFC from the RNAS, No.5172 had originally had the RNAS serial 9155. Here it is seen at No.1 AD, St-Omer, on April 26 1916; the cheerful occupant of its cockpit is Lt. W J C Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick, one of the finest pilots of his time. Remarkably, the Nieuport had a conventional spinner, not a cone de penetration. No.5172 went to No.l Squadron RFC, on July 4 1916, and was struck off the squadron’s strength on August 5. It was reported at No.1 AD on September 1, and was issued to No.60 Squadron from No.2 AD, Candas, on September 25. Five days later, 2/Lt. C H M King crashed fatally during air-to-ground firing practice; the wrecked airframe was sent to No.2 AD on October 1 1916, and was written off next day.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Twin overwing Lewis guns on a double mounting on an RNAS Nie.11. Also of interest is the fact that the instruments appear to be grouped together on a panel in the cockpit, which was not the case on early Nieuports when they left the factory.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Another twin-gun installation on an RNAS Nie.11, demonstrating that the guns could be lowered for magazine changing and upward firing. The staining on the fuselage suggests that the oil deflector was not doing as much deflecting as was desirable.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The RNAS pilots at Dunkerque made various attempts to improve and increase the armament of their Nieuports. This installation of twin Lewis guns on 3981/N593 must have taxed the Nie.11's 80-hp Le Rhone severely. No.3981 had a considerable career, operating from Dunkerque as an aircraft of ‘A' Squadron. On February 20 1916, Flight Sub-Lieutenant R S Dallas destroyed an enemy two-seater, and nine days later FSL H R Simms shot down an LVG two-seater in flames. Dallas destroyed another two-seater on April 23.
No.3981 survived combat damage on that date, and a later crash that Summer. By January 11 1917, it was with No.6 (Naval) Squadron, but FSL G P Powles had to make a forced landing in Dutch territory on February 26. The Nieuport was taken over by the Luchtvaarl Afdeling, initially as LA40 and subsequently as N213 and N230.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Following on from earlier Nieuports in RNAS service, the Nieuport 11 Bebe' is here as '3982 of 2 Squadron RNAS - part of 1 Wing at Dunkirk. The Bebe became operational with Escadrille N3 in January 1916 and was an immediate success.
O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
One of No.11 Squadron’s Nie.16s flown by Albert Ball, A134 (ex-N995) had been transferred from the RNAS on April 14 1916. It went to No.11 Squadron from No.2 AD on June 21; and on July 2 Ball shot down a Roland C.II and an Aviatik two-seater, both of which crashed. Next day, with A134 armed with Le Prieur rockets, Ball attacked an observation balloon near Pelves but failed to set it alight. A134 returned to No.2 AD on August 11.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport Type 11 N1290, flown by Sergent Lawrence Rumsey of the Escadrille americaine, photographed at Behonne, near Bar-le-Duc, in September 1916. Each upper mainplane has a swept-back diagonal white stripe, but no roundel. It is not known whether the (apparently) white elevators and port lower mainplane were intentionally so coloured or left unpainted; or were so merely because they were recently-fitted replacement components.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор" 11 в России.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Типичное расположение ОЗ на истребителе "Ньюпор-11" русской сборки.
A Russian Nie.16, painted in a dark finish and armed with a Lewis gun on a modified Moreau mounting.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Typical of French-built Nie.11s in Russian service was N1161 of the 12th Fighter Squadron at Riga, photographed during Winter 1916-1917. Its pilot was Staff Captain Nadeshdin.
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
"Ньюпор-XI" ("Бебе")
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Two Nie.11s and a Morane-Saulnier Type N of a Russian fighter squadron. The Nieuports, which are of standard form without head fairings and have Moreau gun mountings, were probably French-built. Nieuports 10, 11, 16, 17, 23 and 24bis were produced in Tsarist Russia, the Nie.11 by the Duks, Shchetinin and Anatra concerns. Russian-built Nieuports were some 30kg (66 lb) heavier than their French counterparts, largely because pine replaced much spruce in the airframe, and heavier linen fabric was used for the covering. They also had a head fairing behind the cockpit, a detail that can make it difficult to distinguish Russian Nie.11s from Nie.16s. On some Russian Nie.11s the Lewis gun was on a mounting devised by Vasili V Yordan, Chief of Aviation Base of the 8th Russian Field Army.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Belgian Nie.16 with twin overwing Lewis guns, an unusual weapon installation on this particular type of Nieuport. The occupant here is believed to be Jan Olieslagers.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I SgtMr Willly Coppens, Iere Esc, saw his first taste of aerial combat as a fighter pilot on 21 July 1917.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjudant Edmond Thieffry in front of a Nieuport N11.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Two Nie.11s of contrasting hues but bearing the same legend Soil! (So be it!). The officer beside the dark-coloured Nieuport is said to be Edmond Thieffry.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Paul Hanciau, pre-war pilot, was shot down and killed on 30 September 1917. His wife was not allowed to attend his funeral!
Two Nie.11s of contrasting hues but bearing the same legend Soil! (So be it!). Standing by the light-coloured aircraft is Lt.P Anciaux of the 1" Escadrille of the Aviation militaire beige.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sous-Lieutenant Paul Hanciau’s Nieuport N11, named SOIT!
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11 Moustique (Mosquito).
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sous-Lieutenant Sacha Petrowski received this brand new N23, #N5020, and decorated it with yellow & red bars on its wheel covers. In the background can be seen N23 Vampire and N16 Moustique.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjudant Thieffry’s Nieuport N11, N3, in its shed.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Charles de Munck, Iere Esc, scored a possible victory on 6 September 1916.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Capitaine Arsene Demanet, Chef d’Escadrille of Esc I and fighter pilot.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Carlo Verbessem was killed on 19 December 1917, hit by AA-fire. He is here flanked by Alfred Mouton & Pierre Dubois, all of Iere Esc.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Jean Olieslagers (L) scored his 2nd confirmed victory on 17 June 1916. He is standing in front of his own Nieuport, next to S/Lt Jules Tyck.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Jean Olieslagers during the time of his first success on 12 September 1915. He became the first Belgian fighter pilot to be credited with a victory. His Nieuport 11 is named Le Demon (The Demon), his pre-war nickname.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Andre De Meulemeester, Iere Esc, in front of his Nieuport N11.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Van Cotthem with his dog in front of his Nieuport.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Albert Van Cotthem, Iere Esc, was shot down by Hptm Gustav Stenzel. Van Cotthem survived, but his Nieuport was a write-off. This is his Nieuport in better days.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Two instructors and three student pilots: L to R: Teddy Franchomme & Honore Deplus. The three student pilots were all killed in 1917: Leon de Maelcamp d’Opstaele, Robert Ciselet & (standing) Armand Verhoustraeten.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I SgtMr Charles de Montigny, 10me Esc, was the second Belgian pilot to claim a balloon, on 30 May 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
S/Lt Jean Olieslagers claimed yet another unconfirmed victory on 30 March 1916. His opponent was seen to crash, but too far behind enemy lines.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Russian Sacha de Petrowski flew his first war flight on 28 September 1916, after more than a year’s absence.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
ISgtMr Pierre de Chestret de Haneffe, 5me Esc, scored a possible victory on 13 November 1916. It was his first aerial combat.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The brothers Charles and Robert Gordinne, here seen next to their instructor Honore Deplus (in the cockpit) were not the most aggressive fighter pilots and ended the war with other squadrons.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
This Nieuport N11 was still operational with 5me Escadrille de Chasse in 1917.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I SgtMr Armand Verhoustraeten was shot down & killed by Belgian ground fire on 7 December 1917.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sgt Jacques Demeuse, carrying Lieutenant Jean Lagae as observer, crashed his Sopwith 1 1/2 Strutter in a forced landing on 18 September 1918.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Jacques Goethals, Iere Esc de Chasse, already was engaged in aerial combats, but fought his first combat as a fighter pilot on 1 April 1916.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This Belgian Nie.11 flown by Teddy Franchomme had on its wheel cover a red/white checkerboard marking.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Teddy Franchomme, 5me Esc, flying above Flanders' field in his N11.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport N11 in flight.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Interesting view of Adjudant Pierre ‘Bambino’ Braun, 5me Escadrille de Chasse, completing a loop East of the lines, over Langemarck, on 20 December 1916.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Sous-Lieutenant Jan Olieslagers flying over the front in one of the few camouflaged Nieuports of the Av.M.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Seven Nieuport N11s with on the left that of S/Lt J.Olieslagers, parked at Les Moeres.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Harold de T’Serclaes and Jean Olieslagers, 2me Escadrille, in front of a Nieuport.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Line up of Nieuport N11s from 5me Escadrille de Chasse.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
On 1 September 1916, 5me Escadrille de Chasse was established.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Besides being used extensively by both the French and British forces, the Nieuport 11 was to provide the backbone of other Allied nations' fighter forces, including those of Belgium, Italy and Russia. Shown here is an Italian unit equipped with the type, which served as Italy's standard fighter from its initial deployment with them during the summer of 1916 to mid-1917. In the case of Italy, the Nieuport 11's role extended beyond its operational use, as 450 of these machines were produced under licence in Italy by Nieuport-Macchi. Thus, it could be said that this nimble little machine not only helped secure Italian skies, but played no small part in helping establish the country's future aeronautical industrial base.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The sleek, diminutive Nieuport 11 Bebe provided the backbone of the Italian Military Air Services' fighter squadrons for around eighteen months prior to its being superseded by the SPAD S VII from mid-1917. Built under licence in Italy, by Nieuport-Macchi, the Italian machines carried their serial numbers on the fuselage, just aft and below the cockpit. The machine seen here carries the serial no Ni 3227.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 #2352.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 flown by Baracca to score his first victory.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Ace Giannino Ancillotto after his feat of flying through a burning Austrian balloon.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The Macchi-built Nieuport 11, of which almost 650 were built under licence, was a standard fighter with the Italians up to the summer of 1917.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
An Nie 11 built by Nieuport-Macchi in Italy.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Sergente Giovanni Bartolomeo Arrigoni of 76a Squadriglia warms up his Nieuport 11 #2187 on Borgnano airfield. The aircraft was the first effective fighter employed by the Italians, who obtained their first aerial victories with this type. Due to its dimensions the plane was often called Nieuportino (little Nieuport) (Aeronautica Militare)
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 in Italian service. The engine cowling was painted in the Italian colors of red, white, and green.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An Italian Nie.11 with its engine cowling patriotically painted in red, white and green. Here Tenente Giorgio Pessi-Parvis stands before his aircraft of the 78" Squadriglia Caccia in 1917. He later went to the 81" Squadriglia and had a final victory tally of eight.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 in Italian service. The engine cowling was painted in the Italian colors of red, white, and green.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Caporale Paolo Benvenuti of the 82" Squadriglia with his Macchi-built Nie.11. The green, white and red segmentation of the engine cowling is clearly seen here.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Leading Italian ace Francesco Baracca at the start of his career as a fighter pilot standing alongside his Nie. 11, N.1451. He would score his first three victories in this aircraft.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
From "The War in Italy." - An Italian Nieuport biplane.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Alvaro Leonardi in his colorful N11. He was a very experienced pilot, having earned license No.61 in November 1915. He would become 80a Squadriglia's only official ace of the war. The 80a squadriglia aircraft each had their own version of Fortunello on the fuselage side.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 #2140 of 80a Squadriglia.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An Italian-built Nie. 11, Ni.1763. The coloured bands round the fuselage behind the cockpit must have been in the Italian national colours of red, white and green.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Italian Nieuport 11 fighters at the front, 1916.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11s of 76a Squadriglia.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 #1636 of 76a Squadriglia with Le Prieur rockets.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
FROM "THE WAR IN ITALY." - An Italian Nieuport biplane as seen from the front.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Back view of the Macchi-Nieuport, Le Rhone engine.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
Caproni bomber and Nieuport fighter on an unidentified airfield.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Nieuport 11 Bebe, italienisches Beuteflugzeug, Flugzeugnummer 00.27
Nieuport 11 Bebe, итальянский трофейный самолет, номер самолета 00.27.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11 in flight
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Nie.11 was produced in Italy by the Macchi company, which built 450. This impressive photograph of the interior of the Macchi works at Varese shows a remarkable number of Nieuport 11s and 17s in the course of assembly, their engine cowlings painted in red, white and green segments. Note the early doped flag markings on the suspended upper wing at right.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Following the Luchtvaart Afdeling's acquisition of the forced-landed RNAS 3981, the Dutch authorities ordered the production of 20 Nie.11s from the Nederlandsche Automobil en Vliegtuigfabriek Trompenburg. Twelve, originally numbered N214 - N225, and powered by 80-hp Thulin A engines, were delivered. It has been reported that these Dutch Nie.11 never entered service, being considered unsafe. At least two, one of which is seen here, nevertheless managed to acquire individual markings. Although renumbered N237 - N248, the Trompenburg Nieuports were written off in 1925.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
One of several Nie.11s that fell into German hands and were test flown. The armament has been removed and a small cone de penetration has been added to the airscrew boss. The extreme inboard position of the national markings under the lower wing is unusual
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The overwing Lewis gun was still in place on this captured Nie.11 when it was photographed. Its port lower wing had been broken, presumably in a landing mishap.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Repainted with national insignia of its captors, this Nie.11 has had its armament removed. Other Nieuports which fell into Austrian hands were often renumbered and flown in action
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Austrians, too, flew several captured Nieuports and gave them Austrian serial numbers. This Nie.11 was probably Italian-built.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Nieuport 11, probably Italian-built, after capture by Austro-Hungarian forces and bearing the Austro-Hungarian serial 00.27
J.Herris, J.Scott - Fokker Aircraft of WWI. Vol.2: Eindeckers /Centennial Perspective/ (52)
Student stated that he use this E.IV for his first 3 victories. Here he poses with his E.IV and his first conquest, a Nieuport 11, which he had brought down on 6 July 1916. Student had the latter armed with an LMG08 and marked with German crosses. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Weird Wings of WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (70)
Jean Navarre in a Nieuport 16. Using the N.11 airframe, the N.16 was fitted with the heavier and more powerful 110 hp Le Rhone instead of the 80 hp Le Rhone used in the N.11. This made the N.16 faster and gave it a better climb rate at the expense of poorer handling qualities due to being somewhat nose heavy. The tractor N.11 was developed into an entire family of fighter aircraft with higher power and better armament. The over-wing gun was a work-around due to lack of a functioning synchronizer at the time.
J.Herris - Weird Wings of WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (70)
Lineup of eight Nieuport 16 fighters armed with Le Prieur rockets on May 22, 1916. These Nieuports were being readied for the first mass attack against German balloons in the Verdun sector. The eight fighters destroyed six balloons.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.16 conspicuously marked Bebe, fully armed with eight Le Prieur rockets and the standard overwing Lewis gun.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A Nieuport Scout, with the Prieur Incendary Rockets in position.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Французский истребитель "Ньюпор-16" с ракетами Ле-Прие / The rocket armed N959 in German hands. The ornate letter 'R' on the fuselage side of N959 was the insignia of the pilot flying it at the time of its capture, Adjutant Henri Reserval. This machine was later test flown by a number of German pilots
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11 FOX-TROT, August 1916.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Nieuport 11 FOX-TROT flown by the Belgian Air Service was also armed with Prieur rockets.
Adjudant Egide Roobaert flew this Nieuport N 16, armed with the ‘le Prieur’ rockets, designed to destroy observation balloons.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1407, a Nie.16 of the Aviation militaire beige, with full pyrotechnic complement in place. Its pilot, Adjudant Egide Robaert, is seen with the aircraft, conspicuously named Fox-Trot.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nieuport 16 proved to be an only partially successful attempt to extend the production life of the Ni 11 Bebe. To do this, the company replaced the Bebe's 80hp rotary with the bigger and heavier 110hp Le Rhone making the machine notoriously nose heavy, particularly with power off. Most Ni 16s ended their days by having their gun removed and replaced by eight Le Prieur rockets for use as 'Zeppelin chasers', as in the case of this French machine.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N959, a rocket-armed Nie.16, fell into German hands intact on May 22 1916, when Adjudanl Henri Reservat of Escadrille N.65 was shot down. The Germans studied N959 with great thoroughness, and the Nieuport was flown by German pilots. When this photograph was taken, the aircraft had a German airscrew.
J.Herris - Weird Wings of WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (70)
Nieuport fighter fitted with Le Prieur rockets for attacks on observation balloons.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Пусковая установка ракет Ле Прие представляла собой ряд алюминиевых трубок, закрепленных на межкрыльевых стойках. В эти трубки вставлялись штыри-стабилизаторы ракет.
The starboard rocket launching tubes on N959. The installation of launching tubes, wiring, switches and Tudor BR.2 accumulator on the Nie.16 weighed approximately 14 kg (31 lb). Each tube was lm.500 in length; all were mounted at an angle of 17° 30' to the line of flight. The aircraft is N959 of Escadrille N.65. It was captured by the Germans on 22 May 1916.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Nieuport 1 1/2-plane,Type 16. The rockets are used for attacking kite balloons and airships.
J.Herris - Weird Wings of WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (70)
The Nieuport 16 of Warrant Officer Henri Reservat who flew in the first mass attack of May 22 and was brought down by anti-aircraft fire.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The construction of the ‘le Prieur’ rockets to attach on the Nieuports’ wing struts.
J.Herris - Weird Wings of WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (70)
Test of the Le Prieur rockets on May 4, 1916. The location was the Le Bourget airfield and the Nieuport was flown by Sergeant Joseph Guiguet. The test was successful and the balloon was destroyed.
J.Herris - Siemens-Schuckert Aircraft of World War I /Centennial Perspective/ (12)
The prototype SSW D.I, 3503/16, wears small Eiserneskreuz markings on the upper wings reminiscent of the E.I marking style. At right appears to be a Nieuport 16 fuselage and engine cowl.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The forward fuselage of a Nie.11, a photograph that reveals details of the engine installation and of the provision of a fixed Lewis gun, presumably regulated by the Alkan mechanism, though the presence of a shoulder stock on the gun might indicate that this was an experimental mounting, or even a mock-up.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A German photograph of the 80-hp Le Rhone engine and its cowling on a captured Nie.11.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
In the examination of captured Nieuport N959 the airframe was subsequently stripped and photographed.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Close up of a damaged Nieuport N11. Note the mechanism of the interrupter gear.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Yet another close up of the interrupter gear mechanism on a Nieuport N11.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Close up front view of the mechanism of the interrupter gear on a Nieuport N11.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The undercarriage of Nie.11 N653, seen in a German photograph of the captured aircraft.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The starboard interplane struts and cable bracing on captured Nie.11 N653.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N959’s cockpit area, a photograph that illustrates the upward angle of the Lewis gun permitted by its mounting, which is of a later type than the Moreau mounting. The two small ring-sights, probably of Le Prieur design, were presumably used for both gun and rockets, though French practice allowed for a rear sighting mark in paper, attached under mica to the windscreen transparency.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A clear picture of the Moreau type of mounting for the Lewis gun on a captured Nie.16. On this aircraft a bead sight was mounted on an arched cross-piece within the inverted-V strut.
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
Пулеметная установка В. В. Иордана на самолете "Ньюпор-XI"
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Close up of the Moreau type mounting for the overwing Lewis gun on captured Nieuport 11 N1324 of Escadrille N. 35
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Inside look of the cockpit of a Nieuport N11, with its twin machine gun emplacement to fire over the propeller arc.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Bolder, or perhaps more desperate, spirits in No.2 Wing, RNAS, created this installation of twin fixed Lewis guns firing through (literally, one suspects) the airscrew on a Nie.11. Directly under the mostly opaque windshield can be seen storage for spare ammunition magazines. As these were all of only 47-round capacity, changes would have to be made frequently.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The other Nieuport on the cover is this Type 11 flown by Edmond Desclee - the wheel covers are marked with a red stripe over clear-dope or white.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
In June 1917, Adjt Edmond Thieffry, 5me Esc, crashed twice and in as many times, his Nieuport was a write-off.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
CpI Lily Evrard crashed to his death on 21 September 1916 at the pilot school.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
I Sgt Fernand de Woot de Trixhe, Iere Esc, crashed his Nieuport on the airfield during a test flight. He was killed instantly.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Comets in the Sky Adjudant ‘Teddy’ Franchomme flying Nieuport 23 N5017 of the 5 Escadrille, Aviation Militaire Beige over the Front in 1917; his companion flying the Nieuport 11 is Edmond Desclee. The aeroplanes bear the unit's famous red comet marking the tail of which on Desclee’s machine bears the legend ‘ Va ou je te pousse’.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
Nieuport 11
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 11, popularly known as the Bebe.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Nieuport 11
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport Types 11 and 16
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport Types 11 and 16
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W /Centennial Perspective/ (75)
Nieuport 11