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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Gotha WD.1/WD.2/WD.5

Страна: Германия

Год: 1914

Gotha - LD.4 - 1914 - Германия<– –>Gotha - G.I (Gotha-Ursinus) - 1915 - Германия


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Gotha WD 1
  Although a pre-war design, five WD 1 and 1a aircraft saw service during the early months of the war, on coastal patrol duties. In April 1914 a WD 1 flew from Warnemunde seaplane station to Denmark. Engine, 100 h.p. Gnome. Span, 14.1 m. (46 ft. 34 in.). Length, 10.3 m. (33 ft. 9 5/8 in.). Area, 50 sq.m. (540 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 900 kg. (1,980 lb.). Loaded, 1,220 kg. (2,684 lb.). Speed, 90 km.hr. (61.75 m.p.h.). Ceiling, 2,500 m. (8,200 ft.).


Gotha WD 2
  Altogether eleven Gotha WD 2s were supplied to the Navy during 1915 and used on reconnaissance and patrol duties. The type was also supplied to Turkey, this version having a machine-gun mounted on top of the centre-section, which the observer stood up to operate. Engine, 150 h.p. Benz III. Span, 15.6 m. (51 ft. 2 1/4 in.). Length, 10.5 m. (34 ft. 5 1/2 in.). Area, 56 sq.m. (605 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 1,065 kg. (2,343 lb.). Loaded, 1,630 kg. (3,586 lb.). Speed, 112 km.hr. (70 m.p.h.). Ceiling, 3,000 m. (9,840 ft.). Armament, none.


Gotha WD 5
  There is no record of a Gotha WD 4 and the WD 5 was only a one-off type. It was, in fact, a modified WD 2 and retained the same Marine No. 118. The span was reduced to a two-bay cellule, and a 160 h.p. Mercedes engine replaced the Benz. Of interest are the two narrow strip-type radiators, which were attached to the front centre-section struts. This machine was retained by Capt. Langfeld, C.O. of Haltenau naval air station, as his personal aircraft - even when he was later transferred to Constantinople. Engine, 160 h.p. Mercedes D III. Span, 12.5 m. (41 ft. 0 1/4 in.). Length 10.3 m. (33 ft. 9 5/8 in.). Area, 42.5 sq.m. (459 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 900 kg. (1,980 lb.). Loaded, 1,465 kg. (3,223 lb.). Speed, 126 km.hr. (78.5 m.p.h.). Armament, none.

O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Five of these two seat Gotha WD-1 reconnaissance floatplanes, No.s 285 to 289, were built for the navy in mid-1914. Fitted with a 100hp Daimler D I, the WD-1 had a top level speed of 56mph at sea level. If this seems low, the climb to 3,200 feet took a tedious 24.5 minutes. However, the WD-1 did appear to have, for its day, a useful range of 335 miles. Seen here is the prototype WD, the 100 hp Gnome powered prototype, first flown in February 1914 and which never seems to have been given a naval serial number.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Gotha WD 2
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The serial 424 on the rear fuselage of this Gotha WD-2a identifies it as being one of the later production 'small wing' version, differentiated by the 'a' suffix. First flown in July 1914, the WD-2 and WD-2a, of which a total of 27 were built, used either a 100hp Benz Bz III, or a 150hp Rapp. Built for long range reconnaissance, the WD-2a's top level speed was 59.5mph at sea level, while its range was 415 miles, an 80 mile improvement on that of the earlier WD-1.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
This Gotha WD-2 was one of a small number of floatplanes the German navy handed over to its Turkish allies in 1916. Powered by a 150hp Benz Bz III, this machine carries an early, overwing gun mounting for its front seat observer, requiring him to stand when firing.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
An early Gotha WD.2 reconnaissance Twin-float Seaplane supplied to the Turkish Navy about 1915.
Журнал - Flight за 1916 г.
OFF! - A German (Gotha) seaplane starting on a reconnaissance flight. Note the long stepped floats which project backwards to a point considerably behind the pilot's seat.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
A German (Gotha) seaplane over Constantinople.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The one and only Gotha WD.5, used as a personal aircraft by Capt. Langfeld, commanding officer of the Haltenau naval air station.