O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)
Brandenburg W 16
This single-seat seaplane fighter, designed for station defence, was built during 1916 and was of conventional wood and fabric construction with ply-skinned fuselage and floats. Only three aircraft were built, Nos. 1077-1079. Engine, 160 h.p. Oberursel U III. Span, 9.25 m. (30 ft. 4 1/8 in.). Length, 7.35 m. (24 ft. 13/8 in.). Height, 2.925 m. (9 ft. 7 1/8 in.). Area, 21.35 sq.m. (230.5 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 636 kg. (1,399 lb.). Loaded, 896 kg. (1,971 lb.). Speed, 170 km.hr. (106.25 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 5 min., 3,000 m. (9,840 ft.) in 27 min. Duration, ca. 2 hr. Armament, two Spandau machine-guns.
W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters
BRANDENBURG W 16 Germany
Intended primarily as a successor to the KDW in the station defence fighter role, but also to investigate the potentialities of the application of rotary engines to seaplanes, the W 16 was designed by Ernst Heinkel in 1916, and was a conventional twin-float single-seat fighter floatplane of wood and fabric construction with ply-skinned fuselage and floats. Like Heinkel’s earlier ‘‘star strutter” fighters, the W16 lacked bracing wires, these being rendered unnecessary by single struts extending from the base of the inclined Vee-type interplane struts to the top of the forward fuselage mainframe. Power was provided by a 160 hp Oberursel U III rotary engine and armament comprised two synchronised LMG 08/15 machine guns. Three prototypes were ordered, the first of these being tested in February 1917, and the third example was sent to Adlershof for static tests. No further development was undertaken as the German Navy had lost interest in single-seat fighter floatplanes.
Max speed, 106 mph (170 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m), 5.0 min, to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 27 min.
Approx endurance, 2.0 hrs.
Empty weight, 1,402 lb (636 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,975 lb (896 kg).
Span, 30 ft 4 1/8 in (9,25 m).
Length, 24 ft 1 1/3in (7,35m).
Height, 9 ft 7 in (2,92 m).
Wing area, 229.81 sq ft (21,35 m2).