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Breguet No.1 / No.2

Страна: Франция

Год: 1909

Breguet - Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.II - 1908 - Франция<– –>Breguet - 3 - 1910 - Франция

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

Журнал Flight

Flight, March 27, 1909


Breguet (J.STENBURY).

   The Breguet biplane, exhibited by the concessionaire, Mr. J. Stenbury, is a very different machine to the combined helicopter-biplane which the same designer exhibited in Paris, but it nevertheless embodies equally uncommon ideas. As a system it is peculiar, not to say unique, amongst biplanes, in having absolutely no sort of supplementary surface in front of the main planes, which are themselves so mounted that they can tilt for elevating and righting purposes. The details of the control levers and wires are not fitted, and, indeed, the machine is far from complete. A compiratively short distance behind the main planes are a set of large tail planes, these being arranged in biplane form, but with the upper deck three times the spread of the lower deck. Between the two decks are a pair of vertical rudders. The whole structure has a most massive appearance, owing to the fact that it is built up entirely of steel tubes, some of which are no less than 2 1/2 ins. in diameter. The tubular spars, which support the main surfaces, are jointed to the main framework, so that the planes can be folded back out of the way for transport; when extended the joint is locked solid by using the spar itself as an internal bolt. In consequence of the large diameter of these tubular spars which pass through between the double surfaces of the planes, the planes themselves are of unusual thickness. A feature of the Breguet construction which is well worthy of attention is the method of obtaining a smooth round cutting edge by the use of thin sheet aluminium tacked on over the Continental fabric. Aluminium ribs of shallow channel section are also used for stiffening the decks, and the same metal is employed in the construction of the flexible propeller blades, which are, however, not shown at Olympia. For the support of the main planes only four tubular steel struts are used, one pair at the extremities, and the other pair in the middle, where they form part of the central framework. The engine with which the machine will be equipped is a 75-h.p. Gobron aero-motor; it will drive a tractor screw in front, which is another peculiarity of the Breguet biplane, since most machines of this type have propellers behind the main planes.

Flight, April 23, 1910


USING his No. 3 biplane, Breguet on the 11th inst. succeeded in making a splendid cross-country flight. Rising from the Brayelle aerodrome he twice flew round the ground and then steered a course for Arras, about 20 kiloms. away, over which he turned for the homeward journey. The complete journey of 40 kiloms. occupied 28 mins., and, although it was not officially certified, the speed attained was in the neighbourhood of 80 kiloms. an hour. On Tuesday Breguet met with a nasty accident. He was flying at a height of about 20 metres when the machine suddenly capsized # owing, it is said, to a propeller-blade breaking # and fell to the ground. The aviator was rendered unconscious by the fall, but according to the latest reports is not seriously injured.

Flight, October 22, 1910


   Concerning Mr. Bowles' letter about three-bladed propellers, the earlier Breguet biplane was fitted with one, coupled to a 50-h.p. Renault. The propeller appears, from the post-card which I enclose, to have been built of metal blades riveted to three arms of tubular steel. As to whether any flights were made with this or not, I can't say, but M. Breguet appears to have given it up in his newer machines for the ordinary two-bladed.
Chelsea. J. R. BLUNT.

Журнал - Flight за 1909 г.
AERO SHOW AT OLYMPIA. - The Breguet Biplane, seen from behind. Tubular steel of large diameter is used throughout in its construction, and knuckle-joints are introduced to enable the planes to fold back out of the way. The forward planes are pivoted for elevating. The machine is unfinished.
Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.
The Louis Breguet biplane, upon which he last week made his sensational flight, leaving the aerodrome at Douai and flying over the streets and buildings of the town, then returning to his starting point, after covering about 12 1/2 miles in about 13 mins.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
The Breguet-Richet No 3, renamed Breguet No I. This one flew.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913 /Jane's/
BREGUET IV (1910). On its appearance, this machine was generally laughed at and nicknamed the "Coffee Pot," till in Aug., 1910, it made a world's record by carrying six, and later proved itself superior in stability to anything then existing.
Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.
The early Breguet machine, referred to in Mr. J. R, Blum's letter.
Журнал - Flight за 1909 г.
WHAT A WRECKED BIPLANE LOOKS LIKE. - M. L. Breguet's Breguet machine after his smash-up in front of the Grand Stand on Sunday.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
A striking photograph of the Breguet No 2 inflight. The machine was sometimes named No 4. Note the elaborate undercarriage, and general configuration of Breguets for some time.
Журнал - Flight за 1909 г.
On the Breguet machine the main planes are pivoted to serve the purpose of an elevator, the tail is exceptionally large, and the propeller is placed in front, which is an unusual position on biplanes.