Самолеты (сортировка по:)
Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Savary biplane

Страна: Франция

Год: 1910

Savary - biplane - 1909 - Франция<– –>Savary - biplane - 1912 - Франция

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913

SAVARY. Soc. anonyme des aeroplanes. Robert Savary, 31 rue Dunois, Paris. School: Chartres. Output capacity. 100 to 150 machines a year.

   Model and date. 1912. 1912. 1913.
   Biplane. Military Biplane.

Length..........feet(m.) 36 (11) 33 (10.15) 38? (11.70)
Span, upper.....feet(m.) 46 (14) 49 (14.90) 9? (15)
   lower.....feet(m.) 33 (10) 37 (11.20) 33 (10)
Area.......sq. feet(m?.) 510 (48) 533 (50) 550 (52)
Weight, machine...
   .............lbs.(kgs.) 1132 (600) ... 1132 (600)
   .............lbs.(kgs.) ... ... ...
Motor...............h.p. various 0 Labor 75 Renault
   (Gnome or Labor)
Speed,max....m.p.h.(km.) 56 (90) ... 59 (96)
   min....m.p.h.(km.) 50 (80) ... ...
Number built during 1912 ... 47 ...

Notes.--Wood and steel construction. Control: ailerons and rear elevator. Landing gear: wheels and skids. Special features: There are 4 rudders in the gap, and 2 tractors, chain driven. Aeroplatte fabric.

J.Davilla Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.3: Aircraft M-W (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 75)


  The Squadriglia di Derna used at least one biplane Savary (probably the 1911 two seat biplane), who had previously taken part in maneuvers in the Monferrato piloted by Quaglia. It was a single-engine monoplane with two propellers, had tail booms with rudders and vertical wing tips.

Savary 1911 Two-Seat Military Biplane with One 70 hp Water-Cooled 4-Cylinder Inline Labor Engine
  Wingspan: (upper): 14.5 m; (lower): 10 m; length: 11 m; wing area: c 52 sq m;
  Empty weight: 600 kg; payload: 220 kg;
  Maximum speed: 90 km/h (est);

Журнал Flight

Flight, July 16, 1910


Of the biplanes, the Savary, Goupy and Breguet have several new features.
The Savary has a triangular-shaped open body, something like the skeleton of a boat, fitted underneath the planes, and extending about 6 to 8 ft. in front of them. This acts as a skid in landing, and to it the wheel and spring arrangement is fixed. The engine is on top of it, at the front edge of the lower plane, and drives through chains a propeller on either side, in front of the planes. The reduction in speed did not appear to be # judging by the size of the chain wheels # as large as might have been to give the best results with the propellers.
The tail at the end of framework projecting at the rear has a horizontal plane only. The machine is steered by vertical planes at either end of the main plane. Two of these are hinged at each end at the same point, and open out at an angle with one another when they are used.

Flight, October 1, 1910


   ANOTHER fatal accident has occurred in France, this time with a type of biplane against which no serious accident had been recorded hitherto. This is the Savary, a characteristic feature of which is the system of two propellers. The victim was Edmond Poillot, who forsook journalism a few months ago to take up aviation, and had made many successful flights with the Savary machine. On Sunday morning, at Chartres, he had carried out four trips with pupils, and then started off on a fifth trial with another pupil, Partiot. He rose to a height of 80 metres, and was circling the grounds, when the machine was seen to tilt suddenly and fall to earth. Both the occupants were thrown out, Poillot with such force that his back was broken, so that he was killed almost instantly. Partiot, luckily, was only slightly injured. No explanation is forthcoming as to the cause of the accident, but it is surmised that it came about by a treacherous gust of wind.

Flight, January 13, 1912.



   THE solid-looking biplane, representing the Savary firm, possessed an enhanced interest on the score that it was one of the machines to fulfil the difficult conditions of the military trials at Rheims. Its cellule has a span of 46 ft., and apart from the fact that the stanchions are of steel tubing, this section of the whole machine presents little departure from standard practice. The surfacing is treated with some kind of wax preparation. Propulsion is obtained from two tractors, driven by a single chain in opposite direction by a 70-h.p. Labor-Aviation motor.
   The importance of the single-chain transmission can be readily seen, for should it by any misfortune break, both tractors would be thrown out of action at the same time. Indeed, the writer was informed at the stand, that the system had been tested by breaking the chain in mid-air with no uncomfortable results; although the information as to exactly how this was effected while in flight was not forthcoming.
   The landing arrangements consist of a central skid of ash, rigidly supported from the cellule by struts of steel tubing and a pair of wheels, disposed on either side of this skid. These wheels are hinged to the body of the machine at the upper extremities of the forks, to which they are attached, and under the influence of a landing shock, disappear towards the rear, each against the action of four shock absorbers arranged "in parallel."
   At the tail end of the machine are disposed two roughly-pentagonal superimposed flat surfaces, flying point foremost, which serve the double purpose of stabilizer and elevator. There is no directional rudder in the tail unit, this function being performed by a system of two vertical panels arranged at each end of the cellule. In straight-line flight these fly out and give no resistance, but when a turning movement is required they are swung round and closed up on the side to which the desired turn is to be made. Balancing laterally is effected by ailerons. A boat-shaped body accommodates pilot and passenger, the former of which has control of the lever, a vertical column with a horizontal wheel arranged at its upper end. Control is manipulated in exactly the same manner as that in force on the Clement-Bayard biplane.

Principal dimensions, &c. :-
Length 36 ft.
Span 46 "
Area 572 sq. ft.
Weight 1,320 lbs.
Speed 62 m.p.h.
Motor 70-h.p. Labor Aviation.
Price L1.040.

Flight, May 18, 1912.

Wireless Missages from an Aeroplane.

   ONE of the most successful tests of transmitting messages by wireless telegraphy from an aeroplane in flight was made at Chartres on the 7th inst. In conjunction with the military authorities represented by Lieut. Cheutin and Ensign Fournier, the "Radio Electricite" Co. has been conducting experiments for a long time and have at length evolved a transmitter which weighs 32 kilogs. and may easily be fitted to an aeroplane. One was fitted to a Savary biplane, and with Frantz at the tiller and M. Rouzet, the inventor, at the transmitter, a cross-country flight of 125 kiloms. was made. During the whole of the trip messages were successfully sent to the receiving station at Chartres even from 50 kiloms. away.

Flight, November 9, 1912.



   SINCE last year this firm do not seem to have changed their methods at all, and they remain almost the only firm of biplane manufacturers that have not been influenced by the monoplane trend in biplane design. Their present machine is fitted with a 75-h.p. Renault which is mounted in a rather neater manner than the engine on last year's machine. This point we illustrate. They are also showing, in a semi-finished state, a hydro-monoplane, the chief peculiarities of which are that it has a metal torpedo body and that the wings are stayed from the floats by an haubannage of steel tubing.

Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.
SAVARY BIPLANE PILOTED BY FREY AT RHEIMS MEETING. - Two tractor screws are employed, and a chain-driven 8-cyl. E.N.V. engine. Inset Frey is seen in the air on the Savary biplane.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
The new Savary of 1910. Note the forward-mounted vertical radiator.
R.Abate, G.Alegi, G.Apostolo - Aeroplani Caproni: Gianni Caproni and His Aircraft, 1910-1983
The crowd of peasants from neighbouring villages staring at De Agostini's Savary biplane serve as a reminder that novelty, fascination and adventure were integral components of early aviation.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
An intermediate Savary design: it had 4 ailerons, but the hinged elevators and covered nacelle had not yet appeared.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
GENERAL VIEW OF THE THIRD PARIS AERO SALON. - The machine at the bottom of the photograph is the Bleriot 100-h.p. "Aeronef," built to the order of M. Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe. On the same side, but towards the centre of the Exhibition, may be seen the Zodiac biplane and the Borel and Deperdussin monoplanes, while opposite are the Train and H. Farman monoplanes and Savary and M. Farman biplanes.
Журнал - Flight за 1912 г.
The Savary biplane, showing the landing gear and the disposition of the two tractors.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
One of the 1911 Savarys with overhung wings and undercarriage sprung from the center skid structure.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
One of the 1911 military Savarys. Note the double wheels. Clearly the nacelle was not designed for 7 passengers.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
The Savary seaplane. Note the covered nacelle and the hinged elevators. Ailerons were fitted to the top wings only.
R.Abate, G.Alegi, G.Apostolo - Aeroplani Caproni: Gianni Caproni and His Aircraft, 1910-1983
Ingegner Agostino De Agostini on the Savary biplane he had brought back from a trip to France. During 1912 this French machine served with the Caproni flying school at Vizzola.
Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.
M. Poillot, who was last week killed at Chartres.
Журнал - Flight за 1912 г.
WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY AND AEROPLANES. - The wireless telegraphy installation on the military Savary biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1912 г.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913 /Jane's/
Журнал - Flight за 1912 г.
Diagrammatic sketch of the Savary single-chain transmission.
Журнал - Flight за 1912 г.
Showing the method of mounting the 75-h.p. Renault motor on the Savary biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.