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Mulliner Kny monoplane

Страна: Великобритания

Год: 1911

Mulliner - monoplane - 1910 - Великобритания<– –>Mumford - helicopter - 1912 - Великобритания

M.Goodall, A.Tagg British Aircraft before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

P.Lewis British Aircraft 1809-1914 (Putnam)

Mulliner 2 Knyplane

   The Knyplane was the second tractor monoplane built by the Mulliner Coachworks Ltd., of Long Acre, London, and Northampton, and was designed by E. Cecil Kny - of later D.F.W. fame - and constructed in the Mulliner works at Vardens Road, Clapham Junction, London, S.W. It was seen at the 1911 Olympia Aero Show, and was unusual in that the incidence of the wings could be altered in flight, together with their camber, which could be increased by drooping the leading-edge. Both operations could be carried out synchronously or independently of each other. A feature of the finely-shaped, boat-like fuselage with its metal fore-part, was that the open cockpit could be enclosed by the addition of a detachable conning-tower. The engine was a 60 h.p. E.N.V. "F", which drove a Normale propeller. Span, 39 ft. Length, 36 ft. Wing area, 300 sq. ft. Weight loaded, 1,250 lb.

Журнал Flight

Flight, March 25, 1911



   Mulliner Monoplan. - It will be remembered that Messrs. Mulliner, of London and Northampton, exhibited a monoplane at the last Olympia Aero Show that attracted considerable attention from visitors by reason of its light appearance and the good workmanship bestowed upon it. This year they are also exhibiting, and again it is a monoplane, but this machine differs greatly from that of last year, although we have no doubt that this difference will not be found in the workmanship.
   The machine, which is known as the "Kny-plane," is a monoplane having a span of 39 ft. and an overall length of 36 ft. The weight of the machine complete with aviator and in flying order is 1,250 lbs., with an actual lifting surface of 300 sq. ft. The wings are controllable, and by means of a simple steering device, similar to that used in motor car construction, it becomes possible to increase or decrease the angle of incidence and the camber synchronously or independently. The body is torpedo shaped. The powerplant, which is entirely enclosed, consists of a 60-80-h.p. E.N.V. engine with dual ignition, and drives, through a flywheel and a specially-designed clutch, a Normale tractor-screw. The chassis embodies some unique features, one of which, it is claimed, enables the machine to start on any railway if the ground is in any way unsuitable. This should be worthy of consideration for military requirements. It is also claimed that the body of the machine always remains horizontal in flight.

M.Goodall, A.Tagg - British Aircraft before the Great War /Schiffer/
Mulliner Knyplane designed by the firm's Danish manager was at Olympia in 1911. It was not seen subsequently.
M.Goodall, A.Tagg - British Aircraft before the Great War /Schiffer/
P.Lewis - British Aircraft 1809-1914 /Putnam/
The boat-like body of the Kny aeroplane, built by Mulliner's of Long Acre and Northampton. Apart from this characteristic feature the most important structural detail is the method of swivelling the wings and depressing the leading edge so as to alter their attitude and camber simultaneously.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
Sketch showing how the wings on the Mulliner "Kny" aeroplane are mounted on a central bearing so that the angle of incidence can be altered during flight. Simultaneous with this movement an alteration in the camber is brought about by means of pivoted rods, as shown above, acting on a special flexible leading edge.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
Under-carriage of the Kny aeroplane, built by Mulliner's, of Long Acre and Northampton.