Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913
ALBATROS. Albatroswerke G.m.b. H. Flugzeugfabr. u. Fliegerschule, Johannisthal bei Berlin. Established 1910. One of the largest constructors in Germany. Capacity: 150 machines a year.
1911-12. 1912. 1912-13. Hydro. Mono.
2-seat Military Military
tractor tractor tractor.
Length....feet(m.) 13? (10.70) 43?-1/2 (10.5) 42? (12.8) ... ...
Spa.......feet(m.) 43-2/3(13.30) 52? (16) 65? (20) ... ...
Are...sq. feet(m?) 430 (40) 576 (54) 624 (58.5) ... ...
......lbs.(kgs.) 1058 (480) 1543 (700) 1874 (850) ... ...
.... .lbs.(kgs.) 661 (300) ... ... ... ...
Motor.........h.p. 100 Argus 90 Mercades 120 N.A.G. or ... ...
or 100 Argus Aust. Daimler
max...m.p.h.(km) 56 (90) 59 (95) 46 (75) ... ...
min...m.p.h.(km) ... ... ... ... ...
Endurance.....hrs. 6 6 7-5 ... ...
during 1912 about 40 70 30 4 2
Remarks.--In all the upper plane is slightly staggered. In all the control is duplicated.
Flight, January 6, 1912.
PARIS AERO SHOW.
THIS interesting biplane is of the engine-in-front type, and altogether one of the finest examples of workmanship in the Salon. Its fuselage is covered throughout the whole of its length with a thin veneer of wood, the radiator being disposed under the front, below the engine, where it does not interfere with the graceful outline of the machine, and where it is in a position to receive the maximum amount of cooling draught from the propeller. Its main planes are trussed by a system of wooden-compression struts, no wire bracing being employed. The top main-plane is slightly longer in span than the lower one, and its extremities are turned back and given a negative angle of incidence, much after the same manner as that employed by the Etrich machines. Its landing gear is easily the soundest and strongest of all those present at the Salon. In its main outline it has much in common with the ordinary Farman chassis, but possesses the extra advantage that the struts supporting the fuselage are not directly attached to the skids, but applied flexibly thereto by the interposition of laminated steel springs. The horizontal stabilizing surface is triangular in plan form, and extends backwards from a point level with the rear of the pilot's seat. This surface continues behind the end of the fuselage, and is flexed for the purpose of giving the machine an upward or downward direction.
Principal dimensions, &c.:-
Length 34 ft.
Span 44 ,,
Area 440 sq. ft.
Weight 925 lbs.
Speed 55 m.p.h.
Motor 100-h.p. Argus
Flight, December 28, 1912.
SOME GERMAN MACHINES.
By G. B.
In the review of the 1911 Paris Salon reference was made to the splendid workmanship of the Albatross biplane, which was also distinguished by the use of diagonal compression struts, thus obviating the use of wire bracing. This system is continued in the latest machine, and is well illustrated in the three sketches herewith, which also show the strong landing chassis employed. Another characteristic feature is pronounced dihedral angle of the lower planes. In last year machines a flexing tail was employed, but this has now been replaced by an elevator. In the Mars biplane ailerons are only fitted to the upper planes. The fuselage and landing chassis of this machine is exactly the same as on the monoplane turned out by the same manufacturers, and, except for the wings of course, the various parts of the machines are interchangeable.