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Thomas Standard Biplane

Страна: США

Год: 1913

Thomas - monoplane - 1912 - США<– –>Thomas - B-3 / B-4 - 1914 - США


J.Wegg General Dynamics Aircraft and Their Predecessors Since 1912 (Putnam)


Nacelle Pusher

  Two similar 'nacelle pusher' biplane designs were built and flown during 1913. Both featured paired four-wheel/skid undercarriages and had the elevator and twin rudders supported by a bamboo frame extending from the wing centre section. The single-seater, also referred to as the Standard Biplane, had a 10ft longer-span upper wing, a 65hp Kirkham engine, and a nacelle mounted in between the wings. The three-seater, powered by a 90hp Austro-Daimler engine, had the longer nacelle attached directly to the lower wing.

(Single-seater): Span 37ft; weight empty 900 lb; maximum speed 58mph, endurance 2hr.


Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913


THOMAS Biplanes. Thomas Bros., Bath, N.Y., O.W., and W.T. Thomas began experimenting and flying in 1908 with a machine on the order of a Curtiss. In the winter of 1909-10, a type of their own was produced and was flown during 1911 by Walter Johnson in exhibitions. In 1912 they continued the same type, with refinements. In 1913 they adopted the overhanging top plane type, but of the same general high order of construction.

Model and date. 1912. 1913. 1913. 1913. 1913.
   Tractor Monoplane. Standard Special Flying
   biplane. biplane. biplane. boat.

Length...ft.(m.) ... 30 (9.15) ... 25 (7.62) ...
Span.....ft.(m.) 37(11.27) 32 (9.75) 37 (11.27) 33 (10) 33 (10)
   27(8.23) ... 27 (8.23) 23 (7) 23 (7)
Area,sq.ft.(m?.) ... ... ... ... ...
Weight,
total, lbs.(kg.) 900 (408) 750 (340) 900 (408) 850 (385) ...
Weight,
useful, lb.(kg.) ... ... ... 400 (181) ...
Motor, h.p. 65 70 65 65 100
   Kirkham Kirkham Kirkham Kirkham Maximotor
   muffled
Speed,
   m.p.h.(km) 58 (94) ... 58 (94) 60 (97) ...
Endurance, hrs. 2 ... 2 2? ...
Number built
during 1912 1 building ... ... building

Remarks. Control in all: Ailerons, 4 rudders. Elevator operated by rocking post on which wheel is mounted. The 1912 tractor was given up as less efficient than the Standard 1913.
Special: full description Aeronautics, U.S.A., May, 1913.

The move was evolved 1912, but not built till well into 1913.

J.Wegg - General Dynamics Aircraft and Their Predecessors Since 1912 /Putnam/
Single-seat Nacelle Pusher (1913).
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913 /Jane's/
Latest Thomas.
J.Wegg - General Dynamics Aircraft and Their Predecessors Since 1912 /Putnam/
Three-seat Nacelle Pusher (1913) with 90hp Austro-Daimler engine.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913 /Jane's/
1913 Standard biplane, U.A.S.