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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Pfalz A.I/E.III

Страна: Германия

Год: 1914

Fighter

Pega-Emich - Buteno monoplane - 1913 - Германия<– –>Pfalz - E.I/E.II/E.IV/E.VI - 1915 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


"ПФАЛЬЦ" E.III / PFALZ E.III
  
  Основанная в 1913 году южногерманская фирма "Пфальц Флюгцойгверк" начала свою деятельность с лицензионного копирования французских двухместных аэропланов "Моран-Солнье" типов H (среднеплан) и L (моноплан-парасоль) с 80-сильными ротативными моторами "Оберурсель" U.O. Первый из них получил в Германии обозначение "Пфальц" E.I, а второй - "Пфальц" A.I. Те же машины, оснащенные 100-сильными двигателями "Оберурсель" U.I, назывались, соответственно, "Пфальц" E.II и А.II. Выпуск этих машин продолжался в 1914 и 1915 годах. На раннем этапе Мировой войны они применялись для разведки и аэрофотосъемки.
  Обозначение E.III носил оснащенный синхронным пулеметом парасоль A.II. Этот аппарат также строился малой серией и поступал в войска.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Pfalz A I
  Used for reconnaissance purposes during the early months of the war, the parasol-winged Pfalz A I was no more than a copy of the Morane-Saulnier Type L, which had been manufactured under licence before the war. Of interest are the two celluloid panels in the fuselage sides to give added visibility from the cockpit. Engine, 80 h.p. Oberursel U O. Span, 11.2 m. (36 ft. 9 in.). Length, 6.9 m. (22 ft. 7 3/4 in.). Height, 3.4 m. (11 ft. 1 7/8 in.). Area, 18 sq.m. (194 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 365 kg. (803 lb.). Loaded 595 kg. (1,309 lb.). Speed, ca. 135 km.hr. (84.35 m.p.h.). Climb, 800 m. (2,624 ft.) in 6 min. Duration, 4 hr.
  N.B. A single aircraft, fitted with 100 h.p. Oberursel engine, was designated A II and was developed into E III.

Pfalz E III
  The Pfalz E III of 1915 was simply an armed, single-seat version of the A II, a Spandau gun being fitted to fire through the propeller. It is improbable that many were built. Engine, 100 h.p. Oberursel U I. Span, 11.2 m. (36 ft. 9 in.), length, 6.85 m. (22 ft. 5 3/4 in.). Height, 3.4 m. (11 ft. 1 7/8 in.). Area, 18 sq.m. (194 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 445 kg. (979 lb.). Loaded, 705 kg. (1,551 lb.). Speed, ca. 150 km.hr. (93.75 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 3 min. Armament, one fixed Spandau machine-gun.


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


PFALZ E III Germany
  
  The Morane-Saulnier Type L parasol monoplane two-seater, for which the Pfalz Flugzeug-Werke acquired a manufacturing licence in 1914, was built primarily for the reconnaissance and training roles as the A I and A II with the 80 hp Oberursel U 0 and 100 hp Oberursel U I rotaries respectively, 60 being delivered during 1914-15. In 1915, the rear seat and gun mounting were removed, a single synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun was mounted ahead of the cockpit, and, with the 100 hp U I engine, the modified aircraft was produced in small numbers as the E III fighter. Although having a rate of climb superior to that of the E II, the E III was considered as essentially an interim type and the largest number of these fighters at the Front at any one time was eight (June 1916).

Max speed, 95mph (153 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1000 m), 3.0 min.
Endurance, 2.0 hrs.
Empty weight, 981 lb (445 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,554 lb (705 kg).
Span, 36 ft 9 in (11,20 m).
Length, 22 ft 5 3/4 in (6,85m).
Height, 11 ft 1 7/8 in (3,40 m).
Wing area, 193.76 sq ft (18,00 m2).

O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Pfalz A I
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The E III was considered an interim type and was evolved from the Morane-Saulnier Type L.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Pfalz E III
R.Kosin - The German Fighter since 1915 /Putnam/
Pfalz wooden fuselage with steel-wire diagonal bracing (fabric covering removed).