Parnall Aircraft Since 1914

K.Wixey - Parnall Aircraft Since 1914 /Putnam/

R.E.7s were among the aircraft fitted with Rolls-Royce Falcons built by Brazil Straker.
In its original form the Short Bomber had two-bay wings but it was modified to three-bay configuration.
Short Bomber No. 9771 (Parnall c/n 21) nearing completion in the Coliseum works of Parnall. Lower wings for another of the type are in the foreground, and the combined front and rear cockpit coaming.
Short Bomber 9834 was built by Phoenix Dynamo and like the Parnall-built examples had the 250 hp Rolls-Royce Eagle III.
Шорт "Бомбер" перед вылетом на задание. Несмотря на значительные размеры, конструкция "Бомбера" была очень простой.
One of the six Short Bombers built by Parnall.
The elongated fin is noticeable on this RNAS Avro 504B (9826), a version built under contract at Bristol by Parnall & Sons.
Famed for teaching at least two generations of RAF pilots to fly, the Avro 504 had enjoyed a previous life as both a bomber and fighter during the first year of war, being used by both the RNAS and RFC. Seen here is one of forty Avro 504B two seaters that were produced, all going to the RNAS. Powered by either an 80hp Gnome or Le Rhone and with a top level speed of 82mph at sea level, some of these machines were known to have been flown operationally from the Dunkirk area, being used to raid Zeppelin sheds and submarine bases set up by the Germans further east along the coast. Just how the demand for military aircraft was to grow is demonstrated by the fact that prior to the large scale production of the Avro 504K trainer, the total RFC and RNAS orders placed for the type between 1914 and 1915 amounted to a mere 68 machines.
Included here for its rarity is this photograph of Parnall-built Avro 504B No.B396 (ex-N6027) at Spittlegate. The engine was an 80 hp Gnome rotary. The Parnall trade mark is aft of the serial number.
Another extremely rare photograph showing Parnall-built Avro 504J B8593 at Newmarket in about 1917. The engine was a 100 hp Gnome Monosoupape.
Another 504 variant built by Parnall was the J with a 100 hp Gnome Monosoupape engine. C4364 seen here was an Avro-built machine.
Believed to have been photographed on Bristol Downs, this Parnall-built Avro 504K, E3254, was the first from a batch of 150 machines (E3254-E3403) produced by Parnall for the RAF after that service was formed on 1 April, 1918.
This very rare picture is of Parnall-built Avro 504K E3345, on a training sortie during the early days of the RAF.
This Avro 504K (F8748) is believed to be one of the final batch of this type built by Parnall & Sons at Bristol during the First World War.
D.H.9A E8407 as originally produced by the Aircraft Manufacturing Co (Airco).
Parnall was among firms involved in refurbishing and building new de Havilland D. H.9As for the RAF during the mid-I920s. This example, E9891, was produced by the Vulcan Motor & Engineering Co at Southport.
Over typical hostile terrain in Iraq during the 1920s are three D.H.9As from No.30 Squadron, J7124, H3633 and H3632.
Refurbishing and production of de Havilland D.H.9A general purpose biplanes provided Parnall with valuable government contracts in the I920s. The two D.H.9As pictured here are from No. 39 Squadron RAF circa 1926.
This photograph, of poor quality but very rare, shows two Parnall-built D.H.9As at Yate in the mid-1920s.
The B.E.2c was one of the types rebuilt at No.3 (Western) Aircraft Repair Depot.
Once installed at the Admiralty, Harold Bolas became involved with design of the first A.D. flying-boat, a production version of which is shown here; N1522 of the RNAS.
Powered by a 230 hp Bentley B.R.2 rotary engine, the Panther was Harold Bolas's first design for Parnall. Seen here is the prototype N.91. It has the .303-m Vickers machinegun fitted to the upper port side and hydrovane had not been fitted at that time.
The prototype Panther, N.91. On this machine the pilot's forward-firing Vickers machine-gun is fitted in the original port side position; this gun was removed later, and did not appear on subsequent models. Note the absence.of a hydrovane, and the .303-m Lewis machine-gun in rear cockpit. The Parnall trade insignia appears on rear of the fuselage.
This rare print purports to be an in-flight view of the Parnall Panther prototype N.91. It is in fact a faked picture; nevertheless it depicts well the Panther's pronounced humped profile.
A prototype Parnall Panther with inflated Isle of Grain style flotation bags. The hydrovane forward of the wheels, the humped fuselage and the starboard side strut carrying the propeller for actuating the wind-driven fuel pump are all visible.
One of the first three prototype Panthers is seen here at the Isle of Grain RNAS. The Parnall-type flotation bags are inflated, one under each lower wing, plus one between the undercarriage legs.
The novel way in which the fuselage of the Panther was hinged to allow for stowage of the type aboard ship can be clearly seen in this photograph of the sixth and last prototype N.96 (Parnall c/n P.707). The flotation bag in the rear of the fuselage is just visible.
When the fuselage of the Panther was completely disconnected, it could be transported by lorry as shown here.
Although contracted to the Bristol Aeroplane Co, this production Panther, N7406, (Parnall c/n P.1/10650) is under construction at the Coliseum works of Parnall & Sons, Park Row, Bristol.
A Bristol-built Panther about to touch down on HMS Argus.
Two views of Bristol-built Panther N7425 on HMS Argus. The longitudinal wires were the cause of many damaged aircraft.
A Panther with the modified undercarriage struts and deck-landing hooks beneath the axle. Just visible is the lowered trailing-edge section in the upper centre-section to allow the pilot entry into the cockpit.
This updated Panther has a modified horn-balanced rudder and oleo undercarriage legs. A Blackburn Dart is in the background.
One of the first contracts undertaken by Brazil Straker for the Admiralty was the overhauling of Curtiss OX-5 engines for RNAS Curtiss JN-4 'Jenny' trainers. This JN-4 is seen at RNAS Redcar.
The only known existing photograph of the Parnall Scout/ Zepp-Chaser. Even in this poor quality, but extremely rare picture, the heaviness of the design is apparent even in the struts alone. Notice also the radiator slung beneath the nose and the large diameter propeller.
In this picture one can almost hear the 150 hp Sunbeam Nubian engine being throttled back as Short Type 827, No.8255, is about to alight. This particular machine was one of eight produced by Parnall at Bristol during the First World War.
Although a little hazy, this photograph is quite rare, and shows to advantage the drooped ailerons on the upper wings of this Short Type 827 of the RNAS. Numbered 8638, it was built by Sunbeam and represents the type produced by Parnall.
A Short Type 827, identical to those produced by Parnall, being erected on the quayside at Kilwa during the First World War. This particular machine (8649) was built by the Sunbeam Motor Car Co.
Identical to those machines built by Parnall at Bristol, this Short Type 827 seaplane, No.8230 of the RNAS, has suffered an alighting mishap. It was produced by the Brush Electrical Engineering.
Used as an anti-submarine patrol seaplane, the Hamble Baby played a mundane, but important part in the war at sea. This Fairey-built machine has two 65-lb bombs slung beneath the centre fuselage.
Believed to be N1970, this Parnall-built Hamble Baby reveals clearly the retained Sopwith design of vertical tail surfaces and floats.
The original Sopwith tailplane and blunt wingtips denote a Blackburn-built Baby in this very rare flying view of a patrolling Baby with its bomb load.
In this view of Parnall Hamble Baby Convert N2002 (Parnall c/n P.1/17), the Sopwith lineage is obvious. Also noticeable is the Parnall trade mark on the side of the rear fuselage.
Of the 130 Hamble Babies built by Parnall under sub-contract, 74 were fitted with land undercarriages and called Hamble Baby Converts.
Hamble Baby Convert N2059 nearing completion in the Coliseum works of Parnall at Park Row, Bristol. The Parnall c/n P.1/74 appears beneath serial number. An Avro 504 is under construction in the background.
This view of the Parnall Hamble Baby Convert shows to advantage the wide-track undercarriage in which skids and axle simply replaced the floats, and rounded wingtips. Most of these aeroplanes were used as trainers by the RNAS.