Polish Aircraft 1893-1939

C.Jerzy - Polish Aircraft 1893-1939 /Putnam/

The C.W.L.-built development of the Hannover-Roland CL II, the Daimler-powered Slowik biplane, during its fatal flight on 23 August, 1919.
This front view of the S.Z.Quadruplane No.1 (W.Z.III) shows to advantage the wing configuration of the aircraft.
The S.Z. Quadruplane No.1 (W.Z.III) with 80 hp Gnome rotary engine during early tests at Smolensk in the spring of 1916.
The S.Z.Quadruplane No. 2 (W.Z.IV) in a tent at Mir, while operating with the 4th Squadron, 4th Wing, Imperial Russian Air Service, in November 1916.
Right to left: Wladyslaw Zalewski, Vladimir Savieliev and Col Jungmeister, in front of the S.Z.Quadruplane No. 1. The Cyrillic letters S.Z. are clearly visible o n the engine cowling.
The Vindobona II aeroplanes. The Autobiplan Warchaiowski System Type I, with Karol Warchalowski at the controls, in the foreground and, behind, the Type II, photographed in July 1910 during the Wiener-Neustadt Meeting. Note the single inner interplane struts and differently shaped wingtips of the Type I.
The Autobiplan Warchalowski System Type II in its early form and with the miniature basket-tyrpe nacelle attached.
Adolf Warchalowski and his improved, Gnome-powered Type II are greeted and decorated with a laurel wreath upon landing after the historic flight on the day of the Emperor of Austria's birthday over the centre of Vienna on 18 August, 1910. The Autoplan-Werke emblem can be seen on the front elevator and the Austrian national colours on the top wing.
The Daimler-powered Warchalowski System Type III, photographed in front of the Autoplan-Werke factory after the establishment of a new national duration record on 27 December, 1910. Adolf Warchalowski and his passenger, Lieut Aztalos, are standing in the middle of the group.
The Warchalowski Military Type I (Warchalowski System Type IV) with Daimler water-cooled inline engine, during its extremely successful flight trials early in the spring of 1911.
The Warchalowski Racing Type (Warchalowski System Type V) before the first Wiener-Neustadt Meeting in June 1911.
The first Bronislawski conversion of a Farman biplane with the early Bronislawski stabilizing system, comprising five stabilizing planes on each side,
The second Bronislawski system aircraft, with two stabilizing planes on each side and a Gnome rotary engine.
Previously unpublished view of the second, Gnome-powered Bronislawski system aircraft during tests in 1912.
Drzewiecki's Labor-powered tandem-wing monoplane at the 1912 Paris Salon,
Drzewiecki tandem-wing monoplane with the designer in the cockpit at Chartres early in 1913.
A wind-tunnel model of the improved Drzewiecki tandem-wing monoplane with a Gnome Monosoupape rotary engine, developed for the design contest for the safest aircraft.
Patent drawings of Drzewiecki's first ideas for an automaticaliy-stable aircraft, December 1909 - March 1910.
A documentary photograph of the Lotnia I during its early unsuccessful tests in Janow Podlaski in 1896.
Left, a documentary photograph showing Tariski on his Lotnia III during one of its short glides from the scaffold, presumably in 1898. Right, Tariski's workshop at Mazowiecka Street in Warsaw with work in progress on blades for a large full-size helicopter.
A dramatic photograph of Czeslaw Tanski and his Lotnia III before a gliding jump from a scaffold, presumably taken in 1898.
The improved Lotnia III being taken for another series of gliding attempts in 1898.
A scale-mode! of the proposed tail-first glider which was to be later developed into a muscle-powered aircraft.
An original photograph of Tanski's full-size helicopter with a hand-operated mechanism. The machine is seen here soon after completion, in the courtyard of 2 Mazowiecka Street, Warsaw, where Tanski had his workshop.
Tanski's helicopter fitted with a 2 1/2 hp Anzani two-cylinder vee engine, with the designer (in white jacket) standing beside the machine, photographed in the courtyard at 2 Mazowiecka Street.
The Latka monoplane under construction in the Aviata hangar No. 7, with the blades of the helicopter, standing in a corner of the hangar, visible in the background.
The unsuccessful Latka monoplane in its final form, with triangular fin and rudder, photographed in the Aviata factory premises in 1912.
Structural details of the Latka monoplane, showing the interesting design of the wing and a sideview of the forward fuselage and varying angle of incidence of the mainplane, as drawn by the designer presumably in 1910.
Tanski's sketches depicting studies for the Latka monoplane with an interesting, light and flexible landing gear, and a heavy landing gear which was eventually used.
The Stibor No.2 rotary-wing ornithopter-type machine being prepared for tests in Wzdow.
One rotor of Lipkowski's giant helicopter in a test rig at the Pitulovskie Establishments in Petersburg in March 1905.
Kozlowsky's biplane of 1910. the first Polish powered aircraft to leave the ground in Poland.
Kozlowski's biplane at the Siekierki meadows in Warsaw, in the spring of 1910.
This night photo of the Kozlowski biplane with the designer at the controls shows to advantage a number of structural details.
Rozum and Becheny monoplane on show in Krakow in May 1910.
Kolousek's biplane as exhibited in Krakow in May 1910.
The Aquila monoplane photographed on Wiener-Neustadt aerodrome during the Imperial review of Austrian aviation, on 18 September, 1910. Note positioning of seats.
Two views of the revolutionary Brzeski-designed powerplant of the Aquila monoplane, the 50 hp 'Iskra' seven-cylinder bi-rotary engine driving contra-rotating airscrews.
Flying model of the Chlebowski brothers' triplane. The structurally unsound positioning of the top interplane struts is apparent from this picture.
Libariski's damaged Mono-biplan 1 after its unsuccessful flight attempt in the middle of 1910, photographed in front of its hangar.
The Mono-biplan I damaged by the explosion of one of its cylinders. Note the missing front wheels and the pilot's seal, which can be seen under the trailing edge of the main wing.
Libanski's Jaskolka in its original form, incorporating a detachable short-span wing with a movable flap, photographed in a Lwow hall immediately after completion.
The Jaskolka, with the designer at the controls, seen here after modifications, as a pure monoplane, on Wiener-Neustadt aerodrome in the late summer of 1911.
Another view of the Jaskolka in its final form on Wiener-Neustadt aerodrome.
The partially-completed Weber biplane at the First Aviation Exhibition in Lwow. A comparison of this photograph with the drawing of the original study reveals a number of changes which were introduced to the design.
An original drawing of Weber's biplane from the early part of 1910, believed to be the oldest contemporary three-view drawing of a Polish-designed powered aircraft in existence. Dimensions on the drawings are in metres.
The engine-less Gold ultra-light monoplane in front of the Witold Tranda Mechanical Workshop in Lwow in 1910.
A flying model of the Rosenman-Rozewski coleopter-wing aircraft.
Glowiriski's monoplane, which in May 1911 was the first Polish aircraft to achieve a sustained flight in Poland.
The very primitive monoplane of the "Three', constructed by Lwow teenage students in 1910.
Zbieranski and Cywinski biplane, ihe most promising machine among early aircraft constructed in Poland, which successfully flew in September 1911.
The Warchalowski System Type VII with 80 hp Anzani six-cylinder radial engine flown by Josef Sablatnig in his successful bid to win the Niederosterreichische Rundflug.
The Hieronimus-powered Type IX before taking off for its record-breaking flight with three passengers on board and Adolf Warchalowski in the pilot's seat, on 30 October, 1911.
The Warchalowski System Type XI twin-float seaplane for the Austrian Navy, as shown at the IFA exhibition in Vienna in 1912.
The Wrobel monoplane as it appeared at the Silesian Flying Club Exhibition in Wroclaw in June 1910.
One of the most complicated and ungainly aircraft to be evolved by a Polish designer, the unsuccessful Joachimczyk machine with two sets of pusher contra-rotating airscrews, photographed in Berlin in the spring of 1911.
The exceptionally clean and advanced Argus-powered Torpedo Monoplane in October 1911.
Another view of the Torpedo Monoplane, with Plage and Court standing in front.
The Bartel open-frame glider.
The skeleton of Zalewski's W.Z.T biplane in the Milanowek theatre hall in 1913, with the designer standing beside the machine.
The W.Z.II glider, piloted by Wladyslaw Zalewski, being launched on one of its successful glides in the Milanowek area in 1912.
The W.Z.II glider in the Milanowek theatre hall in 1913. Babinski's second glider is resting against a wall.
Babinski's second glider at the moment of launching, with its pilot desperately trying to maintain balance.
Kazimierz Wasititynski on the second Babinski glider during a perfect launch sometime in 1913.
The glider of the Chrzanowski Secondary School students during one of its successful flights in Klarysew in the summer of 1912.
The glider constructed by five determined schoolboys from Piotrkow Trybunalski.
Rudlicki's glider No.1, flown by the designer, during its first and only brief flight in Odessa on 3 March, 1909.
Glider No.2, designed and flown by Rudlicki in 1909.
The Rudlicki glider No.7 in flight.
The improved Rudlicki glider No.8 with a wheel landing gear.
The last of the series of the early Rudlicki gliders, the two-seat No.9, with Rudlicki in front and Dobrowolski behind him.