Aeromarine Origins

H.King - Aeromarine Origins /Putnam/

Mr. Glenn Curtiss getting up speed before rising from the water with his biplane at San Diego, California, as recently reported, this being the first time this feat has been accomplished.
Glenn Curtiss first succeeded in leaving the water on January 26, 1911, using this biplane. It had tandem-mounted floats and a six-foot hydrofoil. It was later extensively altered.
Close-up of the first powered aircraft to take off from water - Henri Fabre's Gnome-engined creation which was said at the time (1910) to be 'more hydroplane than aeroplane'.
Action study of the Fabre machine, with the curious 'lifting' floats almost clear of the surface.
Nothing could epitomize the theme of this book to better advantage than the photograph above, showing the 1911 Monte Carlo Motor Boat Exhibition. Like some amoeba at the very centre is the amazing device which Henri Fabre persuaded to become the first marine aircraft to fly. It was regarded, for the purposes of the occasion depicted, both as a motor boat and as an aircraft.
The Voisin 'canard' in which Maurice Colliex, during August 1911, took off from Issy aerodrome and alighted on the Seine, afterwards making the return trip. This was the first successful amphibian.
Seen at Barrow-in-Furness, where it first left the water on November 18, 1911, Commander Oliver Schwann's Avro was tried with several different sets of floats. Hydrofoils and air lubrication were both employed.
For several years after 1910 the Italian Guidoni was developing schemes for hydrofoil aircraft. Glimpsed here, beneath the floats of one of his Farmans, is a very early installation of foils.
A little-known British experiment of 1915: the water-borne aircraft built by Dr F. A. Barton and Mr F. L. Rawson at St Helens, Isle of Wight. It was fitted with a 'flying jib'.
Capt. E. W. Wakefield's Avro-Curtiss seaplane flying over Windermere, January 1912. '... this new invasion of the charms of Windermere ...' (Canon Rawnsley in a letter to The Times) - the Waterbird of Mr E. Wakefield, who stoutly rebuffed the Canon.
The French Donnet-Leveque flying boat of 1912 was the first 'classic' machine of its type - that is, having the tail mounted directly on the hull. Curtiss has been extensively and wrongly credited with this arrangement.
'Whether regarded as a twin-hulled flying boat or as a twin-float seaplane the Radley-England waterplane of 1913 was of remarkably original layout...' The engines were three Gnomes, coupled to a single shaft.
When launched in 1903 from a houseboat on the River Potomac, Samuel Pierpont Langley's Aerodrome came to grief. Extensively modified, Curtiss powerplant and single propeller were installed and fitted with floats, it was made to fly by Glenn Curtiss in 1914, as seen here.
Almost unbelievable - although this photograph bear testimony - is the fact that the Wright brothers were trying out hydrofoils for their aircraft as early as 1907. The scene is the Miami River, Dayton, Ohio.
Major August von Parseval was responsible for this flying boat of 1909, amazingly far ahead of its time, with its monoplane wing and tractor propellers.
The world's first powered marine aircraft: Wilhelm Kress' twin-hulled tandem triplane, of which Chanute told Wilbur Wright: '... it seems to me that it may actually fly if a motor lighter than the present one can be obtained.'
The first manned flight from water (June 6, 1905) was made from the Seine by Gabriel Voisin in this float-mounted box-kite glider, towed by a racing motor launch.
Seen here on a iand chassis, this 'aeroscaphe' was entered by Roger Ravaud for the aeroplane and motor-boat contests at Monaco in 1909. It came to grief.
Major B. Baden-Powell making an over-water glide at the Crystal Palace during 1904. Existing water chutes were found to be unsuitable, and a special staging was erected.
The X.3 hoisted almost clear of the water.
The Aerial Experiment Association's Red Wing, with its ski-runner undercarriage. It was first flown, from the frozen surface of Lake Keuka, on March 12, 1908. The pilot's semi·enclosed nacelle is the crude triangular structure on the left.
Glenn Curtiss' first flying boat - the 'family hydro', with its tail carried on outriggers and twin propellers driven through chain transmission from the hull-mounted engine, was not a success but proved that the concept of a hull-borne seaplane was practical.
A twin-float glider constructed by the American Gallaudet in 1897. Gllllaudet's company was eventually to build seaplanes for the U.S. NavY.
Although the Wrights were unable to appear at the Jamestown Exposition of 1907, Mr Israel Ludlow was there with this strange device. It was towed by a torpedo boat.
The Flying Fish, built by the Michigan Steel Boat Co. in 1911, flew with its tail in the water. A hydrofoil was mounted under the metal hull.
Monsieur Ravaud in the undeniably curious craft built for him in 1911 by S. E. Saunders Ltd of East Cowes, Isle of Wight.