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Albatros C.VIIIN

Страна: Германия

Год: 1917

Albatros - C.IX - 1917 - Германия<– –>Albatros - C.X - 1917 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


АЛЬБАТРОС C-VIII / ALBATROS C-VIII

  Очередной модификацией "Альбатроса" стал ночной бомбардировщик C-VIII (другое обозначение - N-1). Для повышения бомбовой нагрузки и улучшения взлетно-посадочных характеристик на нем увеличили размах и площадь несущих поверхностей.
  На самолет установили трехстоечную бипланную коробку с элеронами на обоих крыльях. C-VIII применялся на западном фронте с начала 1917 года.
  
  
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ
  
  "Мерседес" D.III, 160 л.с. (C-VIII).
  
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ
  
  Стрелковое: 1 х 7,92-мм синхронный пулемет "Шпандау" 08/15 и 1 х 7,92-мм турельный пулемет "Парабеллум"
  Бомбовое: до 300 кг бомб.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Albatros C VIII N
  Evolved in 1917 as a night bomber, as indicated by the N suffix. A small bomb load was carried under the lower wings, but as this relatively large, three-bay machine was only fitted with the 160 h.p. Mercedes D III engine, it was grossly under-powered. It is doubtful if more than one such machine was built. Span, 16.74 m. (54 ft. 11 1/8 in.). Length, 7.34 m. (24 ft. 1 in.). Speed, 135 km.hr. (84.35 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 5 min. Armament, one Spandau and one Parabellum machine-gun.


J.Herris Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Vol 2: Late Two-Seaters (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 25)


Albatros C.VIIIN

  Albatros submitted the Albatros C.VIIIN for the N-type requirement. Well streamlined with great resemblance to later Albatros two-seaters, the C.VIIIN looked like a longer wing-span, three-bay version of the Albatros C.XII. However, powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D.III engine instead of the 260 hp Mercedes D.IVa used in the C.XII, it was much too under-powered for operations. However, a more powerful engine was apparently not tested, and the AEG N.I with 150 hp Benz Bz.III was built instead.


Albatros C-Type Specifications
Albatros C.VI Albatros C.VII Albatros C.VIIIN Albatros C.IX Albatros C.X
Engine 180 hp Argus As.Ill 200 hp Benz Bz.IV 160 hp Mercedes D.m 160 hp Mercedes D.m 260 hp Mercedes D.IVa
Span, Upper 11.7m 12.78 m 16.74 m 10.4 m 14.36 m
Span, Lower - 12.40 m - - 14.00 m
Chord, Upper - 1.80 m - - 1.8 m
Chord, Lower - 1.70 m - - 1.6 m
Gap - 1.83 m - - 1.86 m
Wing Area - 43.4 m2 - - 42.7 m2
Wing Dihedral - 2° (upper &. lower) - - 2° (upper & lower)
Length 7.9 m 8.71 m 7.34 m 8.22 m 9.15 m
Height 3.2 m 3.60 m - 2.735 m 3.40 m
Empty Weight 830 kg 1,030 kg - 790 kg 1,088-1,115 kg
Loaded Weight 1,343 kg 1,546 kg - 1,150 kg 1,668-1,695 kg
Maximum Speed 145 km/h 135 km/h 135 km/h 155 km/h 175 km/h
Climb to 1,000m - 5.5 minutes 5 minutes 5 minutes 3 minutes
Climb to 2,000m - 13 minutes - - 6.5 minutes
Climb to 3,000m 35 minutes 21 minutes - - 11 minutes
Climb to 4,000m - 34 minutes - 30 minutes 21 minutes
Climb to 5,000m 49 minutes
Duration 4.5 hours - - 2.5 hours 3/2 hours
Note: C.VII track 1.95 m


J.Herris Nachtflugzeug! German N-types of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 3)


Albatros C.VIIIN

  Albatros, the largest German airplane manufacturer, submitted the Albatros C.VIIIN for the N-type requirement. Well streamlined with great resemblence to other Albatros two-seaters, the C.VIIIN looked like a longer wing-span, 3-bay version of the Albatros C.XII. However, powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D.III engine instead of the 260 hp Mercedes D.IVa used in the C.XII, it was much too under-powered for operations, yet a more powerful engine was apparently not tested.

J.Herris - Nachtflugzeug! German N-types of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Albatros C VIII N
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
The Albatros response to the N-type requirement was the C.VIIIN, a typically-streamlined Albatros that looked much like a longer-span, 3-bay Albatros C.XII. Here it is shown carrying the required six 50 kg PuW bombs totalling 300 kg. However, with only 160 hp compared to the 260 hp of the C.XII, it was much too under-powered. More power might have given it competitive performance, but Albatros apparently did not explore that.
J.Herris - Nachtflugzeug! German N-types of WWI /Centennial Perspective/