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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Hansa-Brandenburg C.II / K

Страна: Германия

Год: 1917

Hansa-Brandenburg - W.16 - 1916 - Германия<– –>Hansa-Brandenburg - L 14 - 1917 - Германия


C.Owers Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI Vol.1: Landplanes (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 17)


Type K (C.II)
  
  A two-seat observation biplane derived from the Type KDD the Type K became the C.II.(17) Two were constructed by Brandenburg. The machine had the star strutter form of interplane struts and as there were problems with the wing cellule the fuselage was constructed first while awaiting test results. The fuselage was deep and rectangular in section. The top wing was mounted close to the fuselage giving the observer a superb field of fire forwards and rearwards over the tail. A balanced rudder was fitted without fin. While the pilot was not enclosed as in the Type KDD, he was situated wholly under the upper wing with no easy escape in the event of a crash. A single machine gun was provided for the observer. On initial flight tests the performance was reported as good but Flars expressed concern over the pyramid strut arrangement. The prototype 66.51 was flown at Briest where it was inspected by Austro-Hungarian representatives. The pilot's view needed improvement and its performance was considered not satisfactory for the mountainous country that it would have to operate in.
  The second machine, 66.81, carried out flight tests in June 1917 but had poor flight characteristics. Its poor longitudinal stability was blamed on the heavier 200-hp Hiero engine. Plans to lengthen the fuselage and provide an enlarged fin were halted while the L 15 was completed. By August 1917 the modified C.II was ready for flight test but the success of the Phonix C.I and UFAG C.I reconnaissance two-seaters meant that the project was abandoned. Both these machines were developed with conventional wing bracing from their Brandenburg predecessors to become very successful machines.

(17) The Type K is illustrated in the Typenschau by a three-view drawing. The C.II is presented as the Phonix C.II in this volume.


Type K (C.II) Specifications
Source Typenschau Type K Typenschau UFAG KD* Brandenburg 3-View PMG 66.51
Span, m 9.40/9.40 9.40 9.400 9.40/9.40
Length, m 7.40 7.40 7.400 7.40
Wing Area, m2 28.83 28.83 28.83 28.03
Empty Wt., kg 736 736 728 728
Loaded Wt., kg 1,100 1,100 1,092 1,092
Time to 1000 m 3.5 min 3.5 min 3 min 30
Motor 180-hp Austro-Daimler 200-hp Austro-Daimler 180-hp Austro 185-hp Daimler
* The type is also identified in the Typenschau as the Phonix C.II with the same specifications.


E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918


60. Flugzeuge der Ungarischen Flugzeugfabrik A.G. (Ufag) Budapest und Hansa Brandenburgische Flugzeugfabrik Brandenburg/Briest
66.51 Brandenburg C.II (Br) Dm 185
66.81 Brandenburg C.II (Br) H 200

C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The Type K/Brandenburg C.II 66.51 at Aspern during performance evaluation.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The C.II was a typical Brandenburg structure with deep ply covered fuselage. The pilot's position under the upper wing gave him poor visibility and lack of egress in the event of a bad landing.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Brandenburg K, Flugzeugnummer 66.51
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Brandenburg C.II 66.51 on the Phonix airfield with Phonix fighter prototype 60.58, the L 14.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This view of Brandenburg C.II 66.51 shows engine details and the cellon windows in the center section of the upper wing.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Detail views of Brandenburg C.II 66.51 showing engine details.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The pilot's location provided no upward view and Cellon windows were inserted into the center section; however, the location of the radiator blocked part on the starboard side.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Detail views of Brandenburg C.II 66.51 showing tail details.
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Brandenburg Type K Factory Drawing
C.Owers - Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1 - Landplanes /Centennial Perspective/ (1)