C.VIII / D.I
Опытный С VIII имел уменьшенные размеры, одностоечную коробку крыльев и двигатель Мерседес D.III (160 л. с).
O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)
A.E.G. C VIII
An experimental single-bay two-seater of Oct. 1917. Multi-spar wings "ear"-type radiators and tail surfaces quite unlike previous A.E.G. designs. Engine, 160 h.p. Mercedes D III. Span, 9.5 m. (31 ft. 2 in.). Length, 6.9 m. (22 ft. 7 3/4 in.). Weights: Empty, 800 kg. (1,760 lb.). Loaded, 1,160 kg. (2,552 lb.). Speed, 170 km.hr. (106.25 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 3.8 min.
A.E.G. D I
Entry of A.E.G. into the single-seat fighter field was marked in May 1917 by the appearance of the stocky D I. Two further prototypes, D 4401/17 and D 5002/17, were fitted with "ear"-type radiators and differed little except that D 5002/17 (below) had slightly longer radiator strips. Engine, 160 h.p. Mercedes D III. Span, 8.5 m. (27 ft. 10 3/4 in.). Length, 6-1 m. (20ft. 0 1/4 in.). Height, 2.65 m. (8 ft. 8 3/8 in.). Weights: Empty, 685 kg. (1,507 lb.). Loaded, 940 kg. (2,068 lb.). Speed, 220 km.hr. (137.5 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 2.5 min., 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.) in 25 min.
W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters
A.E.G. D I Germany
The first fighter produced by A.E.G. (Allgemeine Elektrizitats Gesellschaft), the DI single-bay biplane was primarily of steel tube construction with single-spar wings and fabric skinning, power being provided by a 160 hp Daimler D IIIa six-cylinder water-cooled engine and armament comprising twin 7,92-mm LMG 08/15 synchronised guns. The first of three prototypes appeared in May 1917, type testing being conducted during August-September after the fuselage was lengthened by 15 3/4 in (40 cm), the second and third prototypes differing in having cheek-type radiators. Difficult to fly, one prototype crashing during type testing, the DI was nevertheless ordered as a pre-series of 20 for frontline evaluation. This contract was cancelled, however, after a second prototype crashed on 5 September 1917.
Max speed, 127 mph (205 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1000m), 2.2 min.
Empty weight, 1,510 lb (685 kg).
Loaded weight, 2,072 lb (940 kg).
Span, 27 ft 10 5/8 in (8,50 m).
Length, 20 ft 0 1/8 in (6,10 m).
Height, 8 ft 8 1/3 in (2,65 m).
Wing area, 173.73 sq ft (16,14 m2).
The AEG D.1 prototype fighter was unusual in that the airframe was built totally of steel tubing, including the wing spars and ribs. The fact that the wings had a single, steel-tube spar made it possible to reduce the drag-producing interplane bracing to a minimum.
There is little reason to doubt that Leutnant Walter Hohndorf assisted in the design of the AEG D.I. A licensed pilot and engineer, Hohndorf worked as a designer under chief engineer George Konig at the Union Flugzeugwerke, whose aircraft he piloted in several pre-war flying competitions. After volunteering for the air service in August 1914, Hohndorf was assigned to the Siemens-Schuckert Werke as a test pilot and broke a world record with four passengers in a Kondor biplane (September 4, 1915). When he returned to the Front, Hohndorf became a fighter pilot and, as an eight-victory ace, was awarded the coveted Pour le Merite on July 20, 1916. It was not Unusual for Front-line pilots to maintain communication with their former employers or training units. The private pipeline was, in fact, an important Source of up-to-date combat information. That is how Konig, who had become chief designer at AEG, and Hohndorf cooperated on the design of the AEG D.I.
The AEG D.1 prototype, powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D.III engine, made its appearance in May 1917. Flight-testing took place on the AEG airfield in Henningsdorf located on the outskirts of Berlin. Whether Hohndorf participated is not known. During the course of testing at least one of the three prototypes was given a lengthened fuselage (40 cur 15.7 in increase) to improve the longitudinal stability. Ear radiators replaced the nose radiator that blocked forward visibility.
At the end of June 1917, the D.1 was sent to Adlershof for the customary static-load tests, flight evaluation, climb and performance tests and engineering critique, known as the Typen-Prufung (type-test). The static load tests. performed between June 28 and July 3 1917, showed that the wings were sufficiently strong but the fuselage required strengthening. The reinforced fuselage passed the tests on August 1-4 1917. With the load tests successful. Nothing stood in the way of flight investigation by military pilots. On August 21 1917, the 'highly-skilled' Idflieg test pilot, Leutnant Julius Hendrichs, was killed at Adlershof when the AEG D.1 went into an 'ever steeper dive' from 400 meters (1310 ft) and crashed out of control. In spite of Hendrichs' death, the type-test was completed on August 25 1917. The climb figures were to be established at a later date. Surprisingly for a company with such a long record of building military aircraft, the type-test report listed numerous, minor shortcomings, such as missing identification labels, poorly located instruments, rough control actuation, inaccessible engine parts and the like. Idflieg ordered improvements to be made. After which 20 pre-production D.1 fighters would be sent to the Front for combat evaluation. The D.I. had promise, clocking a top speed of 225 km/h (137 mph) and having a climb equal to the Albatros D.V, then a relatively new type in combat.
By this time, one of the three AEG D.1 prototypes had reached Jagdstaffel 14, of which Hohndorf was commander. In the course of flying D.1 4400/17, Hohndorf crashed and was killed on September 5 1917. With two deaths blemishing its record, Idflieg cancelled the AEG D.1 program and the pre-production of 20 aircraft.
Colors and markings
Little information is available regarding the colors of the AEG D.1 fighters but photographs suggest a very pale blue dope was applied overall with white outlines to the national insignia. On photographs of D5002/17, there is evidence of narrow black outlines to the wing leading edges. Serial numbers applied to the fin were also black.
Armament: 2 synchronised 7,92-mm (0-312-in) Spandau machine guns.
Max speed: 137 mph (220 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m): 2-5 min.
Empty weight: 1,510 lb (685 kg).
Loaded weight: 2,072 lb (940 kg).
Span: 27 ft 10 5/8 in (8,50 m).
Length: 20 ft 0 1/8 in (6,10 m).