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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Rumpler C.I/C.Ia

Страна: Германия

Год: 1914

Two-seat general duties

Rumpler - B.I/4A - 1914 - Германия<– –>Rumpler - G.I/G.II/G.III - 1915 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


Румплер C-I/C-Ia / RUMPLER C-I/C-Ia

  В начале 1915-го появился вооруженный вариант с пулеметом в задней кабине и 160-сильным мотором, обозначенный C-I. Тот же самолет с двигателем в 180 л.с. назывался C-Ia. Обе модификации выпускались серийно до октября 1916-го на фирмах Румплер, MFW (Маркиш Флюгцойгверк), ARF (Альберт Ринн Флюгцойгверк), Германия и Пфальц, а также на баварском филиале фирмы Румплер (сокращенно - Байру).
  В общем итоге на фронты поступило свыше 1000 аппаратов. Благодаря выдающимся летным и эксплуатационным данным, C-I продержался в частях первой линии до весны 1918 года, когда большинство его ровесников уже давно было сбито или отправлено на свалку.
  В 1919 году, после отступления немцев из Польши, 21 "Румплер" C-I или C-Ia достался полякам, которые воевали на них против украинских вооруженных формирований, а с начала 1920-го использовали для учебных целей. Кроме того, отдельные экземпляры этих машин остались и в других новосозданных восточноевропейских странах.

  
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ
  
  "Мерседес", 160 л.с. (C-I) или "Майбах", 180 л.с. (C-Ia).
  
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ
  
  Турельный пулемет (C-I), а также - до 100 кг бомб.


А.Александров, Г.Петров Крылатые пленники России


Пулемет в задней кабине рассматривался, в основном, как средство обороны, и со временем вооружение машин класса Ц усилилось за счет второго, неподвижного и синхронизированного, пулемета, стрелявшего через диск винта. Аппарат "Румплер Ц. I" (41) экипирован именно таким образом: один "Парабеллум" на шкворневом лафете и другой - на правом борту фюзеляжа (вероятно, это один из первых аппаратов подобного рода, так как обычно на "Румплерах" неподвижный пулемет "Шпандау" (Spandau) ставился слева). Очевидно, что теперь авиаторам было сподручнее как обороняться, так и атаковать, но если удача не сопутствовала им в боевом вылете, то дело могло закончиться посадкой на чужой территории, как это случилось с аэропланом номер Ц. 429/15 (42). Отсутствующая обшивка на левых крыльях и на борту свидетельствует о перенесенном пожаре, и немалом. Несмотря на повреждения, самолет отремонтировали, а с приходом зимы заменили колесное шасси лыжным (43). "Румплер Ц. I" оказался удачной моделью. С двигателем "Мерседес Д. III" 160 л. с, "Аргус Ас. III" 180 л. с. или "Бенц Бц. III" 150 л. с. он развивал скорость до 152 км/ч и мог выполнять разнообразные задачи. Его фронтовая служба началась в 1915г.,ав октябре 1916г. около 250 аппаратов типа Ц. I и Ц. Iа (с "Аргусом") летали в германских авиаотрядах. Затем модель постепенно превратилась в учебную (с "Бенцем"), получив двойное управление и лишившись вооружения. Характерной особенностью являлся полукруглый коробчатый радиатор, помещенный под верхней плоскостью перед ее передними центральными стойками.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Rumpler C I and Ia
  
  One of the most successful and best liked of the newly introduced C type armed two-seaters which appeared during 1915 was the C.I of the Rumpler Flugzeug-Werke. Previously, unarmed B types had been manufactured on a small scale, but the efficiency of the 160 h.p. Mercedes engined C.I on its debut assured production in considerable quantity. At first equipped only with a Parabellum machine-gun for the observer, the armament was later reinforced by the addition of a Spandau machine-gun for the pilot, mounted on the port side firing forward. The Rumpler C.I and la, (the latter machine being no more than a C.I fitted with a 180 h.p. Argus engine) entered widespread service on all Fronts. By October 1916 there were some 250 C.Is and C.Ias in service. They were used as general-purpose types, and when they became outclassed on the Western Front they served in the Salonika, Palestine and Macedonian theatres during the 1917 period. They were also used on training duties in Germany right up to the end of the war. In fact, during 1918 a special trainer version with dual control was developed by the Bayerische Rumpler-Werke. This version was powered with a 150 h.p. Benz engine and did not have a gun-ring installation in the rear cockpit.
  In construction the Rumpler C.I was endowed with some novel features, the main one being the compound structural mediums used in the fuselage framework. Installation of the 160 h.p. Mercedes D III engine in the nose was in orthodox fashion: cylinder block protruding; curved metal panels arcing in from the upper longerons to enclose the crankcase; rounded metal nose fairing through which the propeller shaft extended. A largish, streamlined collector manifold was fitted on the starboard side, from which climbed a raked-back "chimney" exhaust pipe which ejected over the top wing. The fuselage was a normal slab-sided, braced box-girder structure with a rounded top decking, tapering to a vertical knife-edge aft. In the structural material used it differed from usual practice. The four longerons were of pine towards the rear and of ash forward, being spliced in the region of the cockpits. Aft of the rear cockpit the vertical and lateral spacers were of ash, but forward of that point steel tube was employed. There was a three-ply sheet panel each side of the nose, extending as far aft as the front center-section strut; the remainder of the fuselage was covered with fabric.
  Tail surfaces were of welded steel tube throughout and fabric covered. All fin surfaces, which were braced with light streamlined steel struts, were of triangular profile and of flat plate section. The unbalanced, divided elevators were of inverse taper and rounded off the contour of the tailplane. The rudder, likewise unbalanced, was pleasingly curved and set a pattern which was to remain little altered in the subsequent operational Rumpler two-seaters.
  Of two-bay format, the wings were slightly tapered and based on the conventional two-spar system, with cable-braced steel-tube compression members. They incorporated some 5' of sweep on the leading edge and a minute amount (16 mm.) of negative stagger. Both wings were of parallel chord, which differed by something less than 2 in.; tips were angularly raked, with fairly well-rounded corners. Ribs were of ply, with softwood capping strips, and interspaced with false ribs extending back only to the front spar. A solid trailing-edge member was used, hence the Rumpler C.I did not feature a scalloped outline. Unbalanced ailerons of inverse taper and characteristic wash-out were hinged to false spars at the upper wingtips only. They were operated by a mid-span crank lever which was actuated by cables fed through, and then vertically up from, the lower wing. A generous, curved, cut-out in the center-section improved the observer's field of view; likewise cut-outs of identical profile in the lower wing roots. Both wings were rigged with dihedral, and the upper wing, in two panels, was joined to a trestle-type center-section cabane of streamlined steel tube. Rumpler C.Is were one of the first C types to feature the frontal (Stirnkuhler) radiator mounted at the leading edge of the center-section. The Rumpler's installation was exceedingly neat, being recessed into the wing panel so as to lie flush with the leading edge. The semicircular section also made for neatness in appearance and reduced the "blind spot" area, which was a considerable shortcoming with rectangular radiators.
  As in the center-section struts, interplane struts were also of streamlined steel tube with cable bracing. A single drag wire ran from the top of the front undercarriage strut to the top of the rear inboard interplane strut. The same medium was used for the undercarriage, which had the normal vee-type chassis. The rear legs were cable braced, and a claw brake was usually fitted to the center of the axle. Wheels were sprung with either spiral springs or elastic cord, according to availability. A cleanly installed ash tailskid, internally sprung and hinged just forward of the sternpost, completed the assembly.
  As evidence of the continued usefulness of Rumplers it is on record that eight new C.Is were transported to Damascus in the spring of 1917 and were to play a big part in the battles which took place that year for Gaza. All enemy troop movements were observed by the Rumplers and the General Staff kept constantly informed. C.Is acted almost exclusively as couriers for the Commanding General, von Kress. When the General wished to re-deploy his troops a large white cloth, which he carried in his car, was laid out upon the ground and a Rumpler promptly landed near by and then conveyed the necessary intelligence to the subordinate commanders. In this way the Staff were able to keep the troops well under control. Bombing raids were carried out on Allied cavalry, and captured prisoners testified to the havoc wrought. Special emphasis had to be placed on visual observation in this theatre, and observers became highly skilled. Much photographic reconnaissance was almost impossible due to the deterioration of the photographic plates; the excessive heat affecting the gelatin emulsion.
  
  
Description: Two-seat general duties.
Manufacturers: Rumpler Flugzeug-Werke G.m.b.H. Johannisthal, Berlin (Ru.).
Sub-contractors: Germania Flugzeug-Werke (Germ.); Markische Flugzeug-Werke (Mark.); Hannoversche Waggonfabrik (Han.), C.Ia; Bayerische Rumpler-Werke (Bayru.) with BzIII; Albert Rinne Flugzeug-Werke (Rin.).
Power Plant: 160 h.p. Mercedes D.III 6- cylinder in-line water-cooled engine.
   150 h.p. Benz Bz.III 6- cylinder in-line water-cooled engine in Bayru. C.I.
   180 h.p. Argus As.III 6- cylinder in-line water-cooled engine in C.Ia.
Dimensions:
   Span 12.15 m. (39 ft. 10 3/8 in.)
   Length 7.85 m. (25 ft. 9 in.)
   Height 3.06 m. (10 ft. 1/2 in.)
   Area 35.7 sq.m. (385.6 sq.ft.)
Weights:
   Empty 793 kg. (1,744.6 lb.)
   Loaded 1,333 kg. (2,866.6 lb.)
Performance:
   Max speed 152 km.h. (95 m.p.h.)
   Ceiling 16,600 ft.
   Endurance 4 hr. on 240 liters fuel (200 main, 40 gravity)
Armament: One fixed Spandau machine-gun on port side forward,
   and one manually operated Parabellum machine-gun in the rear cockpit.
   Small bomb load as tactically required, not exceeding approximately 100 kg.


Rumpler 5A 4
  This machine, built during winter 1915/1916, was an obvious link between the C I (5A 2) and the C III (6A 5). There was a C II (5A 3) scheduled but no record of it having been built. Engine, 160 h.p. Mercedes D III. Weights: Empty, 640 kg. (1,408 lb.). Loaded, 1,120 kg. (2,464 lb.).


J.Herris Rumpler Aircraft of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 11)


Rumpler C.I & C.Ia
  
  The Rumpler C.I was an armed, two-seat general purpose reconnaissance airplane designed based on the lessons learned from the very first armed two-seaters from Albatros, Aviatik, and LVG, all of which were derivatives of earlier, unarmed two-seaters. Designed to carry guns, bombs, and wireless, the Rumpler C.I had good speed and maneuverability and very good climb. Coupled with its robust construction, its good performance and versatility quickly earned it a good reputation among the aircrew who flew it.
  When it first flew in the summer of 1915, the Rumpler C.I was faster than the Fokker and Pfalz Eindecker fighters and had an equivalent climb rate. Idflieg ordered the first batch of aircraft in July 1915 and the C.I passed military acceptance testing in October. The first C.I aircraft arrived at the front in November-December 1915. Armed with both a fixed and a flexible machine gun and with performance exceeding the Eindeckers, the Rumpler C.I was an excellent combat aircraft for its time and lasted a long time at the front.
  The Rumpler C.I had a wood and fabric airframe typical of the time and was powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D.III or a 150 hp Benz Bz.III. Hannover built the Rumpler C.Ia powered by the 180 hp Argus As.III; speed at low levels was improved slightly at the expense of reliability and high-altitude performance. The C.Ia was used primarily on the Eastern Front, where they were not generally faced with the latest fighter opposition, and gave good service.
  Unlike similar aircraft, the C.I had a steel-tube framework integrated with the wood structure of the forward fuselage, making it stronger and more survivable in case of a crash. The robust, versatile C.I was used for a variety of experimental programs testing new wings and engines. The large, 220 hp Mercedes D.IV straight-eight was tested in the C.I, as was the first BMW.IIIa engine.
  Rumpler C.I aircraft built under license for training were powered by a variety of engines. Aircraft built for training service seldom used the 160 hp Mercedes D.III because it was needed for fighters. Re-built 150 hp Benz Bz.III engines were installed along with the 175 hp Rapp Rp.IIIa, 180 hp Argus As.III, and 185 hp Conrad C.III(Nag). Trainers with the Conrad engine were built by Germania and designated C.Ic(Germ). As far as is known, the only license-built Rumpler C.I aircraft used in combat was the Hannover-built C.Ia. Manufacturers who built the C.I for training use were Markische, Germania, Hansa-Brandenburg, the Bayerische Rumpler-Werke (owned by Rumpler), and the Flugzeugwerke Albert Rinne. Details are in the production table.
  Finally, it should be noted that the C.I airframe had such good qualities that it was used for the successful Rumpler 6B1 single-seat floatplane fighter. Despite being derived from a two-seat reconnaissance airplane, the 6B1 was as successful as the competing single-seat floatplane fighters derived from land-plane fighters.
  

Rumpler C.I Specifications
Engine: 160 hp Mercedes D.III
Wing: Span (Upper) 12.15 m
Span (Lower) 10.04 m
Chord (Upper) 1.75 m
Chord (Lower) 1.75 m
Gap 1.86 m
Area 35.7 m2
General: Length 7.85 m
Empty Weight 793 kg
Loaded Weight 1,333 kg
Maximum Speed: 152 kmh
Climb: 3000m 25 min


Rumpler C.I Production Orders
Date Qty Serials Notes
Jul. 1915 50 393-442/15
1915 4 1025-1066/15
1915 20 1588-1599/15 Other serials unk.
Oct. 1915 51 1836-1886/15
Dec. 1915 150 4515-4664/15
Mar. 1916 50 1125-1174/16
Mar. 1916 100 2600-2699/16
Sep.1916 50 Cancelled
Sep. 1916 200 4600-4699/16 Han. C.Ia
Oct. 1916 100 5400-5499/16 Mark.; trainers
Oct. 1916 100 6075-6174/16 Germ.; trainers
Oct. 1916 75 6500-6574/16 HaBra.; trainers
Jan. 1917 75 900-974/17 Han. C.Ia
Mar. 1917 200 2550-2749/17 Mark.; trainers
Apr. 1917 100 4100-4199/17 Ha-Bra.; trainers
May 1917 100 4900-4999/17 Germ.; trainers
May 1917 100 5475-5574/17 Han. C.Ia
Jul. 1917 200 2550-2749/17 Rinne; trainers
Sep. 1917 250 See Note 1 Mark.; trainers
Oct. 1917 100 14100-14199/17 Germ.; C.Ic tmrs.
Apr. 1918 150 3000-3149/18 Mark.; trainers
Jun. 1918 100 7050-7149/18 Bayru.; trainers
Jul. 1918 100 See Note 2 Li-Ho; cancelled
Oct. 1918 50 2550-2749/17 Germ.; trainers
Notes: 1. Known serials are 12820-13069/17. 2. Serial C.13074/18 from this order is known. 3. 2363 Rumpler C.I aircraft built; 463 by Rumpler, 375 by Hannover (Han.), 700 by Markishe (Mark.), 350 by Germania (Germ.), 175 by Hansa-Brandenburg (HaBra.), 100 by Bavarian Rumpler Works (Bayru.), 200 by Flugzeugwerke Rinne.


M.Dusing Germania Flugzeugwerke and its Aircraft (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 41)


License Production by Germania Flugzeugwerke
  
  As said earlier, the Inspection of the Air Force ordered for the first time in autumn 1916 a batch of 100 new aircraft of type Rumpler C.I. In May 1917 the company received a further order for 100 aircraft of type Rumpler C.Ic, which was followed in October of the same year by another order for an additional 100 aircraft. Those aircraft were equipped with 185 hp NAG engines and pneumatic suspension pistons Type Hofmann.
  All these aircraft were ordered and built as training aircraft.
  The following production orders were signed:
- October 1916 100 Ru C.I(Germ) C.6075 - C.6174/16 Some planes of this series (minimum 48 planes) were used at Bavarian flight schools. The earliest records of delivery from Leipzig are at the beginning of August 1917, so delivery started at the end of July/beginning of August 1917.
  Engine: 160 hp Mercedes D.III, whereby 40 aircraft have been delivered to Bavarian with Rapp engine
- May 1917 100 Ru C.I(Germ) C.4900 - C.4999/17 These planes went to Prussian flight schools, whereby the delivery began in February/March 1918.
  Engine: 160 hp Mercedes D.III
- October 1917 100 Ru C.Ic(Germ) C.14100 - C.14199/17 This series were Ru C.Ic (Germ) with NAG C.III engines. Some were also delivered to Bavaria. Earliest listing of aircraft of this series was in July 1918. The whole batch of 100 aircraft was manufactured. It is known that in June 1919, half a year after the end of the war, the C.14198/17 was handed over to the Bayerische Verwertungsstelle fur Heeresgut (BVH)(1) in Bavaria.
  Engine: 200 hp NAG
- October 1918 3 Experimental Ru C.I(Germ) The purpose of these samples is still unknown. Due to the late date it can be assumed that these aircraft have never been built.
- October 1918 50 Ru C.Ic(Germ) known: C.13074/18 It can be assumed that not all of these 50 ordered aircraft were actually built. It is also not possible to discover where all the produced airplanes of this series were delivered to.
  Engine: 185 hp NAG
  In total 310 new aircraft have been built. Due to the end of the war, the last orders were only partially fulfilled.
  After the first aeroplane was completed, testing at Aldershoft was required to prove the quality of manufacture.
  At the request of the inspection of the military administration, various engines were installed and tested. For example, test flights were also undertaken with a BMW IIIa engine.

Speculation

  In April 1918 the Albatros company was instructed to produce only aircraft of the brilliant Fokker D.VII type. As Germania Flugzeugwerke was Albatros' main licensee, it cannot be excluded that these aircraft were also built by GFW. A proof for this has not been found yet.

(1) Bavarian recycling center for military property.


Germania License Production
Date Qty Type Serials Notes
October 1916 100 Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6075-C.6174/16 40 with Rapp engines
May 1917 100 Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.4900-C.4999/17 160 hp Mercedes D.III engines
October 1917 100 Rumpler C.Ic(Germ) C.14100-C.14199/17 200 hp NAG C.III engines
October 1918 3 Rumpler C.I(Germ) ? Experimental airframes. Argus As.IIII
October 1918 50 Rumpler C.Ic(Germ) ? C.13074/18 known. 185 hp NAG
Notes: Serials for Oct. 1917 order inconsistent with photo data


Rumpler C.I(Germ) Specifications
Engine: 160 hp Mercedes D.III Rapp (40 aircraft)
Max. Speed: 140 km/h
Climb: 1,000 m 9 min
2,000 m 22 min
3,000 m 43 min
Armament: 2MG, bombs, &. F.T.

Rumpler C.I(Germ) Specifications
Engine: 180 hp Argus As.III
Max. Speed: 130 km/h
Climb: 1,000 m 9 min
2,000 m 22 min
3,000 m 45 min

Rumpler C.Ic(Germ) Specifications
Engine: 185 Hp NAG
Max. Speed: 130 km/h
Climb: 1,000 m 9 min
2,000 m 22 min
3,000 m 43 min

J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I C.1064/15
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I C.4535/15 of Kasta 20
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I C4654/15
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I C.4607/16 in Polish service postwar
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I of Kasta 1
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I of Kasta 1
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I of Kasta 2
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I of Kasta 4
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I; many early C-types were painted light blue or gray overall.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I of Schusta 2
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler 5A1 was the prototype Rumpler C.I. The slightly modified production Rumpler C.I had the factory designation Rumpler model 5A2. The rudder and fin of the production aircraft was enlarged slightly from the 5A1. The aircraft is seen in its initial form without markings at the time of initial test flights in June 1915 in front of the Rumpler factory at Johannisthal.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I prototype after national insignia were applied but before the pilot's fixed, synchronized gun was fitted. A spherical gravity tank has been added below the center section.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I prototype before the pilot's fixed, synchronized gun was fitted. The spherical gravity tank added below the center section is clearly visible. The claw brake is fitted to the axle.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I prototype after national insignia were applied but before the pilot's fixed, synchronized gun was fitted. The gunner is demonstrating his wide field of fire with a dummy wooden gun.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I prototype before the pilot's fixed, synchronized gun was fitted. The spherical gravity tank added below the center section is clearly visible. The claw brake is fitted to the axle.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 53/15 was a very early production aircraft, powered by a 160hp Mercedes D III. Armed with a fixed, pilot-aimed 7.9mm Spandau, along with the observer's 7.92mm Parabellum, the Rumpler C I was considered by many to be the best and most reliable of all C types produced. Top level speed of the machine was 94mph at sea level, while the service ceiling was around 16,600 feet. Normal range was given as 336 miles.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 393/15 was the very first production Rumpler C.I.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 1131/16 after being captured.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 1131/16 in French hands.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 1851/15 was from the fourth production batch. These were the first Rumpler C.I aircraft built with a rotating turret for the gunner, something that all subsequent aircraft featured.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
This Rumpler C.I 1851/15 came down behind Allied lines and was captured.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 1869/15 draws a crowd.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Rumpler C.I C.2642/15
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Captured Rumpler C.I 4525/15 on display in France.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Captured Rumpler C.I 4525/15 on display in France.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Captured Rumpler C.I on display in France.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 4601/15 in pristine finish. The finish is not original so it has been recovered, probably after repair.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 4: Fighters /Centennial Perspective/ (4)
Top: Albatros D.III 2051/16 in the middle and Rumpler C.I C.4633/15 at left. In the right background is the Albatros D.I fighter with skull and cross-bones insignia often flown by Prinz Friedrich Karl von Preussen, crown prince of Prussia.
Bottom: Manfred von Richthofen walks toward the photographer with a Albatros D.III 2051/16 behind him and Rumpler C.I C.4633/15 at left. In the right background is the Albatros D.I fighter with skull and cross-bones insignia often flown by Prinz Friedrich Karl von Preussen, crown prince of Prussia.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Rumpler C I (serial C4652/15).
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Early production models of the Rumpler C.I were powered by the 160 hp Mercedes D.III, and immediately established themselves as reliable airplanes with good performance and handling qualities. Some later production C.Is had a 150 hp Benz Bz.III or 180 hp Argus As.III.The C.I was an excellent general purpose C-type that was popular with its crews.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 4660/16 was immortalized in Sanke card 439.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Rumpler C I with jury ski rig, (serial 6081/16).
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Observer demonstrates his camera technique.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Camouflaged Rumpler C.I assigned to Schusta 2.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Side view of a Rumpler C.I type two-seat general-purpose biplane captured by the French. The C.I was an improved armed version of the B.I and was operational from 1915-17, then as a trainer. 160 hp Mercedes engine usually allowing 95 m.p.h.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
French soldiers inspect this captured Rumpler CI. By 1916 the type was an important general-purpose aircraft and was well liked by its crews. When eventually outclassed on the Western Front it went on to serve in other theatres.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I trainer, under the wing is a 1918 cross.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
A Rumpler C.I in training service in 1918 (per the national insignia style) is a backdrop for a unit photograph.
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Rumpler C.I in Allied hands after capture.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler and its aircrew; von Hackenberger at left.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I ready for its next flight.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
A Rumpler C.I in training service in 1918 (per the national insignia style) is a backdrop for a unit photograph.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I ready to take off on another mission.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I serving with Feld-Flieger-Abteilung 32.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I observer demonstrates his weapon.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I soldiered on postwar. Willy Donner and others pose with a C.I in transport service.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
This closeup of a Rumpler C.I with cowling panel removed shows the pilot's fixed machine gun. The "H" with arrow added to the photo points to the 'Hebei', the lever arm of the synchronizing mechanism.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I with two 50 kg PwK bombs carried under the fuselage.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) aircraft lined up outside the Hannover factory ready for delivery.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) at the Hannover factory.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Otto Onigkeit in front of a Rumpler C.Ia(Han) repaired by Germania. Only the version C.Ia with 180 hp Argus As.III engine (instead of the 160 hp Mercedes D.III) was built by the Hannoverian Wagon Factory. Volker Koos.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) 4666/16 was from the first production batch of C.Ia aircraft built by Hannover. The C.Ia was powered by a 180 hp Argus As.III, giving it slightly greater speed at low level but poorer reliability and high-altitude performance than the 160 hp Mercedes D.III. All C.Ia aircraft were built by Hannover, the only C.I derivative Hannover built.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) showing the distinctive built-up fuselage for the observer's gun ring unique to Hannover.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) with the raised fuselage around the observer's gun ring unique to Hannover-built aircraft.The only license-built C.I aircraft used in combat were the C.Ia aircraft built by Hannover. All other license-built aircraft were intended as trainers.
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J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Another view of the Rumpler C.I under test with a 175 hp Rapp Rp.IIIa engine at Adlershof.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I under test with a 175 hp Rapp Rp.IIIa engine at Adlershof.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Habra) trainer. The bulge in the lower port wing is the housing for the compass.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
100th Rumpler C.I(Germ) aeroplane, marked on the tip of engine cowling
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
The 100th licence-built Rumpler C.I(Germ), Germania Director Egwin Leiber stands in front the aircraft.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
The 100th Rumpler C.I(Germ) produced under license; Germania shareholders Leiber, Rahtjen, and Schneider stand in front of the aircraft. The Germania-built aircraft were intended as trainers.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) equipped with a different propeller.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6181 on an unusual ski-equipped undercarriage. The purpose of the skis is unclear; they were likely only used to pull the airplane over soft ground, not taking off and landing in snow. B. Lange Collection - DTMB - VI.1.006.01927.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ic(Germ) 13013/17 during a training flight with instructor Poelke in the rear cockpit.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6116/16 in a hangar of the Bavarian Royal Airforce. (Reinhard Zankl)
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Engine installation in Rumpler C.I(Germ) trainers being assembled at Germania.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) fuselage without fabric covering that shows its structure.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Assembly line for the Rumpler C.I(Germ), on the right site is a finished aeroplane.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Production line for the first batch ordered of the Rumpler C.I(Germ).
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) trainers being assembled at Germania. C.6163/16 in at front in below photo.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) disassembled aeroplanes ready for delivery in the starting hall.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Bayru) 7051/18 was built as a trainer. Its late-style national insignia reflect the year 1918. Here is is undergoing acceptance flight testing at Adlershof in Autumn 1918.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler CI(Mark) 3042/18 was built as a trainer. Here is is undergoing acceptance flight testing at Adlershof in 1918.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Rumpler 5A 4
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The desire to create 'low observable' or 'stealthy' aircraft difficult to detect is not new. Here a Rumpler C.I has been covered by transparent Cellon in an experiment to make it more difficult to see. Other types involved in these trials included the Fokker E.III and Linke-Hofmann R.I. However, Cellon proved to have insurmountable disadvantages. First, it was shiny, making the aircraft more visible in situations where bright sunlight illuminated it. Second, Cellon was brittle and tore easily, and it sagged when it absorbed water, ruining the aircraft's aerodynamic qualities. An interesting series of experiments, Cellon covering was quickly abandoned.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I served with the Latvian air service postwar. The finish was German camouflage-printed fabric and the Latvian national markings consisted of a red Swastika over a white background.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
Such was the faith in the Kampfgeschwader concept that a further five units were formed in 1916 (Kagohl III to VII), thus creating another 30 Kampfstaffeln. These pilots and observers in front of the seven Rumpler C I machines of Kasta 14, Kagohl III. are seen shortly after that unit's formation. Completely mobile, and capable of being moved rapidly to specially prepared aerodromes on any front, their duties were two-fold: they could be operated in strength on bombing attacks or used in a pure air-fighting capacity. The Kagohl were the kernel of German air might and were seen as the key that would ensure aerial supremacy.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
LVG C.II 2135/15 is at left foreground and three late-production Rumpler C.III aircraft rest in the right foreground on 16 April 1917. Interestingly, there are no insignia on the rudders of the C.III aircraft. A Rumpler C.I is in the center background with another LVG C.II at right background.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Germania C.II prototype without engine in front of the newly-built Rumpler C.I(Germ) on railway flatcars.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Training aircraft and their crews at the Germania Flight School.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Germania Flight School, training aircraft. From left to right: Albatros B I (Germ.), Rumpler C.I."13" (Germ.), Albatros B II (Germ., 1915). The photo was not taken before April 1918, because only at this time, as can be seen in the picture, Balkenkreuz replaced the "Iron Crosses".
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
On 20, 21 and 22 May 1916 Kagohl I and III mounted concentrated attacks against Dunkirk. Shown are Kampfstaffeln of Kagohl I, equipped in the main with LVG C II two-seaters (Rumpler C I machines of Kasta II in the foreground) and assembled in take-off order on Ghistelles aerodrome, near Ostend, on 21 May. A strict count-down procedure was maintained; all engines of a Kampfstaffel were started at the same time and machines were broght into line at the edge of the manoeuvring area before the previous unit had taken off. As soon as the last aircraft was airborne, the leader of the following Kasta started his take-off run, the other six machines following within a few seconds of each other. It was thus possible to get the whole Kagohl away in landing was achieved with similar despatch, and surprisingly few accidents accompanied these high-density movements.
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
This aerial view of the same scene shows the specially prepared take-off area, to combat the Flanders mud, that allowed the heavily laden machines of each Kasta to depart in rapid succession. Once airborne, individual aircraft formed up easily on their leader's machine, which flew at reduced speed in a specified direction. Units then adopted their prearranged position in the 40-aircraft-strong formation, and climbed to operating height (generally above 10,000ft) before setting course for the target.
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
The big AEG joins the Rumpler two-seaters ready for take-off. Twenty-five aircraft can be seen, and due to the varied nature of the evening's targets, seventeen machines have probably already departed, since Kagohl bombing operations invariably utilized the 6 Kampfstaffeln at full strength of 42 aeroplanes. Unserviceability of aircraft did not normally reduce this force as reserve machines were always available so that the planned weight of high-explosive could be delivered as planned.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Well-known propaganda photo of a Rumpler C.I (upper right) flying over the Pyramids in Egypt. The photo of the Pyramids was actually taken by a Rumpler C.I but it could not take a photo of itself, so the C.I in the photo was added for propaganda value.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I cruises serenely above the clouds.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
An admirable air-to-air image of a Rumpler 5A, military designation C I, an armed and more powerful derivative of the company's B I. First flown towards the end of 1914, the Rumpler C I was powered by a 160hp Mercedes D III, giving it a top level speed of 94mph at sea level. The C I's handling docility was matched by what was, for its time, an impressive high altitude ability, the operational ceiling being quoted as 16,600 feet. This translates into the machine being able to overfly enemy territory largely immune from interception unless caught by an enemy standing patrol already at or above its own altitude. For defence at lower altitudes, the C I's rear seated observer was equipped with a flexibly-mounted 7.92mm Parabellum gun, later added to by providing the pilot with a fixed, forward firing 7.92mm Spandau, useful for trench strafing, on the C la. Although the actual production figures have not survived, the C I was known to have been built in sustantial numbers by Rumpler and four sub-contractors, with around 250 serving in operational units in October 1916. Allowing for attrition and other factors, it would be safe to assume total C I build to be well in excess of 500 machines. The C I pictured here belonged to the Schleissheim-based advanced flight training unit tasked with bringing trainee crews up to full operational standard.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Rumpler C.I was a popular aircraft and is certainly a candidate for having the most air-to-air photographs taken of it of any WWI German airplane.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
More of the many air-to-air photographs taken of the Rumpler C.I.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
This Rumpler C.I was retired from flight duties and converted into a ground-based gunnery trainer. It is mounted on a complex platform allowing it to move for greater realism while the gunner aims at targets pulled past the trainer. A target, the silhouette of a Rumpler, is visible in the background.
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 41)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 42)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 43)
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 4658/15 after a landing incident.
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M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Destroyed Rumpler C.I(Germ) aircraft C4613/16.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia(Han) 4645/16 after a landing incident. It has the distinctive built-up decking for the gun ring and camouflage of Hannover-built aircraft.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Destroyed Rumpler C.Ia(Han) aircraft C5514/17, which was delivered to Germania for repair after an accident on September 11, 1917 in Halle at FEA14.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Another view of the crash of Rumpler C.Ia(Han) aircraft C5514/17.
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I 6162/16 trainer after a bad landing.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6163/16 crashed into a forest. (Reinhard Zankl)
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6155/18 after a crash.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I(Germ) C.6158/18 after a rough landing.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Remains of Rumpler C.Ic(Germ) C.14113/17 in a hangar. (Reinhard Zankl)
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Aircraft wrecks delivered for repair: Rumpler C.IV 8474/16, Rumpler C.I 6519/16, Rumpler C.IV 8280/16, and Albatros C.VII 1295/16.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Several Rumpler aircraft in the repair hall, with Rumpler C.I 1884/15 in front
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Advertisement, Ru CI (Germ), Journal Motor, 1917.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.Ia
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I
J.Herris - Rumpler Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Rumpler C.I
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