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Albatros W.3/W.5

Страна: Германия

Год: 1916

Albatros - G.II/G.III - 1916 - Германия<– –>Albatros - W.4 - 1916 - Германия

O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)

Albatros W 3
  A single example of the W 3 was built (Marine No. 527) and supplied to the German Navy in July 1916. It was designed as a torpedo attack machine and developed into W 5. Engines, two 150 h.p. Benz III. Span, 22.7 m. (74 ft. 5 7/8 in.). Length, 13.1 m . (42 ft. 11 7/8 in.). Speed, 133 km.hr. (83.125 m.p.h.). Armament, torpedo and two manually operated machine-guns.

Albatros W 5
  Although a derivative of the W 3, this aircraft differed considerably in detail. Wings were swept and four ailerons fitted, and the vertical surfaces were of more triangular shape. Much larger floats were carried. The nose and tail of the torpedo, which was stowed well in the belly of the aircraft, may be seen in the photograph. Engine housing was modified to give improved cooling. Orthodox Albatros construction, featuring ply-covered fuselage, was used. Five machines were supplied to the Navy (Marine Nos. 845-849) between May 1917 and January 1918, by which time the ideas for use of torpedo aircraft had been abandoned. Engines, two 150 h.p. Benz. Span, 22.7 m. (74 ft. 5 7/8 in.). Length, 131 m. (42 ft. 11 7/8 in.). Height, 4.25 m. (13 ft. 11 3/8 in.). Area, 100 sq.m. (1,080 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 2,263 kg. (4,979 lb.). Loaded, 3,665 kg. (8,063 lb.). Speed, 133 km.hr. (83.125 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 20 min. Duration, 4 hr. Armament, torpedo and two manually operated machineguns.

H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The sole Albatros W 3, serial 527, three seat torpedo bomber. Powered by two 160hp Mercedes D IIIs, the W 3 had a top level speed of 83mph at sea level. Delivered to the navy in July 1916, the W 3 led to the generally similar W 5 design, of which four were built and delivered between May 1917 and January 1918.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Albatros W 3
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
The twin 150hp Benz Bz III powered Albatros W 5 floatplane torpedo bomber came into naval service in May 1917 Capable of 83mph top level speed at sea level, four of these three man biplanes were built, serials 846 to 849, delivery ending in January 1918. The view of the second aircraft, 847, shows the machine's pusher engine configuration and the torpedo stowed, semi-recessed, within the aircraft's belly.
A.Imrie - German Naval Air Service /Arms & Armour/
Albatros W5 845 dropping a practice torpedo. Three torpedo Staffeln worked up in a Sonderkommando (Special Command) at Flensburg from mid-1916, but their operational success on both East and West Fronts was not great due to the poor performance and seaworthiness of the underpowered twin-engined seaplanes used for this duty. Various manufacturers produced torpedo seaplanes, but all were of neccessity lightly built and were demanding to fly. Eventually this weapon was discarded and the aircraft were used for other work such as mine-laying or, when fitted with extra fuel tanks, for long-range oversea reconnaissance.