Самолеты (сортировка по:)
Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Halberstadt B.I/B.II/B.III/C.I

Страна: Германия

Год: 1915

Halberstadt - Halberstadt-Bristol Experimental Biplane - 1914 - Германия<– –>Halberstadt - D.I - 1916 - Германия


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Halberstadt B I, II and III
   In this early 1915 product of the Halberstadt firm may be seen the lines that were to become familiar in their D II to D IV series, which appeared in the opening months of the following year. With a duration of four hours, the B II was a useful reconnaissance aircraft, although the observer, sitting in front, had a poor view. A B III with 120 h.p. Mercedes D II was also built. Engine, 100 h.p. Mercedes D I. Span, 120 m. (39 ft. 4 1/2 in.). Area, 32.0 sq.m. (346 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 641 kg. (1,410 lb.), Loaded, 1,047 kg. (2,303 lb.).

Halberstadt C I
   This aircraft appears to be a smaller and compact development of the B II with the crew positions reversed and the observer equipped with a defensive machine-gun. The rudder is not braced as formerly, and would appear to have been weak, as bracing struts were revived for the subsequent D types. Engine, unknown, but rotary.


J.Herris Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 44)


Halberstadt B.I

  The Halberstadt B.I was a single-engine, two-seat trainer and reconnaissance aircraft powered by an 80 hp Oberursel U.O seven-cylinder rotary engine. The fuselage was again based on the rectangular, fabric-covered steel tube fuselage from the Fokker M 8 to which was added a biplane wing cellule.
  The wings were rectangular planform with two bays of bracing and cabane struts. The upper wing had slightly greater span that the lower. A simple undercarriage like most WWI aircraft used was fitted; many aircraft used a claw brake. The tailplane was fully movable with no fixed surfaces.
  Halberstadt built about 50 B.l aircraft in 1915. Some had a flexible Parabellum LMG 14 for the observer, some had a fixed Spandau LMG 08/15 for the pilot, and others may have had both guns.
  Work numbers 97 and 111 are known, and military serials 355-359/14, 652-654/15, and 657/15 are also known. A small number were at the front from late 1914 through early 1915.


Halberstadt B.II

  Like the B.I, the Halberstadt B.II was also a trainer and reconnaissance plane. However, instead of a rotary it was powered by a 100 hp Mercedes D.I six-cylinder engine with side radiators. In fact, it was essentially a B.I adopted for a Mercedes inline, water-cooled engine.
  The prototype had a shorter span, almost identical to the B.I, but due to the heavier engine the span of production aircraft had to be increased to 12.0 m. Wing area was 32.0 m2, empty weight ws 641 kg, and useful load was 220 kg. Climb to 1,000 m took 7 minutes, 2,000 m was 15 minutes, and to 3,000 m took 29 and a half minutes.
  A number of aircraft were produced and serial numbers 150/15, 157/15, 648/15, 1243/15, 1245/15, 1254/15, 1285/15, 1286/15, and 1288/15 are known. A small number were at the front from late 1914 through early 1915.


Halberstadt B.III

  Like the earlier B.I and B.II, the Halberstadt B.III was also a trainer and reconnaissance biplane; however, it was powered by a 120 hp Mercedes D.II six-cylinder engine with side radiators. In fact, it was essentially a B.II adopted for a more powerful engine. Although it was still a two-bay aircraft, with a span of 12 meters it had a longer wing span than the B.II.
  A few Halberstadt B.III aircraft were built in 1915 and military serials 1455-1462/15 are known. A small number were at the front from late 1914 through early 1915.


А.Александров, Г.Петров Крылатые пленники России


Иногда в России аппараты класса Ц несли и более 2 пулеметов, как, например, этот "Хальберштадт Ц. I" (Halberstadt С. I) с синхронизированным "Кольтом" впереди (отметим длинный "рукав" для отвода и сбора стрелянных гильз) и двумя пехотными "Виккерсами Мк. 1" (Vickers Mk. I) сзади и над верхним крылом (44). У последних обычные кожухи охлаждения заменены местной работы дырчатыми воздушными радиаторами, а пулемет в задней кабине снабжен к тому же катушечным магазином от германского "Парабеллума". Знай наших! У самолета, справа, стоит, вероятно, Иван Смирнов (И. В. Смирнов), пилот, одержавший 11 побед в период с января по ноябрь 1917 г. За пять лет до этого, в 1912 г. в Германии появилась компания "Дойче Бристоль Верке", превратившаяся в начале 1914 г. в "Хальберштадтер Флюгцойгверке" (Deutsche Bristol Werke; Halberstadter Flugzeugwerke). Под руководством ее главного конструктора Карла Тейса (Karl Theis) и создавались различные модели, включая упомянутую Ц. I, которая отличалась от многих других немецких машин своим ротативным мотором неустановленной мощности и непрочно установленным рулем поворота.

J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I with 80-hp Oberursel motor. It was used at the beginning of 1915 for short-range reconnaissance and artillery-spotting. It was not developed further because it was too hard to fly. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The Halberstadt B.I was significantly move advanced than the Halberstadt A.I. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I B.653/15 trainer. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainer works number 355.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service; works number 359. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service. The aircraft is works number 111 of the Halberstadt Flying school. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I with spring shock absorbers. An early Halberstadt logo was applied on the propeller.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The Halberstadt B.I was designed as a trainer. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I trainers in service.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I fitted with a fixed, synchronized machine gun and modified with a strengthened center section with more cabane struts. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I fitted with a machine gun that appears not to be fixed in place. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The Halberstadt B.I was significantly move advanced than the Halberstadt A.I. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I number 163 is in the foreground of this group of trainers. This was probably the Halberstadt Flying Scholl that was subordinate to FEA 5 at Hannover early in the war. (Bruno Schmaling)
J.Herris - Zeppelin-Staaken Aircraft of WW1. Vol 1: VGO.1 - R.IV R.29/16 /Centennial Perspective/ (47)
Staaken's first R-plane (R for Reisenflugzeug, or Giant airplane), the VGO.I in its original configuration; a Halberstadt B.I at right and the men give scale to the aircraft.The basic configuration, the wings, and the horizontal tail remained basically unchanged for Staaken bombers throughout the war. Note the four short fins and rudders. Amazingly, design of this aircraft began in December 1914, just 11 years after the first flight of the Wright brothers. Its wing span of 138.5' exceeded the 120' distance of the Wright's first flight. Each of its three propellers was powered by a 240 hp Maybach HS engine. Designed for airships, the HS engines were unreliable in airplanes due to the higher average power airplanes needed. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I 657/15 after a crash. It was not developed further because it was too hard to fly as indicated by the crash. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.II had a 100 hp Mercedes D.I.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The Halberstadt B.II was a trainer and reconnaissance plane. Later it was developed into the Halberstadt fighter series. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.II had a 100 hp Mercedes D.I. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Allmenroder poses with a Halberstadt B.II at the Halberstadt Military Aviation School in May 1916. (Bruno Schmaling)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Student poses with a Halberstadt B.II trainer. (Michael Schmeelke)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III had a 120 hp Mercedes D.II and larger wings than the B.II. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Halberstadt B II
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III used for reconnaissance at the front. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Pristine Halberstadt B.III at a training facility. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.II or B.III converted for use as a single-seat trainer. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III in flight. Power was a 120 hp Mercedes D.II. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III 1462/15 after a head stand. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III 1455/15 in distress after a rough landing. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.III destroyed in a bad landing. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt B.I fitted with a flexible machine gun (Halberstadt C.I).
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 44)