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LFG Roland D.XVI

Страна: Германия

Год: 1918

Fighter

LFG Roland - D.XIII/D.XV - 1918 - Германия<– –>LFG Roland - D.XVII - 1918 - Германия


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


L.F.G. Roland D XVI (first version)
  The penultimate Roland lighter was this D XVI parasol monoplane, which was doubtless inspired by the success of the Fokker E V/D VIII parasol. In reverse fashion to the Fokker machine, the Roland had a fabric-covered wing and a plywood-sheet-covered fuselage, the sheet being applied with the grain running diagonally. Engine, 160 h.p. Siemens-Halske Sh III geared rotary. Armament, twin Spandau machine-guns.

L.F.G. Roland D XVI (second version)
  In addition to having a different engine, the second D XVI prototype differed slightly in the shape of its vertical tail surfaces and in that the ply-sheet covering of the fuselage was no longer applied diagonally. Engine, 170 h.p. Goebel Goe III. Armament, twin Spandau machine-guns.


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


LFG ROLAND D XVI Germany

  Two versions of the D XVI parasol monoplane fighter - initially designated E I - were completed in September-October 1918, one powered by a 160 hp Goebel Goe III rotary and the other by a similarly-rated Siemens-Halske Sh III rotary. The D XVI had a fully-cantilevered fabric-covered parasol wing and a slab-sided plywood-covered fuselage, armament comprising twin synchronised 7,9-mm LMG 08/15 machine guns. Although the 3rd D-type contest was officially restricted to types powered by the BMW engine, Idflieg permitted participation of the Sh III-engined D XVI as it was considered "an interesting type". The D XVI proved faster than the Siemens-Schuckert D IV and Fokker D VII up to an altitude of 13,125 ft (4 000 m), but was slower above that height.

Span 31 ft 0 1/2 in (9,46 m).
Length, 19 ft 4 in (5,90 m).


J.Herris Roland Aircraft of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 9)


Roland D.XVI

  Two Roland D.XVI prototypes were completed in September-October 1918. A parasol monoplane originally designated E.I before Idflieg stopped using the 'E' category for monoplane fighters, armament was the standard two synchronized LMG 08/15 machine guns. One prototype D.XVI was powered by an experimental 160 hp Goebel Goe.III rotary and the other was powered by a production 160 hp Siemens-Halske Sh.III.
  The D.XVI had a fully-cantilevered, fabric-covered wing and a plywood fuselage. Although the Third Fighter Competition in October 1918 was officially restricted to fighters powered by the water-cooled 185 hp BMW.IIIa, other fighters were allowed on the basis that they were "interesting types" and the D.XVI was one of these. The D.XVI was faster than the SSW D.IV and Fokker D.VII up to 4,000 meters, but was slower above that altitude.

Roland D.XVI Specifications
Engine: 160 hp Siemens-Halske Sh.III or
160 hp Goebel Goe.III
Wing: Span 9.46 m
General: Length 5.90 m

J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland D.XVI prototype powered by the 160 hp Siemens-Halske Sh.III
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland D.XVI prototype powered by the 160 hp Sh.III engine, which was in production. Undoubtedly inspired by the production Fokker E.V/D.VIII parasol monoplane, the Roland D.XVI did not surpass it.
Little in the way of hard fact appears to have survived concerning the pair of parasol-winged LFG Roland D XVIs of mid-1918, other than that they were powered by the 160hp Siemens-Halske Sh III or 170hp Goebels rotaries. Both were entered for the third of the 1918 fighter trials, held in October. This is the first example, the second machine having a taller fin and rudder.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Roland D.XVI powered by the 160 hp Sh.III rotary
R.Kosin - The German Fighter since 1915 /Putnam/
Second to last Roland fighter was the experimental Type D.XVI. (160 h.p. eleven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh III engine.)
A Siemens-Halske Sh III engine distinguished the second of the two D XVI fighter prototypes.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Roland D.XVI powered by the 160 hp Sh.III rotary competed at the Third Fighter Competition as "an interesting type" despite not using the specified 185 hp BMW.IIIa engine. During most of 1917 Idflieg encouraged designers to try triplanes, but during 1918 monoplanes became increasingly popular for fighter designs due to their greater speed, and the last two Roland fighter designs to be built were monoplanes.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
L.F.G. Roland D XVI (second version) powered by the experimental 160 hp Goebel Goe.III 11-cylinder rotary engine.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
L.F.G. Roland D XVI (second version) powered by the experimental 160 hp Goebel Goe.III 11-cylinder rotary engine.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Second prototype of the D XVI fighter.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland D.XVI powered by a 160 hp Siemens-Halske Sh.III
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland D.XVI powered by a 160 hp Goebel Goe.III
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland D.XVI