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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Pischoff Autoplane

Страна: Франция

Год: 1910

Pischoff - tractor biplane - 1907 - Франция<– –>Pischoff, Koechlin - biplane - 1908 - Франция

В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.

"Пишоф" ( "Аутоплан" ) экспонировался на Петербургской выставке 1911 г. и на Московской 1912 г., после которой был приобретен Всероссийским аэроклубом в двух экземплярах, причем один из них был направлен в Севастопольскую школу авиации.

   Построенный французско-австрийским конструктором Альфредом Пишофом этот самолет имел необычную схему расчалочного высокоплана, ферменного, без обтяжки. Два сиденья располагались рядом, за ними - двигатель и все это находилось под крылом; кверху шла цепная передача к толкающему винту, надетому втулкой на верхнюю трубу трехгранной хвостовой фермы. Двигатели - ENV в 50 л. с., потом "Лабор" в 70 и 85 л. с. Положение центра тяжести значительно ниже крыла самолета должно было, по мысли конструктора, обеспечить хорошую устойчивость в полете, однако это не оправдалось и самолет летал плохо.

Год выпуска||1911
Двигатель, марка||
Длина самолета, м||9
Размах крыла, м||11
Площадь крыла, м2||27
Масса пустого, кг||570
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||80

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

Журнал Flight

Flight, July 16, 1910



Of the other monoplanes, the Werner, driven by Pischoff, and the Nieuport are distinct types of their own.

The main planes of the Werner machine are carried on the top of an open fuselage, which tapers to the tail plane in the rear. The engine is carried low down in the front, and drives through a long shaft, sprocket wheels and chain, a large propeller fixed at the rear of the plane. Below the plane also, and at the back of the engine, are the two seats for pilot and passenger. The whole machine is brightly finished with a glossy aluminium paint that would make one feel chary of sitting in it with new clothes on. The aeroplane flies well, and seemed to turn the corners fairly easily, in spite of its very low centre of gravity, which should make this somewhat difficult. The "tip-up" of the wing-ends is very noticeable when in flight.


Flight, November 19, 1910


   FRENCH-BUILT monoplane with seats, engine, and landing-chassis placed beneath the main plane. This machine was designed and experimented with in Austria, but has since been developed in France.

   General dimensions. - Total bearing surface, 27 square metres; length, 9 metres; width, 11 metres.

   Seating capacity. - Two, seats placed side by side.

   Engine. - Daimler (Austrian) 4-cyl. vertical, 60-70 h.p., watercooled. Engine and radiator placed in front as on motor car, a driving-shaft and clutch intervening between the engine and sprocket-wheel driving the propeller. E.N.V. and Gnome motors also fitted.

   Propeller. - Designed by M. de Pischoff; of two branches. It is placed behind the main planes, and is driven by chain from a sprocket-wheel on the propeller-shaft.

   Chassis and skids. - The chassis is very similar to that of a motor car, with the radiator mounted in front of the engine. The long skids are practically prolongations of the lower members of the main frame, and are fitted at their forward ends with auxiliary skids to take sudden shocks. Two wheels are fitted below the tail. Lateral stability is maintained by the flexing of the trailing edge of the wings.

   Tail. - Elevation is regulated by the movement of sections of the tail. Double rudders are fitted, and above them is a small triangular fixed tail plane with vertical fins both on the upper and under sides. The tail is of the lifting type.

   Weight. - Complete with engine, 360 kilogs.

   Speed. - 85 kiloms. an hour.

   System of control. - By a single lever placed in front of the pilot. A backward movement raises the aeroplane, a forward depresses the machine, a right-hand action flexes the left wing, and a left-hand does the opposite. A foot-pedal controls the double vertical rudders.

   Price of two-seater, with 60-70-h.p. Daimler (Austrian) motor, 27,000 francs.

Flight, April 29, 1911.




   Issy. - At Issy there are two dirigibles and 20 aeroplane hangars, or the most part occupied by the lesser known firms and numerous experimenters. Flying was not permitted till 4.30 in the afternoon, when several machines came out, the most interesting being the latest Pischoff, the Vinet, and an all-steel Voisin.

   The Pischoff machine is certainly unique, and gives one the appearance of a small car with a monoplane attached about 4 ft. above as an afterthought. The chassis is composed of strong wood side members, attached to which are two skids and a very strong steel axle and pair of wheels. The engine is placed in front with a car radiator, starting-handle, bonnet, and scuttle dash a la Brooklands racing car, the pilot and passenger sitting side by side. The power is transmitted from the engine by a plate-clutch and cardan-shaft and then by a chain to the propeller running at half engine speed, which is fitted behind the main planes close up to the trailing edge. It is very novel to see the pilot take his clutch out, go round to the front, start up, get comfortably seated, accelerate the engine, and away. The machine flies very nicely in a straight line, but assumes some weird angles when turning. It is flown by the inventor, M. Pischoff, who in the evening left for Juvisy, arriving at the latter place safe and sound.


L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
One of the de Pischoff Autoplans; the pilot seems to be driving an automobile.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
The latest Pischoff, illustrated in the above photograph, is a very good example of an underhung load in monoplane design, and also of the use of a motor car type body for the pilot and passenger. Indeed the resemblance goes even further than the arrangement of the seats, for the engine drives a propeller-shaft passing to the rear, and there is a final chain transmission to an overhead propeller-shaft situated on a level with the wings. Constructionally this machine is very interesting on account of the method of introducing a central propeller behind the main planes of a machine that has an outrigger for carrying a tail.
Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.
De Pischoff in flight on the Werner monoplane during the Rheims Meeting.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
Latest Pischoff machlns, showing the carriage, E.N.V. engine, and two-seated control arrangement.
Журнал - Flight за 1911 г.
Tail of the latest Pischoff machine.
Журнал - Flight за 1910 г.