L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)
Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing
Flight, November 2, 1912.
THE PARIS AERO SALON.
THERE are three models shown. Two of them are two-seaters, and one has an 80-h.p. Gnome installed and the other a 70-h.p. Renault. The third monoplane is a single-seater scouting machine fitted with the ever popular 50-h.p. Gnome. In main outline all three are the same and not a great deal different from the single-seater model, with a rigid chassis that was shown last year. There the past year, the necessity of fitting some form of springing to the wheels, although, perhaps, they might have got over their difficulty quite well by merely fitting pneumatic tyres of such greater diameter than these on last year's rigid chassis. In detail the two-seaters are a great improvement on those shown twelve months back. For instance, the observer on the 80-h. p. Gnome machine has a most complete view both below him, through a hole in the floor, and on either side through windows of triplex glass. In the machine exhibited dummies occupy the pilot's and passengers' seats. The front dummy, supposedly the observer, is posed with a rifle.
Let us briefly run through the main features. The fuselage is a box girder flattening to a horizontal line at the rear which is the axis on which the elevators turn. On the two-seaters there is no fixed stabilizer surface - simply balanced elevators. That part of the machine is kept clear of the ground by a neat little tail skid. There is no change as regards the wings, they retain the notion of having the trailing longer than the leading edge. An improvement in the 80 Gnome 'bus is that the passenger has before him a starting handle so that the machine may be got going without his leaving his seat. He'll probably have to get out once or twice to inject petrol, unless he has a mechanic to do it and then the mechanic might as well, while he were about it, give him a "turn over." Still, at times the starting handle will come in quite useful.