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Mann & Egerton H

Страна: Великобритания

Год: 1917


Mann & Egerton - B - 1916 - Великобритания<– –>Mann & Grimmer - M.1 - 1915 - Великобритания

P.Lewis The British Fighter since 1912 (Putnam)

Two other single-seat fighters which were constructed during 1917 and remained prototypes only were the H.1 and H.2 designed for Mann Egerton and Co. by J. W. Carr to fall within the Admiralty’s N.1A requirement. Both were square-set, two-bay biplanes, fitted with the 200 h.p. Hispano-Suiza engine and armed with a single Vickers gun on the front decking and a Lewis gun on the upper centre-section. Intended for shipboard operations, the wings were made to fold, and N44 - the H.1 - carried external flotation equipment in the form of wing-tip floats as well as an under-fuselage float. The H.2 - N45 - utilized inflatable bags to provide its buoyancy. Although both machines were reasonably successful in their tests, neither version found official favour.

F.Mason The British Fighter since 1912 (Putnam)

Mann, Egerton H.1 and H.2

   The Norwich car manufacturer, Mann, Egerton & Co, entered the aircraft industry in 1915 and became engaged in building Short Type 184 patrol seaplanes on sub-contract, going on to produce a small number of an improved version of this aircraft, known as the Mann, Egerton Type B. Other subcontracted aircraft followed, including the French Spad S.VII, and in 1917 the company embarked on an aircraft entirely of its own origin, designed by J W Carr and intended to approximate to the Admiralty requirement for a naval land or ship-based single-seat scout, set out in Specification N.1A - to which the Beardmore W.B.IV was also being designed. An important aspect of this requirement was the aircraft’s ability to remain afloat for a specified period after an enforced alighting on the water.
   This aeroplane was the Mann, Egerton H.l, a compact two-bay, equal-span biplane powered by a 200hp Hispano-Suiza engine and with the facility of wing-folding for shipboard stowage. To enable the aircraft to ditch in greater safety, the undercarriage was jettisonable and, to remain afloat, a large external buoyancy chamber was attached below the engine cowling, extending aft beyond the trailing edge of the lower wings. In addition, there were floats under the lower wingtips.
   The only prototype H.1, N44, was flown in late September or early October by Clifford B Prodger, followed almost immediately by its official trials. All went well to begin with, it being pleasant to fly and manoeuvrable, and even declared suitable for night flying. Unfortunately it failed the flotation test.
   A second aircraft, the H.2 (N45) was immediately put in hand, fundamentally the same as N44 but without external buoyancy chambers; instead, internal inflatable air bags were provided, which could be trimmed by hand pump. The engine exhaust pipes were shortened considerably, and the rudder was increased in area and horn balanced.
   The discarding of the external impedimenta allowed a significant all-round increase in performance. The H.2 was the officially tested in December and flew at Isle of Grain, but no production order was awarded.

   Type: Single-engine, single-seat, two-bay land-based or shipborne biplane scout.
   Manufacturer: Mann, Egerton & Co Ltd, Norwich, Norfolk.
   Powerplant: One 200hp Hispano-Suiza engine driving two-blade propeller.
   Dimensions: Span, 30ft 9in; length, 21ft 11in; height, 8ft 11 1/2 in; wing area, 310 sq ft.
   Weights: H.1. Tare, 1,838lb; all-up, 2,404lb. H.2. Tare, 1,760lb; all-up, 2,326lb.
   Performance: H.1. Max speed, 100 mph at 6,500ft; climb to 10,000ft, 18 min; service ceiling, 12,800ft; H.2. Max speed, 113 mph at 6,500ft; climb to 10,000ft, 12 min 30 sec; service ceiling, 16,800ft.
   Armament: One synchronized 0.303in Vickers machine gun on fuselage, forward of cockpit, offset to port; one Lewis gun above upper wing centre section.
   Prototypes: One H.1, N44, and one H.2, N45. N44 was first flown in late September or early October 1917. No production.

W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


   The first original design produced by Mann Egerton and Company, which had previously manufactured various aircraft types under licence, the Type H single-seat shipboard fighter was designed by J W Carr to Specification N.la. Powered by a 200 hp Hispano-Suiza 8Bd eight-cylinder water-cooled engine, the Type H was an equi-span unstaggered two-bay biplane armed with a single fixed 0.303-in (7,7-mm) Vickers gun mounted to port on the fuselage and a Lewis gun of similar calibre mounted above the wing centre section. The wings could be folded manually and the first prototype had a large, flush-fitting float attached to the underside of the fuselage. In addition, flotation chambers were included in the fuselage, and the undercarriage, which was attached to the underside of the float, could be jettisoned in the event that the aircraft was forced to alight on water. Flight testing of the first prototype commenced in the autumn of 1917, but the aircraft failed flotation testing and was therefore considered unacceptable. The second prototype differed in having inflatable flotation bags in place of the fixed float, a more conventional undercarriage and a horn-balanced rudder. This aircraft underwent official testing during December 1917, but the Type H was not accepted for service use and further development was discontinued. The following data relate specifically to the second prototype.

Max speed, 113 mph (182 km/h) at 6,500 ft (1 980 m).
Time to 6,500 ft (1 980 m), 6.45 min.
Endurance, 3.25 hrs.
Empty weight, 1,760 lb (798 kg).
Loaded weight, 2,326 lb (1055 kg).
Span, 30 ft 9 in (9,37 m).
Length, 21 ft 11 in (6,68 m).
Height, 8 ft 11 1/2 in (2,73 m).
Wing area, 310 sq ft (28,80 m2).

J.Bruce British Aeroplanes 1914-1918 (Putnam)

Mann, Egerton H.1 and H.2

  AFTER the Type B seaplane, production of aircraft by Mann, Egerton & Co. continued with the construction of a batch of Short Bombers, designated Type C (with short fuselage) and Type CA (with long fuselage) by the firm. These were followed by the Sopwith 1 1/2-Strutter, of which the two-seat version was named Type D and the single-seat bomber version Type E. Type F was to have been an aeroplane wholly designed by Mann, Egerton & Co., but its construction was abandoned when the firm were urgently called upon to produce the French Spad S.7 in quantity: the Spad was named Mann, Egerton Type G.
  In 1917 the company completed an aeroplane which was entirely of their own design. It was a singleseat fighter for shipboard use, and was designated Type H; it was officially regarded as appropriate to the Admiralty category N.1A. The design work had been done by J. W. Carr. The Type H existed in two different forms; both were powered by a 200 h.p. Hispano-Suiza engine. The first machine, N.44, was known as the Mann, Egerton H.1; and it seems probable that it was designed to the same specification as the Beardmore W.B.IV, for permanent flotation gear was very much in evidence on both aircraft. The Mann, Egerton H.1 was more conventional than the Beardmore, however, and relied upon a wholly external buoyancy chamber to keep it afloat in an emergency; there were additional buoyancy chambers in the rear of the fuselage. The external float attachment ran along the underside of the fuselage from the nose to a point below the cockpit. The undercarriage could be jettisoned before alighting on the water, and wing-tip floats were provided to maintain stability when afloat.
  The two-bay wings could be folded, and there was a slinging attachment above the centre-section. The aileron control cable ran out from the fuselage along the lower wing, over a pulley mounted externally on the rear spar of the lower wing, and then up to the upper aileron. The upper and lower ailerons were interconnected by struts.
  The initial test flights of the Mann, Egerton H.1 were made by Clifford B. Prodger, and it underwent its official trials in October, 1917. It flew well, was said to manoeuvre well and land easily, and was considered suitable for night flying. It failed to pass the flotation test, however.
  The second aircraft, N.45, differed from the first in having no fixed buoyancy chambers. Instead, it was fitted with inflatable air bags of balloon fabric, which could be trimmed by means of a hand pump. This second machine was known as the Mann, Egerton H.2, and its airframe was basically identical to that of N.44. The later aircraft had a larger horn-balanced rudder, and its exhaust pipes were shorter. The H.2 was tested in December, 1917, and was flown at the Isle of Grain.
  Mann, Egerton & Co. built no more aeroplanes of their own design. Until the Armistice, their manufacturing facilities were devoted to the production of the D.H.9 (Mann, Egerton Type J), D.H.9A (Type M), and D.H.10 Amiens (Type N).

  Manufacturers: Mann, Egerton & Co., Ltd., Prince of Wales Road, Norwich.
  Power: 200 h.p. Hispano-Suiza.
  Dimensions: Span: 30 ft 9 in. Length: 21ft 11 in. Height: 8 ft 11 1/2 in. Chord: 5 ft 3 in. Gap: 5 ft. Stagger: nil. Dihedral: nil. Incidence: 2° 30'. Span of tail: 10 ft.
  Areas: Wings: 310 sq ft. Ailerons: total 42 sq ft. Tailplane: 18-2 sq ft. Elevators: 17 sq ft. Fin: 4-9 sq ft. Rudder: 7 sq ft.

  Weights (lb) and Performance:
Aircraft H.1 with undercarriage H.1 without undercarriage H.2
Date of Trial Report October 14th, 1917 October 14th, 1917 December 4th, 1917
Type of airscrew used on trial A.B.623 A.B.623 A.B.6238
Weight empty 1,838 1,754 1,760
Military load 54 54 61
Pilot 180 180 180
Fuel and oil 332 322 325
Weight loaded 2,404 2,310 2,326
Maximum speed (m.p.h.) at
6,500 ft 100 100 113
10,000 ft 90 90 I 10
15,000 ft - - 103
m. s. m. s. m. s.
Climb to
6,500 ft 9 10 8 20 6 2.5
10,000 ft 18 00 15 30 12 30
15,000 ft - - - - 28 00
Service ceiling (feet) 12,800 14,700 16,800
Endurance (hours) - - 3 1/4

  Tankage: Petrol: 40 gallons. Oil: 4 gallons.
  Armament: One fixed, forward-firing Vickers machine-gun mounted on top of the fuselage on the port side and synchronised to fire through the airscrew; one Lewis machine-gun on mounting above the centre-section.
  Serial Numbers: The numbers N.44-N.49 were allotted for Mann, Egerton single-seat fighters. Only N.44 and N.45, the H.1 and H.2 respectively, were built. They were ordered under Contract No. A.S. 13905/17.

H.King Armament of British Aircraft (Putnam)

Type H. Answering to the same requirements as the Beardmore W.B.IV, this 'ship's fighter', or 'seaborne scout' as the makers called it, was built in 1917. It had a fixed Vickers gun mounted on the fuselage to port (250 rounds), and a Lewis gun above the centre-section (three 97-round drums).

J.Bruce - British Aeroplanes 1914-1918 /Putnam/
The Mann; Egerton H.1, N44, displaying its large buoyancy chambers under the fuselage and wingtips.
Flush-fitting floats on the first Type H were discarded for the second aircraft.
J.Bruce - British Aeroplanes 1914-1918 /Putnam/
Tested at the end of 1917, the Type H (second prototype shown) found no official acceptance.
F.Mason - The British Fighter since 1912 /Putnam/
The H.2, N45. Small biplanes of the First World War, equipped with folding wings, seldom featured any stagger owing to the difficulty of maintaining rigidity of structure on asymmetric lines of fold, not to mention the complexity of tensioning of control runs to the ailerons.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Flush-fitting floats on the first Type H were discarded for the second aircraft (shown).