Форум Breguet's Aircraft Challenge
The machine was designed by Olaf Berg (aerodynamic expert) and Louis Storm (statics expert) for the shipbuilders firm Burmeister & Wain in Denmark [Burmeister og Wains skibsbyggeri]. Olaf Berg was one of the early flying pioneers being in 1908 in Paris, where he saw Farman, Bleriot and Levasseur fly at Issy-les-Moulineaux.
The first machine had a Anzani 3-cylinder engine of 30 hp bought from France, but apparently it was not used, because the first machine flew with a 35-40 hp Labor-Pickert engine. The machine crashed during an early training flight, being a complete write-off. Exit B&S No.1 : this one is not on the picture.
The second machine was ready in 1911 and was in layout similar, but with a fuselage of triangular shape. and an engine of Danish design by Niels Peterson (3 cylinder at ca. 50 hp). History repeats itself because in 1911 owing to engine trouble the machine had to make a crash landing and was a complete write-off. Exit B&S No.2.
They persevered in the old times, so a third design was made and built. Actually that is the one on the picture. The machine was almost identical to B&S No.2 but wings were shortened so wing area was reduced to 14,5 m2, which resulted that the machine became a single seat machine. The machine was bought by the Danish army and served with great distinction till 1914, to get the honour within the Breguet rules of being included in this Challenge.
The museum B&S No.3 is the original which was held somewhere in storage till 1927 and then cleaned and exihibited in the Copenhagen museum. Comments in the WW1 Aero article give the impression that the museum model was "more than cleaned" and actually somewhat modified as is almost always done in restoration (Yes, I am not a great fan of restoration, more of conservation. I do not like brand new looking Halberstadt machines in 2007 ).
By the way the machine is described as 'a combination of Nieuport and Antoinette' designs.