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Schwade fighter

Страна: Германия

Год: 1914

Fighter

Schwade - Farman-Copy Biplane - 1913 - Германия<– –>Siemens-Schuckert - Bulldog - 1914 - Германия


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Schwade Single-seater
  The two aircraft illustrated are the only known wartime products of the Schwade Flugzeug und Motorenbau of Erfurt. Unfortunately no data is available, although it is obvious they were extremely diminutive machines with a span roughly between 6 and 7 m. (19 ft. 8 1/4 in. to 22 ft. 11 5/8 in.). The earlier machine had tubular outriggers supporting the tail, and the second machine what appears to be ply-covered booms. A single-seat triplane was also built, but no photograph has been traced. Engine, 80 h.p. Oberursel (1914 machine), 110 h.p. Oberursel (1916 machine).


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


SCHWADE KAMPFEINSITZER Nr 1 Germany

  In 1914, the Otto Schwade concern of Erfurt initiated the flight test of a small single-seater powered by an 80 hp Schwade Stahlherz seven-cylinder rotary engine installed as a pusher behind an abbreviated circular section nacelle. A single-bay biplane with tubular outriggers supporting the tail surfaces, the Schwade single-seater, known as the Nr 1, was fitted with a Bergmann LMG 15 7,9-mm machine gun on a flexible mounting during the course of flight trials, but no details of these are recorded and development is believed to have been abandoned at an early stage in favour of a more advanced design, the Nr 2.


SCHWADE KAMPFEINSITZER NR 2 Germany

  Late in 1915, Otto Schwade produced a single-seat two-bay biplane twin-boom pusher fighter, the Nr 2, which appears to have been developed in the light of experience gained with the company's first Kampfeinsitzer. A somewhat ungainly aircraft with the pilot accommodated in a circular-section nacelle suspended between the wings by a profusion of struts, and twin vertical tail surfaces carried by ply-covered booms of narrow oval section, this aircraft was powered by a Schwade Stahlherz seven-cylinder rotary engine of 80 hp. No further details of this aircraft have been recorded.


J.Herris German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Vol II (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 50)


Schwade

  Engineer Otto Schwade began working in 1880 and was interested in the technique of flight. He built the large glider that Otto Lilienthal flew but in which he crashed and was killed. Schwade's son, Hans James, learned to fly in 1910 in a Farman biplane at Mourmelon, France, and in June he gained his German Licence No. 9a. Around this time Schwade built his first aircraft, a Farman copy with a Schwade motor of 50 hp. This machine proved quite successful, the younger Schwade flying it in the Flugwoche at Berlin-Johannisthal, the 1912 Nordmarkflug, and in the Prinz Heinrich Wettbewerb.
  After the National Flugspende the firm opened a flying school and on 23 March 1914, Henning remained aloft for 8 hours 10 minutes in a Schwade school biplane. This was a duration record for rotary engine aircraft. During the war the Schwade company repaired Albatros and Rumpler biplanes. They also built compressors for aviation engines (e.g. Mercedes 200 hp and for rotary engines). They also manufactured copies of the 50 and 100 hp Gnome rotary (Oberursel?); 75 engines of this type were delivered to the Government after the armistice. Two fighter aircraft were developed during the war but did not enter production. About 700 were employed at the factory in 1918.
  When the IAACC visited the Erfurt factory of Otto Schwade on 22 February 1920, it found 45 aircraft and 36 engines. Since 1919 the Schwade factory resumed its pre-war manufacturing of automatic pumps and all models of centrifugal pumps. By June 1920 the workforce had dropped to 20 workers.

Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
Built in 1914, the Schwade Nr 1 pusher used triangulated strutting to carry the tail unit.
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
In 1914 Schwade built a single-seat pusher fighter prototype powered by an 80 hp rotary built by Schwade. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1914 single-seat fighter prototype powered by an 80 hp rotary built by Schwade. Some steel was used in the airframe construction. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1914 single-seat pusher fighter prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
A Schwade Stahlherz engine was used to power the same company’s Nr 2 fighter.
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1915 single-seat pusher fighter prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1915 single-seat pusher fighter prototype was powered by a 100 hp rotary built by Schwade. The design of the tail supports was lower drag than that for their 1914 fighter. The aircraft was finished in overall white with black borders, a scheme use for Pfalz Eindeckers and other aircraft of the time. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1915 single-seat pusher fighter prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
Retaining the twin-boom pusher layout of the Nr 1, the Nr 2 was better streamlined.
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1915 single-seat pusher fighter prototype under construction. Again some steel was used in the structure. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)
J.Herris - German Aircraft of Minor Manufacturers in WW1. Volume II /Centennial Perspective/
The Schwade 1915 single-seat pusher fighter prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection, STDB)