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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Trouve model ornithopter

Страна: Франция

Год: 1870

Train - monoplane - 1912 - Франция<– –>Vaniman - triplane - 1907 - Франция

A.Andrews. The Flying Machine: Its Evolution through the Ages (Putnam)

The references to gunpowder already made may be expanded. In 1870 Gustave Trouve actually made a model ornithopter fly for 60m, after a mid-air launch, by the action of 12 blank cartridges automatically fired into a Bourdon tube [a coiled metallic tube which tends to straighten out when pressure is exerted within it, and to spring back into coil afterwards]. The straightening of the tube flapped down the wings and the relaxation of the tube at the end of the explosion brought the wings up, while the next cartridge slipped into place for another shot.

A.Andrews - The Flying Maschine: Its Evolution through the Ages /Putnam/
Powered by blank revolver cartridges, Gustave Trouve’s model ornithopter flew 60m in 1870, the wings being flapped by the action of the pistol shots straightening out Bourdon tubes.