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Chanute, Herring Glider

Страна: США

Год: 1896


Chanute - Glider - 1896 - США<– –>Christmas - Red Bird - 1909 - США

Журнал Flight

Flight, July 5, 1913.


  Instead, it was in America that the influence of Lilienthal's work took permanent root. Octave Chanute, a distinguished American engineer, but already an old man, was intensely interested in the prospect of flight, and extended his practical patronage to the early movement by financing an important series of experiments in which the central figure was the well-known pilot, A. M. Herring.
  It was while reading the simple notice of Lilienthal's fatal accident that Wilbur Wright received his inspiration to study this branch of practical science, and from the first he obtained the whole-hearted co-operation of his brother, Orville. The story of their work has been told too often to need repeating. Lilienthal died in 1896, and thereupon the Wrights commenced their studies. They built their first glider in 1900; it was a biplane, constructed on the trussed-bridge principle introduced by Chanute, but it differed from the Chanute machine in several important respects. Among other things, it embodied the famous wing-warping control, and the pilot, being thereby relieved of the necessity for balancing the aeroplane by gymnastic exercise, was able to lie prone on the lower plane, and so reduce the resistance of his body to a minimum.

P.Jarrett - Pioneer Aircraft: Early Aviation Before 1914 /Putnam/
Chanute and Herring achieved their greatest success with this biplane, seen here with 'side curtains' between the upper and lower wings that were soon disposed of. Chanute's most significant contribution was the introduction of wire cross-bracing based on the civil engineer's Pratt truss, used in bridge-building.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
Chanute's glider, piloted by A. M. Herring. - This machine was the prototype of the modern biplane. It was built in America about 1896, and tried on the shores of Lake Michigan near St. Joseph.