W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters
ORDNANCE ENGINEERING (ORENCO) TYPE B USA
In 1917, Etienne Dormoy, formerly a designer with the Societe Pour Aviation et ses Derives (SPAD) and a member of the French Aeronautical Mission to the USA, designed a single-seat fighter for the Ordnance Engineering Corporation founded in the previous year. This concern (which was to use the acronym Orenco from early 1919) completed a prototype known as the Type B (the Type A having been a two-seat training biplane) which was flown early in 1918. A two-bay staggered biplane of wooden construction, the Type B was powered by a 160 hp Gnome Monosoupape nine-cylinder rotary engine and was intended to carry an armament of three 0.3-in (7,62-mm) Marlin machine guns - one beneath the upper wing and two beneath the lower wing. Four examples were ordered by the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps (together with five examples of the Type C trainer derivative), but the US government had meanwhile elected to manufacture proven European fighters, and no series production of the Type B was therefore undertaken.
Max speed, 135 mph (217 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 5,000 ft (1525 m), 3.3 min.
Range, 200 mis (322 km).
Empty weight, 935 lb (424 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,295 lb (587 kg).
Span, 26 ft 0 in (7,92 m).
Length, 18 ft 10 in (5,74 m).
Height, 7 ft 4 in (2,23 m).
Wing area, 180 sq ft (16,72 m2).
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919
THE ORDNANCE SCOUT BIPLANE.
Type of machine Single-seater Biplane
Name or type No. of machine Ordnance Scout.
Purpose for which intended Advanced training.
Span 26 ft.
Gap 3 ft. 10 in.
Overall length 18 ft. 9 in.
Chord 4 ft. 5 in.
Maximum cross section of body 41 1/2 Ins.
Engine type and h.p. 80 h.p. Le Rhone.
Airscrew, diameter 8 ft. 3 In.
Weight of machine empty 335 lbs.
Speed low down 88 m.p.h..
Speed at 6,500 feet 94 m.p.h.
Speed at 10,000 feet 84 m.p.h.
Speed at 15,000 feet 70 m.p.h.
To 6,500 feet in minutes 9 minutes.
To 10.000 feet in minutes 17 mins. 30 secs.
To 15,000 feet in minutes 55 minutes.
Service ceiling 13.500 feet.
Total weight of machine loaded 1.117 lbs