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Goupil Duck

Страна: Франция

Год: 1883

Gonnel - Uniplan - 1911 - Франция<– –>Goupy - triplane - 1908 - Франция

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

P.Bowers Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947 (Putnam)

Goupil Duck

   The odd-looking Duck of 1916-17 was the result of further Curtiss attempts to invalidate the Wright patent. The design was originated and patented in 1883 by a Frenchman, Alexander Goupil, and showed surprisingly modern lines and features. While Goupil did not build his design because of lack of a suitable powerplant, he clearly recognized the need for three axes of mechanical control. Lateral control was by means of auxiliary surfaces that functioned exactly like latter-day ailerons.
   Working from Goupil's patent drawings, Curtiss Project Engineer N. W. Dalton revised the design only enough to make it structurally sound and added a conventional undercarriage in place of Goupil's skids. The Duck was powered with a Curtiss OXX engine buried in the fuselage at the centre of gravity and drove a tractor propeller through an extension shaft. Built in Buffalo, the Duck was first tried at Hammondsport on the old Langley floats. Barely able to hop off the water with their weight, it was shipped to Newport News, fitted with wheel undercarriage, and flew successfully on 19 January, 1917.

Форум Breguet's Aircraft Challenge

Alexandre Goupil was a French engineer of note who designed a bird-like flying machine in 1883. The sesquiplane (a monoplane with additional "half-wings") was to be powered by a steam engine (mounted within the deep rounded body of the machine) driving a single tractor propeller and was to have wheeled landing gear. A rudder was to be mounted below the horizontal tail surface.
   Goupil built and tested an unpowered version of his design, with a wing span of just over 19 feet 8 inches, in December of that same year. The test machine exhibited considerable lift, hoisting itself and two men into the air while under test in a wind of about 14 m.p.h.
   The Goupil design has often been referred to as the "Goupil Duck" but it appears that this name was applied later by others.
   In 1884 Goupil published "La Locomotion Aerienne" which summarized his aeronautical work and presented his theories and observations. The book was very well received. Of particular interest was Goupil's use of a complex lifting surface which was a close approximation of a bird wing rather than a simple curved lifting wing. Goupil's design foreshadowed modern "blended lifting body" configurations. He planned to continue his research and experimentation with steam engine powered flying machines having large bird-like wings, but it is unclear if he did so.
   In 1916 Glenn Curtiss built a Curtiss OXX-powered version of Goupil's design (see below) as part of the ongoing patent suit between the Wright Company and himself, but that aspect of Goupil's story is beyond the scope of this web site.

P.Bowers - Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947 /Putnam/
In 1916 Curtiss built this Duck from the 1883 design of Alexander Goupil in his continuing effort to invalidate the Wright patent. It was first flown as a seaplane al Hammondsport.
P.Bowers - Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947 /Putnam/
The Goupil Duck was transferred to the Curtiss facility at Newport News and continued its flights there as a landplane.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
The Goupil Flying Machine (initial design) - 1883
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
The Goupil Flying Machine (initial test version) - 1883
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
The Goupil Flying Machine (final version) - ca. 1884
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
Three drawings of Goupil's designs: first, his man-powered machine, and second, his steam-powered aeroplane.
A.Andrews - The Flying Maschine: Its Evolution through the Ages /Putnam/
Goupil’s monoplane of 1884 was designed to duplicate the body of a bird as well as its wings. The novel feature was the inclusion - separately placed and not set in the wings - of elevons, the projecting control surfaces intended to act not only as elevators but as opposite-acting ailerons for control of roll. But they were not linked to the rudder action. Goupil’s steam engine intended as the power plant for this graceful machine was built but never installed in the airframe. But in 1917 Glenn Curtiss, who was trying to break the Wright patents on wing-warping - which the Wrights had said as early as 1908 included wing-tip ailerons - reconstructed the Goupil machine with a petrol engine and flew it. Between-wings ailerons in a biplane (most nearly corresponding to Goupil’s design for the monoplane) had been adopted by Curtiss much earlier.