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Aviatik B / P.14

Страна: Германия

Год: 1913

Aviatik - P.13 - 1912 - Германия<– –>Aviatik - B.I / B.II / P.15 - 1914 - Германия


J.Herris Aviatik Aircraft of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 10)


Aviatik B - Type P14

  Aviatik's next B-type design was a slightly smaller, more refined design, the P14 with 2 1/2-bay wings with 14.5 m span. Again the aircraft were of conventional construction and powered by a variety of 85-100 hp Argus, Benz, and Mercedes engines.


Aviatik B-Types in Combat

  In 1914 the German army air service went to war flying Aviatik, Albatros, and LVG B-types and a melange of Taubes and other monoplanes and biplanes. Any aircraft, especially any reliable, robust aircraft, was highly valuable for reconnaissance and light bombing. The rigors of front-line service quickly weeded out types with limited potential like the Taubes, and the Aviatik, Albatros, and LVG B-types became the most numerous combat aircraft.
  Aviatik B-types were known for reliability, robust structures, and load-carrying ability, and therefore formed the equipment of the first German bombing units. An Aviatik P14, B.114/14, was the first German aircraft downed in air-to-air combat (on October 5, 1914 by a French Voisin V pusher). Late historian Alex Imrie claimed Aviatik B.192a/13 was the first German aircraft armed with a machine gun for offensive purposes, and on April 28, 1915, an Aviatik flown by Hptm. Hugo Geyer and Oblt. Egbert Kuhn of Feld-Flieger-Abteilung 48 attacked and downed a Voisin pusher from a formation of three.
  Aviatik B-types served at the front in quantity throughout 1915 and into 1916, although from late 1915 they were gradually replaced by armed C-type aircraft. Surviving B-types were then used for training.


  Most early German aircraft were in plain finish of clear-doped linen with the early version of the iron cross national insignia. In many cases the insignia was painted directly on the fabric, while in others it was painted on a white background for contrast. Later the white background was reduced to a 50mm white outline.


Журнал Flight


Flight, February 14, 1914.

FOREIGN AVIATION NEWS.

Beating the World's Duration Record.

  SPLENDID as was Langer's duration record, to which reference was made in FLIGHT last week, it was completely put in the shade by the performance by Ingold on a Pfeil biplane on Saturday last. Setting out from Mulhausen at 7.35 a.m., he landed at 11.55 p.m. near Fuerstended, so that he had been in the air for 16 hours 20 mins., during which he covered a distance of about 1,700 kiloms. Langer's record was 14 hours 7 mins. The Aviatik-Pfeil biplane used is fitted with a 6-cyl. Mercedes motor.


Flight, June 5, 1914.

THE PRINCE HENRY CIRCUIT, 1914.

MACHINES IN PRINCE HENRY CIRCUIT.

The Aviatik Biplane follows standard lines as regards the general arrangement of its component parts. It is of the "Arrow" type, now so popular in Germany, and has an all-enclosed fuselage. The chassis is of modern simple type without skids. Pilot's and passenger's seats are arranged tandem fashion, the pilot occupying the rear seat.


Flight, August 28, 1914.

AIRCRAFT "MADE IN GERMANY"
WHICH MAY BE EMPLOYED AGAINST THE ALLIES.

7. The Aviatik Tractor Biplane
  is of the arrow type, although its wings only possess a comparatively slight sweep back. As in other biplanes of this type, the upper main plane is straight as viewed from in front, while the lower plane is given a slight dihedral angle. The rectangular section fuselage is of streamline form, but is deeper at the stern than is usually the case. The turtle back does not extend over the entire length of the fuselage, but finishes off just behind the pilot's seat, which is considerably farther forward than in other arrow type machines, owing, no doubt, to the fact that the wings are so nearly straight. In front is the passenger's seat, between which and the engine are the fuel tanks with sufficient fuel for a 4-hours flight. Either Argus or Mercedes 100 h.p. engines may be fitted. The radiators are mounted on either side of the fuselage. The chassis is of the usual simple type, differing, however, from others in that the struts do not form an angle at their lower extremities, but are secured to two short skids from which is slung the tubular axle. The tail planes are protected against contact with the ground by a short swivelling skid. With full load on board, including pilot and passenger and four hours' fuel, the machine does just over 60 m.p.h., and climbs 1,000 metres (3,281 ft.) in 15 minutes.

J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik (P14) B.268/13 (original markings).
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik (P14) B.268/13 (later markings).
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik (P14) No.26, Swiss Air Service 1915.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik B (P14) "15" at the Aviatik flying school at Leipzig-Mockau in October 1916.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik B (P14) "15" at the Aviatik flying school at Bork in November 1917. The same aircraft as previous, it has been recovered, the rear cockpit turtledeck removed, and a revised exhaust fitted.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik P14 B-type B 36/14 is readied for a reconnaissance mission early in the war. The pilot, Herman Goring, would later become a leading fighter ace and win the Pour le Merite, also known as the Blue Max. Unfortunately, he became a notorious Nazi leader post-war.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Typical Aviatik P14 B-types.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
Herr Karl Ingold and his 100 h.p. Mercedes Aviatik-Pfeil biplane on which he made his recent record flight.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
One of the latest Aviatik biplanes, of which a considerable number are in use in the present war.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Closeup of Aviatik P14 B-type 324/14; the pilot sat in the back seat to give the observer the best view forward and downward. The engine was a 100 hp Argus As.I.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Typical Aviatik P14 with 2 1/2 bays of bracing. This aircraft uses a 100 hp Argus As.I engine.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Pre-war Aviatik P14 B-type intended for use in the German colony known as German Southwest Africa. Early German aircraft were often called "Pfeil" (Arrow) if their wings were swept back, but this was not a formal designation.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
An Aviatik B-type, company designation P13, is in the foreground of this pre-war image of a flying competition. Aviatik soon earned a reputation for robust, reliable biplanes and 101 Aviatiks were ordered in 1913, a substantial quantity for this early period before the war.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Typical Aviatik P14; like B.120/14 it has 2 1/2 bays of bracing.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik P14 B.120/14 became well-photographed and well-known for being shot down on April 1, 1915, by French fighter pilot Jean Navarre for his first of 12 victories. This was also the first victory of Navarre's unit, M.S.12.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Another view of Aviatik P14 B.120/14 shot down on April 1, 1915, by French pilot Jean Navarre (at left) and observer Roberts. Unlike most P14 aircraft, it has a fixed fin.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik P14 B.120/14 in the background with the pilots of M.S.12; Navarre is second from left in the front row.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik P14 B.120/14 with wings removed and Navarre in the cockpit is the center of attention at M.S.12.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik hangar at Darmstadt with Aviatik P13 B-types.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
7. The Aviatik biplane.