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Albatros (O.A.W.) C.I / C.II

Страна: Германия

Год: 1915

Albatros - H.1 - 1926 - Германия<– –>Alter - A.I - 1917 - Германия


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Albatros (O.A.W.) C I
  Two C type machines produced by the Albatros Schneidemuhl factory. The C I, of which two are thought to have been built during 1915, was powered with 150 h.p. Benz. The C II, built in 1916, was fitted with the geared straight eight Mercedes D IV.


J.Herris Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Vol 1: Early Two-Seaters (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 24)


Albatros (PAW) C.I

  The OAW facility, co-located with the Albatros Militar Fliegerschule GmbH, was originally intended solely for producing designs of the main factory. Regardless of its inception as solely a production facility, OAW did build two different C-type prototypes as a further outlet for their creativity.
  Seven examples of the first type, initially known as the OAW C.I and later often referred to as the Albatros (OAW) C.I, were built with serials C.8/15 - C.14/15. It had typical Albatros construction.
  The OAW C.I was a large, 3-bay biplane powered by a 150 hp Benz Bz.III. It appears to have used the basic wing from the Albatros B.I with enlarged wing-root cuts for greater field of view downward and featured a large triangular fin and rudder similar to the standard Albatros C.I. Appearing early in 1915, it was an early, fairly unsophisticated biplane. However, it was a practical design that evolved in production despite the small number that were built. The above photo of C9/15, the second aircraft built, shows is primitive side radiators, while C13/15, the sixth aircraft built, has a more advanced, leading edge radiator.
  Despite the small number built, there were several variations in the exhaust manifolds fitted. Some exhausted downward and there were at least two manifold configurations that exhausted upward.
  The crew members were located close together for mutual cooperation during flight, and the cockpit was especially large and roomy. A large windscreen was fitted for the pilot on the first aircraft built but the others do not appear to have had this. However, there was a large combing in front of the pilot's cockpit that provided limited protection from the wing blast. In fact, the combing was so high pilots had to stretch to see over or around it when looking forward. The observer had a flexible machine gun; however, there was no fixed gun for the pilot.
  Photographs in this section show the OAW C.I apparently in operational use and also in training service, with one photo of the latter taken after April 1918 based on the partially visible national insignia.


Albatros (OAW) C.II

  The OAW facility followed their C.I design with a more refined design. The OAW C.II was more compact, having a two-bay design instead of the three-bay C.I. Equally significant was the much more powerful engine in the C.II, which used the rare 220 hp Mercedes D.IV eight-cylinder engine in place of the 150 hp Benz used in the C.I.
  Like the earlier OAW C.I the C.II was a practical design that evolved despite the few built. The first C.II prototype had unbalanced control surfaces. However, it was a large aircraft and a subsequent prototype had aerodynamically balanced rudder and elevators to reduce the pilot's control forces to make the aircraft more agile and less tiring to fly. Also like the C.I, the crew members in the C.II were located close together for mutual cooperation during flight and the pilot enjoyed a large, spacious cockpit.

J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I C 9/15 in front of the OAW factory. This early aircraft, the second built, was fitted with side radiators. Based on serial numbers, seven of these aircraft were built. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Albatros (O.A.W.) C I
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I C.8/15 was the first aircraft of its type built and carries a flexible gun for the observer. It appears to be in operational service. The large windscreen for the pilot is notable. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I C.11/15 is apparently in operational service; an AEG G.II is at right. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/ SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I C.13/15 in front of the OAW factory. Built in 1915, this three-bay reconnaissance prototype was powered by a 150 hp Benz Bz.III; this aircraft has a radiator under the upper wing. Although the OAW factory was intended for production only, not design, it is obvious senior people there wanted another outlet for their creativity.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I C.14/15 (center of photograph facing left) in training service along with a variety of other types. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The two crewmen in this Albatros(OAW) C.I illustrate the roomy cockpit.The pilot had to stretch to see over the high cockpit combing. Different exhaust manifolds, some exhausting upward and others downward, were used in this very small batch of aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I, side number 105, ready for take-off. The side number indicates it is probably in training service. In addition, the fuselage insignia appears to be straight-sided, indicating the photo was taken after April 1918, at which time it would be obsolete for operational use.The leading edge radiator likely was a modification since patches appear on the forward fuselage where side radiators would have been attached. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This view shows the engine and side radiator details of an Albatros (OAW) C.I with manifold that exhausts over the wing. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Rare view of an Albatros(OAW) C.I in flight reveals its distinctive profile. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Rear view of an Albatros (OAW) C.I illustrates the tailplane with balanced elevators and the pilot's control wheel offset to the left. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.I cockpit; the pilot was offset to the left. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The OAW C.II shared the basic configuration of the earlier OAW C.I although it was more powerful yet compact. Built in 1916, this two-bay reconnaissance prototype was powered by a 220 hp Mercedes D.IV eight-cylinder engine. The large, four-blade propeller and completely enclosed engine are prominent recognition features. The fuselage cross has the octagonal white background often used by OAW. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.II warming up with no one in the cockpit. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros (OAW) C.II warming up. The synchronized machine gun for the pilot is clearly visible. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros (OAW) C.II features revised tail surfaces with horn-balanced rudder and elevators to reduce control forces. The crew had a spacious cockpit and the observer was located close to the pilot to facilitate communication in flight. The pillar mount for the observer's flexible machine gun is visible. A few OAW C.II prototypes were built but the exact number is not known and it was not produced in quantity.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Two views of the crash of an Albatros(OAW) C.I. This early aircraft has side radiators. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
Albatros (OAW) C.I
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
Albatros (OAW) C.I
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
Albatros (OAW) C.I