M.Goodall, A.Tagg British Aircraft before the Great War (Schiffer)
Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing
P.Lewis British Aircraft 1809-1914 (Putnam)
Sanders Biplane No. 1
The Sanders Type 1 was a single-seat canard pusher biplane which was designed during 1909 by Capt. Haydn A. Sanders of the London Aeroplane and Aerial Navigation Company of Croydon, Surrey. The company was formed to promote the design, and the machine was constructed at Benacre Down, Kessingland, Suffolk, with the help of the designer's brother Kempton and F. L. Rawson. The engine, a marine type, was a four-cylinder 30 h.p. Brooke, which drove two 8 ft. 6 ins. diameter propellers by long chains. The wings were of equal span and had down-curved tips. Fixed horizontal and vertical stabilizing surfaces were carried at the front, control surfaces consisting of elevators mounted on both upper and lower wings across the trailing-edges at the centre-section, together with a single rudder at the rear and ailerons between the wings.
The first flight of the Type 1 was made during October, 1909, and the machine continued to develop successfully with the assistance of the makers of the engine until, at 8 a.m. on Sunday, 13th February, 1910, in the course of a flight over Benacre Down it struck a coastguard telephone pole and crashed, a total wreck. Reconstruction took place as the Type 2 with major modifications.
Flight, February 19, 1910
Sanders Biplane has a Mishap.
A MISHAP befell the biplane which has been built by the Brothers Sanders at Kessingland, near Lowestoft. On Saturday, Mr. Kempton Sanders was trying the machine and had got it to rise to a height of about 20 ft. when it came into collision with some telegraph wires. This caused the machine to pitch forward and fall to the ground, smashing it, but fortunately Mr. Sanders was able to jump clear.
Flight, February 26, 1910
THE SANDERS AEROPLANE.
LAST week we recorded the mishap to the Sanders aeroplane, and we are now able to give some photographs of the "incident."
Captain Sanders, of the London Aeroplane and Aerial Navigation Co., has been working very quietly in conjunction with Messrs. J. W. Brooke and Co., Ltd., of Lowestoft, on this biplane on the Benacre Denes, about 5 miles from Lowestoft, and has gradually built up this machine to a successful issue, a number of flights having been carried out from time to time.
The accident, which took place at 8 o'clock in the morning, was not the outcome of any fault of the machine or the motor. As we stated last week, it was owing to the close proximity of some coastguard telephone poles, the tip end of one of the wings catching the top of one of these poles, and so bringing the machine right round and completely upsetting the balance.
The motor used in this biplane is a 30-h.p. Brooke, and weighs as much as 240 lbs., as after building several engines for flight purposes, Messrs. J. W. Brooke and Co. came to the conclusion that it was better to sacrifice lightness to obtain reliability. Captain Sanders has looked after the engine himself for several months without any trouble, and intends using the same engine in his new aeroplane. The Sanders machine weighs in flying order 1,100 lbs.