O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)
Brandenburg W 16
This single-seat seaplane fighter, designed for station defence, was built during 1916 and was of conventional wood and fabric construction with ply-skinned fuselage and floats. Only three aircraft were built, Nos. 1077-1079. Engine, 160 h.p. Oberursel U III. Span, 9.25 m. (30 ft. 4 1/8 in.). Length, 7.35 m. (24 ft. 13/8 in.). Height, 2.925 m. (9 ft. 7 1/8 in.). Area, 21.35 sq.m. (230.5 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 636 kg. (1,399 lb.). Loaded, 896 kg. (1,971 lb.). Speed, 170 km.hr. (106.25 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 5 min., 3,000 m. (9,840 ft.) in 27 min. Duration, ca. 2 hr. Armament, two Spandau machine-guns.
W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters
BRANDENBURG W 16 Germany
Intended primarily as a successor to the KDW in the station defence fighter role, but also to investigate the potentialities of the application of rotary engines to seaplanes, the W 16 was designed by Ernst Heinkel in 1916, and was a conventional twin-float single-seat fighter floatplane of wood and fabric construction with ply-skinned fuselage and floats. Like Heinkel’s earlier ‘‘star strutter” fighters, the W16 lacked bracing wires, these being rendered unnecessary by single struts extending from the base of the inclined Vee-type interplane struts to the top of the forward fuselage mainframe. Power was provided by a 160 hp Oberursel U III rotary engine and armament comprised two synchronised LMG 08/15 machine guns. Three prototypes were ordered, the first of these being tested in February 1917, and the third example was sent to Adlershof for static tests. No further development was undertaken as the German Navy had lost interest in single-seat fighter floatplanes.
Max speed, 106 mph (170 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m), 5.0 min, to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 27 min.
Approx endurance, 2.0 hrs.
Empty weight, 1,402 lb (636 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,975 lb (896 kg).
Span, 30 ft 4 1/8 in (9,25 m).
Length, 24 ft 1 1/3in (7,35m).
Height, 9 ft 7 in (2,92 m).
Wing area, 229.81 sq ft (21,35 m2).
C.Owers Hansa-Brandenburg Aircraft of WWI Vol.2: Biplane Seaplanes (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 18)
The little W.16 station defence fighter of pleasing lines was constructed in 1916. Unusually for a Brandenburg floatplane design it was powered by a rotary engine, the 160-hp Oberursel U.III. Of conventional Brandenburg-type construction, it featured "V" interplane struts with another strut from the lower wing to the fuselage, thereby doing away with cable bracing. Three were ordered (MNs 1077 - 1079) but MN 1078 was reportedly cancelled; however, all three were recorded at Warnemunde according to a report of 15 May 1917; and MN 1078 was recorded at the Hage Repair Depot in November 1919. No flying records of these aircraft have been found in the war diaries to date.
While flying characteristics were probably an improvement over the KDW, its speed of 170 km/h was the same, and above 1,000 m its climb was inferior. The type therefore had no chance of a production run, especially as the W.12 was greatly superior.
Brandenburg W.16 Specifications
Source Typenschau Gray & Thetford Brandenburg 3-View SVK MN 1078 (1077 - 1079)
Span, m 9.11/7.77 9.25 9.110/7.774 9.250/7.800
Chord, m 1.6601.100 - 1.650/1.100 1.660/1.110
Length, m 7.35 7.35 6.845 7.350
Height, m - 2.925 - 2.925
Wings 23.00 21.35 23.0 21.35
Ailerons 1.45 - - 1.45
Elevators 1.0 - - 1.00
Rudder 0.40 - - 0.40
Empty Wt, kg 659 636 659 636
Loaded Wt, kg 935 896 935 896
Speed in km/hr 170 179 - -
Time to 500 m - - - 3.9 minutes
Time to 800 m - - - -
Time to 1000 m 5 minutes 5 minutes - 5 minutes
Time to 1500 m 8.2 minutes - - 8.2 minutes
Time to 2000 m 12.6 minutes - - 12.6 minutes
Time to 3000 m 27 minutes 27 minutes - 27.0 minutes
Endurance - 2 hours approximately - -
Engine 160-hp Oberursel 160-hp Oberursel U.III - 160-hp Oberursel
Brandenburg W.16 Production
Marine Numbers Class Engine Notes
1077 - 1079 ED Oberursel U.III 1078 reportedly cancelled 15.11.18. 1079 static test November 1918.
J.Herris German Seaplane Fighters of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 2)
The W16 of 1916 was distinctly different from the KDW and was powered by an Oberursel U.III rotary engine of 160 hp. Span was the same as the KDW and due to the rotary engine it was much lighter. Flying characteristics likely were somewhat improved over the KDW, but speed was the same and above 1,000m climb was inferior. Like the W11, only three examples were built, Marine Numbers 1077-1079, because they were no improvement over the KDW, and there is no record the W16 flew on operations.