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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

FBA Type A/B/C

Страна: Франция

Год: 1913

Faure - monoplane - Франция<– –>FBA - FBA 1 Ca2 Avion-Canon / Type D - 1916 - Франция

А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты

FBA типов A, B, C 1914 г.

   Это был двухместный разведчик, трехстоечная, с подкосами, однореданная летающая лодка цельнодеревянной конструкции с двигателями "Гном" (50 л. с.; типы A, B) или "Клерже" (130 л. с.; тип C). Верхнее двухлонжеронное крыло имело большой размах и оборудовалось элеронами. Лодка имела вогнутый редан. Оперение обычного типа было поднято на загибе хвостовой части лодки и крепилось системой растяжек и распорок. Руль поворота без киля, у разных типов имел разную форму. Подкрыльевые поплавки первоначально металлические цилиндрические, на более поздних моделях - понтонного типа, деревянные. Вооружение отсутствовало.
   Спроектированный как разведчик, самолет впоследствии использовался как учебная летающая лодка. Выпущено несколько сотен лодок FBA в различных вариантах.
   Россия купила 30 машин типа C с двигателем "ГномМоносупап" (100 л. с.), еще 34 построили на заводе Лебедева. С 1915 года заменялась М-5 Д. П. Григоровича.

   Показатель FВА тип С, 1915г.
   Размеры, м:
   длина 8,0
   размах крыльев 13,68
   Площадь крыла, м2 33,5
   Вес, кг:
   максимальный взлетный 840
   пустого 535
   Двигатель: "Гном-Моносупап"
   мощность, л. с. 100
   Скорость, км/ч 105
   Дальность полета, км 400
   Потолок практический, м 2500
   Экипаж, чел. 2-3
   Вооружение нет

В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.

Летающая лодка ФБА (FBA, ЛМ-2). Это двухместный разведчик без вооружения, потом учебная лодка выпуска 1914 г. Было куплено 30 экземпляров и построено на заводе Лебедева еще 34 экземпляра. Состояла на вооружении военно-морской авиации в 1914-1916 гг. По схеме, размерам и конструкции лодка соответствовала М-5, но ее обводы были несколько хуже, чем у М-5.

Год выпуска||1913
Двигатель, марка||
   Мощность, л.с.||100
Длина самолета, м||8
Размах крыла, м||13,68
Площадь крыла, м2||33,5
Масса пустого, кг||535
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||120+30
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||305
Полетная масса, кг||840
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||25
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||8,4
Весовая отдача,%||36
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||105
Скорость посадочная, км/ч||70
Время набора высоты||
   1000м, мин||15
   2000м, мин||40
Потолок практический, м||2500
Продолжительность полета, ч.||4

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

D.James Schneider Trophy Aircraft 1913-1931 (Putnam)

FBA Flying-boat

   Franco-British Aviation Co was founded at Vernon, Eure, in France, during 1913 by Lieut de Conneau (who is better known as Andre Beaumont, winner of the Paris-Rome race, and the Circuits of Europe and Britain) and a M Shreck, formerly of the French Wright Co. FBA took up patents covering the French Donnet-Leveque flying-boats, which were described as ‘classic’ aeroplanes and the first of their type having the tail unit mounted directly on the hull rather than carried on struts as in the Curtiss flying-boats. The aircraft entered for the 1914 Schneider contest, and the only flying-boat in the list, was developed from the earlier 1912 13-7 m (45 ft) span two-seat patrol bomber, serialled 18, which was the first military flying-boat type in British Royal Navy service.
   The very graceful slender hull, with pointed stem and curved-up tail, was of all-wood construction with spruce stringers mounted on formers and covered with sheeting. The planing bottom was concave, like the later Italian Conflenti hulls, with the chines forming vertical ‘fins’ toward the rear. A small triangular tail fin was carried, clear of the rear hull section, on a steel-tube frame, to which the wire-braced wood and fabric tailplane also was attached. A rectangular rudder and the large-area elevators also were of fabric-covered wooden construction.
   The open cockpit was immediately in front of the lower mainplane which was raised clear of the hull on short struts. Control cables emerged from the hull about half way along its length and stretched externally up to the tail unit.
   The markedly cambered two-bay mainplanes were constructed around two spruce or ash spars with wooden ribs with steel compression tubes and wire braced, and all fabric covered. The upper mainplane had a large overhang which was braced by two diagonal struts from the base of the outboard interplane struts. Small wooden stabilizing floats were mounted on struts under the tips of the lower mainplane. The entire structure was wire braced, including two wires from the hull stem-head to the top of the outboard interplane struts. Broad-chord ailerons were carried on the top mainplane only. The 100 hp Gnome rotary engine, driving a two-blade propeller, was mounted high between the mainplanes on four raked-back struts with four more struts connecting it to the upper mainplane. This Gnome was reputed to have a better power/weight ratio than other previous rotary engines. A teardrop-shaped metal fuel tank was fixed below the upper mainplane on the centre line.
   A contemporary comment on the FBA flying-boats was that ‘these boats, though very lightly built, have done good work. Being so light they climb well and fly fast’.
   The pilot of the FBA aircraft in the contest was Ernest Burri. It was not known whether he flew it to Monaco or whether it travelled overland.

   Single-seat racing biplane flying-boat. Wood and metal construction. Pilot in open cockpit.
   One 100 hp Gnome seven-cylinder air-cooled rotary engine driving a two-blade fixed-pitch wooden pusher propeller.
   Span 12-15 m (39ft 101 in); length 7-72 m (25 ft 3 3/4in); wing area 26sq m (279-86sq ft). Loaded weight 470kg (1,036lb); wing loading 18kg/sqm (3-7 Ib/sqft).
   Maximum speed 109km/h (68mph); initial rate of climb 83m/sec (164ft/min).
   Production - total production unknown; however the nose markings on the aircraft flown in the 1914 Schneider contest could indicate that either it was the 26th aircraft to be built by FBA or was the 26th of its type. It is believed that the former indication is the more likely.
   Colour - unknown although some contemporary photographs show the aircraft in an all-over finish which could have been silver.

G.Duval British Flying-Boats and Amphibians 1909-1952 (Putnam)

F.B.A. Flying-boat (1912)

   The Franco-British Aviation Company was formed in France, in 1912, by Lieut, de Conneau, his associate being Mr Shraeck, formerly of the French Wright Company. De Conneau, a French naval officer, had already achieved considerable fame and fortune as an aviator, using the nom de plume of ‘Beaumont’, and was an accomplished engineer and navigator. His company took up certain patents of the Curtiss-influenced Donnet Leveque flying-boat, and of an earlier design, the Artois, producing its first machine in the summer of 1912.
   A two-seater biplane, the F.B.A. was powered by an 80 h.p. Gnome rotary pusher engine, and had an excellent performance that included a rate of climb in excess of 800 ft/min. The hull design featured a concave planing bottom, with its edges forming vertical fins as they joined the hull sides at the step. Aft of the step, the hull tapered into a triangular-sectioned tail boom carrying the tail surfaces upon its raised extremity. The mainplanes were supported above the hull on short struts, with rectangular-sectioned wing-tip floats mounted on struts below the lower wing. A refinement inherited from the Curtiss machines was an engine starting handle, projecting forward above the cockpit.
   In production for the French Navy, the F.B.A. attracted the attention of the Admiralty, at that time seeking suitable aircraft for the Naval Wing in process of formation. By arrangement with the French Naval authorities, one machine was flown to Sheerness by de Conneau on 22 October, 1912, and the next day he demonstrated its capabilities, accompanied by Lieut. Howlett, r.n. The F.B.A. was approved, purchased, and sent to Calshot, the first flying-boat in British service. In the summer of 1913, de Conneau visited Volk’s Seaplane Base at Brighton with an F.B.A. machine, giving demonstration and passenger-carrying flights to the general public. After the outbreak of war, fifty-four more French-built F.B.A.s were ordered and delivered to the R.N.A.S. These were an improved version, having a modified bow, extended wing span with an extra wing bay, a larger area rudder, and powered by the 100 h.p. Gnome rotary which became standard for these R.N.A.S. machines. Transition to British construction commenced with the assembly by Norman Thompsons of twenty machines, followed by an all-British batch built by the Gosport Aviation Company. Although the F.B.A.s were mainly employed for training duties, a number was used for patrol work with a crew of two, armed with light bombs and a Lewis gun. One such patrol took place on 28 November 1915, during the course of which the machine flown by Fit. Sub.-Lieut. J. P. B. Ferrand, accompanied by Air Mech. G. T. Oldfield, attacked a German torpedo boat off Westende with bombs, shooting down one of its escorting seaplanes in the process. In September, 1916, an F.B.A. was used for rough water take-off and alighting trials at Calshot, the subsequent report stating that its performance was good, with a speed range from 38 to 60 m.p.h. at 2,000 pounds all-up weight. Four machines, fitted with the 160 h.p. Isotta Fraschini engine were built by the Italians and presented to R.N.A.S Otranto in 1917, and afterwards formed part of the equipment of No. 266 Squadron, R.A.F., at Malta, in April 1918.

   Power Plant:
   Prototype - One 80 h.p. Gnome rotary
   Production - One 100 h.p. Gnome rotary
   Italian built - One 160 h.p. Isotta Fraschini
   Prototype - 39 feet
   Production - 45 feet
   Prototype - 29 feet
   Production - 30 feet
   Loaded Weight:
   Prototype - 1,258 pounds
   Production - 2,000 pounds
   Total area: Not available
   Max. Speed:
   Prototype - 68 m.p.h.
   Production - 60 m.p.h.
   Endurance: Production - 4 hours
   Armament: Nil, or light bombs and one .303-inch Lewis gun

O.Thetford British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Putnam)


   Some 128 of these small two-seat flying-boats served with the RNAS for training purposes in the 1914-18 war. Forty-four were provided by the original French manufacturers and 80 were built in Britain by the Norman Thompson and Gosport Aviation concerns. Another four (N 1075 to 1078) were handed over by Italy and used by the RNAS at Otranto. The Norman Thompson aircraft were serialled N1040-1059 and the Gosport-built boats N2680-2739. One 100 hp Gnome engine. Maximum speed, 60 mph. Span, 45 ft. Length, 30ft.

E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918

Beuteflugzeuge bei den k.u.k. Seefliegern
F.B.A. Type B Nr. 94 (französisch) 12.Sqd Gn 100

J.Davilla Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 74)

FBA Type C

  The Italian naval air service acquired a number of Type Cs to use against the Austrian Lohner seaplanes (which, ironically, had been heavily influenced by the Donnet-Leveque flying boat on which the original Type A had been based).
  The first Italian FBA were Type Cs purchased by the Esercito in June 1915 for service with the Sezione Idro del Lago di Garda (Garda Lake Seaplane Flight), which during the summer performed several reconnaissance and some bombing missions.
  In 1916 there were 38 FBA Type Cs in service. Some Type Cs were produced under license by the SIAI firm.
  They appear to have primarily been used by the Army’s 1a Squadriglia Idrovolanti.

1a Squadriglia Idrovolanti

  This Esercito unit moved from San Feliciano, on Lake Trasimeno, to Desenzano del Garda on 26 May, 1915 with a single Henri Farman 80 horsepower seaplane. Tenente Anseimo Cesaroni and maresciallo Alfredo Rossetti who carried out the first reconnaissance of the war on 2 June, 1915. On 17 June Cesaroni and Rossetti returned with two FBA Cs with 100 horsepower Gnome engines, construction numbers 52 and 73 which are assembled and tested on 22.
  The unit was formally born as the Sezione Idro di Desenzano (Seaplane Section of Desenzano) established on 13 July 1915 and operated as a Squadriglia without having a precise name. The unit made individual and formation bombings over Austro-Hungarian naval targets. They began offensive reconnaissance missions on August. On 25 August the FBAs attempted to intercept Austro-Hungarian flying boats bombing Brescia without success; the FBAs then bombed Riva. On 1 December 1915 the unit joined the new III Gruppo.
  It became 1a Squadriglia Idrovolanti (la Seaplane Squadron) on 26 January, 1916. It received FBA no.88, the first of the SIAI-built FBA, in January 1916, followed in April by the 100 hp 52 and 53, and then by additional French and Italian models. On 19 March it had nine FBA type Cs, with 100 hp Gnome Monosoupape engine.
  As of August 26, 1916, the la Squadriglia Idro had one FBA H and 14 FBA Cs.
  On 15 October 1917 the unit was transferred to the Navy who used it to create two difesa antisommergibili seczioni (anti-submarine sections) for use over the Mediterranean. The first sezione went to Catania, later becoming 282a Squadriglia and FBAs 3149, 4315, 4250 and 5688. The second sezione went to Syracuse, later becoming 283a Squadriglia with FBAs 3150, 4252, 4262 and 4270.
  On 4 November 1918 the new Sezione FBA del III Gruppo at Desenzano had FBAs 7160, 7163, 7661, 7648, 7655 and 4245.
  At the end of the year it had six FBA H. 1a Squadriglia Idrovolanti was dissolved on 18 January 1919.

Журнал Flight

Flight, December 13, 1913.



   The newly-formed Franco British Aviation Co., Ltd., are showing two hydro-aeroplanes, both of which are of the Donnet-Leveque type. One of the machines, which is shown complete, is driven by a 9-cyl. 100 h.p. Gnome motor. The other, of which only the boat and the inner part of the cellule is shown, has a Salmson motor of 130 h.p.; this is the actual machine which won the 250-mile race at Deauville. A Curtiss flying boat is expected in a few days, but had not arrived at the time of writing these notes.

Flight, December 27, 1913.


   are exhibiting the only two flying boats to be seen at the Show. One of them, of which only the boat and the centre portion of the wings is shown, is the actual machine which won the long-distance prize at Deauville. It is fitted with a 130 h.p. Salmson engine. The other is a new type fitted with a 9-cyl. 100 h.p. Gnome. A comparison of the two machines soon shows that the new machine is a great improvement on the older one, which undoubtedly was very good in its time, but so swift is the progress in aviation that the type of yesterday is antiquated to-day. The boat is the most interesting part of the 100 h.p. machine, and constructionally it is built up of a framework of ash, which is covered with a skin of three-ply wood. The front portion of the boat is of rectangular section, and has a step which occurs roughly under the centre of pressure of the main planes. The upper longerons converge towards the rear, where the upturned stern of the boat becomes triangular in section, with the apex of the triangle turned upwards. The boat is divided by bulkheads into eight watertight compartments, each fitted with a small inspection door, which allows of examination of the interior. In front the deck is extended on each side of the pointed bow of the boat to form a splashboard, while further protection is afforded the pilot and passengers by a screen in front of the cockpit. The pilot's and passengers' seats are situated just in front of the leading edge of the lower main planes, the passengers' seats being formed by the petrol pressure tank. The pilot controls the machine by means of a single column on which is mounted a hand-wheel. This, however, does not rotate, but simply forms a convenient handle. A to-and-fro movement of the lever actuates the elevator, and a side-to-side movement operates the ailerons. The rudder is controlled by means of a pivoted foot-bar.
   The engine is mounted on strong steel bearers just below the upper plane and drives directly the propeller, which is situated just behind the rear spar. The trailing edge of the upper plane has been cut away in the centre to provide sufficient clearance for the propeller. A petrol service tank is mounted in front of the engine just below the upper plane, and petrol is forced from the main tank to this service tank by means of a presiure-pump. The weight of the extensions of the upper main plane when the machine is at rest is taken by two tubes running from the lower extremities of the outer plane struts. Two small floats carried on a light structure of steel tubes prevents the wing tips from diving under the water should the machine heel over.
   The tail planes are supported on a framework of steel tubes from the upturned rear portion of the boat. To the trailing edge of the fixed tail plane, which is of semicircular shape, is hinged the elevator which is undivided, as the rudder is situated wholly on top of the tail plane. A small flat tail skid or plate protects the rear portion of the boat against contact with the ground.
   The machine shown was not actually fitted with landing wheels, but there was on the stand an exhibit of the F.B.A. system of disappearing wheels, the fitting of which would render the machine amphibious. By the F.B.A. system the pilot can raise or lower the wheels at will during flight so that starting and alighting may be effected from either land or water.
   It will be interesting to watch the progress of the F.B.A. Co., Ltd., for the flying boat exhibited appears to be capable of good performances and the firm possesses a very able and experienced manager and pilot in Lieut. Jean Conneau, who is better known to our readers under the name of Andre Beaumont, and who won the circuit of Great Britain in 1911.

А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA французской морской авиации
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA, построенная в России заводом Лебедева (1915г.)
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA, построенная автро-венгерской фирмой "Якоб Лохнер и Ко" (1913г.)
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA Type A No.26.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
AT THE PARIS SALON. - The F.B.A. flying boat.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
The 100 h.p. Gnome-engined flying boat of the Franco-British Aviation Co.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
The F.B.A. flying boat - type Deauville - fitted with 130 h.p. Salmson engine.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
Tail of the F.B.A. flying boat.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
The Franco-British seaplane, piloted by Burri, the only other machine besides the winning Sopwlth seaplane to finish the course for the Schneider Cup at Monaco.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA Type A No.27 - note differences in hull shape.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
A remarkable photograph secured by Mons. E. Marchessaux at Monaco on April 20th, during the final contest for the Schneider Aviation Cup. - This negative absolutely untouched, and shows Mr. Howard Pixton's Sopwith machine passing the Franco-British seaplane piloted by M. Burri. The above is one of the autograph photographs of the amateur photographer which he presented to the two pilots who finished for this cup.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
F.B.A. Type A 1914 Schneider Throphy Contest (100 hp Gnome). In 1914 Schneider Throphy Race Burri was second with a respectable speed of 62.0 mph. The winner was C. Howard Pixton in Sopwith Tabloid floatplane (86.5 mph).
G.Duval - British Flying-Boats and Amphibians 1909-1952 /Putnam/
Lieutenant de Vaisseau Conneau, who flew under the pseudonym 'Beaumont', is seen here at Magnus Volk's Waterplane Station at Brighton with the Franco-British Aviation (FBA) Leveque flying boat which he had flown across the Channel to Newhaven, England, on 16 August 1913. He is holding the crank-handle of the aeroplane's 80hp Gnome rotary engine.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A F.B.A. Flying-boat (100 h.p. Gnome engine), built by the Gosport Aircraft Co., Ltd.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
An F.B.A. flying boat on the water. Actually in the service of Italy.
O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
FBA 'C' taking off.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.1: Operations /Centennial Perspective/ (73)
FBA Type C in Italian service.
G.Duval - British Flying-Boats and Amphibians 1909-1952 /Putnam/
F.B.A. (No. 9630). Production version for R.N.A.S.
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (22)
FBA flying boat 3646 was built in France and delivered to White City in January 1916. The FBA was an example of the pre-war type of flying boat The type was continually developed during the war years and saw service with the French, British, Italian and US Navies..
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (22)
The FBA flying boat was modified by Norman Thompson and given the designation N.T.5. The 100-hp Gnome Monosoupape powered N1059 was the last boat of a batch for 20 Type B boats ordered under Contract C.P.120948/16. Note the H-12 in the background.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The German submarines were a major problem for Allied shipping around the UK and the RNAS's flying boats, such as this FBA, flew thousands of hours on antisubmarine patrols. The FBA (Franco-British Aviation) was a small two-seat aircraft of which some 128 were used by the RNAS.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
FBA Type C in Italian service.
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
Lineup of FBA Type C flying boats at the flying school at Sesto Calende.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA flyingboats under construction at the FBA works, January 1914.
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (22)
Hull Comparison of RNAS Flying Boats
D.James - Schneider Trophy Aircraft 1913-1931 /Putnam/
FBA flying-boat
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
Схема летающей лодки ФБА
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
F.B.A. Type C
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
F.B.A. Type C
J.Davilla - Italian Aviation in the First World War. Vol.2: Aircraft A-H /Centennial Perspective/ (74)
F.B.A. Type C