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Hansa-Brandenburg CC/K

Страна: Германия

Год: 1916

Fighter

Hansa-Brandenburg - ZM / ZM II - 1915 - Германия<– –>Hansa-Brandenburg - D.I/KD - 1916 - Германия


В.Обухович, А.Никифоров Самолеты Первой Мировой войны


В 1916 г. Э. Хейнкелем был сконструирован самолет, получивший обозначение в честь владельца компании "Ганза-Бранденбург" Камилио Кастильоне. Новая машина представляла собой деревянную летающую лодку с характерными для конструкций Э. Хейнкеля многолучевыми межкрыльевыми стойками, позволявшими обходиться без расчалок. Однако на некоторых самолетах были оборудованы V-образные межкрыльевые стойки и расчалки. Машина оснащалась двигателем Хиро (185 л. с) с лобовым радиатором охлаждения или горизонтальным, расположенным в верхнем крыле. Вооружение состояло из одного или двух пулеметов "Максим" 08/15 (получивших название "Шпандау" - по имени города, где их производили). Всего было изготовлено 35 самолетов.
  Германское флотское командование с недоверием относилось к лодочным самолетам, предпочитая поплавковые, поэтому Кастильоне предложил новую машину Австро-Венгрии, где широко использовались летающие лодки. Серийное производство машины было решено организовать в компании "Феникс", тоже принадлежавшей Кастильоне, под обозначением Бранденбург-Феникс K с двигателем Хиро (200 л. с.) или Австро-Даймлер (200 л. с).
  Самолет развивал высокую скорость и уступал итальянским "ньюпорам" лишь в маневренности. Представляет интерес тот факт, что воздушный бой между австрийским асом Г. Банфельдом на K и итальянским асом Ф. Бараччи, летавшим на "Ньюпоре-11", закончился вничью.
  В 1918 г. испытывался вариант самолета с тремя крыльями.
  

ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
(HANSA-BRANDENBURG K)
  
Двигатель 1 х Австро-Даймлер (200 л. с.)
   или Хиро (200 л. с.)
Размеры:
  размах х длина х высота 9,30 х 7,65 х 3,58 м
Площадь крыльев 26,5 м2
Вес:
  пустого 801 кг
  взлетный 1081 кг
Максимальная скорость 175 км/ч
Продолжительность полета 3,5 ч
Вооружение:
  пулеметное 1-2 неподвижных пулемета
Экипаж 1 чел.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Brandenburg C.C.
  Designed in 1916, initially for the Austrian Navy, the C.C. took its designation from the initials of Camilo Castiglioni, the financier behind the Brandenburg works. It was flown with great success by Lt. Banfield from the Austrian seaplane station at Pola. Some twenty-six machines were also supplied to the German Navy. These were fitted with 150 h.p. Benz engines, the Austrian machines having Hiero or Austro-Daimler power plants. The first machines were fitted with a single machine-gun; later twin guns were installed. Engine, 150 h.p. Benz Bz III. Span, 9.3 m. (30 ft. 6 1/8 in.). Length, 7.69 m. (25 ft. 2 3/4 in.). Height, 3.575 m. Area, 26.52 sq.m. (286 sq.ft.). Weights: Empty, 716 kg. (1,575 lb.). Loaded, 1,031 kg. (2,268 lb.). Speed, 175 km.hr. (109.375 m.p.h.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 5 min. Armament, one or two Spandau machine-guns.
  N.B. Data applies to batch "1137/1146".


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


BRANDENBURG CC Germany

  Intended primarily for use by the Austro-Hungarian Navy, the CC single-seat fighter flying boat (the designation was derived from the initials of Camillo Castiglioni, the financier of the Hansa- und Brandenburgische Flugzeug-Werke) was a single-bay biplane of wooden construction which appeared in prototype form in mid-1916. Retaining the "star” interplane bracing strut arrangement introduced by the KD (D I), the CC was supplied to the Austro-Hungarian Navy with both the 160 hp Austro-Daimler and 180 hp Hiero six-cylinder water-cooled engines, armament consisting of a single 8-mm Schwarzlose machine gun projecting through the windscreen. A total of 37 fighter flying boats of this type was delivered to the service. The CC was also adopted by the German Navy, which received a total of 36, with deliveries commencing in February 1917. These were powered by the 150 hp Benz Bz III, the engines of some examples being semi-cowled. The CC initially carried an armament of one 7,92-mm LMG 08/15 machine gun, but late production examples had two such weapons fixed to fire forward in the upper decking of the hull nose, and the hull was lengthened to improve flying characteristics. In July 1917, the German Navy grounded the CC until all aircraft were provided with extra (Vee-type) interplane bracing struts to dampen severe wing vibration. The CC was employed extensively and with considerable success over the Adriatic by the Austro-Hungarian Navy. One example was completed experimentally as a triplane, the extra wing being placed at the intersection of the "star-struts”. It was delivered to the Austro-Hungarian Navy for evaluation on 11 May 1917, but was written-off in a landing accident on the following 19 September. One CC was modified and tested in the summer of 1918 as the W 22, with broad sponsons replacing the outrigger stabilising floats. This experimental model, which crashed during testing, was intended solely to evaluate the sponson concept as part of the Staaken Rs IV development programme.

Max speed, 109 mph (175 km/h).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m), 4.8 min.
Range, 310 mis (500 km).
Empty weight, 1,764 lb (800 kg).
Loaded weight, 2,381 lb (1080 kg).
Span, 30 ft 6 1/8 in (9,30 m).
Length, 25 ft 2 3/4 in (7,69 m).
Height, 11 ft 8 1/2 in (3,57 m).
Wing area, 285.46 sqft (26,52 m2).


J. Herris German Seaplane Fighters of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 2)


Brandenburg CC

  The Brandenburg CC shared the star-strut wing design of the Brandenburg KDW. The star-strut design was stronger but slightly heavier than conventional bracing and eliminated the need for external bracing wires. The prototype and German production CC aircraft were powered by a 150 hp Benz Bz.III. The prototype had a single fixed gun for the pilot; production aircraft mounted two fixed guns and a frontal radiator. Like later KDW fighters that shared the star-strut bracing, additional interplane struts to stiffen the wingtips for improved aileron response were added to some CC fighters.
Although it was placed in production, with 35 built in addition to the prototype, German pilots did not consider the Type CC suitable for flying in Northern Europe, perhaps because as a flying boat it did not keep the pilot as far out of the cold water as floatplanes did. The Type CC did not serve very long in the German Navy and the aircraft were soon placed in storage.
  However, Camillo Castiglione, head of the Austro-Hungarian branch of Brandenburg and for whom the Type CC was named, was aware that the Austro-Hungarian Navy needed a fighter, and Castiglione gave them a Type CC powered by a 185 hp Austro-Daimler engine that was assigned serial number A.12. This aircraft was presented to naval ace Gottfried Banfield, CO of the Trieste Naval Air Station, who stated that it was the best single-seat naval fighter so far. The Austro-Hungarian Navy then purchased a dozen more Type CC aircraft, serials A.13-A.24. These aircraft were supposed to be powered by 185 hp Hiero engines, although engine shortages meant the first four used the 160 hp Hiero.
  A second batch of two dozen aircraft, A.25-A.48, to be powered by the 200 Hiero, was soon ordered. From A.31 on the aircraft featured a number of improvements, most notably mounting two fixed Schwarzlose machine guns and using an airfoil radiator instead of the previous car-type radiator. During production the fuselage was also lengthened for better directional stability. During the triplane craze one aircraft, A.45, was tested with a third wing mounted between the existing wings; climb was slightly improved but the additional weight and drag made it noticeably slower. The CC served successfully in the warmer waters of the Adriatic until replaced by the improved W.18.

Brandenburg CC Production
Marine Numbers Qty Notes
946 1 Prototype, 1 gun, frontal radiator
1137-1146 10 Two guns, airfoil radiator
1327-1351 25 Two guns, airfoil radiator

Specifications For Flying Boat Fighters
Type Brandenburg CC (German) Brandenburg CC (Austro-Hungarian) Brandenburg CC (Austro-Hungarian) Brandenburg W18 (Austro-Hungarian)
Engine 150 hp Benz Bz.III 185 hp Austro-Daimler 200 hp Hiero 230 hp Hiero
Span 9.50 m 9.3 m 9.3 m 10.7 m
Length 8.50 m 7.65 m 7.65 m 8.64 m
Wt. Empty 709 kg 716 kg 800 kg 812 kg
Wt. Loaded 989 kg 1,030 kg 1,030 kg 1,092 kg
Max. Speed 155 km/h 170 km/h 180 km/h 180 km/h
Climb to 1,000 m 5.5 min. 5 min. 4 min. 5 min.
Climb to 2,000 m 8.5 min. 11.2 min. - 11.2 min.
Climb to 3,000 m 23 min. - 16 min. 23.4 min.
Armament 1-2 guns 1 gun 1-2 guns 2 guns


Журнал Flight


Flight, January 17, 1918.

FROM OTHER LANDS.
AUSTRIAN AGO AND LOHNER FLYING BOATS.
("Aerial Age," U.S.A., from material supplied by the U.S.A. Government.)

  Two types of Austrian seaplanes which have fallen into the hands of the Italians during the present year, and regarded as worthy of special note, are the Ago and Lohner types. The Ago Sea-Pursuit Biplane described here and shown in the accompanying line drawing, bore the number "A-25"; it was captured May 18th, 1917. The Lohner-type flying boat (described later in this article) was brought down on the night of January 12th, 1917, and it was marked " K-301."

1.- The Ago Sea-Pursuit Biplane.
  In its general lines this machine does not differ much from all the flying boats of the Ago type. It does offer, however, features that are original and worthy of mention. Most striking is the structure of the wing cell in which no wires are employed.
  The wing cell may be considered as consisting of two cross-networks, each made up of a front spar and a rear spar and of adjacent struts in inclined planes connecting the spars, all converging toward the centre of the "star" located midway between upper and lower wings. The struts are of polished steel tubing with a fairing of laminated wood less than one mm. thick, providing a good streamlining effect.

General Dimensions.
  Span, upper plane 8.00 m
  Span, lower plane 7.38m
  Chord, both planes 1.50 m
  Gap between planes 1.65 m
  Length overall 7.62 m
  Length of hull 6.50 m
  Maximum width of hull 1.00 m
  Motor, Warschalowski 218 h.p
  Propeller, diameter 2.72 m

  No lists of weights or performances are obtainable. The accompanying sketch will give an idea of the appearance of the "A-25" in flight.
  Control cables to the ailerons pass close to the struts of the turret and lead to the upper plane. Each aileron is about 1.40 m. long and .40 m. wide.
  The construction solution of the hull, the great care with which the exposed parts have been shaped, the complete covering of the cables and control wires, and the streamline shape of the hull, all show a desire to cut down head resistances as much as possible. Similar care is shown in all details of construction to reduce to a minimum the weight of the machine without detriment to its strength.
  The hull is 6 1/2m. long; width at the step, .95 m.; maximum width, 1 m.; distance from bow to step, 3.45 m.; height of step, .16 m. The shape of the body with the necessary lining at the bow and because of a careful laying of the side and bottom plating approaches very much the shape of a solid body of fairly good streamline form. The wing floats are spaced 5 m. apart. They are of streamline section, with flat sides, attached to the planes by means of one forward strut and two rear struts, with cross wire bracing between the struts.
  The empennage or tail group is 2.38 m. in span, sustained in front by a vertical fin of very thin laminated wood, by two stays and two wire cables. Control wires of rudder flaps or elevators run through the fin. The rudder is 1.40 m. high by .80 m. wide.
  The data given out concerning the motor is as follows :- "Motor: Hiero Flugmotor, Osterr; Ind. Werke Warschalowski, Eissler & Co.; A-G 6 cylinders; type, HN1096. It develops 218 h.p. at 1,400 revolutions per minute. Weight 314 kilograms. It is equipped with Bosch magnetos and small starting magnetos. Propeller: 2:0 h.p.h. Hiero 6 cylinders; diameter, 2.72 m.; pitch, 2.25-2.40.

J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Brandenburg CC prototype, Marine Number 946, in color shows its plain finish with stained wood fuselage and clear-doped linen flying surfaces.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Brandenburg CC was a successful flying boat fighter, but German crews preferred floatplanes in the chill waters in which they operated and the CC did not long remain in German service. In the warmer waters of the Adriatic it was a great success operating with the Austro-Hungarian Navy. The CC used the star-struts of the KDW; this model mounts one machine gun. Power for the German CC was the 150 hp Benz Bz.III.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
"Изюминка" самолета Э. Хейнкеля - пересекающиеся межкрыльевые стойки - впоследствии авиаконструкторами не использовалась / An Ago (???) Flying Boat of 1918 type
A Brandenburg CC fighter flying-boat in initial service form with plain "star" strutting.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The compact, streamlined Brandenburg CC was the only flying boat fighter used by the German Navy.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
These four photos of the Brandenburg CC prototype show the early configuration of a single gun and frontal radiator for its 150 hp Benz Bz.III engine. The wood hull is stained and the flying surfaces are clear-doped linen.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Brandenburg CC #1144 was from the first production batch. It carries two guns, has an airfoil radiator, and a streamlined engine cowling.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Brandenburg CC from the first production batch, probably #114, displays its clean lines. It carries two guns, has an airfoil radiator, and a streamlined engine cowling with propeller spinner.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Brandenburg CC from the first production batch, probably #114, displays its clean lines, it carries two guns, has an airfoil radiator, and a streamlined engine cowling with propeller spinner.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
This CC from the first production batch displays a number of changes from the prototype; it has two guns, an airfoil radiator, and the engine is enclosed in a streamlined cowling.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Brandenburg CC with two guns and airfoil radiator, the standard configuration
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Damaged Brandenburg CC #1331 was built in the second and final production batch. Two guns are carried and an airfoil radiator is fitted, as in the first production aircraft. The streamlined engine cowling is not fitted to this aircraft and may have been omitted from the entire series.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Like the KDW, later (post-July 1917) production Brandenburg CC fighters were fitted with additional interplane struts to stiffen the upper wing for improved aileron effectiveness. Two guns and an airfoil radiator are fitted.
J.Herris - German Seaplane Fighters of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Brandenburg C.C. (No. 1348) Modified version with additional struts to brace wingtips. Note twin Spandau machine-gun installation.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
One CC airframe was completed in triplane configuration with extra, short-span wing.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
Sketch showing the Austrian Ago Sea-Pursuit flying boat "A-25,'' in flight.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
THE AUSTRIAN AGO TYPE PURSUIT FLYING BOAT. - Plan, side and front elevations to scale.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The CC as originally built.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны