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Albatros C.I

Страна: Германия

Год: 1915

Фронтовой самолет

Albatros - B.III - 1915 - Германия<– –>Albatros - C.II - 1916 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


АЛЬБАТРОС C-I / ALBATROS C-I

  В соответствии с тогдашней авиационной "модой" на ранних "Альбатросах" пилот сидел в задней кабине, а летнаб - в передней. Это препятствовало установке на машины защитного вооружения. Поэтому уже в начале 1915 года Хейнкель спроектировал на базе B-II модификацию C-I с классическим размещением экипажа и пулеметной турелью Шнейдера в задней кабине.
  В 1914-1916 годах разведчики "Альбатрос" были, пожалуй, самыми известными немецкими аэропланами как на западном, так и на восточном фронтах. Экипажи ценили эти машины за прочность, надежность и высокие летные данные. А благодаря простоте и доступности пилотирования учебные B-IIa использовались в летных школах до конца войны. В России слово "Альбатрос" даже стало нарицательным. После изучения трофейных образцов так нередко называли любой двухместный биплан аналогичной конструкции.
  Последним невооруженным "Альбатросом" стал B-III, разработанный в конце 1914-го инженером Шубертом. "Визитной карточкой" этого авиаконструктора являлась округлая форма стабилизаторов на всех его самолетах. B-III, прозванный за относительно небольшие размеры и характерную окраску "Блау Маус" ("голубая мышь"), также широко применялся в качестве разведчика на западном и восточном фронте.
  После установки вооружения и ряда несущественных изменений в конструкции B-III переименовали в C-III. Его выпускали заводы OAW, BFW, DFW, Ханзеатиш Флюгцойгверк (HF), Сименс-Шуккерт Верк (SSW) и LVG. "Альбатрос" C-III продержался во фронтовых частях до весны 1917 года.
  Данные об объемах серийного выпуска "Альбатросов" весьма приблизительны. Однако с уверенностью можно сказать, что в 1914-1915 годах построено не менее 2000 машин различных модификаций. Помимо немецких, на них летали австрийские и болгарские экипажи. Несколько экземпляров B-III продано в Швецию.
  
  
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ
  
  "Мерседес" D.III, 160 л.с. или "Бенц", 150 л.с. или "Аргус", 180 л.с., на некоторых экземплярах C-I - австрийский мотор "Рапп", 150 л.с.
  
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ
  
  1 турельный "Парабеллум", 1 синхронный "Шпандау".
  До 70 кг бомб.
  
  
ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
  
   C-I
  Размах, м 12,9
  Длина, м 7,8
  Площадь крыла, кв.м 40,4
  Сухой вес, кг 875
  Взлетный вес, кг 1190
  Скорость максимальная, км/ч 132
  Время набора высоты, м/мин 1000/6
  Потолок, м 3000


А.Александров, Г.Петров Крылатые пленники России


Располагаясь в передней кабине бипланов класса Б, наблюдатели не могли эффективно использовать стрелковое вооружение, так как спереди их ограничивала площадь, ометаемая воздушным винтом, сверху и по сторонам мешали крылья, а в нижнем секторе - фюзеляж. Между тем потребность в аппаратах, несущих пулемет или пулеметы, возрастала, и в результате появились аэропланы класса Ц, у которых пассажир, теперь стрелок-наблюдатель, поменялся с пилотом местами. Выпущенная весной 1915 г. по своей конструкции модель "Альбатрос Ц. I" мало чем отличалась от модели Б. II, но ее оснащали двигателем "Мерседес" 160 л. с. или "Бенц Ф" 150 л. с; в редких случаях вместо них ставили 150-сильные моторы "Рапп" (Rapp). Строились и модификации: Ц. Iа с коробчатым радиатором перед кромкой верхней плоскости и учебная Ц. Iб с двойным управлением, капотированными головками цилиндров и горизонтальным выхлопным коллектором. "Альбатросы Ц. Iа", выпускавшиеся компанией "Байрише Флющойгверке" (Bayerische Flugzeugwerke = В. F. W.), летали с моторами "Аргус" 180 л. с. Кроме фирм "Альбатрос" и БФВ еще 2 производителя занимались сборкой "Ц-первых", отлично зарекомендовавших себя. Манфред фон Рихтхофен (Manfred von Richthofen), впоследствии самый удачливый из германских асов, летал наблюдателем на такой машине на русском фронте. Другая немецкая знаменитость, Освальд Бельке (Oswald Boelcke), показал пример другим в том, что аэропланы класса Ц могли использоваться в качестве истребителей, а не только пассивно обороняться. Одна из захваченных машин, еще в оригинальной окраске, изображена на фотографии 37 (из коллекции ЦГАКФФД). Аппарат снят на территории 7-го авиапарка, мотор отмонтирован, на киле черной птичкой виден фирменный знак компании "Альбатрос", передняя кромка правого нижнего крыла в районе фюзеляже повреждена. Вероятно, тот же самолет, но на этот раз без несущих поверхностей, представлен на снимке 38 (из коллекции ЦГАКФФД). У его двигателя "Бенц" 150 л. с, охлаждавшегося 18-секционным радиатором "Хазет", отсутствует 5-й цилиндр - что, скорее всего, и было причиной вынужденной посадки. При всем том оружейник уже пробует "приладить" русский облегченный "Максим" образца 1910 г. к немецкой установке, на которой раньше крепился пулемет "Парабеллум" (Parabellum), модель 14. Характеристики данных систем соотносились следующим образом: калибр 7,62 мм/7,92 мм, вес 17,6 кг (без станка и воды врубашке)/9,5 кг, скорострельность 300-500 выстрелов в минуту/700 выстрелов в минуту. Несмотря на излишнюю массу, "Максим" применялся в нашей авиации не только за неимением лучшего, но и по причине своей "привычности" и относительной надежности.
  Завершим данный раздел двумя фотографиями, изображающими, образно говоря, последний полет "Альбатросов" на ржевском артиллерийском полигоне около Петрограда (93, а и б). Эти аппараты отдали, что могли, и ушли в историю.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Albatros C I

  Designed in 1915 to take advantage of the more powerful engines then becoming available (e.g. the 150 h.p. Benz Bz III and the 160 h.p. Mercedes D III), the Albatros C I represented little more than an enlargement of its B type fore-runners. The prototype was fitted with the Benz engine, and subsequently both Mercedes D III and Argus As III engines were also installed.
  It proved to be an excellent machine. Powerful for its time, and possessing a considerable degree of robustness, it soon became popular with crews who appreciated its performance, which was well ahead of any aircraft they had previously flown. Another reason for the C I'a popularity was the fact that it carried a gun on a moveable mounting, which enabled the observer for the first time to take defensive action against hostile aircraft, as was becoming increasingly necessary. Once the capabilities of the aircraft were established, it was quickly put into production and issued to the Feldfliegerabteilungen, where it was used for reconnaissance, artillery observation, bombing and photography. Several airmen later to become famous - even legendary - flew operationally on Albatros C Is, either as pilots or observers. Manfred von Richthofen flew an Albatros C I as an observer on the Russian Front. The gentlemanly Oswald Boelcke was flying C Is during the early summer of 1915 and developing the technique of aggression by so positioning his Albatros as to enable his observer to fire effectively on enemy aircraft. His attacks were soon attended by success, and his reward was to be transferred to the single-seat monoplanes that were being issued - one or two to a Fl. Abt. - for escort and protection duties. However, Boelcke had shown that a two-seater armed with a machine-gun could be used effectively; others were not slow to follow his example.
  Basically the Albatros C I was a simple aeroplane continuing the example set by the B type aircraft in using a slab-sided, plywood-covered fuselage. This was built up on four main longerons to which the ply panels were fastened; such construction dispensed with internal bracing, and the resultant structure was of considerable strength. Wings were of wood and of a highly-cambered section with the front spar close to the leading-edge and the rear spar at approximately mid-chord. This gave an extremely flexible trailing edge which in flight assumed a slight reflex section, thereby adding considerably to the stability of the aircraft. The triangular tail surfaces were of light gauge steel tube and fabric covered, as were the ailerons. None of the control surfaces were balanced. The normal vee-type undercarriage of steel tube had hollow wooden fairings. A "claw"-type brake was fitted in the centre of the axle. This was operated by a lever in the cockpit and served to reduce the landing run, although the intervention of an obstinate root stump, or similar obstruction, often served to precipitate the aircraft on its nose and, on occasion, was known to sheer off the complete chassis.
  The engine was mounted on stout wooden bearers and initially had a long exhaust pipe extending almost half the length of the starboard side of the fuselage. Later a short chimney-type manifold, which exhausted vertically, was fitted. Some attention was paid to "nose-entry" and streamlining, but this was largely nullified by the H. und Z. radiators positioned on either side of the forward cockpit. The radiators themselves were in self-contained sections which could be added to, or reduced, to suit varying climatic conditions in differing theatres of operations.
  An effort was made to clean up the cooling system at a later date, and a new type radiator was fitted in front of the leading edge of the upper centre section. The aircraft was then redesignated C Ia. Few of these modified aircraft were built, as further development had proceeded and the C III was about to replace the C I and la on the production lines.
  Cockpit controls were of wheel and rudder-bar type. Instruments were quite comprehensive for the period, and consisted of tachometer, Bosche magneto switches, altimeter, fuel gauges, manometer, pressure pump and clock. The compass was usually mounted underneath the top wing, where it could be seen by both pilot and observer.
  In 1917 a dual-control trainer version was built, mainly by Mercur Flugzeugbau, and known as the C Ib. It could be distinguished by its revised exhaust manifold, ejecting horizontally to starboard.

TECHNICAL DATA
  Purpose: Two-seat general purpose.
  Manufacturers:
   Albatros Flugzeug-Werke G.m.b.H. (Alb.).
   Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke (C Ia with Argus As III) (Bay.).
   Luftfahrzeug Gesellschaft (C Ia) (Rol.).
   Mercur Flugzeugbau G.m.b.H. (C Ib with Mercedes D III) (Mer.).
  Power Plants: 150 h.p. Benz Bz III; 160 h.p. Mercedes D III; 180 h.p. Argus As III (all 6 cylinder in-line, water cooled).
  Dimensions: Span, C I and Ia 12.900 m. (42 ft. 4 in.); C Ib 13 000 m. (42 ft. 11 in.). Length, C I and Ia 7.850 m. (25 ft. 9 in.); C Ib 7 850 m. (25 ft. 9 in.). Height, C I and Ia 3140 m. (10 ft. 3 5/8 in.); C Ib 3070 m. (10 ft. 0 7/8 in.). Wing area, C I and Ia 40.4 sq.m. (437 sq.ft.); C Ib 42 sq.m. (45.35 sq.ft.).
  Weights: Empty, C I and Ia 875 kg. (1,925 lb.); C Ib 839 kg. (1,846 lb.). Loaded, C I and Ia 1,190 kg. (2,618 lb.); C Ib 1,154 kg. (2,539 lb.).
  Performance: Maximum speed, C I and Ia 132-140 km.hr. (82.5-107.5 m . p . h ): C Ib 140 km.hr. (107.5 m.p.h.). Initial climb, C I and Ia 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 9 3/4 min.; C Ib 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 6 min. Duration, C I and Ia 2 1/2 hr.; C Ib 2 1/4 hr.
  Armament: Parabellum machine-gun for observer. When bombs were carried they were stored in vertical drum-shaped containers between front and rear cockpits.


Albatros C I Experimental
  Albatros C I fuselage fitted with experimental deep-sectioned wing designed by Professor Madelung for later use in the G II and G III bombers. Engine, 150 h.p. Benz Bz III.


J.Herris Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Vol 1: Early Two-Seaters (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 24)


Albatros C.I

  As air-to-air combat became more common, it was obvious that reconnaissance aircraft needed effective defensive armament, which meant a flexible machine gun for the observer who needed to be relocated to the rear cockpit for maximum field of fire. In turn, a more powerful engine was needed to maintain performance with the additional weight of the machine gun and ammunition.
  Albatros followed this strategy with development of the C.I from the unarmed B.II. The C.I had a flexible gun fitted in the rear cockpit and moved the pilot to the front. The C.I was also fitted with a 150 hp Benz Bz.III or 160 hp Mercedes D.III in place of the 100-120 hp engines used in the B.II. Use of both engine types was necessary to maximize production. Early production C.I aircraft retained the side radiators of the B.II, but later production aircraft received a radiator mounted above the engine.
  The Albatros C.I was the first aircraft of this new configuration to reach the front. The Aviatik C.I reached the front simultaneously but retained the gunner in the front cockpit, a configuration that was not nearly as effective and was soon abandoned.
  In addition to its flexible gun for self defense, the C.I also had internal bomb racks for four 10 kg bombs. Early production aircraft carried 1.5 mm armor on the fuselage floor and 2.5 mm armor for the pilot and observer per Idflieg specification, but this was of limited value and reduced performance so was soon abandoned. Cameras and wireless were also fitted as needed.
  The C.I retained the steady reliability and strength of the B.II from which it was derived and also inherited its good flight characteristics. Both the C.I's structure and aerodynamics remained conventional like its B.II predecessor. Overall the C.I was a very utilitarian, practical, evolutionary design, not an innovative breakthrough.
  The C.I was built in small numbers under license by Roland in Germany and by the Oesterreichisch-Ungarische Albatros Werke GmbH near Vienna for the Austro-Hungarian Luftfahrtruppe. In Austro-Hungarian service the C.I was designated Albatros B.I(Ph) series 23, 24, and 22 in that order.
  Like the B.II from which it was derived, the C.I was robust and had good flying qualities, so when retired from the front survivors were used as advanced trainers. Also like the B.II, additional C.Is were ordered built new as trainers, and these served to the end of the war. C.I trainers were built by BFW as the Albatros C.Ia(Bay); these aircraft used the 180 hp Argus As.III engine. BFW-built C.I trainers had strengthened wing spars and wooden wing struts, the additional strength enabling the drag wire from the nose to be eliminated. Because the C.I was intended as an advanced trainer, the training versions had camera and wireless installations.
  During the type test of the C.Ia(Bay) in January 1918 the rear fuselage failed. External stiffeners were applied to existing airframes and stronger longerons were used in subsequent production aircraft.
  Mercur Flugzeugbau GmbH received orders for the Albatros C.Ib, a trainer powered by the 160 hp Mercedes D.III, and later for the Albatros C.Id(Mer) and C.If(Mer). The C.Ib had wooden wing struts and some had pneumatic springs by Hofmann in the landing gear legs. During the type test the Mercur-built aircraft also suffered rear fuselage failure and had to be reinforced similar to the C.Ia(Bay). It is thought that the C.Id(Mer) indicated dual control and the C.If(Mer) indicated use of the Hofmann pneumatic springs.


Albatros C.I Specifications
Albatros C.I Albatros C.Ia(Bay) Albatros C.Ib Albatros C.If
Engine 150 hp Benz Bz.III 160 hp Mercedes D.III 180 hp Argus As.III 160 hp Mercedes D.III 160 hp Mercedes D.III
Span, Upper 13.08 m 12.90 m 12.896 m 12.996 m
Span, Lower 11.28 m 11.12m - -
Chord, Upper 1.80 m 1.80 m 1.80 m 1.80 m
Chord, Lower 1.80 m 1.80 m 1.80 m 1.80 m
Gap 1.66 m 1.65 1.66 m 1.66 m
Wing Area - 40.48 m2 - 38.04 m2
Wing Dihedral 2° 1.75° (upper St lower) - -
Wing Sweepback 0.5° (upper) 1.70° (upper St lower) - -
Length 7.80 m 7.85 m 7.81 m 7.85 m
Height 2.96 m 3.014 m 3.04 m 3.23 m
Track - 2.25 m 2.21 m 2.207 m
Empty Weight 840 kg 910 kg 875 kg 839 kg
Loaded Weight 1,350 kg 1,415 kg 1,380 kg 1,154 kg
Maximum Speed 132 km/h 140 km/h 140 km/h 140 km/h
Climb to 1,000m 9.8 minutes 13 minutes 9 minutes 9 minutes
Climb to 2,000m 25 minutes 31 minutes - 22 minutes
Climb to 3,000m 58.5 minutes - 43 minutes 43 minutes


Albatros C.I Production Orders
Serials Type & Notes
C.15/15 to 26/15 Alb C.I
C.44/15 to 67/15 Alb C.I
C.106/15 to 129/15 Alb C.I
C.192/15 to 246/15 Alb C.I
C.249/15 to 273/15 Alb C.I
C.443/15 to 492/15 Alb C.I
C.550/15 to 639/15 Alb C.I
C.640/15 to 663/15 Alb C.I(Rol) = Rol C.I
C. 1000/15 to 1024/15 Alb C.I
C.1067/15 to 1114/15 Alb C.I (incomplete?)
C.1450/15 to 1499/15 Alb C.I
C.1529/15 to 1578/15 Alb C.I
C.1800/15 to 1835/15 Alb C.I(Rol) = Rol C.I
C.1986/15 to 2003/15 Alb C.I(Rol) = Rol C.I
C.13375/17 to 13574/17 Alb C.Ib(Mer)
C.15000/17 to 15199/17 Alb C.Ia(Bay)
C.15500/17 to 15599/17 Alb C.Ia(Bay)
C.4900/18 to 4999/18 Alb C.Ib(Mer)
C.5000/18 to 5149/18 Alb C.Ib(Rin)
C.5520/18 to 5669/18 Alb C.Ia(Bay)
C.9200/18 to 9399/18 Alb C.Id(Mer) &. C.If(Merc)


J.Herris Roland Aircraft of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 9)


Roland C.I

  The Roland C.I was in fact the Albatros C.I built under license by Roland. To reduce confusion Idflieg started rationalizing aircraft designations in August 1916, and the Roland C.I was rationally re-designated the Albatros C.I(Rol). A total of 88 aircraft were ordered and built as shown in the adjacent table.
  
Alb. C.I(Rol) Production
Ordered Qty Serial Numbers
27 Aug. 1915 34 C.640-663/15
31 Oct. 1915 36 C.1800-1835/15
27 Nov. 1915 18 C. 1986-2003/15


Журнал Flight


Flight, December 24, 1915.

THE CAPTURED ALBATROS FIGHTING BIPLANE

  HAVING been designed to carry a fairly heavy machinegun and a considerable amount of ammunition the captured fighting type Albatros that was exhibited on the Horse Guards' Parade is naturally of somewhat larger dimensions than was the two-seater Reconnaissance type of the same make described in our issue of November 26th.
  Generally speaking, however, it does not differ greatly in detail construction from the smaller machine, the wing design and construction as well as the method of building up the fuselage without the use of cross-wiring being practically identical in both cases. Being intended for fighting rather than for scouting purposes climbing capacity has been aimed at rather than high speed in horizontal flight. The deeply cambered wings - as cornpared with those of the majority of British machines - set at a comparatively great angle of incidence, are evidently capable of raising a great load even at low speeds.
  As the body construction is of a form not usually seen in this country, a few words regarding it may be of interest. In addition to the four main longerons situated in the four corners of the rectangular section fuselage, there are two more, one half-way up on each side. As no wire bracing is employed, the attachment of struts and cross-members to the longitudinals becomes a fairly simple matter. As far as it was possible to ascertain, this joint consists simply of a "knee" piece of hard wood resting on the two inner surfaces of the longeron, and secured by screws through the three-ply covering. The struts and cross-members appeared be simply abutting against this "knee" but were probably in reality mortised or dowelled. Where the middle longeron crossed the struts these were swelled out in the manner shown in the sketch, and further strengthened by three-ply wood as illustrated.
  As regards the strength of this method of construction, we were shown, at the time of the first visit by an Albatros biplane to this country in 1914, a testimonial from the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fur Luftfahrt to the effect that this institute had examined and corrected the calculations made by the Albatros firm, and that the body of the Albatros biplane had a factor of safety of about 60. The Versuchsanstalt further stated that the bending resistance of a body of this type is 2.5 times greater than that of a cross-wired fuselage of the same outside dimensions, and having members of the size usually employed in the girder type of body. Compared weight for weight the Versuchsanstalt state that the Albatros firm are justified in claiming that the veneer type is the stronger of the two - by how much is not stated. Apart from the questions of strength and cost - although the latter should not count for a great deal at a time like the present - the Albatros form of construction might probably, at least so it appears to us, offer certain advantages for military machines in case of damage by shell fire. If one of the longitudinal members of a girder type body were hit by a bullet or fragment of shell and fractured the strength of the whole structure would be seriously impaired, since the component parts are so greatly interdependent one upon the other. The fracture of the corresponding member of an Albatros type of body would probably not be such a serious matter, since there would be a good deal of rigidity left in the three-ply covering. Experiments made with bodies of each type and of similar weight, purposely damaged and subsequently subjected to an equal amount of loading, should furnish some interesting data on this subject.
  Apart from variations in dimensions and engine power, the fighting type Albatros biplane differs from the reconnaissance machine in that the pilot occupies the front seat, while the observer, or more correctly speaking the gunner, is installed in the rear cock pit, where he obtains a better view and is less restricted as regards the number of directions in which the machine-gun can be effectively operated. In order to facilitate gun-laying, the circular "rim" to the rear cockpit takes the form of a turntable, on one side of which is fitted an adjustable gun-mounting of the type shown in the accompanying sketches. By rotating the turntable the gun is trained approximately, in a transverse sense, on the object aimed at, while the final sighting - vertically as well as laterally - is made possible by the universal mounting of the gun on the turntable. In addition to the pivot provided for vertical sighting, the gun may be slightly raised or lowered bodily by means of the parallelogram shown in the sketches, which is locked in any desired position by a short lever. When in its lowest position the weight of the gun is taken by a short laminated spring. A pivoted seat of the piano-stool type is provided for the gunner, and allows him of turning about in an instant to take advantage of any favourable position that may present itself.
  The front cockpit is fitted up in the usual way with all the instruments for navigation, &c, and with hand-wheel control for elevators and ailerons, and a pivoted foot bar for the rudder.
  As regards the engine - a 160 h.p. Mercedes - this has already been dealt with in a separate article, and there is therefore, no need to go into details here. It will be sufficient to mention that it is mounted on two stout longitudinal members of pine, which are in turn supported in the nose of the machine by the front cross-member of the fuselage, and at equal distances of their length by transverse panels of approximately 1-inch thickness made of multi-ply wood built up of 8-10 laminations, and lightened in the manner shown in the accompanying sketch.
  The service tank, which in the particular machine captured appears to have been instrumental in forcing it to come down, since it was pierced in two places by some large projectile, is mounted underneath the upper plane, petrol being forced by pressure from the main tank.
  A large exhaust collector or silencer is mounted on the right-hand side of the body, an exhaust pipe running back to a point behind the rear seat, so as to keep the occupants clear of the fumes.
  The radiator, which is of the Hazet type, is similar to that fitted on the reconnaissance machine, with the exception that it has ten sections on each side as against the seven sections a side of the latter. This difference in size of radiator is, of course, accounted for by the difference in horse-power of the engines, one being of 120 h.p. and the other of 160 h.p.
  Being of an older type than the reconnaissance biplane, the fighting machine does not present anything new in the way of detail constructions, which follow, as a matter of fact, closely on the lines of the large span biplane flown by Thelm at Hendon in 1914.
  The main planes are of the usual Albatros type, with the main spars comparatively close together, leaving a deep trailing edge. One alteration is to be found in the trailing edge, which in the machine under review is double surfaced throughout, and not, as in the 1914 type, single surfaced for the last foot or so.
  As in previous machines of this make, the undercarriage is of the "Vee" type, with four struts of streamline steel tubes filled with wood. The axle carrying the two large diameter disc wheels is of generous proportions, being some 2 1/2 ins. in diameter. Such a heavy tube has, of course, been necessitated partly by the great weight of the machine and partly by the fact that it serves as a pivot for the claw brake seen in the illustrations.
  The tail planes are somewhat different in shape from those of the usual Albatros machine, and are, it will be seen, of large dimensions, especially as regards the fixed horizontal tail plane. It seems probable that the object of this large stabiliser, the angle of incidence of which is adjustable (not in flight), is to preserve the longitudinal stability of the machine when flying with or without a gun and ammunition on board.

J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 110/15 of an unknown unit on the Russian Front. It carried an over-wing Madsen machine gun in addition to its normal observer's Parabellum and also carried Mauser carbine in event of a forced landing.
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Albatros C.I 110/15 wears a typical factory finish for its time. Later production aircraft were painted an overall light cream, blue, or gray.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 643/15 circa 1916. The large serial presentation is consistent with use in a training unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I C.1530/15 in training service with wooden wheels to conserve rubber. It was crashed on 25 September, probably 1917.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Альбатрос" С-I ВВС Германии, начало 1916г.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Альбатрос C.I
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I of Vzfw. Emil Thuy, FAA 53. Thuy went on to become a successful fighter pilot, commanding Jasta 28 and ultimately Jagdgruppe Nr.7. He used his initial to identify this C.I and his later aircraft and survived the war with 35 victories and was awarded the Pour le Merite.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I tactical number '3' of Kasta 5, KG I, circa 1915.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I unit unknown, circa 1915.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I(Rol); the thick crosses typical of Roland-built aircraft are notable.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I captured by the French and evaluated at St. Cyr.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.Ia(Bay) 126/17 of the Polish Air Service 1919.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I of the Latvia Air Service postwar. The colors are provisional.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I C.586/15 with Turkish designation “AK7” fitted with a 160 h.p. Mercedes D.III engine and a Parabellum LMG 14 machine gun for the rear-seated observer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
This early production Albatros C.I was powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D.III cooled by Hazet side radiators manufactured by Haegele & Zweigle. Like many Albatros C.I aircraft it carries no visible serial number.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A captured C.I on display at Horse Guard's Parade in London, 1916. The German insignia on the fuselage and tail may have been over-painted.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Three-quarter rear view of the Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
One of the German trophies of war that have been on view for the past week at the Horse Guards' Parade. An Albatros biplane (Mercedes engine) which has been rather severely "strafed" by our boys at the front.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Three-quarter front view of the captured Albatros biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Engine and chassis of the captured Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The 160 h.p. Mercedes engine on the captured German Albatros fighting biplane, on view at the Horse Guards Parade.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Details of a Mercedes-powered C.I.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The side radiators give this early Albatros C.I a primitive look compared to later-production C.I aircraft fitted with leading edge radiators. The translucent fabric reveals the wood wing structure that was typical of the time.
Powered by a 160hp Mercedes DIII, the Albatros C.1 was a general purpose aircraft and was one of the most effective types operational in 1915. The photo shows a captured example of the type.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Benz-powered Albatros C.I with gravity tank mounted centrally ready for its next mission.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I aircraft.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Anonymous Benz-powered Albatros C.I aircraft at the front.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The Albatros C.I was a transitional design, retaining the basic airframe of the B.II with a more powerful engine and rotating gun turret for the observer, who was moved to the rear cockpit to maximize his field of fire. This C.I has a 160 hp Mercedes D.III engine. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I with side radiators lacked a visible serial number. A practical design, the C.I was a key first-generation armed reconnaissance airplane.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.1475/15 was part of a batch of 50 aircraft ordered in July 1915. The marking style is typical for later production aircraft; perhaps the aircraft has been recovered? A variety of different exhaust manifolds and radiators were used on early Albatros two-seaters. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros C.I of Feld-Flieger Abteilung 53 was flown by Vzfw.Thuy, whose initial is incorporated in its insignia. Emil Thuy later became a very successful fighter pilot; he was promoted to Leutnant, commanded Jasta 28 and later commanded Jagdgruppe Nr.7, was awarded the Pour le Merite, and survived the war credited with 35 victories.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 605/15 readies for take-off from a snowy airfield. The large serial number of octagonal white background for the fuselage insignia with its rounded inner corners are notable departures from typical markings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 1066/15 taxies through the snow for take-off. The national insignia on the tail has a white border while those on the wings and fuselage are the older style on a white background.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros C.I is tactical number '3' assigned to Kampfstaffel 5 of KGI as indicated by its markings. It has suffered a landing gear malfunction, perhaps the result of a hard landing.
Журнал - Flight за 1916 г.
The machine on the left is of the older type, with the radiators on each side of the body. The right hand photo, is of special interest as it shows the body of an Albatros which returned from a fight with Garros with twenty bullet holes through various parts of the fuselage.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Anonymous Albatros C.Is in the field.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I aircraft. The aircraft had its under-wing gravity tank offset to the left.
J.Herris - DFW Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Lineup of DFW B.I trainers at the DFW flying school at Lubeck-Travemunde. The aircraft at far right is Albatros C.I C.26/15 or perhaps C.26X/15. To the left of the Albatros C.I is DFW B.I GRAF SPEE, then B.I KAISER WILHELM, B.I LUTTICH, B.I SALEM ALEIKUM, B.I TANNENBERG, B.I name illegible, B.I QUENTIN, and several other DFW B.I trainers whose names cannot be read. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The C.I was primarily designed with straight lines.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Eduard Ritter von Schliech in front of his Benz-powered Albatros C.I trainer at Bavarian FEA 1 in Schleissheim in the summer of 1915. After being wounded in the infantry, von Schleich volunteered for aviation duty and qualified for his Bavarian pilot's badge at FEA 1 on 11 September 1915. Wounded again while flying with Flieger Abteilung 2b, he transferred to fighters with Jasta 21. He was awarded the Pour le Merite on 4 December 1917 after 25 victories and went on to score 35 confirmed victories by the end of the war, which he survived.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Summer 1917 and crews pose with an Albatros CI; although the type had entered service in 1915 as a general-purpose aircraft it had by 1917 been relegated to other uses. A dual-control trainer variant was also in use.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Anonymous Benz-powered Albatros C.I aircraft at the front.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I assigned to a naval unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I of Feld-Flieger Abteilung 71 used a Raeschke propeller. The pilot was Uffz Siebert.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Naval Albatros C.I L.F. 143 with its engine running gets ready for another mission.
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
When Major Thomsen became the Feldflugchef (Chief of Field Aviation) in March 1915, he constantly reminded all units that he expected every German aeroplane that crossed the frontline, regardless of its operational assignment, to carry some bombs to drop on towns or military installations in the enemy rear areas which were out of artillery range. Even if the only result was a few broken windows, the effect on the enemy's morale was considered a good enough reason. It was an unpopular instruction and not always acted upon. The observer of this Albatros C I would appear to be an adherent as he accepts a 10kg Carbonit bomb for delivery.
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
With the advent of the C category two-seater which placed the observer in the rear cockpit, there was no longer any need for improvised bomb chutes and bombs could simply be dropped over the side in the manner shown here by the observer of this well armed Albatros C I. Apart from the Parabellum LMG 14 on the pivot of the rotatable gun ring, this aircraft carries a Madsen (known as 'Die Muskete' in the service) firing forward over the tips of the propeller, and for good measure a '98 Carabine is strapped to the side of the fuselage. The claw brake pivoted on the centre of the undercarriage spreader bar was a standard fitting on all two-seaters.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The observer in Benz-powered naval Albatros C.I L.F. 125 demonstrates just how crude manual 10 kg Carbonit bomb dropping could be in the late spring of 1915. The weapon he is posing with is the standard 10 Kg/22lb high explosive bomb introduced the previous year. As bombs grew heavier, dropping them by hand was no longer practical. By mid-1916, such weapons would be fitted to remotely released, underwing bomb racks for providing close air support to the infantry. Under the observer's cockpit is the guide for the wireless antenna. Two machine guns were said to befitted to L.F. 125 but only one is visible.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Another view of naval Albatros C.I L.F. 125.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Another view of naval Albatros C.I L.F. 125. L.F. 125 was W.Nr.1023 and was reported as being on the strength of II MFFA on 29 October 1916, and lasted until 17 November 1917 when it was written off.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Land-based naval aviators "Franz und Emil" pose in front of their Albatros C.I LF127 (LF for Landflugzeug) powered by a 150 hp Benz Bz.III. The Navy had 25-26 Albatros C.I aircraft, of which 10 were powered by the 150 hp Rapp Rp.III. Originally the Navy used an "S" designation for Schulflugzeug (school airplane, or trainer), but on 7 March 1915 the "S" designation was changed to mean any naval land airplane. On 18 November 1915 the S-designation was changed to LF.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 110/15 had its armament augmented with an additional Madsen machine gun firing over the wing.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 62/15 mounted an additional Parabellum over the wing, a step toward the synchronized, forward-firing machine gun for the pilot. This is Lt. Robert Greim who later became the Pour le Merite fighter ace Robert Ritter von Greim. He is shown here testing the machine gun while serving as an observer with Fliegerabteilung 3b, a Bavarian unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 115/15 with observer posing with his Bergmann LMG 15. Stoppages of the Bergmann were difficult to fix in the air and the Parabellum became the standard flexible observer's gun.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 229/15 of an unknown unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Lt. Basse and Feldwebel Schiffer in front of their Albatros C.I, perhaps at Flieger Abteilung 5.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Benz-powered Albatros C.I carries the markings of Armee Abteilung Gaede.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Details of the side radiators used on the Albatros C.I. Both crew members have a wind screen. The side radiators created a lot of drag and their large area made them more likely to be damaged in combat.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A Benz-powered Albatros C.I being prepared for another mission. The fin carries an Albatros logo. The Albatros C.I and Roland C.I [Alb. C.I(Rol)] were powered by either the 150 hp Benz Bz.III or 160 hp Mercedes D.III.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 23/15 takes off on another mission.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I of Kagohl 2 in flight; a large portion of the center of the fuselage is painted white and a national insignia is painted on the top of the fuselage band.
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Albatros C.I was clearly developed from earlier B-types. It had good flying qualities and after it was obsolete at the front was used for training. Engine was either a 150 hp Benz Bz.III or 160 hp Mercedes D.III.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I being evaluated at St. Cyr after capture by the French. The German national insignia have been painted over by French markings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I being evaluated at St. Cyr after capture by the French. Contemporary French reconnaissance two-seaters were pushers that were much more vulnerable to fighter attack than the Albatros C.I.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Early production Albatros C.I with radiator over the engine.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland C.I, later designated Alb. C.I(Rol). The subsequent Roland C.II was the first original Roland design to see mass production.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.Ia(Bay) C.15001/17 photographed at Adlershof during its flight testing in December 1917. Built by BFW (Bayerische Flugzeug Werke) in Munich for training use, the C.Ia(Bay) was powered by a 180 hp Argus As.III. The leading edge radiator is by Windhoff and the wing struts and wheels are made of wood to conserve materials. The flying surfaces were covered with lozenge camouflage fabric. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
The Albatros C I, deployed operationally from the spring of 1915, soon built a reputation for its ease of handling and general robustness. During its two year production life, the C I underwent a series of changes, being fitted with ever more powerful engines starting with the 150hp Benz Bz III and ending with the 180hp Argus As III. Along with these changes of engine, the position of the radiator moved around, starting on the fuselage flank in the C I, but moving to drape from the upper wing's centre section leading edge, as here on this C Ia. Top level speed of the C Ia was 87mph at sea level, with a ceiling of 9,840 feet. The armament comprised a single, flexibly-mounted 7.92mm Parabellum in the rear cockpit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I with large serial unfortunately not fully visible. The serial presentation and permanent facilities suggest this C.I is being used for training in Germany.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
C.I 637/15 gets an assist taking off from a snowy field.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I(Bay) 15049/17 trainer. Unusually, the cross on the tail was applied to the fin, not the rudder.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros C.I was license-built by Roland as indicated by the typical thick national insignia used by Roland. This aircraft has a 160 hp Mercedes D.III and uses the Mercedes-built leading edge radiator.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.Ia(Bay) C.15001/17 photographed at Adlershof during its flight testing in December 1917. Built by BFW (Bayerische Flugzeug Werke) in Munich for training use, the C.Ia(Bay) was powered by a 180 hp Argus As.III. The leading edge radiator is by Windhoff and the wing struts and wheels are made of wood to conserve materials. The flying surfaces were covered with lozenge camouflage fabric. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros C.I has the Mercedes-built leading edge radiator in front of the wing that cooled its 160 hp Mercedes D.III. The marking style with white backgrounds for the insignia is typical for the time. The location is the Albatros factory at Johannisthal. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The ground crew poses with an anonymous, Mercedes-powered Albatros C.I at an unknown unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
Albatros C.1811/16 rests in the middle of a unit lineup of Albatros reconnaissance aircraft at the front. The note on the photos indicates FliegerAbteilung Sontholen. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
Another view of Albatros C.1811/16 at the front. The question is; what type is it? Its serial number, C.1811/16, is right in the middle of the Albatros C.VI series (C.1775-1849/16) and it was identified as a C.VI in the Peter M. Grosz archive in the SDTB. Those facts would seem to settle it - except for the fact it appears to be an Albatros C.I! Our noted illustrator realized this as he was preparing to create a profile of this aircraft. So what happened? Bob Pearson points out that C.1811/15 was an Albatros C.I, and the serial on the aircraft in the photos was probably applied as C.1811/16 in error, probably during maintenance. We have photos of other examples of this type of error, and that likely is the explanation here. Fortunately, Bob looked beyond the serial number. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I trainers in late 1918 markings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
At an unidentified training unit a C.XII(Bay) rests in the left foreground with another behind it. From center are Albatros C.I 1535/15, an Albatros B.II, an AEG G.IV, and a DFW C.V.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik C.I 3562/15 is in the center background of this view of Flieger-Abteilung (A) 207; an Albatros C.I is on the right.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A unit on the Eastern Front, perhaps FeldFliegerAbteilung 54, equipped with Albatros C.I aircraft, 1067/15 seen at top, enjoys a winter visit by Bavarian General Felix Graf von Bothmer.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.Ib(Mer) 4980/18 had steel tube wing and landing gear struts. This aircraft, built as a trainer, was shipped to Canada post-war as part of the war booty. Leading edge radiators were used in these newer aircraft.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
"Альбатрос" С-I в полете
Albatros C.I 643/15 on a mission. The large serial numbers are an indication it may be serving as a trainer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 643/15 on a mission. The large serial numbers are an indication it may be serving as a trainer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The angular Albatros C.I was an iconic early-war reconnaissance aircraft used successfully over all fronts. Here Albatros C.Is ply their trade.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I reconnaissance airplanes in action.The fighters received the glory, but the reconnaissance airplanes did the most critical work, which was why the C-types outnumbered fighters. In fact, fighters were created primarily to prevent reconnaissance airplanes, and to a lesser extent bombers, from completing their missions.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE IN THE SNOW. - A German Albatros off for a trip over the lines of the Allies.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
For Winter Wear only. - A German biplane fitted with skids instead of wheels for starting from and landing on the snow.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C I Experimental
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
View of an Albatros C.I fitted with an experimental wing cellule. The wide-chord upper wing has the spars spaced so far apart that the interplane struts are not parallel. (Peter M. Grosz Collection/SDTB)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Fuselage of Albatros C.I 197/15 in the museum at Kracow, Poland.
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 37)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 38)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 93а)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 93б)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Close-up view of an Albatros C.I shows the observer's flexible machine gun and other details, including the side radiators that cooled the 160 hp Mercedes D.III and the cabane struts and attachments for the upper wings.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Turntable and gun mounting on the Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The swivelling mounting for the gun on the captured Albatros biplane.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Oops! The Albatros C I of Lt Maass, Fl Abt 14, after nosing over in the snow at Subat on the Eastern Front during January 1916. The standard practice appears to have been that any new type found its way, initially, to the Western Front, then the Eastern Front, where the opposition was likely to be less fierce. Finally, when considered operationally obsolete, the machine would frequently pass into the training role.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 637/15 of an unknown unit on its nose.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 220/15 of Flieger-Abteilung (A) 206 on its nose in the snow after an exciting landing.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 583/15 on its nose after landing.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 1013/15 of an unknown unit flipped over after on landing, a common occurrence on the rough fields of the day, especially if a gust of wind intervened.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros C.I 1530/15 photographed in a compromising situation on 25 September (year not given). The wooden wheels indicate this aircraft was used for training, which may have contributed to the accident. The bold serial was also common to training aircraft.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The fatal crash of the Albatros C.I of Lt. Karl Schmidt and Lt. Richard Vent of FEA 4 at Posen on 11 June 1918. The older iron-cross insignia on one wing has been painted to resemble the new, straight-sided insignia, while another has been left as originally painted.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An Albatros C.I in post-war Polish service has done a head-stand on landing and the proud pilot is photographed with the evidence.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The local farm life is unconcerned by the Latvian Albatros C.I that has suffered a post-war landing accident.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The petrol service tank is mounted underneath the top plane in the Albatros fighting biplane,
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Sketch showing how propeller is locked on its shaft in the Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Two of the ply-wood engine bearers on the Albatros biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Detail of Albatros fuselage construction.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Attachment of lower plane to body of the Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Inter-plane strut joint on the Albatros fighting biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The hand-operated claw brake fitted on all Albatros biplanes.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
An aileron with its crank lever on the Albatros biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Mounting and housing of vertical water-cooled engines.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Альбатрос" С-I
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
THE CAPTURED ALBATROS FIGHTING BIPLANE. - Plan, front and side elevations to scale.