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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Albatros B.II

Страна: Германия

Год: 1914

Albatros - WDD / W.1 - 1913 - Германия<– –>Albatros - L 3 / L 9 - 1914 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


АЛЬБАТРОС B-I/B-II/B-III / ALBATROS B-I/B-II/B-III

  Весной 1914 года молодой талантливый инженер Эрнст Хейнкель возглавил конструкторское бюро фирмы Альбатрос Флюгцойгверк в Иоханнештале. Под его руководством была разработана серия чрезвычайно удачных многоцелевых двухместных бипланов, получивших наибольшее распространение в немецкой фронтовой авиации на раннем этапе Первой мировой войны.
  Все они имели деревянный фюзеляж-полумонокок с работающей фанерной обшивкой и характерную стреловидную форму оперения. На всех стояли однорядные двигатели жидкостного охлаждения с тянущим винтом. Крылья с деревянным каркасом, полотняной обшивкой и межкрыльевыми стойками из стальных труб каплевидного сечения.
  Первым появился трехстоечный "Альбатрос" B-I, установивший летом 1914-го несколько авиационных рекордов. Вскоре за ним последовал "Альбатрос" B-II несколько меньших размеров с двухстоечной бипланной коробкой.
  Оба типа были приняты на вооружение и выпускались в большом количестве на заводах фирм Альбатрос (включая филиал Остдойч Альбатрос Верк - OAW), Бавариш Флюгцойгверк (BFW), Авиатик, Кондор, Роланд, Меркюр и Линке-Хоффман. Строилась также учебная модификация B-IIa.
  В соответствии с тогдашней авиационной "модой" на ранних "Альбатросах" пилот сидел в задней кабине, а летнаб - в передней. Это препятствовало установке на машины защитного вооружения. Поэтому уже в начале 1915 года Хейнкель спроектировал на базе B-II модификацию C-I с классическим размещением экипажа и пулеметной турелью Шнейдера в задней кабине.
  В 1914-1916 годах разведчики "Альбатрос" были, пожалуй, самыми известными немецкими аэропланами как на западном, так и на восточном фронтах. Экипажи ценили эти машины за прочность, надежность и высокие летные данные. А благодаря простоте и доступности пилотирования учебные B-IIa использовались в летных школах до конца войны. В России слово "Альбатрос" даже стало нарицательным. После изучения трофейных образцов так нередко называли любой двухместный биплан аналогичной конструкции.
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  Данные об объемах серийного выпуска "Альбатросов" весьма приблизительны. Однако с уверенностью можно сказать, что в 1914-1915 годах построено не менее 2000 машин различных модификаций. Помимо немецких, на них летали австрийские и болгарские экипажи. Несколько экземпляров B-III продано в Швецию.


ДВИГАТЕЛЬ
  
  B-I и B-II - "Мерседес", 100 или 120л.с., или "Бенц", 110 л.с. или "Аргус", 120 л.с.
  
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ
  
  Не предусмотрено.


А.Александров, Г.Петров Крылатые пленники России


Трудно установить, "Авиатик Б. I" походил на "Альбатрос Б. I" (21) или наоборот: тот же 100-сильный мотор, те же радиаторы "Хазет", та же двух- или трехстоечная коробка крыльев... Следует искать более мелкие отличия. Фирма "Альбатрос Верке АГ" (Albatros Werke AG) была основана в 1909 г. и первой ее продукцией стали выпускавшиеся по лицензии аппараты французской конструкции "Антуанетт", "Фарман", "Соммер" (Antoinette, Farman, Sommer). Затем последовали "Голуби" Этриха различных конфигураций, а всего за 1911-1913 г.г. компания произвела 106 бипланов и 37 монопланов. После назначения в 1913 г. главным конструктором Эрнста Хейнкеля (Ernst Heinkel) началась работа над машинами класса Б, чье рождение было подготовлено трудами дипломированного инженера Громана (Grohmann). Первая модель не получила широкого распространения, хотя в 1914 г. она являлась одной из основных в германской авиации. Ее прочный, обшитый плоскими фанерными листами корпус повторялся в более поздних типах. Первоначально его не красили, а только лакировали, но у пленного аппарата, изображенного на снимке 21, киль и руль поворота покрыты белой краской.
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  Немцы снабжали "Альбатросами Б. I" и своих австро-венгерских союзников, у которых эти аэропланы, наряду с бипланами Б. II, были сначала известны под порядковыми номерами, а затем как серия 21. Захваченная русскими, одна из таких машин с номером 21.20 запечатлена на снимке 25 (из коллекции Т. Копанского). Знакомые красно-белые полосы и черные кресты почти в средней части крыльев выглядят более естественно, чем русская трехцветная кокарда на хвосте пленной германской "птицы", представленной на следующем кадре (26, а): круги выписаны на месте бывшего креста, который все еще просматривается через средний - синий - цвет недостаточный плотности. Еще интересней на этой картинке тросовая проводка управления элеронами, идущая из задней, пилотской кабины. Зная о трудностях соседей с производством самолетов и желая расширить свой рынок, в 1914 г. компания " Альбатрос" открыла дочернее предприятие в Австро-Венгрии, названное сначала тем же именем, но трансформированное в начале 1917 г. в "Феникс Флюгцойгверке АГ" (Oesterreichisch-Ungarische Albatros-Flugzeugwerke AG, затем Phonix Flugzeugwerke AG). Помимо прототипа с обозначением 20.01, из цехов австро-венгерского "Альбатроса" модель Б. I выходила в сериях 23, 21.3, 24, 24.5, 22 и 21.7, но все ее представители несколько отличались от германского базового образца, коим служил "Альбатрос Б. II". На фотографии 26, б (из коллекции М. Маслова) трофейный австрийский "Альбатрос" с сохранившимся на фюзеляже номером 23.03 и именем UZ находится в ангаре 6-го авиапарка (второй аппарат слева).
  Вообще, переход от Б. I к Б. II был незаметен и, вероятно, четко очерченной конструктивной границы между двумя типами не существовало. Модель Б. II всегда являлась двухстоечным бипланом с остроугольным килем и рулем поворота, она оснащалась двигателями "Мерседес Д. I" 100 л. с. и "Мерседес Д. II" 120 л. с. (соответственно модели Б. II и Б. Па), "Бенц Бц. II" 110 л. с. (Б. II) и "Аргус Ас. II" 120 л. с. (Б. IIа) и производилась по лицензии 7 германскими фабриками, в том числе варшавской "Рефла Милитер-Веркштетен" (Refla Militar-Werkstatten). Упомянутая модификация Б. Па оборудовалась двойным управлением и служила учебной машиной первой ступени до самого конца войны. "Альбатрос Б. II", обладая хорошими летными характеристиками и экономичным двигателем, пришелся, что называется, ко двору в учебных подразделениях, что и обеспечило продолжение его карьеры даже после отзыва из боевых частей. Став популярным в германской авиации, в 1915 г. тип Б. II начал "поступать" и в русскую, где он естественным образом сохранял все свои черты, за исключением опознавательных знаков: наши наносились поверх неприятельских (27). Любопытно, что зимой в заснеженной России пленные аппараты продолжали использоваться на колесном шасси (28; не исключено, что данный "Альбатрос" принадлежал 12-му, интернациональному отраду истребителей, в котором служили летчики: поручик Жеребцов, русский; штабс-капитан Зветко Старипавлов, болгарин; поручик Ян Махлапуу, эстонец; и охотник Инсельберг, немец. С ними летал наблюдателем подпоручик Вальфрид Эрхард Никанен, финн), хотя позднее оно все-таки заменялось лыжами. Весной или в оттепель на раскисших летных полях случались аварии (29, из коллекции Т. Копанского), но ведь и на более твердом грунте без них не обходилось (30, из коллекции Т. Копанского). К несчастным случаям вели и неграмотные действия пилотов и механиков. Вопрос: "Что же он делает?" - невольно возникает при взгляде на снимок 31, где служивый прямо-таки борется с пропеллером. В то же время наши и неприятельские авиаторы старались обезопасить себя от нежелательных случайностей, а потому некоторые машины имели "бронированный пол кабины" - как та, что на фотографии 32. Рядом с самолетом стоит прапорщик К. К. Арцеулов из 18-го корпусного авиаотряда. Впоследствии он стал известным летчиком-истребителем, но в 1915 г., после окончания Качинской (Севастопольской) школы, его основной фронтовой работой были воздушная разведка и корректировка артогня. Во время таких вылетов случалось всякое. Так например, 13 апреля 1915 г. трофейный "Альбатрос Б. II" с номером Б. 389/15 (последняя цифра указывает год выпуска), пилотируемый поручиком Георгием Борейш и наблюдателем поручиком Леонтьевым из 23-го корпусного отряда, не вернулся с боевого задания, по-видимому сев на вражеской территории (33, а и б). А вот, вероятно, и плененный австрийский аналог германской модели Б. II, "Альбатрос Б. I", скорее всего, серии 23, стоящий на фоне ангаров "Бессоно" (Bessonneau) 6-й авиароты (34, из коллекции М. Маслова). Такие самолеты отличались от немецкого прототипа несколько увеличенными размерами и усиленной конструкцией и оснащались 145-сильными моторами "Хиро" (Hiero) с левыми выхлопными патрубками. С марта по сентябрь 1915 г. они действовали против русских в составе 5, 7, 8,10 и 15-го отрядов.


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Albatros B II

  Before the introduction of the C class machine with an engine of upwards of 150 h.p., all unarmed two-seater biplanes in the German air force came into the B category irrespective of power. They were used initially as reconnaissance machines and subsequently for primary training duties.
  One such machine within this category to see long and widespread usage was the Albatros B II. It was a development of the pre-war three-bay Albatros B I machine, and was itself also of pre-war origin. The immensely strong plywood covered, slab-sided fuselage (first designed and used by Dipl. Ing. Grohmann in some ten aircraft before the B I), and which was to become the hallmark of so many Albatros two-seaters, was continued. It was based on four main longerons which were of ash forward of the cockpits and spruce aft of this point, and tapered to a vertical knife-edge at the rear. A rounded metal panel at the extreme nose end provided evidence that some, albeit very little, consideration had been given to "nose entry" otherwise the 100 h.p. Mercedes engine, with its cumbersome chimney exhaust manifold, was fitted to the bearers with most of the cylinder block exposed.
  As was often the case with these early machines, the pilot sat in the rear cockpit and the observer sat forward under the centre-section trestle, with no little restriction of view, although some concession to downward visibility was made in the large, square cut-outs in the lower wing roots. The usual radiator accoutrements of the period cluttered the fuselage sides adjacent to the front cockpit.
  The large, triangular, tail surfaces stemming from the B I, and to be perpetuated in the later C I, were to be seen. Both the fixed surfaces and the unbalanced rudder and elevator control surfaces were a light-gauge welded steel tube structure with fabric covering. The fin and tail-plane were braced with a streamlined steel strut.
  In the wing structure there was little departure from previous practice except to standardise on a two-bay cellule, with the top wing of slightly greater span than the bottom. By being built up on two box-spars, with the rearmost spar at approximately mid-chord and with wooden ribs of thin aerofoil section, an extremely flexible trailing edge resulted, which obtained a considerable degree of inherent stability. This asset was considered a prerequisite in these early aeroplanes and characterised many subsequent Albatros two-seaters. The ailerons were of the same structural medium as the tail surfaces and had a slight inverse taper with considerable wash-out. The operating cables were rather untidily run externally along the surfaces of the lower wing and led up to the actuating crank over pulleys near the lower extremity of the rear, outer, interplane struts.
  A quite orthodox vee-type undercarriage chassis, of streamline section steel tube, was fitted, and a claw-type brake was mounted on the centre of the axle. The ash tailskid was mounted externally on an inverted pylon structure and sprung with elastic shock chord.
  The Albatros B II operated on reconnaissance duties from the beginning of the War until well into 1915, when the hostile activities of the Allied scouts hastened the withdrawal of the B type machines and their replacement with the armed, and more powerful, C type two-seaters. However, the docility of the Albatros B II's flying characteristics, combined with the economy of its low horse-power motor, admirably suited it for training duties, and in such manner it continued to serve the German flying services.
  At a later date the airframe was strengthened, especially the tail section, and the radiators were removed from the fuselage sides to a neater installation in front of the centre-section leading-edge; additionally 100 h.p. Mercedes D I, 120 h.p. Mercedes D II or 120 h.p. Argus As II engines were installed. In this version the machine was known as the B IIa, otherwise it differed little from the B II. Dual control was fitted and the machine was used almost exclusively for ab initio pilot training until the end of the War.

TECHNICAL DATA
  Description: Two-seat reconnaissance and training duties.
  Manufacturers: Albatros Werke G.m.b.H. (Alb.).
  Sub-contractors: Ostdeutsche Albatros Werke (OAW), Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke A.G. (Bay), Luftfahrzeug Gesellschaft (Rol), Linke und Hofmann Werke (IIa only) (Li), Mercur Flugzeugbau (Mer), Kondor Flugzeug-Werke G.m.b.H. (Kon) (IIa only), Refla Militar-Werksliitlcn. Warschau(II only).
  Power Plant: One 100 h.p. Mercedes 6 cylinder in-line water-cooled engine (B II and IIa). Alternatively: 110 h.p. Bz II (B II), 120 h.p. Mercedes D II (B II and IIa), 120 h.p. Argus As II (B IIa).
  Dimensions: Span, 1280 m. (42 ft. 0 in.) B II; 12.960 m. (42 ft. 6 1/4 in.) B IIa. Length, 7.63 m. (25 ft. 0 3/8 in.). Height, 315 m. (10 ft. 4 in.). Wing area, 40.12 sq.m. (433 sq.ft.) B II; 40.64 sq.m. (439 sq.ft.) B IIa.
  Weights: Empty, 723 kg. (1,591 lb.) B II; 698 kg. (1,536 lb.) B IIa. Loaded, 1,071 kg. (2,356 lb.) B II; 1,078 kg. (2,372 lb.) B IIa.
  Performance: Maximum speed, 105 km.hr. (66 m.p.h.) B II; 120 km.hr. (75 m.p.h.). B IIa. Initial climb, 800 m. (2,624 ft.) in 10 min. B II: (2,624 ft.) in 8.2 min. B IIa. Ceiling, 3,000 m. (9,840 ft.). Duration, 4 hr.
  Armament: Nil.


J.Herris Roland Aircraft of WWI (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 9)


Roland B.I

  The Roland B.I was in fact the Albatros B.II built under license by Roland. Apparently these aircraft were initially designated Roland B.I (870-881/14), indicating that a dozen were built. To reduce confusion Idflieg started rationalizing aircraft designations in August 1916, and the Roland B.I was sensibly re-designated the Albatros B.II(Rol) by Kogenluft directive on 18 February 1917.


E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918


20. Flugzeuge der Phönix-Flugzeugwerke, vormals Österr. Albatros
20.01 Albatros DD (Deutsche Produktion) Merc 100, H 145
20.02 Albatros DD (Deutsche Produktion) FI 200 V8
20.03 Albatros DD (Deutsche Produktion) Merc 100
20.04 Albatros DD Knollerflügel (mit Waffenversuchseinbau: 3,7 cm-Skoda BK) H 145
20.05 Albatros DD Knollerflügel H 145
20.06 Albatros DD Knollerflügel FI 145
20.07 Albatros DD Knollerflügel H 145
20.17 Albatros B.I (Flügelversuch mit ex 24.36) H 145
21.30 (ex 23.07) Albatros B.I (Österr. Albatros-Werke) Merc 100
21.31 (ex 23.12) Albatros B.I (Österr. Albatros-Werke) Merc 100
21.32 - 21.39 Albatros B.I (Österr. Albatros-Werke) Merc 100
21.71 - 21.79 Albatros B.I Umbautype Merc 100
21.80 - 21.86 Albatros B.I Umbautype Merc 100
22.01 - 22.08 Albatros B.I Knollerflügel Merc 160
22.10 - 22.32 Albatros B.I Knollerflügel Merc 160
23.01 - 23.32 Albatros B.I Knollerflügel H 145
24.01 - 24.46 Albatros B.I (viele ex Ba 23) H 145
24.51 - 24.66 Albatros B.I Knollerflügel H 145
24.67 - 24.86 Albatros B.I (Umbau Ba 24) H 145


J.Herris Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Vol 1: Early Two-Seaters (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 24)


Albatros B.II

  The two-bay Albatros B.II was developed from the three-bay B.I; the B.II wing design was done by Ernst Heinkel, later to head his own aircraft company. In January 1914, a month after the three-bay DD, later B.I, was revealed; Albatros announced to the General-Inspektion des Militar-Verkehrwessens (General Inspector, Military Transport Command) that two new prototypes, the Albatros B.209/13 and B.210/13, had reached 800 meters altitude in just 5.5 minutes (the two-bay machine, later the B.II) and 7.5 minutes (the three-bay machine, later the B.l) with full military load. The Army ordered the two types in small numbers before the war and the B.II was entered in a number of flying contests.
  Pilots used to the more stable, sluggish Taube types criticized the pitch stability of the B.II, and the B.II was also nose heavy in level flight and when gliding. Albatros engineers installed a coil spring between the control stick and the pilot's seat to address this by pulling the elevators slightly up, a solution that also prevented them from dragging on the ground while taxiing. Pilots criticized the spring for creating poor control response; this time the engineers solved the problem by designing larger control surfaces that provided better stability and control - without the spring. In July 1914 the Fliegertruppe ordered that all B.I and B.II aircraft currently in production and all new aircraft should be built with the new, larger tail surfaces, and all aircraft in service would have them retro-fitted at government expense. The order applied to all B.I and B.II aircraft regardless of whether they had the long or short fuselage. Soon after war broke out and not all aircraft could be modified. Of course, the aircraft with longer fuselages were even more stable; the Austro-Hungarian Luftfahrtruppe preferred the greater stability of the long fuselage, whereas the German pilots generally preferred the short-fuselage version that offered slightly better speed and maneuverability.
  Although the three-bay B.I was initially produced in greater numbers than the two-bay B.II, the better performance and lower cost of the B.II gradually made it the favored type. B.I production was ended in spring 1915 and B.II production continued to the end of the war, first as a reconnaissance aircraft, then as a trainer. In fact, the B.II was in such demand as a trainer, and was so easy to build, that it was built under license by eight different manufacturers. Furthermore, to facilitate production a variety of different engines were used, many recycled from crashed or obsolete aircraft. These engines included the 100 hp Argus As.I, Benz Bz.I and Mercedes D.I, the 110 hp Benz Bz.II, and the 120 hp Argus As.II, and Mercedes D.II.

Albatros B.IIa

  As the war continued steel tubing became more expensive and was rationed, so Albatros redesigned the B.II airframe to eliminate as much steel tubing as possible. In the B.IIa a wooden frame replaced fuselage frame 6a made of steel tubing, a change not visible from the outside. The cabane structure and undercarriage struts of the B.II and B.IIa were not interchangeable, but the flying surfaces and wing struts were interchangeable. Both B.II and B.IIa trainers were delivered with the type of controls, single or dual, stick or wheel, specified by Idflieg, and this could vary within the same production batch.
  The Albatros B.II formed a major proportion of the B-types at the front and it was even more successful as a trainer. Orders for the B.II and B.IIa totaled 3,544 aircraft, although not all were completed due to the Armistice, and among WWI German aircraft the Albatros B.II/B.IIa was second only to the very successful DFW C.V, of which 3,955 were built.


Albatros B-Type Specifications
Albatros B.I Albatros B.II & B.IIa Albatros B.III
Engine 100 hp Mercedes D.I * 100-120 hp Argus, Benz, Sc Mercedes 120 hp Mercedes D.II
Span, Upper 14.48 m 12.80 m 11.0 m
Span, Lower - 11.10m -
Chord, Upper 1.80 m 1.80 m -
Chord, Lower 1.80 m 1.80 m -
Gap 1.80 m - -
Stagger - 0 -
Length 8.00 m (short fus.) 8.56 m (long fus.) 7.76 m 7.8 m
Height 3.15 m - -
Wing Dihedral - 2° (upper Si lower) -
Wing Sweepback - 0.5° -
Wing Area - 40.64 m2 -
Empty Weight 752 kg 725 kg -
Loaded Weight 1,197 kg 1,165 kg -
Maximum Speed 100 km/h 105 km/h -
Climb to 800m 10 minutes - -
Climb to 2,000m 35 minutes - -
* Other engines used: 75 hp Mercedes, 120 hp Mercedes D.II, 100 hp Benz Bz.II, 150 hp Benz Bz.III, 150 hp Rapp Rp.III, 140 hp Hiero


Albatros B.I, B.II & B.IIa Production Orders

Serials Types & Notes
B.209/13 to 216/13 Alb B.I/II with small fin/rudder
B.233/16 to 242/13 Alb B.I/II with small fin/rudder
B.27/14 to 31/14 Alb B.I*
B.86/14 to 87/14 Alb B.I*
B.528/14 to 537/14 Alb B.II*
B.766/14 to 784/14 Alb B.I/II*
B.795/14 to 855/14 Alb B.I/II*
B.872/14 to 882/14 Alb B.II(Rol) = Rol B.I*
B.986/14 to 1005/14 Alb B.*
B.1147/14 Alb B.*
B.1200/14 Alb B.I*
B.2/15 to 196/15 Alb B.I/B.II * (maybe other types between)
B.310/15 Alb B.II*
B.563/15 to 574/15 Alb B.II(Rol) = Rol B.I
B.611/15 to 642/15 Alb B.II
B.665/15 to 704/15 Alb B.II
B.864/15 to 875/15 Alb B.II(Rol) = Rol B.I
B.1121/15 to 1134/15 Alb B.II
B.210/16 to 289/16 Alb B.II(Bay) = Bay B.I
B.290/16 to 339/16 Alb B.II(Refla)
B.340/16 to 389/16 Alb B.II(Refla)
B.390/16 to 439/16 Alb B.II(Kon)
B.440/16 to 539/16 Alb B.II(Mer)
B.540/16 to 619/16 Alb B.II(Bay)
B.l 19/17 to 218/17 Alb B.II(Mer)
B.219/17 to 318/17 Alb B.II(Kon)
B.319/17 to 418/17 Alb B.II(Bay)
B.419/17 to 618/17 Alb B.II(Mer)
B.750/17 to 799/17 Alb B.II(Li)
B.620/17 to 688/17 Alb B.II(?)*
B.817/17 to 868/17 Alb B.II(?)*
B.1000/17 to 1249/17 Alb B.II(Rol)
B.1250/17 to 1349/17 Alb B.IIa(Li)
B.1550/17 to 1749/17 Alb B.II
B.1750/17 to 1849/17 Alb B.II(Kon)
B.1850/17 to 1949/17 Alb B.II(?)
B.1950/17 to 2299/17 Alb B.IIa(Rol)
B.2500/17 to 2799/17 Alb B.IIa(Rol)
B.3000/17 to 3049/17 Alb B.II
B.3100/17 to 3199/17 Alb B.II(?)
B.3631/17 Alb B.II*
B.3701/17 Alb B.II*
Production Notes
1. * = not the complete order
2. All built by Albatros or OAW except where licensee shown in type designation
3. Rol = Roland built
4. Bay = BFW built
5. Refla = Refla built
6. Kon = Kondor built
7. Mer = Mercur built
8. Av = Aviatik built
9. Li = Linke Holman built
10. B.II/IIa Production by Year:
1914 total orders 93
1915 total orders 334
1916 total orders 467
1917 total orders 2,650 1914-1918 total orders 3,544
  
  
Albatros B.II & B.IIa Manufacturers
Company Code Notes
Albatros (Johannisthal &. OAW at Schneidemuhl) Alb Production started early 1914.
LFG (Roland), Berlin Rol Production started late 1914.
Maschinen Fabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg (MAN) - At the request of Bavaria two aircraft were built in early 1915, with maiden flight on 27 April. MAN, a heavy equipment manufacturer, was not enthusiastic about building aircraft and its license was cancelled 23 March 1916.
BFW (Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG, Munich) Bay Produced 72 Albatros C.IIIs, then an order for 80 B.IIIs of 30 August 1916 was changed to B.II trainers.
Albatros-Militar-Werstatten, Warsaw Refla Delivered 118 B.II trainers in 1917 after repair work began to drop off. Another 39 built by end of production 1 April 1918.
Kondor Flugzeugwerke GmbH, Essen Kon In October 1916 contracted to build 50 B.IIs with orders for 300 more in 1917, production to run through 1918.
Mercur Flugzeugbau GmbH, Berlin Mer In Oct. 1916 contracted to build 100 B.II trainers; 350 more ordered in 1917 with deliveries planned to be completed in March 1918.
Automobil und Aviatik AG, Bork Av In June 1917 contracted for 100 B.II trainers; a second order for 100 followed in August.
Linke-Hofmann Werke AG, Breslau Li Built Roland C.IIs and Albatros C.IIIs, C.Xs, and C.XIIs under license. In July 1917 contracted for 200 B.IIa trainers. The order was reduced to 150 with delivery of 30 aircraft/month scheduled to begin in March 1918.
Albatros and Aviatik (Bork) were scheduled to deliver 20 St 10 B.IIs respectively in Nov. St Dec. 1918.


The Albatros B.II in Sweden

  One German-built Albatros B.II landed in Stockholm on 23 July 1914 on its way to St. Petersburg. Overturning on landing, the aircraft was awaiting spare parts when war broke out. The pilot, Lothar Wieland, was allowed to return to Germany, with the Albatros being disassembled and reverse-engineered. In March 1915, the Albatros B.II was selected as the standard aircraft for the Swedish Army Air Service. Four different factories built Albatros B.IIs:
1. Svenska Aeroplanfabriken (SAP) built two for the Swedish Army, designated as the SAF 3. Both were delivered in 1916, and used until 1921.
2. Sodertelge Verkstader (SW) built two variants, designated as the SW 12 St SW 20 of which eight and four were built. The SW 20's were modified to operate on floats, but trials in the summer of 1917 showed that the float-equipped Albatros B.II (SW 20) had vet poor performance.
3. Nordiska Aviatik AB (NAB) built nine as the NAB 9, four of which were delivered to the Swedish Army, two to Finland and three to a civilian flying school at Furusund. One NAB 9 was later sold to Swedish movie industries, being converted as a wind machine.
4. Flygkompaniets Verkstader Malmslatt (FVM) built 25 Albatros B.II's, with 120 h.p. Mercedes engines (13) and 160 h.p. engines (12). Production lasted until 1925.
  No less than 42 were used by the Swedish Army Air Service, with five German-built aircraft entering service with the Naval Air Service. Following the establishment of an independent Flygvapnet (Air Force), between August 1919 and January 1922, five German-built Albatros B.IIa's were delivered to the Swedish Naval Air Service. Used as trainers at Hagernas, the three remaining aircraft were transferred in November 1926 to the newly-established Flygvapnet (Air Force)
  About ten Albatros B.II's were used by a variety of civilian owners until the early 1930s. Three still survive in Sweden, at Flygvapenmuseum (Air Force Museum), SE-ACR in deep storage in Gothenburg and one NAB-built aircraft at the Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection.

Jan Forsgren


Журнал Flight


Flight, August 21, 1914.

AIRCRAFT "MADE IN GERMANY"
WHICH MAY BE EMPLOYED AGAINST THE ALLIES.

3. The Albatros Biplane
  is already familiar to our readers through a detailed description of the machine flown by Thelen at Hendon some time ago. The main planes follow, more or less, orthodox lines, and it is the constructional detail work more than any great originality in the general design that has made these machines so popular among German military pilots. The fuselage, which is of rectangular section, is built up without the use of any internal cross-bracing, the necessary rigidity being provided by the three-ply wood covering screwed on to the longerons of the fuselage. The seats are arranged in tandem, the passengers sitting immediately behind the engine. In the nose the covering round the engine is aluminium sheeting, and inspection doors on each side give easy access to the interior. The chassis, built of steel throughout, is of a very simple and yet substantial type, without skids, but a small pivoted skid protects the tail planes against contact with the ground. A 100 h.p. Mercedes is fitted, and for ordinary purposes sufficient fuel is carried for a flight of about four hours' duration, although by substituting larger tanks this period can be considerably increased, as shown by some of the recent duration flights made on these machines in Germany.

J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II of the k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe circa 1915.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II Goslar circa 1915.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Rol) 1111 /17 21.28 of Flugplatz Kommandantur Doberitz, Doberitz airfield, circa mid-1918.
The text aft of the serial reads: Flugplatz Kommandantur Doberitz Telefon-Amt. Spandau 1171-75U.1608
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II LA31 of the Netherlands Air Service postwar.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.IIa of the Polish Air Service postwar.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros DD 890 of the RNAS circa 1915-1916. Brought to the UK in May 1914 for display, it was impressed into the RNAS at the start of the war, used as a Home Defence fighter into 1915, and survived into 1918. A new rudder was fitted.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Knoller-Albatros B I 24.05
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Knoller-Albatros B I 24.06 Flik 12 November 1915
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This early Albatros with small tail surfaces was an ancestor of the B.II.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An early Albatros B.II as indicated by its 'brow' radiator, small, early tail surfaces, and lack of markings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II serial 890 with early fin and rudder.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Early Albatros B.II with radiator over the engine.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II powered by a 120 hp Benz. The design was simple, practical, and robust. The two-bay wing was cheaper to produce and maintain than the three-bay wing of the B.I and gave better performance.
The Albatros B I typified the fragility of the early reconnaissance machines fielded by the armies on both sides of the line and on all fronts. Nonetheless, the vital importance of these machines was to be displayed for the all world to see during the five-day Battle of Tannenberg that commenced on 26 August 1914, during which the Russians were rebuffed, with the loss of 30,000 dead and 90,000 captured.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Typical Albatros B.II aircraft in service.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Benz-powered Albatros B.II.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
3. The Albatros biplane.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This front view of the Albatros B.II shows the attention given to minimizing frontal area.The B.II was a successful example of evolutionary, pragmatic design.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II 1566/17 with As.II engine photographed at Adlershof in December 1917 during its type test. The wheels and the wing and landing gear struts are made of wood due to the rubber shortage in wartime Germany. Unlike most trainers, it was delivered in camouflage fabric.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Ordered in July 1917, Albatros B.II(Rol) 1000/17 was the first aircraft in a batch of 250 trainers built by Roland. The wooden wheels were a reflection of the acute shortage of rubber in blockaded Germany.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An early Albatros B.II displays its simple yet sturdy construction.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This view of Albatros B.IIa(Rol) 2105/17 in 1918 training service shows its wooden wheels and struts and mud guards over the wheels. The strut connecting the dual controls can be seen below the fuselage.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II 688/15 with additional struts bracing the tail, a wise precaution judging from the damaged rudder. The presentation of the serial number was typical of training service.
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/
The Albatros B.I was a typical early, unarmed two-seat reconnaissance airplane. Powered by a 100 hp Mercedes D.I, it had good flying qualities and was later used for training.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Benz-powered Albatros B.II of Feld-Flieger Abteilung 61 ready to take off on another mission. Hptm. Eberhard von der Decken is the pilot as well as commanding officer of the unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Another view of the Albatros B.II powered by a 120 hp Benz.
First flown in early 1914, this Albatros two seater, along with a slightly smaller version, was adopted by the army as the Albatros B I and B II, respectively. Between them, these two unarmed machines provided most of German aerial reconnaissance capability well into 1915. Thanks to their relatively viceless handling characteristics, both the B I and B II stayed in production, albeit relegated to the training role, into 1917. Power for both aircraft was either a 100hp Mercedes, or a 110hp Benz Bz I, giving the pair a top level speed of around 65mph at sea level.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II powered by a 160 hp Mercedes.The B.II followed standard Albatros structural practice of semi-monocoque plywood fuselage and fabric-covered, wire-braced wooden wings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II 676/15 photographed with a pilot in the cockpit.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Альбатрос" B-II
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Albatros B II (100 h.p. Mercedes D I) .
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An early-production Albatros B.II with side radiators in pristine condition.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Aviatik-built Albatros B.II(Av) 639/17 was built and used as a trainer.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Albatros B IIa (120 h.p. Argus As II) .
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
L.F.G. built Albatros B-type
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Ordered in October 1917 as one of a batch of 300 trainers, Albatros B.IIa(Rol) 2788/17 is shown in training service in 1918 as confirmed by the late-style insignia. The aircraft was in natural fabric finish to conserve material.
R.Kosin - The German Fighter since 1915 /Putnam/
Albatros B.II, 1914.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Albatros B.I biplane, with 100 h.p. Mercedes motor. (on view in the "Place" and Nancy, after being brought down by a French aviator.)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Refla) 335/16 was built as a trainer and flown by the aviation photography school at Karlshorst.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Rol) 1111/17 trainer assigned to the Flugplatz Kommandantur Doberitz (Doberitz airfield headquarters) in 1918 as indicated by the late-war insignia. The text aft of the serial reads: "Flugplatz Kommandantur Doberitz" second line is "Telefon-Amt. Spandau", and the bottom line is "1171-75u.1608".
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Bay) trainer with wooden wheels.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
The back of this photograph identified the man under the arrow as Albert Dossenbach. He is in front of what appears to be an Albatros B.II trainer, a plane he may have flown during his training period in November/December 1915.
J.Herris - Roland Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Roland B.I, later designated Alb. B.II(Rol). An abundance of national insignia were applied to prevent troops shooting at their own aircraft.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros employees celebrate the 1,000th Albatros aircraft built in front of the Albatros factory at Johannisthal. The flags on the propeller may indicate the countries (Germany, Austria-Hungary,Turkey) for which planes were built.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II Goslar in pristine condition despite serving in a frontline unit.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II trainer with Arthur Laumann in the cockpit. Starting his operational flying career in FA(A) 265, Laumann went on to become a very successful fighter pilot, commanding Jasta 66 and then Jasta 10 and eventually scoring 28 confirmed victories. On 25 October 1918 he was awarded the Pour le Merite.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II aircraft and crewmen.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Lt. von Lauff and Lt. Willi Allmenroder during their flight training at FEA 7.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercedes-powered Albatros B.II aircraft and crewmen. The observer in front sat higher than the pilot for a better field of view.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Ordered in September 1917 as one of a batch of 350 trainers, Albatros B.IIa(Rol) 2105/17 is shown in training service in 1918. It was delivered in natural fabric finish as were most trainers.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II with Mercedes engine.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A.Imrie - German Bombers /Arms & Armour/
Vertical cage rack for 10kg Carbonit bomb on an Albatros B II of Feldflieger Abteilung 32; the release wire leading into the pilot's cockpit can clearly be seen. Due the limited room for these racks on fuselage sides between the side radiator and elevator operating bellcrank, they were often fitted below the fuselage. However, regardless of their position they created a great deal of drag which seriously reduced the aircraft's speed and rate of climb, especially when loaded.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Mer) 205/17 trainer with leading edge radiator in 1917; the pilot enjoys his mascot.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Rudolf Berthold (right) with his flight instructor Ernst Schlegel and an Albatros B.II trainer named Wiking of Armee Flugpark II. Berthold is wearing his pilot's badge, which he earned on 18 January 1915.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II trainer at the Militar Fliegerschule Schneidemuhl with oversize wooden wheels to accommodate the sandy soil in the area. The ear radiators are of a more modern type.
A.Imrie - German Naval Air Service /Arms & Armour/
Korvettenkapitan Goltz, Kommandeur of the FMF, with one of his Albatros B I school machines at Johannisthal. In August 1914 the RMA actioned the pre-war-conceived FMF plan for handling the large number of direct entrants from civilian life required to provide sufficient personnel suitable for training in the trades of pilot, observer and mechanic for both landplane and seaplane units. The FMF was absorbed into the Marine-LandfIieger-Abteilung in October 1915, which formation was then responsible for the supply of personnel to all naval landplane formations.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Vizeflugmeister Kirmss with Mercedes-powered Albatros B I S77 of I Marine-Landflieger-Abteilung at Morseele aerodrome, May 1915. Naval air observers (land or sea) did not have to hold commissioned rank, as was required in the Army Air Service. The weapon is a 25-shot Mauser Selbstladegewehr (semi-automatic rifle) and its effectiveness, used from the front cockpit, restricted by bracing wires, struts and the rotating wooden propeller, could not have been great; yet this comprised the only armament for the majority of naval two-seat landplanes until August 1915, when examples of the Albatros C I, armed with a machine-gun on a rotatable ring on the rear observer's cockpit, began to arrive.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercedes-powered Albatros B.II aircraft and crew ready for another mission.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A Madsen gun has been fitted to this Albatros B.II. The field of fire for this flexible gun was restricted by the observer's position in the front cockpit. This observer is Oblt. Hans Schilling, a highly decorated observer of FFl.Abt. 22. Schilling was KIA on 4 December 1916, shot down by French ace Charles Nungesser. A carbine was carried to enable the crew to hunt game if forced down behind the lines on the Eastern Front, and perhaps for personal protection regardless of location; this crew is on the Western Front.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Benz-powered Albatros B.II B.570/15 with pilot Oblt. Bennecke and observer Vogt.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Benz-powered Albatros B.II B.570/15 with pilot Oblt. Bennecke and observer Vogt.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II with unusual, asymmetrical positioning of wing crosses under the upper wing.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An Albatros B.II apparently at a front-line unit being visited by nurses.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II in training service.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II B.142 with dark finish serves as background for this pleasing group photograph.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II 'MFS 27' at the Militar Flieger Schule at Schneidemuhl.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Roland B.I, later designated Alb. B.II(Rol), of Feldflieger Abteilung 21 being inspected by General von Emmich in the Spring of 1915. Unarmed from the factory, the captured Hotchkiss gun has been added at the unit for use by the observer in the front seat. The armed Albatros C.I with observer in the rear was developed from the unarmed B.II.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Bay) 569/17 trainer in 1917. This BFW-built aircraft has a darker finish.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II and dignitaries at the Albatros factory at Johannisthal.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Various Albatros B.II trainers from the Bruckman album. Bruckman's grandfather, Gustav Bauer, is in the center of three of the pilot lineups and later flew for the Pfalz company.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II aircraft with a variety of marking styles.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: Late Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (2)
At an unidentified training unit a C.XII(Bay) rests in the left foreground with another behind it. From center are Albatros C.I 1535/15, an Albatros B.II, an AEG G.IV, and a DFW C.V.
J.Herris - Aviatik Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
Aviatik P15 B.505/15 is in the foreground of this unit lineup. Behind it is an LVG B-type, an Albatros B-type, and another Aviatik P15 B-type. These three aircraft types formed the core of early German reconnaissance units.
J.Herris - DFW Aircraft of WWI /Centennial Perspective/
DFW C.I C.1505/15 is in the left center background in front of the Fokker Eindecker in this photo of Feld-Flieger Abteilung 61. LVG B.I and Albatros B.II aircraft form part of this motley collection. (Bruno Schmaling)
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
A varied collection of two-seaters at a German airfield in 1915. The aircraft are Albatros B IIs , Aviatik B Is and B IIs.
M.Dusing - Germania Flugzeugwerke and Its Aircraft /Centennial Perspective/
Germania Flight School, training aircraft. From left to right: Albatros B I (Germ.), Rumpler C.I."13" (Germ.), Albatros B II (Germ., 1915). The photo was not taken before April 1918, because only at this time, as can be seen in the picture, Balkenkreuz replaced the "Iron Crosses".
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A Mercedes-powered Albatros B.II in the field ready for takeoff.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An Albatros B.II with side radiators takes off past the aircraft on its nose at left.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II in flight with a primitive tube on the fuselage side for the observer to drop bombs through.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Ski-equipped Albatros B.II flying over snowy terrain.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros B.II was mounted on skiis for training pilots of the Bayerische Gebirgs-Ubungs FliegerAbteilung (Bavarian mountain training unit) in Sonthofen. The wireless antenna is visible below the fuselage, bomb racks are visible under the fuselage between the rear undercarriage struts, and a dynamo without propeller is attached to the starboard front undercarriage strut.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The Albatros DD that Robert Thelen demonstrated at Hendon on March 27, 1914, after impressment into RNAS service as Serial 890 in August 1914 and fitting the two-bay wings brought with the aircraft. The aircraft was essentially a B.II with modified elevators and rudder fitted by the RNAS. It was flown as a home defence fighter into 1915 and flew actively into February 1918.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An early production Albatros B.II dual-control trainer with rear-view mirror fitted for the instructor.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Albatros B.II reconnaissance biplane of 1915, as arranged for road transport.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B-type aircraft are being built in the Albatros factory.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A parade of new Albatros B-types leaves the factory on their way to the front. Given the railroad tracks in the background that indicate the normal delivery method, this photograph was likely posed for publicity.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Early Albatros B.II in Austro-Hungarian service.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 20.01, das Flugzeug hat "überlebt" und ist im Heeresgeschichtlichen Museum in Wien ausgestellt
Albatros B.I, 20.01, самолет «выжил» и выставлен в Музее истории армии в Вене.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 21.27, Flik 1, rechts Feldpilot Oblt Ludwig Duinbacher
Albatros B.I, 21.27, Flik 1, справа пилот Oblt Ludwig Duinbacher
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 23.01
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Lineup of Albatros B.I(Ph) serving with the Austro-Hungarian Luftfahrtruppen at the flight test line at Aspern. The second aircraft is 23.12. The 145 hp Hiero was used in the Albatros B.I(Ph) 23 series, and many mounted an observer's gun. The Phonix-built Albatros B.I(Ph) was based on the German Albatros B.II. The Company had received its first contract for the type in August 1914 and the first of these reconnaissance machines were with front-line units by March 1915.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 24.05
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 24.23
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 24.55, Flik 2. Frühjahr 1916, Isonzofront, „Kraxe“ von Feldpilot Kpl Otto Wanner mit Beobachter I hr Hermann Mehrfurth
Albatros B.I, 24.55, Flik 2. Весна 1916, Фронт Изонцо, "Крушение" пилота Kpl Отто Ваннера с наблюдателем Германом Мехрфуртом.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I. 24.58
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros DD, 20.04, versuchsweiser Einbau einer 3,7 cm-Skoda-Kanone
Albatros DD, 20.04, экспериментальная установка 3,7-см пушки Skoda
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 22.01, Flik 1, Flugzeugverlust am 7. Juli 1915
Albatros B.I, 22.01, Flik 1, потерян 7 июля 1915 г.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.I(Ph) 22.02 of the Austro-Hungarian Luftfahrtruppe serving in a frontline Flik uses the more efficient leading edge radiator to cool its 160 hp Mercedes engine. The Phonix-built Albatros B.I(Ph) was based on the German Albatros B.II although unlike the German-built B.II it was armed from the factory with an observer's flexible machine gun. (Peter M. Bowers Collection/The Museum of Flight)
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 22.12, Flik 10
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I, 22.28
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
A very early Albatros B.II in Army service. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An Albatros B.II built by Nordiska Aviatik Aktiebolag (NAB). This is serial 854, entered service in September 1919, being struck off charge in June 1925. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An Albatros B.II built by the Swedish Army Air Service workshops at Malmslatt. Powered by a 160 hp Mercedes engine, this particular variant was designated O 2 in Swedish Air Force service, being used as a basic trainer. Serial 519 was originally accepted in November 1923 as serial 3156, before being handed over to Flygvapnet in 1926. In November 1928, it was reserialled as 519, and in January 1932 as 5668 before being struck off charge in January 1935! (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Another view of Albatros B II serial 519. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Possibly the Albatros B.II imported by Malmo Flygkompani (Malmo Aviation Service) on 28 June 1920, which in April and May 1921 applied for permission to begin regular passenger air traffic. The application was refused, and the aircraft had in al likelihood left Sweden prior to October 1921. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
One of five German-built Albatros B.IIa's taken on charge by the Swedish Naval Air Service between August 1919 and December 1920. Used for primary flight training at Hagernas near Stockholm, three surviving aircraft were passed to the newly formed Flygvapnet (Air Force) in late 1926 This is serial number 5, which was struck off charge in September 1924. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
An unidentified, civilian-registered Albatros B.II. (Photo: Arlanda Civil Aviation Collection, via Jan Forsgren)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros B.II photographed post-war appears to be owned by a company, perhaps a flight school?
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II in post-war training service with the Netherlands.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II in post-war Polish service.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.IIa 1302/17 ADA in Polish training service post-war wore colorful markings.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros B.II served as a trainer in post-war Poland and has had a typical training accident. Its radiator is in front of the wing, not a side radiator.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros B.IIa, formerly 2574/17, wears a flamboyant color scheme during its civil service in postwar Poland. It uses a more modern radiator in front of the upper wing instead of side radiators, indicating it was built as a trainer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
This Albatros B.II served as a trainer in post-war Latvia and has its radiator in front of the wing, not a side radiator, indicating it was built as a trainer.
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 21)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 26а)
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Captured Albatros B.II in service with the Imperial Russian Air Service.
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 26б)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 27)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 28)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 29)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 30)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 31)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 32)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 33а)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 33б)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 34)
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Sketch showing the very complete set of instruments carried on the captured German Albatros reconnaissance biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The compass has been mounted in a somewhat unusual fashion on the Albatros biplane, as shown in the sketch. It is placed in the inner portion of the top plane, where it can be seen by both pilot and observer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Mercur-built Albatros B.II(Mer) 457/16 trainer after a ground accident with another B.II trainer.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II(Rol) B.876/14 on its nose after a problematic landing.
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II trainer LA31 in post-war service with the Netherlands has had a rough landing in a snow-covered field, which was not the only time it was abused;
J.Herris - Albatros Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: Early Two-Seaters /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Albatros B.II trainer LA31 in post-war service with the Netherlands is over-turned.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
FUSELAGE ECONOMY. - Four members of the Albatros family, all of which are fitted with the same size fuselage. In this manner three different types of land machines can be provided simply by substituting wings of various sizes, whilst the larger size machine is turned into a seaplane by fitting floats instead of the usual undercarriage.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
In one of the captured Albatros biplanes the petrol service tank is mounted on top of the upper plane. As will be seen from the sketch, it is fitted with the usual gauge for indicating the amount of petrol in the tank.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Inspection door for the aileron cable pulley on the Albatros biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
The bracing cables of the captured Albatros biplanes are held together by the neat little clips shown in the accompanying sketch. In earlier models of these and other German machines small slotted rubber or fibre balls were used for this purpose.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Rudder and elevator crank levers of the Albatros biplane.
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
Sketch showing how lower wing spars are attached to the body of the captured Albatros biplane.
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I
E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger - Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918
Albatros B.I
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Журнал - Flight за 1915 г.
THE CAPTURED ALBATROS BIPLANE. - Plan, side and front elevations to scale.