Самолеты (сортировка по:)
Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Fokker C.I / C.III

Страна: Германия

Год: 1918

Fokker - V8 - 1917 - Германия<– –>Fokker - D.VI - 1918 - Германия


В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.


"Фоккер" С-I ( "Це-один" ) с двигателем БМВ-IIIа в 185 л. с. - двухместный разведчик, очень похожий на D-VII, но с бензобаками, установленными на оси шасси, с одиночным управлением. Применялся в 1923-1925 гг. как тренировочный в небольшом количестве.

"Фоккер" C-III - вариант предыдущего с двигателем "Мерседес" в 165 л. с., без баков на шасси, с двойным управлением, учебно-тренировочный.


Самолет||C-I
Год выпуска||1921
Двигатель , марка||БМВ-IIIа
   мощность, л. с.||185
Длина самолета, м||7,2
Размах крыла, м||10,6
Площадь крыла, м2||27
Масса пустого, кг||830
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||350
Полетная масса, кг||1180
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||44
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||6,4
Весовая отдача,%||29,7
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||180
Время набора высоты||
   3000м, мин||14,3
   5000м, мин||27
Продолжительность полета, ч.||4


А.Александров, Г.Петров Крылатые пленники России


О популярности класса Ц свидетельствует тот факт, что в 1918 г. даже Энтони Фоккер, к тому времени снискавший известность своими истребительными аэропланами, решил попробовать свои силы на новом для него поприще. На заводе "Фоккер Флюгцойгверке", ставшем с 1 октября 1913 г. (н. ст.) преемником зарегистрированного 22 февраля 1912 г. (н. ст.) предприятия "Фоккер Авиатик" (Fokker Flugzeugwerke GmbH; Fokker Aviatik GmbH), он начал строить прототип "Фау 38" (V 38), который, однако, был не более чем двухместной разведывательной модификацией истребителя "Фоккер Д. VII", вооружавшейся привычными 2 пулеметами: подвижным у наблюдателя и синхронизированным у пилота. Опытный образец едва успели завершить до конца войны, и на фронт модель Ц. I не попала. Из побежденной Германии задел примерно из 70 аэропланов данного типа Фоккер вывез в Голландию, где организовал новое производство. В 1922 г. советское правительство приобрело 3 аппарата "Фоккер Ц. I", включая самолеты с заводскими номерами 118 и 139 и 12 машин "Фоккер Ц. III" (учебный вариант той же модели), в том числе с заводскими номерами 117, 138, 143, 144, 148 и 161. В мае "Ц-первые" прибыли в Петроград и служили затем в 1-й и 3-й отдельных истребительных авиаэскадрильях и в Московской авиашколе, откуда в 1924 г. аэроплан # 118 отправился в НОА (Научно-опытный аэродром) и использовался там для решения экспериментальных задач до 1928 г. "Ц-третьи" летали в различных учебных подразделениях до 1929 г. Аппараты типа Ц. I экипировались двигателями БМВ (BMW) 185 л. с. и пулеметами "Виккерс", а на тренировочных аналогах ставились 160- и 180-сильные "Мерседесы". 2 августа 1922 года (н. ст.) "Фоккеры", в том числе "Ц-третий" с весьма необычной эмблемой на фюзеляже (45, а и б, из коллекции ЦГАКФФД), участвовали в параде-празднике на Комендантском аэродроме. Очевидно, переделка базовой одноместной машины в двухместную потребовала существенной перекомпоновки, в частности, топливный бак переместился в район шасси, где его прикрыли обтекателем. Изображенный самолет оснащен, скорее всего, пропеллером ЕТА, тогда как белый цвет пневматиков объясняется довольно необычно: "Чтобы предохранить покрышки камер от нагревания в жаркие дни, а потому и от скорого износа, рекомендуется покрывать их снаружи белой клеевой краской, состоящей из порошкообразного мела, столярного клея и воды".


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Fokker V 38
  The V 38 was the prototype Fokker C I, design of which was completed during the summer of 1918 and construction was well under way when hostilities ceased. Much of the D VII was to be seen in the V 38, although it was necessarily a larger aeroplane. Some seventy of these aircraft, inter alia, were crated up by Fokker and taken back to Holland after the war. Engine was 185 h.p. B.M.W. IIIa.


G.Swanborough, P.Bowers United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911 (Putnam)


FOKKER C.I

In 1921 the Navy purchased three Fokker C.Is from the Dutch Fokker factory. Actually, these had been built in Germany at the close of World War I and had been taken into Holland when Fokker returned to his native land and established a new company. The C.I was essentially a D.VII with slightly lengthened fuselage and wings, and a 185 hp BMW. The C.Is (A5887-A5889) were used by the US Marines at Quantico. Span, 34 ft 10 in; length, 23 ft 8 in; gross weight, 2,576 lb; max speed, 112 mph.


L.Andersson Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 (Putnam)


Fokker C I and C III

  Developed in 1918 by the Fokker Flugzeugwerke GmbH at Schwerin, the V 38 prototype was apparently not completed until after the Armistice. Being a two-seat variant of the D VII fighter and intended for the reconnaissance role it was armed with one fixed machine-gun firing forwards and another gun mounted on a ring in the observer's cockpit. It was of mixed construction with wooden cantilever wings and a welded steel-tube fuselage. Metal panels covered the fuselage forward of the lower wing and the rest was fabric-covered, as were the wing and tail surfaces. The ailerons, two-part elevators and rudder were horn-balanced. The interplane and under-carriage struts were made of streamlined steel-tube and the fuel tank was mounted on the axle between the mainwheels. Power was provided by the 185hp BMW IIIa water-cooled inline engine also used on the Fokker D VII.
  A number of C Is was taken from Germany to Holland in 1919 and sixty of these were delivered to the Dutch Air Force, which later built five more from parts. The Dutch Navy bought sixteen and a few were also sold to Denmark. The C II was a civil version of the C I and the C III was an unarmed transition trainer variant with a different engine. Spain acquired ten C IIIs fitted with 220hp Hispano-Suiza engines in 1922. Three C Is were sold to the Soviet Union with the fifty Fokker D VIIs in 1922, followed by twelve C IIIs in 1923. Both types were acquired for use as trainers. The C Is had 185hp BMW engines while the C IIIs were fitted with 160/180hp Mercedes engines. Known constructor's numbers include 117, 118, 138, 139, 143, 144, 148, 161 and 164, of which at least 118 and 139 were C Is. The C Is, which were armed with Vickers machine-guns, arrived in Leningrad in May 1922 and were distributed with the D VIIs to the 1st and 3rd Otdel'nye Istrebitel'nye Aviaeskadrilii at Leningrad and Kiev and to the Moscow Aviation School.
  The last Fokker C I (c/n 118) had been transferred from the 1st Higher School of Military Pilots in Moscow to the NOA in the spring of 1924, where it was used for experimental purposes until 1928. The twelve C IIIs were assigned to the 1st Higher School of Military Pilots. In 1928 the Military School of Aerial Combat at Orenburg had four and the Combined School of Military Pilots and Mechanics also used a single Fokker C III. There were some discussions about a possible transfer of Fokker C IIIs to civil service with Dobrolet and Ukrvozdukhput' early 1928, but this was not realized and the last aircraft of this type was finally withdrawn from use in 1929.


Fokker CI (C III)
  185hp BMW IIIa (180hp Mercedes)
  Span 10.5m; length 7.23 (8) m; height 2.87; wing area 26.25 (29) m2
  Empty weight 855 (740) kg; loaded weight 1,255 (1,090) kg
  Maximum speed 175km/h; cruising speed 130; landing speed 85km/h; climb to 5,000m in 27.5min; ceiling 6,000m; endurance 4hr; range 620km


Журнал Flight


Flight, August 28, 1919.

THE E.L.T.A. SHOW

THE FOKKER STAND

<...>
  Finally there is on the Fokker stand, a two-seater biplane which has more than a family, resemblance to the German Fokker type D VII. It has the same general shape and construction of fuselage, the same thick tapering wing section, and the same N form of interplane struts, without external wing bracing. One difference one notices, however, in the attachment of the lower wing to the fuselage. Whereas in the D VII the bottom plane was in one piece, resting in a recess in the bottom of the fuselage, in the show machine the bottom plane is made in two halves, bolted to the sides of the fuselage. The pilot occupies the front seat, while the seat usually occupied by the gunner is now reserved for the passenger, who is protected from the wind by a glass wind screen, while above his head is a collapsible hood made of fabric. A front radiator of elliptical shape suggests that the engine is a water-cooled one, but as to make we were unable to obtain any information from the gentleman in charge of the stand. The front of the body was hermetically sealed so as to make it impossible to discover the contents - if any - of the engine housing, and the young man in charge naively informed us that he did not know with what engine the machine was fitted! This may be taken to mean that either no engine was fitted, or that, if there was one fitted, it was a German one.

O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Fokker V 38
G.Swanborough, P.Bowers - United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911 /Putnam/
One of three Fokker C.Is at Quantico in 1922.
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
Fokker-C.I from Naval Aviation Museum Foundation collection
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
One of the three two-seat Fokker C. Is acquired with the fifty Fokker D VII fighters in 1922 for use as transitional trainers.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
With the exception of the engine type and the configuration of the rear cockpit the Fokker C. III two-seat trainer was similar to the C I. Twelve were acquired in 1923.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
The Fokker C. IIIs were assigned lo the 1st Higher School of Military Pilots in Moscow. This example has an interesting motif on the fuselage.
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 45а)
А.Александров, Г.Петров - Крылатые пленники России
(КПР 45б)
Журнал - Flight за 1919 г.
The Fokker Stand: On the left may be seen the port wing of a parasol monoplane, while in the centre is a sporting two-seater, shown with the port wings folded for transport. In the background, on the right, is a Fokker two-seater biplane, similar to the German Fokker type D.VII.
Журнал - Flight за 1919 г.
SOME DUTCH MACHINES AT THE E.L.T.A. AERODROME: 2. A couple of Fokker biplanes, one with rotary and one with stationary engine