United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911
G.Swanborough, P.Bowers - United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911 /Putnam/
An S.E.5A with British serial number but US Navy markings.
A Sopwith 1 1/2-Strutter at Guantanamo, with hydrovanes for emergency water alighting.
A Navy Sopwith Camel in France.
A 1920 photo of a Nieuport 28 with British Grain flotation gear installed.
A Fokker D.VII used by the Marine Corps.
A US Navy Caproni Ca-44 serving with the Northern Bombing Group Night Wing at Orly.
De Havilland DH-4 in France, 1918, with US Marine Corps insignia.
Boeing-built DH-4Ms delivered to the US Marine Corps as O2B-1s in 1925.
A de Havilland 9A as used by the Navy in France.
The first Curtiss F-5L built by the Naval Aircraft Factory.
Curtiss F-5L with post-war tail modification and checkerboard markings on hull for better visibility during fleet manoeuvres.
A 1924 photograph of a Curtiss F-5L with modified fin and rudder.
A US Navy Parnall Panther with Grain flotation gear.
A Sopwith Baby seaplane, with original British serial N3709 and Navy markings.
A Macchi M.5 during tests at Hampton Roads, Va, in 1917.
A Macchi M.8 flying-boat as used by the Navy in Europe.
A Donnet-Denhaut flying-boat in the US.
An Italian built FBA Model H.
A Levy-Lepen HB-2 flying-boat as used by the Navy.
A Tellier flying-boat in France.
One of three Fokker C.Is at Quantico in 1922.
An Aeromarine 40.
Aeromarine 39-B making the first landing on USS Langley on October 26, 1922.
Aeromarine 39 B
Boeing Model 3, the C-5 seaplane tested by the US Navy, before purchase of the Model Cs in quantity, with clear-doped finish and the new 1917 military tail striping. Compare larger radiators, modified centre section struts, and vertical tail size to Model 2.
Boeing Model C
A Burgess S seaplane in October 1916.
The Burgess-Dunne AH-10 tailless biplane.
Curtiss 18-T1 serial A3326 as flown in the 1923 National Air Races.
The long-span Curtiss 18-T2 used for a seaplane altitude record flight in 1919.
Curtiss Model 18T Wasp.
Curtiss A-1 Triad resting on its wheels in shallow water. Both sets of elevators are 'down'.
The forward elevator had been eliminated from Curtiss landplane and seaplane pushers alike by the time lhe US Navy bought the AH-13. Curtiss AH-13 two-seater bearing the legend 'U.S.N. AH-13' on the rudder.
Curtiss H-12L in overall grey finish with 1918 roundels on wings.
The H-16, with swept trailing edge of ailerons, twin Liberty engines and enclosed pilot's cabin, which distinguish this model from the F-5L, was the final Curtiss H-Model. Also built under licence by the Naval Aircraft Factory.
The Curtiss HA-1 single-float fighter.
Curtiss JN-4H A6226 serving at NAS Pensacola, showing the yellow colouring ror top or upper wing adopted in February 1924.
The Model F of 1913 became the standard Navy flying-boat trainer and remained in production into 1918. Increased upper wing span and Deperdussin controls were the principal changes. All-grey Curtiss F flying-boat in 1918 colouring, showing overhanging top wing and ailerons between the wings.
The insignia change of January 1918, resulted in some interesting mixtures when stored components carrying old markings were installed on newer aeroplanes. Number 2363 at left has correct markings; 2382 has the order of tail stripe colours reversed, as in 1917, and the grey-painted aircraft extreme right has the 1917 star insignia on the wings but 1918 tail stripes.
An N-9H with 150 hp American-built (as the Wright Model A) Hispano·Suiza engine and unique tower radiator. Burgess built N-9s under licence and the US Navy assembled many others from spare parts.
Curtiss-built NC-4, designed by the NAF and used for the transatlantic flight in 1919.
The NAF-designed, Curtiss-built NC-4 on first stage of transatlantic flight, May 8, 1919.
The R-3 was a seaplane version of the R-2 with longer wings to carry the added weight of the twin floats. The blue anchor on the rudder and under the lower wingtips was the first US Navy aeroplane insignia. The figures 62 were part of Navy aeroplane designation AH-62, later changed to A-66.
Most US Navy Curtiss R-6s were converted to R-6Ls by the installation of Liberty engines and were used as torpedoplanes after the war.
Curtiss R-6 landplane with Curtiss V-X-X engine.
Curtiss R-6 (Model 2A).
The Gallaudet D-1, serial A59, at Pensacola in mid-1916.
Loening M-81 land plane, illustrating the unusual ailerons at the wingtips.
Loening LS-1 seaplane with the unusual Richardson floats which had flat inner faces.
A Martin MT biplane about to drop paratroops over North Island, San Diego.
Photographed in February 1917, this Sturtevant AH-24 (later A76) is unpainted and bears the blue anchor insignia on rudder and under wing.
The Sturtevant S seaplane, serial number A81.
One of eleven Thomas-Morse MB-3As used by Marine Corps.
A Thomas-Morse S.4C serving with the Navy in September 1920, carrying original Army serial number but in Navy grey finish.
A Vought VE-7, as produced for the Navy after the end of World War I.
Vought VE-7S, the single-seat fighter version of the design, built by Lewis & Vought.
A Vought VE-7GF, built by the NAF, showing flotation gear and hydrovanes for emergency use.
A Vought VE-9H of Navy squadron VO-6 in December 1924.
The Wright Model K, serial A51, with chain-drive to propellers.
The Wright-Martin R with Hall-Scott A-5A engine.
Naval Aviator No 1, Lt T.G. Ellyson, in a Curtiss Pusher at San Diego, January 1911 prior to purchase of Navy s first aeroplane.
Curtiss A-2 with built-up superstructure above pontoon. This aircraft later became the E-1 (later AX-1) when wheels were added.
A Wright Model C Seaplane operated by the Navy as its B series.
Curtiss JN-1S seaplane, first Navy single-engined Jenny. When the Model J was tried as a seaplane, the span of the upper wing was increased to carry the added weight of the floats.
The Aeromarine 700 used ror early torpedo-dropping tests in the US.
Curtiss C-1 flying boat (later AB-1), with Cmdr T.G.Ellyson in the cockpit.
The HS-1L was the production version of the Model HS, with the letter L identifying the use of the Liberty engine.
Boeing-built Curtiss HS-2L, distinguished by absence of lower-wing ailerons.
Curtiss MF training flying-boat.
A Standard H-4-H at Langley Field, Hampton, Va.
A Thomas-Morse SH-4 observation seaplane.
The Martin S seaplane A69 (originally AH-19).
One of the six Thomas-Morse S-5 seaplanes, serial A762, in June 1918 used by the US Navy at Dinner Key, Miami.