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Halberstadt CL.II/CL.IIa

Страна: Германия

Год: 1917

Light two-seat C type, escort and ground attack

Halberstadt - C.III - 1917 - Германия<– –>Halberstadt - D.V - 1917 - Германия


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


ХАЛЬБЕРШТАДТ CL-II/CL-IIa / HALBERSTADT CL-II/CL-IIa

   В начале 1917 года немецкое военное командование разработало комплекс требований для легкого двухместного многоцелевого биплана - новой категории боевых машин, обозначенной индексом "CL".
   Эти самолеты должны были оснащаться моторами в 160-180 л.с. и быть достаточно скоростными, маневренными и хорошо вооруженными, чтобы действовать без истребительного эскорта, а при необходимости они и сами могли выступать в роли истребителей.
   Первой серийной машиной нового класса стало изделие фирмы "Хальберштадтер Флюгцойгверк" - "Хальберштадт" CL-II - двухместный самолет с размерами одноместного. Опытный экземпляр CL-II поднялся в воздух 7 мая 1917 г.
   Этот миниатюрный цельнодеревянный биплан оказался весьма успешным в роли штурмовика и легкого бомбардировщика, особенно, действуя большими группами. Впервые такие массированные атаки с воздуха немцы предприняли в ноябре 1917-го в битве у Камбрэ. В дальнейшем количество "Хальберштадтов" во фронтовых частях постоянно увеличивалось.
   Кроме CL-II, выпускался CL-IIa с двигателем повышенной мощности.
   К началу августа в немецких "шлахтштаффелях" (штурмовых авиаэскадрильях) на западном фронте числилось 175 "Хальберштадтов" CL-IIa и 136 - CL-IV.

  
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ
  
   "Мерседес"D.III, 160 л.с. (CL-II) или BMW, 185 л.с. (CL-IIa)
  
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ
  
   1-2 синхронных "Шпандау" и 1 турельный "Парабеллум", до 50 кг бомб.
  
  
ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
("Хальберштадт" CL-II)
  
   Размах, м 10,8
   Длина, м 7,3
   Площадь крыла, кв.м 27,5
   Сухой вес, кг 796
   Взлетный вес, кг 1160
   Скорость максимальная, км/ч 165
   Время набора высоты, м/мин 1000/5
   Потолок, м 5000


O.Thetford, P.Gray German Aircraft of the First World War (Putnam)


Halberstadt CL II

   Designed to the new CL (Light C type) specification in 1917, to equip the Schutzstaffeln (Protection Flights), the Halberstadt CL II was built in considerable numbers. Coming into use in the summer of 1917, it was later reinforced by the Hannover CL types, and used mainly as a two seat fighter to escort C type reconnaissance and photographic patrol machines. However, the German High Command had by this time come to appreciate the importance and morale effect of close-support aircraft operating with infantry attacks, and the designation of the Schutzstaffeln was later changed to Schlachtstaffeln (Battle Flights), and the duties accordingly varied to close-support and ground attack When not required to support a specific ground operation the Schlastas resumed their former escort role and chaperoned their C-type comrades.
   The Halberstadt CL II, with its distinctive communal single cockpit occupied by both pilot and observer (in similar fashion to the British Bristol Fighter), facilitated improved co-operation between the crew and was admirably suited to its new found close-support fighting role. With the advent of these faster and more nimble light two-seaters the degree of cooperation with the infantry was highly co-ordinated, and from late summer of 1917 a considerable degree of success was achieved. This is evidenced by the fact that the British convened a Court of Inquiry in January 1918 to examine the cause of success of the German counter-offensive of 30th November 1917 during the Battle of Cambrai. The findings recorded the appearance of the close-support aircraft in considerable numbers at altitudes lower than 100 ft., firing into both the Front-Line trenches and the rear positions. The morale effect was reported as being very great and facilitated the German success, British infantry seeming at a loss to counteract the effect of these low-flying machines. One witness stated that firing on them produced no visible effect.
   In addition to the machine-gun armament, Halberstadt CL IIs had trays filted to the outside of the fuselage in which anti-personnel grenades were carried. These were dropped overboard by the observer into trenches and on targets of opportunity.
   One of the first successful operations involving the Halberstadt CL II was an attack on the Somme bridges at Bray and St. Christ on 6th September 1917. The Germans had been obliged to evacuate Peronne due to the success of heavy attacks by the British, and the concentration of British reserves on the west bank of the river had been spotted by reconnaissance aircraft. It was planned to attack these troops as they actually crossed the bridges, where it was estimated the greatest havoc might be wrought. Such indeed was the case - the attack was mounted by twenty-four Halberstadts and panic ensued, troops jumping over the parapets of the two bridges in their endeavour to escape the machine-gun fire and grenades coming from the enemy aircraft. The artillery troops and their horses farther in the rear were also attacked, and it was estimated the Halberstadts had disorganized the best part of a division. During the whole period the Halberstadts were assailed by only two Sopwith scouts, one of which was promptly shot down, the other then making off.
   Although lightly built, the Halberstadt CL II was a quite strong machine by virtue of its compactness. It was a small aircraft for a two-seater, and its single-bay configuration resulted in neat and elegant proportions. Power was supplied by the ubiquitous 160 h.p. Mercedes D III, and a neatly spinnered propeller imparted a streamlined nose-entry, only the fore part of the cylinder block being exposed above the metal nose-cowling panels. The remainder of the fuselage was a wooden structure covered with thin plywood panelling and tapered to a horizontal knife-edge aft. The fixed tail surfaces, with the vertical fin distinctively mounted well ahead of the tailplane, were of wooden framing, while the one-piece elevator and large balanced rudder were welded steel-tube units, the whole being fabric covered.
   In the single-bay wings the upper had a pronounced sweep which, combined with the dihedral in the lower wing only, gave the aircraft a somewhat rakish appearance. Of orthodox wooden construction, based on two spruce main spars and with plywood leading-edges, the wings were fabric covered and mounted at a considerable angle of incidence. On the lower wings this incidence was washed out at the inboard ends to provide a better join with the fuselage and to improve the airflow. The large, fabric-covered, horn-balance ailerons were of typical German design in appearance, but their method of operation was different. Of welded steel-tube framing, they were positively actuated by push-rods connected to cranks mounted on the inboard ends of torque tubes which extended through the wings to the centre-section. The centre-section panel of the upper wing was supported on a rigid system of steel-tube struts which were not cable-braced in any way, and its close proximity to the fuselage afforded the pilot first-class upward and forward vision. Also, in conjunction with his elevated gun-ring, the observer was able to fire upward and forward. The aerofoil-shaped radiator was installed flush in the starboard side of this centre-section panel and the gravity fuel tank was in the port side. Interplane struts were of streamlined section steel tube, and bracing was of steel cable.
   The conventional undercarriage had steel-tube vees, a single spreader bar and the axle sprung with multiple spiral springs. The large ash tailskid was hinged immediately under the rudder post and internally sprung.

TECHNICAL DATA
   Description: Light two-seat C type, escort and ground attack.
   Manufacturers: Halberstadter Flugzeug-Werke G.m.b.H. (Halb.).
   Sub-contractor: Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke A.G.
   Power Plant: One 160 h.p. Mercedes D III 6 cylinder in-line water-cooled engine.
   Dimensions: Span, 10.77 m. (35 ft. 4 in.). Length, 7.3 m. (23 ft. 11 3/8 in.). Height, 2.75 m. (9 ft. 0 1/4 in.). Area, 27.5 sq.m. (297 sq.ft.).
   Weights:
   Empty, 773 kg. (1,701 lb.). Loaded, 1,133 kg. (2,493 lb.). (Official figures.)
   Empty, 796 kg. (1,751 lb.). Loaded, 1,166 kg. (2,565 lb.). (Figures painted on some aircraft.)
   Performance: Speed, 165 km.hr. (103.12 m.p.h.) at 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.). Climb, 1,000 m. (3,280 ft.) in 5 min., 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.) in 39.5 min. Ceiling, 16,700 ft. Duration, 3 hr.
   Armament: One or two fixed Spandau machine-guns (according to duties) forward and one manually operated Parabellum machine-gun in rear cockpit. Anti-personnel grenades. Four or five 10 kg. (22 lb.) bombs.


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


HALBERSTADT CL II Germany

   In the autumn of 1916, the German Air Staff conceived a requirement for a two-seat "defensive patrol and pursuit aircraft”; an amalgam of features of the two-seat C-type and single-seat D-type. Accordingly, in November 1916, the Halberstadter Flugzeugwerke, among other companies, received a three-prototype contract for an aircraft fulfilling a specification prepared by the Idflieg. Designed by Dipl-Ing Karl Theis and based on his unsuccessful D IV single-seat fighter, this aircraft, initially designated C II but redesignated CL II in the summer of 1917, was powered by a 160 hp Mercedes D III water-cooled engine. It was armed with a fixed LMG 08/15 machine gun for the pilot and a flexible LMG 14 on a raised ring mounting for the gunner. Within days of passing its official type test, on 7 May 1917, the first CL II production order was placed. This two-seater reached the Front in August 1917, achieving immediate acclaim. Its excellent manoeuvrability, good climb rate and the wide field of view provided for the rear gunner enabled it to engage enemy single-seaters on equal terms. The CL II rapidly became the mainstay of the Schutzstaffeln (units formed to provide protection for reconnaissance aircraft). With the later formation of the Schlachtstaffeln, the CL II enjoyed auspicious success in the close air support fighter role. For front-line evaluation, a few CL IIs were fitted with the BMW IIIa engine with which they were designated CL IIa. A total of 700 CL IIs was built under five production contracts by the Halberstadter Flugzeugwerke through mid-1918, and a further 200 were built in 1918 by the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (BFW).

Max speed, 102 mph (165 km/h) at 16,405 ft (5 000 m).
Time to 3,280 ft (1 000 m), 5.0 min.
Endurance, 3.0 hrs.
Empty weight, 1,701 lb (773 kg).
Loaded weight, 2,498 lb (1133 kg).
Span, 35 ft 4 in (10,76 m).
Length, 23 ft 11 1/2 in (7,30 m).
Height, 9 ft 0 1/2 in (2,75 m).
Wing area, 305.7 sq ft (28,40 m2).


J.Herris Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 44)


Halberstadt CL.II

  In August 1916 Idflieg issued a specification for a new, light C-type, powered by a 160-180 hp engine. The new CL-type was intended to be a two-seat escort fighter to protect regular C-types from attack. Because the new type was to be a two-seat fighter, Idflieg required the aircraft to be 250-260 kg lighter than the C-types.
  A number of German manufacturers responded to Idflieg’s requirement; however, only Hannover and Halberstadt responded with successful designs that went into production. Initially the designation Halberstadt C.I was given to the DFW C.V(Halb), the Halberstadt-built DFW C.V, so Halberstadt's successful design was the CL.II. Later, an improved development, the Halberstadt CL.IV, reached the front.
  Idflieg ordered three CL-class prototypes from Halberstadt in November 1916. These were the Halberstadt C.II 9901-9903/16, all powered by the 160 hp Mercedes D.III, an engine widely used by German fighters. The resulting C.II (later designated CL.II to reflect its category) was rolled out in April 1917. The prototype had many features first noted in the Halberstadt D.IV. Type-tested over 2-7 May 1917, the load tests were successful but then Idflieg required the wing span to be increased, probably to improve climb and ceiling. Due to the increased wing span the load tests had to be repeated later in May and the revised prototype passed.
  Based on the good test results, Idflieg ordered 100 Halberstadt CL.II aircraft. Eventually 900 CL.II fighters were ordered from Halberstadt and 400 from BFW.
  Halberstadt CL.II C.5675/17 was test flown at HFW on July 13, 1917, and Halberstadt CL.II C.5717/17 was assigned to a unit on September 25, 1917. This probably shows that the Halberstadt CL.II first reached the front beginning in September. However, the Frontbeststand table for the C types and CL types does not reflect that.
  They were supplied to Schutzstaffeln (Schustas - protection flights) and reconnaissance Flieger Abteilungs as two-seat fighter escorts. The CL.II was immediately successful and quickly earned a good reputation. It was fast, robust, maneuverable, and had a good rate of climb. As important, it had safe flight characteristics and the gunner had a good field of fire and field of view. However, it could not keep up with the 'higher-horsepower' two-seat C-types. The undercarriage was considered 'somewhat weak' and liable to collapse unless the landing was very good. However, this was quickly fixed. The CL.II was compact and therefore the gunner's cockpit was criticized as being too cramped. The CL.II has mountings for a wireless and camera, however, the CL.II was primarily used as a two-seat fighter and seldom carried them.
  In the fall of 1917 Flieger Abteilung (A) 255 reported that the CL.II was a very effective ground-attack aircraft due to its maneuverability enabling it to avoid ground-fire. Furthermore, due to its maneuverability and gunner, it could also successfully engage Allied fighters.
  The CL.II was assigned to several fighter units for evaluation with operating together with single-seat fighters. After flying the CL.II with a gunner, Lt. Kroll of Jasta 24 felt the very 'maneuverable' CL.II was on a speed and climb performance level with the Albatros D.III and D.V. However, CL.II 5717/17 was tested (on Oct. 30, 1917) with twin Parabellum guns for the gunner; the additional weight reduced performance to below that needed to operate effectively with the Albatros fighters. The CL.II was also tested as a night fighter.
  Idflieg reported in April 1918 that the Halberstadt CL.II was preferred to all other types by the Schlactstaffeln. CL.II losses were very low and it was greatly respected by Allied aircraft.
  The CL.II continued in full operational service until the Armistice. It was joined in July 1918 by the improved Halberstadt CL.IV which was even more maneuverable that the CL.II.
  The British evaluated captured CL.II 15342/17 brought down on 9 June 1918. Their evaluation was very positive for a German aircraft:
  "The Halberstadt (CL.II) represents, in all probability, the high water mark of two-seater German aeroplane construction, as it is not only well and strongly constructed but its general behavior in the air is good according to modern fighting standard.
  "Pilots report the machine light and comfortable to fly. The maneuverability is good and this feature taken in conjunction with an exceptionally fine view of the pilot and observer and the field of fire of the latter, makes the machine one to be reckoned with as a 'two-seat fighter,' although the climb and speed performances are poor judged by contemporary British standards."
  There is little information available on two developments of the CL.II with more powerful engines. BFW was producing the CL.Ila powered by the 180 hp Argus As.IIIa engine by late 1918 and a few may have reached the front. Eleven examples were discovered at the BFW factory after the war by the Inter-allied Armistice Commission. Furthermore, the Polish Air Service flew some in 1919-1920.
  Another version of the CL.II flew with the superior 185 hp BMW.IIIa engine in January 1918. No production ensured because all the BMW engines were required for fighters and none were available for CL-types. The BMW engine in particular would address the British criticism of its poor speed and climb, and in fact the BMW was installed in the advanced Hannover CL.V while high-altitude 180 hp Mercedes D.IIIau engine, comparable to the BMW, was installed for the advanced Halberstadt CLS.I that was an even smaller, lighter, and more maneuverable development of the Halberstadt CL.IV.
  Additional tests were done with the CL.II. In One, a four-bladed propeller was tested. Another involved the fitting of twin-fixed machine guns for the pilot. Finally, another CL.II was used as a test-bed for early supercharger experiments.


Halberstadt CL-Type Specifications
Spec \ Type CL.II Prototype CL.II Production CL.IV
Engine 160 hp Mercedes D.III 160 hp Mercedes D.III 170 hp Mercedes D.IIIa
Span, upper 9.40 m 10.77 m 10.70 m
Span, lower 9.40 m 10.65 m 9.98 m
Chord, upper 1.6 m 1.60 m 1.60 m
Chord, lower 1.30 m 1.30 m 1.30 m
Wing Area 24.0 m2 27.5 m2 26.66 m2
Length 7.32 m 7.30 m 6.50 m (later 6.89 m)
Height - - 2.70 m
Weight empty 701 kg 773 kg 700 kg
Weight loaded 1,071 kg 1,133 kg 1,040 kg
Speed 165 km/h 165 km/h 165 km/h
Climb
1,000 minutes - 3.5 4.3
2,000 minutes - - 5.5
3,000 minutes - - 12.7
4,000 minutes - - 22.1
5,000 minutes - 38 30.8
CL.IV(Rol) Empty Wt. 720 kg, Loaded Wt. 1,060 kg.


Halberstadt CL.II Production Orders
Date Quantity Serials Notes
November 1916 3 9902-9904/16 Prototypes. C.9903/16 was in operational use with Schusta 22b from September to December 1917.
May 1917 100 5675-5774/17
June 1917 100 6300-6399/17
October 1917 200 14200-14399/17
November 1917 200 15300-15499/17
February 1918 100 700-799/18 BFW-built
March 1918 100 1161-1260/18
March 1918 (200) ? Reinhard Zankl thinks this March 1918 order for 200 aircraft is the C.2800-2999/18 order for 200. But after the first 100 aircraft C.2800-2899/18, the rest were changed to Halb C.V(Bay) 2900-2999/18.
April 1918 100 2800-2999/18 CL.IIa(BFW) with Argus As.IIIa engine
3 prototypes normally ordered, one for flight tests, one for static tests, and one spare.


J.Herris Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: CL.IV-CLS.I & Fighters (A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes 45)


Afterword: Halberstadts Postwar by Colin Owers

  The Allies had a number of Halberstadt CL.II biplanes fall into their hands during the war, but the most famous is 15342/17 that was captured in flight by an R.E.8 of No. 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. Lts R.C. Armstrong and EJ Mart were carrying out an reconnaissance patrol near Moriancourt in their R.E.8 D4689 when they noticed a German aircraft making for its own lines. Armstrong immediately moved to head it off and after a few feeble attempts to escape the crew surrendered. The machine was herded to the Squadron's airfield where it made a perfect landing. The crew were inexperienced and had become lost.
  15342/17 became the subject of a Ministry of Munitions report on the type and was also featured in the British magazine Flight commencing in their 10 October 1918, issue. Given the British serial G/5Bde/16 the machine was sent to the UK where it was tested and eventually placed on displayed in the "Enemy Viewing Room" at Islington. A comprehensive range of German aeroplanes, instruments and equipment was placed on view for "the benefit of officers and men of the R.A.F., aircraft designers and others." This Halberstadt was claimed by Australia and was to be sent back for the proposed War Museum, however another Halberstadt, serial unknown, was substituted instead. This was uncovered when the machine was uncrated in Australia. It was sent to Tasmania for display in an art gallery, but when no permanent home could be found for it, it was apparently sold to a private individual who was building his own aircraft. Legend has it that it was destroyed in a bushfire. The Mercedes engine is stated to have survived but has not turned up to date.
  Some 13 CL.II and nine CL.IV fighters, together with 18 C.V reconnaissance biplanes were taken into US custody and inspected in Europe, but very few made it back to the USA. An inventory of Enemy Material in the USA of 27 August 1919, lists five Halberstadt C types, five Halberstadt C.V and one Halberstadt (spares). One of these was a CL.II as 6312(/17) that was offered for sale without engine for $250 in the 1920s at an Army sale of unwanted aircraft. This particular CL.II had been found in a Zeppelin hangar at Treves in France in an unserviceable condition.
  The first foreign country to use the CL.II was the Netherlands. Four CL.II fighters found their way into the Netherlands and landed to be interned. The Luchtvaartafdeling (EVA) (Dutch Army air service) acquired most of its inventory during 1914-1918 from straying aircraft that were forced by circumstances to land in their territory. 6315/17 was interned on 31 December 1917, at Sas van Gent, Zeeland. It was in perfect condition and was taken into EVA service as H414. Cpl Paul Zeidler then delivered 14252/17 (w/n 594) on 2 April 1918. Neither of these machines was purchased. This machine became H415. 1543/17 was not so lucky as it became lost in fog on a flight from Ghent. When over Knocke it was fired upon by the Dutch forces and made a crash landing at Oostsburg. Kiel, the pilot, was wounded and the fuel tank pierced. He attempted to land the aircraft but the machine was wrecked. His observer was unharmed. The engine was unharmed and later pressed into service. The same was true of 1220/18 after it landed near Guipen, Limburg on 14 November 1918. These aircraft and other German types were operated until late 1918, then were stored after the Armistice had stopped hostilities. It is believed that they were sold off around 1925 as scrap.
  The Estonian Aviation Regiment obtained a number of Halberstadts of different varieties as illustrated. C.V 6905/18 was captured at Narva in 1919 and given the Serial No. 9. This was the C.V that was turned into a floatplane. In 1921 four C.V biplanes, four CL.IV (Rol) were purchased from the German stores at Vamdrup in Denmark.
  Amongst the approximate one hundred German aircraft that Lithuania captured or purchased were the following Halberstadt biplanes as tabulated at right.
  Polish Aviation used more than 20 Halberstadt CL.II, CL.IV, and C.V aircraft, which were found at Lawica/Poznan airfield after the end of WWI. The biggest part were remnants from the German Fliegerersatz-Abteilung 4 Posen and smallest come from Mokotow / Warszawa, ex German Fliegerbeobachterschule Warschau and Albatros-Militar-Wekstatten (REFLA) Warschau. Thirteen Halberstadt CL.IIs and CL.IIAs were refurbished at Poznan (most received new Polish numbers) and two were refurbished at Warsaw/Mokotow. All went to Squadrons at the front or to flying schools. Four Polish Halberstadt CL.IIs were lost during the Polish-Russian war. All Polish Halberstadt CL.IVs came from Lawica (two had Mercedes D.III engines and one (C.5894/18) had a Benz Bz.IV engine) and were used by 2 EW and 14 EW squadrons. One of them was captured and used by Russia, one was lost in Germany after the war (pilot got lost and crashed during a storm). All twelve Polish Halberstadt C.Vs were refurbished at Lawica. Most of them were from BFW production. Most were used during the Polish-Russian war in 2. Eskadra Wielkopolska. One aircraft, C.V C.8843/18, mounted a carrier for four 12.5 kg P.u.W. bombs. At least three Halb. C.Vs were lost during the Polish-Russian war and one fell into Russian hands.
<...>


Журнал Flight


Flight, October 10, 1918.

REPORT ON THE HALBERSTADT FIGHTER.
(Issued by the Technical Department (Aircraft Production), Ministry of Munitions.)

[A brief description and a sketch of the fuselage of this machine were published in our issue of August 1st, 1918. - ED.]

   THIS machine is a two-seater fighter. It was brought down at Villers Bocage, by Lieuts. Armstrong and Mert on an R.E.8 on June 9th, 1918. The machine is marked "Type H.S. C.L.2," and bears the military number C.L.2, 15,342/17. The date of construction, April 14th, 1918, is stamped on various parts. On the side of the fuselage is the following description :-
   Leergewicht (weight unladen), 796 k.g.
   Hochstbelastung (useful weight), 370 k.g.
   Einschl Vollen tank. (Including full tanks.)

   There is also a red line about 30 in. long drawn at both sides of the fuselage, showing the horizontal in the normal flying position.

General Details.
   The Halberstadt represents, in all probability, the high water mark of two-seater German aeroplane construction, as it is not only well and strongly constructed, but its general behaviour in the air is good according to modern fighting standards.
   Its general design will be gathered from the drawings on page 1135 and also from the photographs. Constructional details are dealt with by sketches.
   Span of upper plane, 35 ft. 3 1/4 in.; span of lower plane, 34 ft. 11 in.; chord or upper plane, 5 ft. 3 1/4 in.; chord of lower plane, 4 ft. 3 1/2 in.; gap, maximum, 4 ft.; gap, minimum, 3 ft. 8 1/2 in.; dihedral angle of lower plane, 2 deg.; horizontal dihedral of main planes, 4 deg.; total area of main planes, 310 sq. ft.; area of each aileron, 11.6 sq. ft.; area of aileron balance, 2 sq. ft.; load per square foot, 8.2 lbs.; area of tail planes, 13.6 sq. ft.; area of elevator, 12.4 sq. ft.; area of fin, 6.4 sq. ft.; area of rudder, 7.9 sq. ft.; area of rudder balance, 1 sq. ft.; maximum cross-section of body, 8.8 sq. ft.; horizontal area of body, 44 sq. ft.; vertical area of body, 52.8 sq. ft.; length over all, 24 ft.; engine, 180 h.p. Mercedes; weight per h.p. (180), 14.07 lbs.; capacity of petrol tanks, 34 galls.; capacity of oil tanks, 4 galls.; crew, 2; guns, 1 fixed and 1 movable; military load on test, 545 lbs.; total load on test, 2,532 lbs.

Performance.
Speed at 10,000 ft., 97 m.p.h., 1,385 r.p.m.
   Rate of
   climb in Indicated
   Mins. secs. Ft./min. Air speed
Climb to 5,000 ft. 9 25 440 69
Climb to 10,000 ft. 24 30 240 64
Climb to 14,000 ft. 51 55 80 58

Service ceiling (height at which climb is 100 ft. per minute), 13,500 ft.; estimated absolute ceiling, 16,000 ft.; greatest height reached, 14,800 ft. in 64 min. 40 sec.; rate of climb at this height, 50 ft. per minute.

Stability and Controllability.
   This machine cannot be considered stable. There is a tendency to stall with the engine on, and to dive with the engine off. Directionally, owing to the propeller swirl, the machine swings to the left, but with the engine off is neutral.
   Pilots report the machine light and comfortable to fly. The manoeuvrability is good, and this feature, taken in conjunction with the exceptionally fine view of the pilot and observer and the field of fire of the latter, makes the machine one to be reckoned with as a "two-seater fighter," although the climb and speed performances are poor judged by contemporary British standards.

Principal Points of the Design.
   Single bay arrangements of wings.
   Conspicuous set back of the main planes.
   Empennage free from wires.
   Fuselage tapers to a horizontal line at the rear in direct contradistinction to the usual German practice.
   Pilot's and observer's cockpit constructed as one.

Construction.

Wings.
   The upper wings are supported by a large centre section, having a span of 6 ft. 3 in. This centre section is at right angles to the centre line of machine, but at each side of it; the wings are thrown back with a horizontal dihedral of 4 deg. The lower wings are smaller in chord and very slightly smaller in span than the upper, and are fixed direct to the lower surface of the fuselage, and it is to be noted that where the trailing edge joins on to the fuselage it is shaped so as to avoid a surface of discontinuity at the root of the wing. This is done by smoothly turning upwards the trailing edge.
   The actual construction of the wings is of considerable interest, especially on account of the novel type of spar which is employed. This applies to both the upper and the lower planes. The front spar measures 2 3/4 in. by 1 in. and at the butt is placed about 4 in. from the leading edge. It is of "I" section, but is left full at such points as those at which internal bracing wires are fixed. A section of this spar, given in Fig. 1, shows how it is connected to the leading edge by means of ply-wood, both top and bottom.
   It will be seen that on the upper surface the ply-wood is extended rearwards for a distance of some 4 3/4 in. from the centre of the spar, and terminates in a small transverse flange about 1/2 in. deep. This construction furnishes a leading edge of great rigidity and strength, and at the same time it would also appear to be light in weight.
   A section of the rear main spar is given in Fig. 2. In this case the main member is of "O" or box section, and is built up of two pieces let into one another in a rather unusual manner. This is clearly shown in the drawing. Both at the top and bottom of the spar, thin strips of wood are used to cover the glued joint, and on this is tacked, both above and below, a flat length of ply-wood 7 in. wide which overhangs the main member of the spar an equal distance at each side.
   This ply-wood web is flanged at each end with strips of wood glued in position, and on these strips are fitted small corner pieces which serve to support the ribs. The latter are also of ply-wood, to which are glued and tacked rails of solid wood, top and bottom.
   A notable point of the wing construction is the fact that steel tubes are not used as the compression members of the internal bracing, as is the common practice. These members are made of box form ribs which occur at intervals along the spars. Adjacent to the root of the wing a very large reinforced box rib occurs, of which the section is given in Fig. 3.
   The absence of steel tubes considerably simplifies the attachment of the bracing lugs to the spars, a specimen of which is shown in Fig. 4. It will be noticed that it is of a very simple form, and in this respect it is characteristic of the design of the aeroplane on the whole, which, from this point of view, is far less elaborate than the majority of German designs and appears to be in many ways more practical, especially having regard to quantity production.

Wing Attachments.
   The whole of the centre section, both upper and lower surface, is covered with three-plywood, and the spars used in it are of similar design to those fitted to the wings, and already described. Both the upper and lower wings are provided with attachments which allow of their being very readily taken down. Views -of these fittings are given in Figs. 5 and 6, the former showing the attachment of the upper wing to the centre section, and the latter that of the lower wing to the fuselage. In the former case, the fitting is covered in with a spring operated trap door which also gives access to the joint of the aileron' control shaft. A sliding door is used in the lower plane, and it will be noticed that the spar is at this point protected by an aluminium foot plate. In each case, quick detachable safety bolts are employed. In Fig. 7 are given further details of the type of spar socket in use. This is built up of sheet steel and oxy-acetylene welded, the quality of this work appearing to be very high.
   The spars of the lower wings engage with a fork-ended tube passing right across the floor of the fuselage, and supported by the longerons of the nacelle by means of the sockets as shown in detail in Fig. 8. Here, again, a high quality of workmanship is evident, and it may be said without exaggeration that in this respect the Halberstadt machine is decidedly superior to the other German aeroplanes which have been reported upon, with, perhaps, the single exception of the Fokker.

Struts.
   The struts throughout this aeroplane are of streamline steel tube of light section, but in contradistinction to the usual German practice they are not tapered at the ends, but end abruptly, as shown in Fig. 9. This form of construction has the advantage of lending itself very well to the saving of labour, as the aeroplane struts are simply lengths of plain tubing pierced with transverse holes and reinforced by welded shoulders where the latter occur. The struts are secured top and bottom by bolts and eyes, and it will be noticed that where a cross bracing wire has to be taken from this junction, the turnbuckle is neatly anchored to a small pin passing through the rear of the tubular strut, which is slotted and slightly expanded at this point.
   The bolt hole is also reinforced by spot welding. This arrangement of strut attachment appears to be very practicable and certainly looks extremely neat.
   The upper ends of the inclined centre section struts are fitted with a different type of anchorage, as in this position the simple form of attachment used on the interplane struts cannot be adopted. A sketch is given in Fig. 10, from which it will be seen that the end of the strut is welded up solid and fitted with a scooped-out slot for the reception of the diagonal wire which runs to the bottom of the fuselage. This wire is very neatly secured by the same bolt as fixes the centre section strut.
   The rear spar of the centre section is supported by two vertical struts of the "V" type having their base points attached to the upper members of the fuselage and the apex fixed to the centre section spar. The manner in which the lower joints are fitted to the fuselage brackets and the form of the latter are made clear in Fig. 11.
   The bracing wires run as follows :- In the rear between the extremities of the struts; the lift wire in front joins the top of the forward strut to the landing carriage strut. There are no drift wires outside the wings.

Fuselage Construction.
   One of the most notable points in the Halberstadt fuselage is that whilst it retains the characteristic German form, both forward and amidships, it shows great individuality at the tail, at which point it tapers to a horizontal line, instead of to a vertical line, as is the practice in nearly all other German aeroplanes. The advantage of this arrangement is that the fitting of the tail can be made of sufficient strength without introducing any need for wire bracing. Thus, apart from head resistance, it has less masking effect on the movable gun.
   The fuselage is constructed in the accepted manner of four main longerons fitted with skeleton bulk heads at intervals and covered in with three-ply wood. The bulk heads are made as shown in Fig. 12, and are of a very light construction, except that adjacent to the tail, which serves as the main support of the rudder post and tail plane spar. At this point the bulk head is made of multi-ply wood, and is extensively fretted, as shown in the sketch, Fig. 13. Slots are cut for the reception of the longerons. The rudder post is fixed to the bulkhead by sheet steel brackets.
   The sketch, Fig. 14, shows in more detail the fitting of the longerons to this bulk head, and it will be noticed that wedge-shaped filling pieces are used, and also that the longeron itself is wrapped with fabric throughout its length. Immediately in front of this tail bulkhead, and at each side of the fuselage, a small vertical wooden member is dropped from the upper longeron. This, together with the bulkhead, serves to support the bracket which carries the leading edge of the fixed tail planes. This will be referred to later.
   Another notable feature of the fuselage is the fact that the pilot's and gunner's cockpits are made in one without apparently introducing any weakness into the construction. This scheme has the advantage of permitting the pilot and passenger to sit very close together, so that the length of the fuselage is reduced. The two cockpits, whilst to all intents and purposes in one, are actually separated by a cross-piece, which is used as a tray for the convenience of the observer. It is, however, probable that the primary object of this crosspiece is to perform a constructional function.
   The gun ring does not, as in the usual design, form an integral part of the fuselage coaming, but is fitted thereto by brackets.
   Inside the observer's cockpit, the fuselage is reinforced, between the floor and the sides, by slightly curved panels, as shown in the sectional sketch, Fig. 15. In the space formed by these panels run the control wires, which are thus out of the way and cannot accidentally be interfered with by the observer.

Empennage.
   As is shown in the general arrangement drawings, the empennage consists of curvilinear fin with balanced rudder, and a semicircular tail plane to which is hinged a single elevator. As has alreidy been noticed in the description of the fuselage construction, the mounting of these tail planes is carried out without the use of any external wiring or cross-bracing. The fixed tail planes are built up of steel tubes, and have a section curved both top and bottom. The rear spar, which acts as part of the hinge of the elevator, is carried in a pair of built-up welded steel brackets, which form the end piece of the fuselage, as shown in Fig. 16. The front spar, which is slightly in the rear of the leading edge, is capable of being adjusted when the machine is on the ground, so as to vary the angle of incidence of the tail planes. The adjustable clip for this purpose is shown in Fig. 17, and gives a choice of four positions. The built-up steel brackets, which form this attachment, are carried, one on the rearmost bulkhead, shown in Fig. 13, and the other on the small vertical strut, noted in Fig. 14.
   The method of construction of the fin and rudder is shown in Figs. 18 and 19. The same principle is adopted for the tail planes and elevator. It will be seen that it is a combination of wood and steel construction. The ribs of the fin, which is curved in section, and has a rounded leading edge, consist of thin steel tubes, 8 mms. in diameter, welded to the leading spar, and taken back to the rudder post at a slight angle to each other. This staggering of the tubes gives the rib the thickness of a single tube only at the trailing edge. They are reinforced with diagonal tubes of 5 mms. in diameter. The leading edge is formed by a covering of thin three-ply wood supported by a light wooden framework, the form of which is indicated in Fig. 19.

Ailerons.
   The ailerons are of the balanced type, and are fitted on the upper plane only. They are furnished with the usual welded steel framework, and are very light in weight. Their method of operation differs from that found on any other German design. The aileron front spar, which is hinged to the rear spar of the wings, is continued inwards by means of a tubular steel extension until it reaches a point level with the side of the fuselage. Here the extension of the shaft terminates in a crank, which is operated direct by the "T" shaped control lever through the medium of vertical steel rods.
   The arrangement of these ailerons and their levers may be gathered from the photographs, Nos. A and B. Fig. 5 shows how the aileron operating shafts are split and provided with bolted flanges whereby that end of the shaft which is carried in the centre section of the upper plane may be easily detached from the portion which is housed in the wing. Figs. 20 and 21 illustrate details of the attachments of the aileron shaft to the aileron itself. The bearings of the shaft consist of a flanged plate at each end, as shown in the drawing, Fig. 20. On the inner side is a coupling which unites the front spar of the aileron to the operating shaft. Each of these members terminates in a semicircular driving dog, and the two are united by a clamped sleeve which is also fitted with a locating cotter pin. This allows the aileron, as a whole, to be removed very readily in case of need. The tips of the ailerons are turned up at their extremities so as to present, when the controls of the machine are in their normal position, a slightly negative angle to the relative wind. This is in conformity with the usual German practice.

Control.
   A sketch of the control gear is given in Fig. 22. It is, in general, of the usual type, and the lever is fitted with a locking device, whereby the incidence of the elevator can be fixed when desired. This consists of a light telescopic tube arranged diagonally and fitted with a clamp, operated by a thumb screw. The control lever is fitted with an "L" shaped extension at its base, which is pivoted to a long crank bar. This is fitted with bell cranks at each end, and is carried in bearings mounted in the sides of the fuselage in such a manner that the bottom end of the lever is coincident with the centre line of the pivot bearings. As shown in the sketch, the control lever has a "T" piece attached to its foot, which is coupled up through universal links to rods, which extend vertically to the aileron cranks. The ailerons are thus worked entirely positively, and without any cables and pulleys.
   Mounted at the head of the control levers are two triggers for operating the fixed machine guns for which accommodation is provided, though only one was actually found on the aeroplane.
   The rudder is controlled by a built-up foot bar with the usual heel rests. This is carried in a pivot mounted on a light steel tube fixed across the fuselage longerons. Below this tube the rudder bar pivot carries a grooved pulley of large diameter, over which the rudder wire is passed. It is then taken over pulleys at each side, and down the fuselage to the cranks at the rudder post.
   It is worthy of note that whilst none of these controls are duplicated, the elevator cranks are fitted with two sets of bolt holes, so that the leverage can be adjusted if necessary.

Undercarriage.
   The undercarriage consists of a steel axle, fitted with 760 by 100 wheels. The axle is supported from a pair of tubular steel struts at either side by means of triple steel coil spring shock absorbers. The upper attachment of the undercarriage struts is shown in Fig. 23, which illustrates the form of bracket carried on the outside of the fuselage, and bolted to one of the forward bulkheads. The struts are reinforced for the reception of the bolts in a manner similar to that described for the interplane struts.
   At their bottom end, the struts are welded together into the form shown in Fig. 24, and they are also reinforced by a fixed axle or tie-rod, the sockets of which are slotted for the reception of the turn-buckles of the cross-bracing wires.
   The undercarriage design is considerably neater than that found on the general run of German aeroplanes, and appears to be both strong and light.

Tail Skid.
   A view of the tail skid is given in Fig. 25, and it will be seen that this possesses one or two features of interest.
   The skid itself is of ash, reinforced with a light built-up sheet steel shoe. The forward end projects through a hole in the fuselage, and is fitted with the usual shock-absorber device, which is fastened to the rearmost bulkhead.
   The tail skid is pivoted to an extension of the rudder post, and though it is capable of swinging slightly from side to side, is not actually steerable. Immediately above the shoe of the tail skid, is a second steel shoe, shaped like a spoon, which is rigidly supported by a pyramid of steel tubes. The object of this is to prevent any possibility of the elevator cranks coming into contact with the ground, even should the tail strike the earth sufficiently hard to carry the tail skid shock absorber to its limit of extension.

Engine.
   The engine is a high-compression 160 h.p. Mercedes (commonly known as 180 h.p.), and is of standard type. This engine has been fully described in Handbook No. 805.

Engine Mounting.
   The engine bearers are of wood, and are directly supported by bulkheads in the forward part of the fuselage.

Petrol Tanks.
   There are two tanks for petrol. The main supply is carried under the pilot's seat, and has a capacity of 24 galls. This is fed to the carburettors under air pressure, and the usual hand and engine pumps are employed.
   The second tank is let into the upper surface of the centre section of the top plane, and is clearly shown in Photo. B. This contains 8 galls., and is fitted with a glass tube, lying parallel to the upper curvature of the plane, by which the pilot can readily see the level of the fuel. This gravity tank can be filled from the main tank by means of a semi-rotary hand pump.

Radiator.
   The radiator is of the type which is becoming more and more adopted by German designers, namely, that which is embodied in the upper plane surface. In this case the radiator forms part of the right-hand side of the centre section. It is fitted with a small subsidiary water tank, details of which are shown in Fig. 27, which is provided with a trumpet nozzle pointing forward. Details of the radiator shutter are given in the photograph No. A. Provision is made for the fitting of a water-circulation thermometer, but this instrument was not actually found on the machine. The radiator shutter consists of a sliding panel of sheet steel mounted on a light tubular framework forming rails. This is within easy reach of the pilot, and can easily be slid forward or backward when it retains its position by reason of the lift effect upon it, and the friction between the guides and the rails.
   As shown in sketch, Fig. 26, the inlet and outlet pipes of the radiator are both fitted at its left-hand front corner, the radiator being furnished with internal baffles, which promote complete circulation of water through all the tubes. In order to prevent the possibility of an air-lock forming, a small tube is led from the outlet pipe through the bottom of the radiator tank, and is brought close to the bottom side of its top surface. If air should accumulate in the forward and upper part of the radiator, this tube would quickly allow the lock to be dissipated.
   The sketch, Fig. 26, shows the adapter for the radiator thermometer in the outlet pipe. From the inlet pipe, a small branch is taken off for the carburetor jacket, and from the rear end of the radiator, a pipe provided with a cock, by which the tank can be emptied, is led to the trailing edge of the upper plane.

Oil.
   A supply of 5 galls, of oil is carried in a small tank fitted at the side of the engine. The latter is furnished with a pump, which, while circulating the lubricating oil contained in the tank, draws a small supply of fresh oil from the tank at every stroke.

Propeller.
   The screw is of the usual built-up type, and consists of eight laminations of woods in the following order :-
   Ash, ash, mahogany, ash, mahogany, ash, mahogany, ash.
   It has a diameter of 2.4 metres and a pitch of 2 metres, and was built at the Luckenwalde Propellerwerke, Niendorf. In front of the propeller boss proper is a built-up laminated plate to which a spinner is fixed by means of a girdle of stranded steel cable.

Wireless.
   The aeroplane is internally wired to give greater capacity for wireless, and accommodation is provided for the aerial and its spool in the observer's cockpit. The wireless dynamo, which also provides current for electrically heating clothing, is driven direct from a pulley on the engine, and is mounted on a bracket carried by the left-hand engine bearers.
   The form of this bracket is shown in Fig. 28, which also indicates the manner in which it is adjustable. The bracket consists of a flanged and welded sheet steel construction comprising two plates. The upper extremities of these plates are joined by a transverse bolt on which is hinged a pad against which the foot of the dynamo base is bolted. A similar bolt and pad is furnished at the bottom of the plates, but in this case the bolt is adapted to slide in a guide so that the tension of the belt can be adjusted and the bolt and its pad locked in any position by a thumb screw.
   The dynamo, when fitted, lies outside the wall of the fuselage at a point level with the rear of the engine, and is then covered in with a bulbous streamline fairing. When the dynamo is not (the whole of the wireless apparatus being installed only when actually required) fitted, this streamline fairing, which is readily detachable, has its place taken by a flat panel which can be discerned at the left-hand side of the fuselage in photograph No. B.

Engine Control.
   A throttle lever of the usual ratchet type is fitted at the left-hand side of the pilot's cockpit, the carburettor being fitted with an automatic altitude connection. On the dashboard is a screw-down grease pump, for lubricating the water-pump spindle.
   Ignition is controlled by a self-locking lever. The dashboard is completed with the usual instruments-starting magneto, main switch, petrol pressure gauges, oil-pressure gauges, air pump, and petrol lever indicator. On the right-hand side of the pilot's seat is a lever controlling the clutch of the wireless dynamo drive.

Level Indicator.
   A level indicator of the type shown in Fig. 29 is fitted on the dash board. It is of a type not previously found on German aeroplanes. It consists of a pendulum device, operating a circular disc, the lower half of which is covered by a semicircular metal shield. The upper half of the disc is dark in colour, though not quite so dark as the shield, and below its horizontal diameter the swinging disc is painted white, so that if the machine side-slips a white sector becomes visible against a dark background, as indicated in the sketch. This instrument appears to be very much better made than the usual indicators fitted to German machines.

Gun Mounting.
   A notable feature of the Halberstadt machine is the fitting of the gun ring, which is not incorporated in the fuselage, but is attached to its top surface by streamline steel struts. In front, it is supported by two converging steel tubes in a form of a "V" which branch from the upper fuselage longerons. The gun ring is thus very rigidly supported. Since the greater part of it is directly in the slip stream of the screw, it is made of very fair streamline section, as may be gathered from the photograph No. A, and in general is much lighter and far better constructed than the usual German gun mounting. The accepted type of bracket and locking device is employed. Both portions of the ring are made of wood covered with doped fabric.

Fabric.
   The fabric is of the usual quality found on the better class of German aeroplanes. It is dyed with the familiar polygonal camouflaged scheme of colours, and is applied to the wings with the warp and weft at an angle of 45 deg. to the spars. The reason for this method of wing covering is not clear. The dope used appears to be good. The body work and also the centre section of the top plane are covered with a scumble of colours arranged in indefinite areas and shading into one another. The colours used are a cloudy yellow, dark and light greens, brown, purple and a light blue. The belly of the fuselage is coloured yellow throughout.

Fittings.
   In the floor of the observer's cockpit, is a bracket for a camera of one metre or more focal length. Detachable tubes for supporting the upper end of the camera are furnished, and for this purpose clips are fitted on the fuselage members. A sliding trap door underneath the camera fitting is provided. Plugs at convenient points are arranged for the electrical heating circuit. The observer's seat is of the folding type, and is placed very low, so that when he occupies it, the observer is well below the level of the top of the fuselage, and is thus completely hidden from view. The pilot's seat is adjustable fore and aft, and is carried on light built-up cross bars dropped into sockets bolted to the fuselage members. The form of the sockets is shown in Fig. 31.

Compass.
   The compass, which is of the usual German pattern, presenting no new features, is fitted in a circular box near the root of the left-hand wing, where it is immediately under the view of the pilot.

Schedule of Principal Weights. lbs. ozs.
Total weight 2,532 0
Upper wing, complete with aileron, aileron rod,
   drag bracing, and strut attachments, but
   without lift bracing wires and fabric 62 6
Lower wing, as above (no aileron fitted) 52 8
Aileron complete, without fabric 7 12
Aileron bar, with flange 4 0
Interplane strut, front, without bolts 3 3
   rear 3 14
Centre section, complete, with radiator and
   gravity tank, aileron control crank, and
   bracing wires 101 0
Fixed tail plane (each), with fabric 7 8
Rudder, complete, with fabric 7 8
Elevator, complete, with hinge clips and fabric
   12 0
Fin, complete, with fabric 9 6
V centre section strut 2 7
Straight centre section strut 3 2 1/2
Undercarriage, complete, with struts and bracing,
   wheels, tyres, and shock absorbers 102 0
Shock absorber (multiple coil spring type), each
   4 6
Axle, with shock absorber bobbins and caps
   14 8
Wheel, with tyre 20 4
Tyre and tube 8 12
Wings, leading spar, per foot run 1 4
Wings, trailing spar, per foot run 0 14 1/2

Historical Note.
   The present Halberstadt fighter is a development of the earlier single-seater, an example of which was brought down on October 29th, 1917. [A similar machine was described and illustrated in "FLIGHT" for April 5th, 1917, and August 23rd, 1917 - ED.] In the latter case ash was used to a fairly large extent, both in the fuselage and wings, but in the more modern design spruce is exclusively adopted. The rear spar was of the ordinary I-Section type without three-ply reinforcement. The fuselage, of somewhat similar shape, was fabric covered. Balanced elevators and rudder were fitted, but no fixed tailplane or fin. The arrangement of the centre section, with tank and radiator, was substantially the same. Double bays of interplane struts were adopted, but the struts themselves were of the welded-up tapered pattern. The ailerons were controlled by wires, and not, as in the present example, positively. Both planes had the same chord, and the upper wings had an overhang. The weight of the complete machine, without pilot, was 1,778 lbs.
   Both the Halberstadt machines are at the Enemy Aircraft View Room, Agricultural Hall, Islington, where they may be seen on production of a pass, obtainable from the Controller, Technical Department. Ap. D. (L.), Pen Corner House, Kingsway, W.C.2.

J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 14258/17, Seefrosta, March 1918
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17 assigned to GenLt. Ernst von Hoeppner
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II(BFW) 785/18
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II(BFW) 785/18
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 2
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Halberstadt CL.II Flown by Oblt Oscar Bechtle, Commander of Schlachtstaffel 2
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '5' of Schlasta 5
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlasta 5
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlasta 6
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlasta 7
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 11
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '13' of Schlasta 12
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 12
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '1' of Schlasta 19
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' of Schlasta 21
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '3' Martha of Schlasta 21
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Хальберштадт" CL-II, 21 ударная эскадрилья ВВС Германии, ноябрь 1918г.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 23
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '5' of Schlasta 24
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 25
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 26
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlasta 26
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '1' of Schlasta 27
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '1' Anni of Schlasta 27
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' Brunhilde of Schlasta 27b
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Brunhilde in color. The standard factory camouflage is used with the unit markings of white chevron, white vertical tail, black and white fuselage and tailplane stripes. The tactical number and girlfriend's name were added in white to individualize each aircraft. In this case the tactical number was '2' and the girlfriend was Brunhilde.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '5' Thea of Schlasta 27
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 29b, Gefr. Wilhelm Kreiger, September 1918
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 31b, May 1918
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' of Schlasta 33
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '1' of Schlasta 35
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II "Halbe Portion" of an unknown unit.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
Хальберштадт CL II
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II prototype. (Peter M.Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Additional views of the Halberstadt CL.II prototypes. The below photo shows the machine is now covered on top and sides in two-tone camouflage, very probably light and dark green. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The photo shows the machine is now covered on top and sides in two-tone camouflage, very probably light and dark green. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Believed to be the second prototype, this Cl.II has a smaller wing span and possibly a larger wing gap (at least three different wing strut length were tested).
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt Cl.II 9902/16 prototype during the course of Typenprufung, May 2-7 1917 at the Adlershof test centre.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Additional views of the Halberstadt CL.II prototype. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
This may be the third prototype Cl.II 9902/16 (w/n 353) on the factory airfield in May 1917.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Additional views of the Halberstadt CL.II prototype. The upper wing is in one piece. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II prototype photographed in May 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Prototype Halberstadt CL.II wearing typical Halberstadt speckled camouflage on upper surfaces. The one-piece upper wing is of shorter span and the rear turret has been removed to make room for flight test instrumentation. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Prototype Halberstadt CL.II wearing typical Halberstadt speckled camouflage on upper surfaces. The one-piece upper wing is of shorter span and the rear turret has been removed to make room for flight test instrumentation. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Prototype Halberstadt CLII wearing Halberstadt camouflage. The rear turret has been removed to make room for flight test instrumentation. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Prototype Halberstadt CLII wearing Halberstadt camouflage. The rear turret has been removed to make room for flight test instrumentation. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt Cl.II prototype with one-piece upper wing of shorter span
An early Halberstadt CL.II wearing the Halberstadt-factory colors of the time. The undersurfaces of the wings, tail, and fuselage were not camouflaged in dark colors. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An early Halberstadt CL.II wearing the Halberstadt-factory colors of the time applied to the upper surfaces and sides. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Production Halberstadt Cl.II prototype fitted with a two-piece upper wing of enlarged span.
Halberstadt CL II at Adlershof for type test in May 1917.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
More views of an early Halberstadt CL.II wearing the Halberstadt-factory colors of the time. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An early Halberstadt CL.II wearing the Halberstadt-factory colors of the time. The undersurfaces of the wings, tail, and fuselage were not camouflaged in dark colors. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt Cl.II 9902/16 prototype during the course of Typenprufung, May 2-7 1917 at the Adlershof test centre.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An early Halberstadt CL.II wearing the Halberstadt-factory colors of the time applied to the upper surfaces and sides. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Additional views of the early Halberstadt CL.II at the Fokker airfield. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An early Halberstadt CL.II visiting the Fokker airfeld at Schwerin-Gorries. A Fokker employee is holding a meter stick on the fuselage so it can be photographed in scale. There is a lack of factory-applied identification markings that was typical of Halberstadt-built aircraft. This machine had a typical finish for early batches of Halberstadt factory camouflage. The fabric on the sides and top was five-color light printed pattern (the lozenge fabric production from Augsburger Kattun Fabric in Augsburg (Augsburg Cotton factory) was started from that light pattern so many factories start covering aeroplanes from that light pattern, then used normal pattern on the undersides). The fuselage speckled camouflage was applied over large lozenges from colors similar to printed lozenge light pattern. The bottom of the fuselage remained in light yellow primer. Similarly the bottom part of wings and tail were covered in unpainted, clear lacquered fabric. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Additional views of the early Halberstadt CL.II at the Fokker airfield. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Halberstadt CLII 5701/17 was part of the first production batch. Here it is unarmed and part of Fliegerhorst Schwerin, a para-military police unit immediately postwar.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II C.5710/17 of an unknown unit. A fragment of the personal badge is seen on the fuselage just forward of the cross. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II C.5710/17 of Schlasta 5. A fragment of the personal badge is seen on the fuselage just forward of the cross. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 5720/17 tactical #3, with the names Else and Martha, after the armistice in the hands of the 22nd US Aero Squadron. This aircraft was believed to be marked with a yellow-blue or yellow-green spiral painted over the fuselage.The old black-white striped Schlasta 21 markings are still visible under the new paint. Wings from the top painted yellow with darkener (blue or green) outline. Interesting are the different sizes cockades patches at wing bullet holes. (lower photo Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 5720/17 tactical #3, with the names Else and Martha, after the armistice in the hands of the 22nd US Aero Squadron. This aircraft was believed to be marked with a yellow-blue or yellow-green spiral painted over the fuselage.The old black-white striped Schlasta 21 markings are still visible under the new paint. Wings from the top painted yellow with darkener (blue or green) outline. Interesting are the different sizes cockades patches at wing bullet holes. (lower photo Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
More views of Halberstadt CL.II 5720/17 tactical #3, with the names Else and Martha, after the armistice in the hands of the 22nd US Aero Squadron.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Halberstadt CL II (serial C 6304/17).
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 6315/17 of Schultzstaffel 11 was interned in the Netherlands on 31 December 1917 at Ijendijke.The pilot was Unteroffizier Friedrich Carl Reichel. The wings have been removed; the two fuselage bands were unit markings. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 6315/17 in Netherlands' national markings of the orange circle. It is in Dutch markings after landing in the Netherlands. Given the LVA serial H414 M160, it survived until at least 1919. It fitted with a dynamo. The upper wings still have traces of the Schusta 14 (?) chevron marking. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 14207/17 '3' of Schlasta 2 was fitted with a dynamo. The aircraft is in factory finish and 1917 insignia. The work number of 678 is visible on the struts. Above the wooden saw horse under the tail is stenciled hier stutzen (support here) in white letters. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 14219/17 fitted with a dynamo in 1918 markings and new post repair camouflage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 14252/17 of Marine Feld Jasta 2e was operating without a spinner when it came down and was interned in the Netherlands on 2 April 1918. The fuselage crosses had been changed to the straight sided version but the curved crosses on the wings were not altered. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Bearing the Netherlands orange circle insignia and LVA Serial H415 is CL.II 14252/17, after being interned. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Bearing the Netherlands orange circle insignia and LVA Serial H415 is CL.II 14252/17, after being interned. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
On March 24, 1918, Halberstadt CL.II (C14258/17) was loaned to the Seefrosta by the II.Naval Feldflieger Abteilung due to an acute lack of airworthy aircraft. (KMF)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II aircraft after coming down in Allied lines. This is probably 15342/17. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) soon after being forced down by Lieutenants R.C. Armstrong and F.J. Mart flying an RE8 of Number 3 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, on June 9, 1918. The German crew of Gefr. Kueslerand Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlactstaffel 13 were "lost and inexperienced" and quickly surrendered to the RE8 crew, who shepherded them to a landing at Villers Bocage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) flown by Gefr. Kuesler and Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlachtstaffel 13 were brought down and captured on June 9, 1918 by Lts. Armstrong and Mart of No. 3 Squadron AFC flying an RE8. The stripes on the horizontal tail were the unit marking. The discoloring of the starboard horizontal tailplane is thought to be due to the exhaust and not a different color of the stripes. Two wooden racks for 6 fragmentation bombs each were fitted to the fuselage sides. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
More views of Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) flown by Gefr. Hausler and Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlachtstaffel 13 was brought down and captured on June 9, 1918. The stripes on the horizontal tail were the unit marking. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB except middle photo facing page)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
More views of Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) flown by Gefr. Hausler and Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlachtstaffel 13 was brought down and captured on June 9, 1918. The stripes on the horizontal tail were the unit marking. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
More views of Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) flown by Gefr. Hausler and Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlachtstaffel 13 was brought down and captured on June 9, 1918. These photographs show a typical service Halberstadt CL.II in mid-1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)

  
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 (work number 929) flown by Gefr. Hausler and Vzfw. Mullenbach of Schlachtstaffel 13 was brought down and is shown above after British insignia were painted over the German insignia. This aircraft was assigned the capture number G/5Bde/16 and was the subject of two detailed Allied intelligence reports. The stripes on the tailplane were black and white, and the fin and rudder were gray. The fin and rudder may have been painted gray when the original early insignia were converted to 1918 insignia.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A general view of the Two-seater Halberstadt CL.II.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 is shown after British insignia were painted over the German insignia.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
Front view of the Halberstadt fighter.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A rear view of the Halberstadt CL.II showing tail plane arrangement.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15342/17 of Schlachtstaffel 13 after false German insignia were painted over the British insignia that were painted over the German insignia. Note the old insignia on the fuselage, the 1918 insignia on the fin and rudder, and the red/white/blue British stripes on the rudder. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
A. View of underside of centre section, showing radiator and shutter, machine gun and cabane struts.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
B. View of cockpits, showing aileron cranks, gun ring, radiator and gravity petrol tank.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An aircrew with their Halberstadt CL.II(Bay) 742/18 in training service.The BFW factory did not apply camouflage to the Halberstadt GLIIs they built although the flying surfaces used camouflage printed fabric. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII 785/18 was built under license by BFW. The aircraft has 1918 insignia and no wheel covers. The camouflage, five color, dark pattern, printed fabric is clearly visible on the wings, rudder, and tailplane. The fuselage was finished by reddish-brown shellac. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Note vertical "rhino-horn" exhaust pipe.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII 785/18 was built under license by BFW. The aircraft has 1918 insignia and no wheel covers. The camouflage, five color, dark pattern, printed fabric is clearly visible on the wings, rudder, and tailplane. The fuselage was finished by reddish-brown shellac. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Late production Halberstadt CL.II 1255/18 work no.1181 of an unknown unit with dynamo and without tires that was French war booty. The machine was painstaking examined and reported on by Section Technique Aeronautique. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Halberstadt Cl.II 1255/18 (w/n 1181) was thoroughly evaluated by the French Section Technique Aeronautique in October-November 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A pilot with his unarmed Halberstadt CL.IIa(Bay) from the C2800-C.2999/18 batch powered by 180 hp Argus As.III engine. Intended for training, this production batch was finished without an observer's gun ring. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLIIa(Bay) C.2875/18 from Polish 3 Eskadra Wielkopolska. Photo taken in 1919.There is no spinner. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early Halberstadt CL.II without spinner before insignia was applied. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '1' of Vzfw. Redenbacher of Schutzstaffel 27b with early insignia over white backgrounds. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in front of its hangar in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The Halberstadt CLII was one of the types built in 1917 for Schutzstaffeln (escort flights) - a two-seat fighter escort armed with one or two Spandaus plus a parabellum for the observer.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Aircrew rest near Halberstadt CL.II 14299/17 wk. no. 770 of Oblt. Bechtle, Schutzstaffel 2. The dark (black?) tails are the unit marking. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit with arrow marking. Bullet holes have been patched with cockade markings.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Vzfw. Willi Gabriel (with walking stick) and probably Uffz. Hilsebein with their early production Halberstadt CL.II of Schutzstaffel 15 in 1917. The side dynamo is not fitted and blanked by a flat plate, and there are mud guards over the wheels. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The crew of Halberstadt CL.II 'V' of an unknown unit, probably Schutzstaffel 13, pose with their aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II with a dynamo and with insignia over white backgrounds. The white square painted around the insignia was to hide the arrival of the new type of aircraft to the front. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit fitted with a dynamo. The whole aircraft has been overpainted a dark color, probably black. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
The Halberstadt CLII was increasingly used by the 'battle flights' for trench warfare; armed with machine guns, bombs and hand-grenades the aircraft flew very low, attacking ground troops and causing havoc.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Production Halberstadt CL.II tactical #13 of Schusta 12; the gunner has a scope on his machinegun and dynamo for a wireless is fitted. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The aircrew of a Halberstadt CL.II of FI.Abt.(A) 238 photographed with their airplane.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown FliegerAbteilung. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II on its airfield running up its engine surrounded by ground crew. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 14 with aircrew and ground crew.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1917 insignia. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB'
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit gathers a crowd. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II sent to FliegerAbteilung (A) in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Well-armed Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schusta 23b ready for its next mission. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit ready for take-off in 1917. Note the early style of application of the camouflage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II (Bay), probably the first licence-built Halberstadt CL.II at the Bayerische FlugzeugWerke factory - note the early-style markings. BFW logo decals were applied on various aircraft parts. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II in factory camouflage.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A crewman poses with an early production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schutzstaffel 2 undergoing field maintenance in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Mid-Production Halberstadt CLII freshly delivered to an unknown unit in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Uffz. Feyerherd and Vzfw. Taenzer of Schlactstaffel 12 photographed in front of their Halberstadt CL.II at the Caudry airfield in March 1918. The aircraft, in 1917 insignia, has a colorful band on the fuselage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit without spinner. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schusta 23b in front of its hangar. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Aircrew and Halberstadt CL.II of an Schusta 23b in the winter of 1917-1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and crewmen of Schlasta 14. The aircraft has a lucky charm - the toy doll fastened to the wing strut. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit fitted with a dynamo with aircrew and ground crew. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Frantz und Emil pose with their Halberstadt CL.II '1' of Schusta 19 in 1917. The dynamo cover is dark (black?). (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A man poses with a Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit; the aircraft has no spinner but is fitted with,a dynamo. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Mechanics of Schusta 15 prepare a Halberstadt CL.II and its crew in 1917 for a mission. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The 1000th aircraft produced by the Halberstadt company was this Halberstadt CL.II that was decorated to celebrate the occasion. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Montage of Halberstadt factory works with the 1000th Halberstadt aircraft, a CL.II, in the background. The inscription says "Assembly hall of HFW 23rd March 1918." The fuselage is still in light yellow primer without speckled camouflage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II with colorful markings, probably of Schusta 27b. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit with colorful markings of the Bavarian Lion chasing the Gaelic cock.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 26b is waiting for its next mission. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II aircraft of Schlasta 26b prepared for transportation to their next location. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and crews of Schlasta 26b. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and crews of Schlasta 26b. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Pilot Unteroffizier Fritz Kuhlmann of Schlasta 26b looks on as a ground crewman repairs the wing fabric of his Halberstadt CL.II '6'. The insignia are 1917 style. Note the flamboyant unit markings. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Aircrew in front of their Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 26b in 1918 insignia. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII(Bay) of Bavarian Military Flying School 5. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 2 photographed with its crew in 1918. The black tailplane and striped struts are the unit markings. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Franz und Emil pose with their Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/ STDB)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Unteroffizier Wilhelm Hubener (right) of Flieger Abteilung 25
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Ltns. Hubener and von Schaesberg of Flieger Abteilung 25.
Aircrew of a Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1918 photographed before their mission. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Two views of a Halberstadt CL.II gunner loading pigeons; note the wireless generator. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A crew of Schlasta 26b is ready for their next mission in their Halberstadt CL.II. The wire guard on the upper wing is there to prevent the gunner from damaging the propeller by firing through the propeller arc. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Pilot of a Halberstadt CL.II in 1918.The speckled camouflage was applied at the factory. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and crew of Schlasta 6 with colorful markings. (Tobias Weber)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Late production Halberstadt CL.II '7' of Schlasta 27 heads this Schlasta lineup; '7' has girl's names Ria and Melanie.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The crew of Brunhilde, tactical number 2 of its Schlactstaffel, Schlasta 27b, prepares for another ground-attack mission. The gunner has hand grenades in a rack along the side of the fuselage and signal flares in a belt behind his cockpit. The CL.IV was a modification of the CL.II to improve maneuverability, important to the survival of these unarmored aircraft at the low altitudes at which they attacked Allied ground targets. Power for both types was the 160 hp Mercedes D.III engine also used in the Albatros fighters.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The postcard made of the above photo. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Gunner-observer on a Halberstadt, equipped for Contour-fighting, with hand-grenades.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A ground crewman loads grenades on Halberstadt CL.II ‘2' Brunhilde of Schlactstaffel 21. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Gunner of a Halberstadt CL II of Schlachtstaffel 27 taking on trench mortar fragmentation bombs (Wurfgranaten 15) to augment the ten 'potatomasher' stick grenades carried on the external fuselage rack. From the very low altitudes at which these aircraft operated in attacks on enemy troops and trenches, they were ideally equipped with these slightly modified infantry weapons. The bandolier across the fuselage decking contains signal flares for communicating with German troops. A total of 750 machines of the CL category was operational at the end of April 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A ground crewman and the gunner of a Halberstadt CL.II load Fliegermaus (Wurfgranate 15 fragmentation bombs) to fill the side racks. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The gunner of Halberstadt CLII is handed clustered potato-masher grenades (called Teufelsfaust, a configuration very effective against tanks) in preparation for a ground-attack mission. Fliegermaus (bombs) fill the side racks. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The ground crew of Schlactstaffel 27 prepare grenades and fragmentation bombs before loading them on the unit's Halberstadt CL.II aircraft. The aircraft, in 1918 insignia, have unit insignia and individual names. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A BFW-built Halberstadt CL.II in 1918 national insignia together with an another fighter is 1917 national insignia. The CL.II is unarmed and likely at a training center. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Another view of the BFW-built Halberstadt CL.II shown above. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II with the white/black/white fuselage bands from Schlasta 9, and Hannover aircraft of an unknown unit at the front in 1918. The late historian Heinz Nowarra notes this as aircraft of Schlachtstaffel-gruppe D at Linselles, May 1918. The Schlagru D consisted of Schlastas 9, 12, 16, 24b, and 25b and was commanded by Oblt. Johannes Missfelder. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
An aviator with his Halberstadt CL.II in 1918 national insignia. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crewman with his Halberstadt CL.II with dynamo and 1918 insignia either attached to or photographed on the Flieger Abteilung 44 airfield. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew of a Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit pose with their aircraft. The aircraft has a propeller-driven generator on the port landing gear, suggesting it was used by an artillery spotting unit. (Tobias Weber)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' in the background with Hannover CL '4' of an unknown unit.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' of an unknown unit, possibly Schlasta 15, with no spinner in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Unknown crewman poses with his fully-armed Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
A.Imrie - German Naval Air Service /Arms & Armour/
Not only did two-seat high-performance landplanes like this Halberstadt CL II serve in the two Marine Schlachtstaffeln on ground support work with the naval infantry, and on oversea air-fighting duties as required, but a number were also used at night by a special naval unit (Masosta) under Leutnant Majewski against the frequent penetrations of Handley Pages bombing the U-boat installations at Bruges.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Gunner Uffz. Hilsebein and (very probably) Pilot Uffz. Artur Bartsch from Schlasta 15 pose with their aircraft in March 1918, during the Great Spring Offensive called Operation Michael. About one month later Artur Bartsch was KIA. The Halberstadt had a two color striped spinner and a plywood repair near the upper part of the tail. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Fully armed Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlastastaffel 33 with aircrew and ground crew in 1918. The two-color fuselage stripes are the unit marking. Note the excessive white borders to the fuselage cross.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Fully armed Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlastastaffel 33 with aircrew and ground crew in 1918. The two-color fuselage stripes are the unit marking. Note the excessive white borders to the fuselage cross.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Lineup of Halberstadt CL.II aircraft of Schlastastaffel 33 in 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A naval aircrew with their Halberstadt CL.II. The observer's gun is fitted with an Oigee telescopic sight. The old style insignia has been repainted by the 1918 style insignia. The serial data aft of the insignia was applied to later production aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Unarmed Halberstadt CL.II without spinner and late-style insignia. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Late production Halberstadt CL.II '5' of Schlasta 30 with its crew in 1918 insignia and white fin and rudder.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew of a Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 21 in black and white unit markings in 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew of a Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 21 in black and white unit markings in 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A Halberstadt-built CL.II with 1918 insignia and fitted with a dynamo. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII '2' and crew of an unknown unit with 1918 insignia and a dynamo. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and crew of an unknown unit in 1918. A dynamo is fitted and radio antenna is seen. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Hubener and his observer demonstrate the value of the Halberstadt communal cockpit.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Lt. Edmund Brandt and enlisted pilot Scheffler of FA(A) 219 with their Halberstadt CL.II. The observer's gun if fitted with an Oigee telescopic sight. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A Halberstadt CL.II aircrew from FliegerAbteilung (A) 219 prepares for a mission in 1918. Captured Italian Villar-Perosa twin-barrel sub-machine guns have been fitted for the gunner in his cockpit and over the wing. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew of a Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 14 with a guest. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Uzfw. Huffzky and Vzfw. Gottfried Ehmann of Schlasta 15 in their Halberstadt CLII after return from a combat mission. Ehmann was a two-seater ace credited with 12 victories. There is a simple bomb rack for six fragmentation bombs, here empty after their mission. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Eugen Fath photographed with Halberstadt CL.II halbe Portion.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Two views of a Halberstadt CL.II 'halbe Portion' (half portion) of an unidentified unit and crew in 1918 insignia. The bulged, teardrop-shaped fairing indicated a dynamo was fitted. The fuselage cross has been over-painted and the rudder cross is non-standard. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Late production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1918 insignia and fitted with a dynamo. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII without a dynamo, probably from a Marine Schutzstaffel in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A pilot with his unarmed Halberstadt CL.II in 1918 insignia. The lack of armament and wood wheels indicate training service. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Unknown crewmen of Schlasta 25b pose with their Halberstadt CL.II.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The aircrew show their preparation for an unlikely gas attack. This Halberstadt CL.II was fitted with rear-view mirrors for the pilot. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Huffzky and Ehmann of Schlasta 15 during gas exercises in front of their Halberstadt CL.II. The fragmentation bomb rack is fully loaded.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew with their Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Crew of a Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit prepared for flight. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The crew of a standard Halberstadt CL.II, Gawron and ?, Schutzstaffel 2, pose with their aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Vzfw. Steinworth and Vzfw. Gawron of Schlasta 2 with their Halberstadt CL.II.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A proud Halberstadt CL.II crewman photographed in front of his aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Unidentified crew of a mid-production Halberstadt CL.II in the snow.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt officials pose with a Halberstadt CL.II without spinner in 1918. Karl Theis is on the right. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II without spinner after capture. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Personnel of Schlasta 26b pose with a Halberstadt CL.II. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Flyers of FA 207 and Schlachtstaffel 15 pose with a Halberstadt CL.II in the background in April 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II at Fliegerdepot Nord with aircrew and ground crew. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Ground crew of an unknown unit pose with a Halberstadt CL.II. This is almost certainly a post armistice photograph during demobilization of the flying units in Bavaria. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Typical Schlachtstaffel equipped with Halberstadt CL.IIs. The field aerodrome was set up quickly with canvas tents close to the fast-moving front, during Operation Michael in Sprint 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Two aviators with Halberstadt CL.II aircraft in the background. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: CL.IV-CLS.I & Fighters /Centennial Perspective/ (45)
Halberstadt CL.IV '3' and a Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 33 and Hannover CL.IIIa aircraft of Schlasta 20. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 2: CL.IV-CLS.I & Fighters /Centennial Perspective/ (45)
Halberstadt CL.IV second from left from Schlasta 33 and Hannovers in the background of (probably) Schlasta 20 on August 10,1918. Aircraft at left is a Halberstadt CL.II with another behind the CL.IV. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Two views of a Schlachtstaffel 24b lineup with Halberstadt CL.II aircraft in the foreground, a Halberstadt CLIV in the middle, with Hannover CL-types in the background. Documents say that Schlasta machine no. 5 is seen after plywood replacement in the Germania works. Each Halberstadt's early types had trouble with wrinkled plywood, the worst being replaced with new plywood in other factories not necessary Halberstadt. After that process the fuselage was painted in other ways characteristic for this manufacturer's camouflage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 23b on left and Hannover aircraft of an unknown Schlasta at right on an airfield of an unknown Schlachtgruppe. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II aircraft of Schlasta 23b. The dynamos have been removed and the flat covers fitted. Two of the covers have been painted white and one has been named Rosi. The late historian Heinz Nowarra gives this unit as Schlachtstagfel 22 that was part of Schlachtstaffelgruppe D. The white painted dynamo covers were the Stoffel marking; Rosi was the Staffers lead aircraft. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II lined up with Albatros fighters of Jasta 37.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and Albatros fighters of Seefrontstaffel II at Neumuenster. The Halberstadt was painted in Jagdstaffel markings with yellow nose and rudder.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II and Albatros fighters of Seefrontstaffel II at Neumuenster. The Halberstadt was painted in Jagdstaffel markings with yellow nose and rudder.
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Halberstadt lineup of Schlachtstaffel 21. The commanding officer's CL.IV is third from right and is the aircraft depicted in the colors of the restored CL.IV in the National Museum of the USAF. The other CL.II aircraft have their black and white colors reversed; their black stripes are wider than their white stripes. The distinctive markings of the leader's aircraft helped the others maintain formation on it during combat.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Schlasta circus on its aerodrome with tents. Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit flys over its airfield in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown Schlasta flies low over its airfield. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of perhaps Schlasta 15 flying low over troops. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Production Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit makes a low pass. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Lt. Pysall from FliegerAbteilung(A) 212 waves to the crew of one of the two-seaters he is escorting from his Halberstadt CL.II of Schutzstaffel 2 in 1917 insignia.The camouflage fabric covering the wings and tail shows clearly. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in flight in 1917. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Chief pilot W. Voigt demonstrates the maneuverability of the Halberstadt CL.II in CL.II 5759/17 on November 28, 1917. This was done at Fliegerhorst Frankfurt n/Oder at Bomben-Versuch-Abteilung. After those tests some Halberstadts were sent to fighter squadrons for evaluation as two-seat fighters. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
A BFW-built Halberstadt CL.II in flight. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Development of German Warplanes in WWI /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The six Halberstadt CL.II aircraft of a Schlactstaffeln on their low-level run to the target in 1918. By this time the CL-type aircraft had grown beyond their original escort duties and the Schlastas had well-developed tactics for ground-attack.
A Schlactstaffel of Halberstadt CL.II ground-attack fighters races low over the countryside en route to attack targets in Allied lines. Special tactics enhanced their effectiveness and limited their casualties on these hazardous missions. In 1918 the Schlastas were the offensive striking arm of the German air service. They were also tough opponents for Allied fighters due to their excellent maneuverability and rear gunner.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CLII of an unknown unit fitted with a dynamo coming in to land in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Views of Gen Lt. Ernst von Hoeppner's restored personal transport plane, Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17, as it sits in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Views of Gen Lt. Ernst von Hoeppner's restored personal transport plane, Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17, as it sits in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Hoeppner's restored personal transport plane, Halberstadt CLII 15459/17, as it sits in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. (Robert Reichert)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Closeup of Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17 fuselage after restoration. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Reconstructed original side inscription. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
ZAK acceptance stamp with HFW work number. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Views of Gen Lt. Ernst von Hoeppner's personal transport plane, Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17, before it was restored. Here it rests in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. German inscriptions painted on the outside of fuselage were applied during "restoration"and are not original. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Closeup of pilot's step. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Rudder construction. (Adam Wait)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Views of Gen Lt. Ernst von Hoeppner's personal transport plane, Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17, before it was restored. Here it rests in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Views of Gen Lt. Ernst von Hoeppner's personal transport plane, Halberstadt CL.II 15459/17, before it was restored. Here it rests in Krakow's Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego. German inscriptions painted on the outside of fuselage were applied during "restoration" and are not original. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Captured Halberstadt CL.II 1755/17 (???) repainted in French markings. The crew, Pilot Sgt. Kuchenbacher and observer Sgt. Otto Becker, were from Schlasta 15 and were captured October 13, 1918. A P.u.W. bomb rack was fitted under the fuselage. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
A.Olejko - War Wings Over Galicia 1918-1919 /Aeronaut/
Flying mosaic... In the winter of 1918/1919, a large number of types of aircraft were used in Polish aviation, which from the German, Austro-Hungarian and Russian air forces went to the Polish squadrons fighting in the Polish-Ukrainian war. In the photograph is Halberstadt CL.II.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II(BFW) ex 782/18 powered by a Mercedes D.III engine in postwar Polish service. 202/18 is a Polish number that was not of German origin. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
BFW production Halberstadt CL.II (Bay) ex 2869/18 in Polish service in Poznan in 1919. Polish gave the aircraft number 223/18 after repair when the gun ring removed. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II (BFW) 2873/18 powered by a 180 hp Argus As.III engine. The aircraft was photographed in 1919 on the Gora airfield in Polish service. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
A.Olejko - War Wings Over Galicia 1918-1919 /Aeronaut/
"Greater Poland wings" 1919/1920... During the Polish-Ukrainian and Polish-Bolshevik war, the most modern, captured German flying equipment went to the eastern theater of the war along with Greater Poland squadrons. Here is a Halberstadt CL.II. (W. Sankowski's collection)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.IIa 2873/18 was powered by a 180 hp Argus As.III and evaluated with two fixed forward-firing guns for the pilot, but the extra weight affected performance. As far as is known, this armament was not used in service but late production aircraft had the potential to mount two synchronized guns. The aircraft was photographed in 1919 on the Gora airfield in Polish Service. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Late production Halberstadt CL.II fitted with captured Italian Villar-Perosa twin-barrel machine guns for the observer and on the top wing. The aircraft is also fitted with a 4-bladed propeller. (Above photo Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)

J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Closeup of a Halberstadt CL.II with fixed pilot's gun on the left side. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Closeup of the Mercedes engine installation in a Halberstadt CL.II. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II experimentally fitted with a supercharger for high altitude testing. The installation was clearly experimental; much further development was needed before superchargers were production ready. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II at the factory experimentally fitted with an LVG machine gun ring. There is no record of service use of this gun ring on the Halberstadt. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
BFW production Halberstadt CL.IIa(Bay) with Fliegerersatz Abteilung 8 at Graudenz school badge and other German aircraft collected for destruction postwar. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Remains of a captured Halberstadt CL.II. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Damaged Halberstadt CL.II, probably Schlachtstaffel 14, being transported. Note the rear fuselage band. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown Schlasta on its nose.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt Cl.II 14307/17 (w/n 778) showing traces of the old Patee cross under the new Balkenkreuz promulgated in March 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 15433/17 crashed in the Netherlands in 1918. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II '3' of Schlasta 26b after a rough landing near Lampire on March 24, 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '5' of Schusta 23b was crashed by Uffz.Thanfelder. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Early production Halberstadt CL.II '3' of Schlasta 26b after a rough landing near Lampire on March 24, 1918.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
The pilot of this Halberstadt CL.II of an unknown unit in 1918 completely missed the runway. (Peter M. Grosz collection/STDB)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Downed Halberstadt CL.II with cockade patches over bullet holes. (Reinhard Kastner)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II was the hack aircraft of Jasta 23b with unit markings; it was crashed by Lt. Otto Hohmuth. The Halberstadts sent to Jastas often had flare pistols mounted in the gunner's cockpit; the barrel is seen here near the gun ring strut.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II of Schlasta 26 downed by Spa 163 on June 23, 1918 is surrounded by French troops. It is one of the few pictures showing two oblique yellow stripes on the upper wing, painted on one production batch, for the gunner showing the area not to fire the gun to avoid hitting the propeller.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Soldiers and ground crew by a downed Halberstadt CL.II. (Reinhard Zankl)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II with altered insignia after a bad landing.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II down in the barbed wire.
A.Olejko - War Wings Over Galicia 1918-1919 /Aeronaut/
The wreckage of 1920... During the flights, German service-controlled plane crashed by Lieutenant Jozef Szyfter - commander of the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron - at Baranowicze October 14, 1920 a Halberstadt CL.II. (collections of W. Sankowski and A. Sikorski)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
Perspective drawing of the body of the Halberstadt two-seater biplane, 160 h.p. Mercedes engine. Inset is a sketch of the tail planes.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
Some constructional details of the Halberstadt fighter. (Figs. 1. to 17.)
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
More constructional details of the Halberstadt fighter. (Figs. 18 to 31.)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '3' Martha of Schlasta 21
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 23
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '4' of Schlasta 26
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '6' of Schlasta 26
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II '2' Brunhilde of Schlasta 27b
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II Early Factory Colors
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II Mid Factory Colors
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 4th Production Batch Factory Colors
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 1st BFW Production Batch Factory Colors
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II 2nd BFW Production Batch Factory Colors
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The CL II in standard configuration.
O.Thetford, P.Gray - German Aircraft of the First World War /Putnam/
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II
J.Herris - Halberstadt Aircraft of WWI. Volume 1: A-types to C.III /Centennial Perspective/ (44)
Halberstadt CL.II