Самолеты (сортировка по:)
Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

Nieuport Nieuport-17bis/24/27

Страна: Франция

Год: 1917

Истребитель

Nieuport - Nieuport (Lorraine-Dietrich) / (Hispano-Suiza) - 1917 - Франция<– –>Nieuport - Nieuport-28 - 1917 - Франция


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


"Ньюпор-24"/-24бис/-27

  Последние представители семейства "классических" полуторапланов "Ньюпор" с V-образными межкрыльевыми стойками. От предшественников отличались, прежде всего, "граненым" фюзеляжем и элеронами без расширения со скругленными законцовками. Кроме того, "Ньюпор-24" и -27 имели вертикальное оперение округлой формы с небольшим килем, а "Ньюпор-27" - новую форму стабилизатора и хвостового костыля. "Ньюпор-24бис" выпускался с типичным для более ранних "ньюпоров" вертикальным оперением, состоящим только из руля поворота.
  Все три модификации оснащались ротативными моторами "Рон" в 120 л.с. или аналогичными "Клерже" той же мощности. Стандартным вооружением был синхронный "Виккерс", который нередко дополнял курсовой "Льюис" над верхним крылом.
  "Ньюпор-24" появился в конце 1916 года, а прототип "Ньюпора-27" прошел летные испытания в феврале 1917-го. Машины были запущены в серию, однако к тому времени во Франции уже выпускался более энерговооруженный СПАД S-VII, которому "ньюпоры" проигрывали в скорости, прочности конструкции и разгонных характеристиках. В результате большинство из 1100 поздних французских "ньюпоров" отправили в летные школы и учебные подразделения.
Как и предыдущие версии машины, "Ньюпор-24" и -27 выпускались в России на заводе "Дукс", где сделано по разным данным от 100 до 150 экземпляров, а также на итальянской фирме "Ньюпор-Макки". 50 штук построено на английском филиале фирмы "Ньюпор". Эти машины состояли на вооружении 6-го и 11 -го дивизионов RNAS.
  Американцы закупили 140 "ньюпоров-24" и более 280 "ньюпоров-27", однако все они использовались только в качестве учебных. Небольшое количество "ньюпоров-24" выпустила по лицензии японская фирма "Токорасава".
  Если в Западной Европе боевая карьера "ньюпоров-24" и -27 оказалась короткой и закончилась уже в 1917 году, то в России они провоевали гораздо дольше. Завод "Дукс" продолжал выпускать "Ньюпор-24бис" до конца гражданской войны (окончание "бис" в документах обычно не ставили, поэтому все российские "ньюпоры" с "гранеными" бортами называли просто "двадцать четвертыми" или "тип XXIV"). Последняя партия поступила на вооружение РККВФ весной 1920 года и сразу отправилась на польско-советский фронт. В 1921-м "ньюпоры-24" участвовали в подавлении кронштадтского мятежа, а после окончания гражданской войны еще несколько лет применялись в летных школах. Приказ об их окончательном снятии с вооружения и отправке на слом вышел только в 1925 году. Японские "ньюпоры" также прослужили до середины 20-х годов.

  
ДВИГАТЕЛЬ: "Рон", 130 л.с. ("Ньюпор"24 и 24бис) или "Клерже",120 л.с. ("Ньюпор"27).
  
ВООРУЖЕНИЕ: аналогично "Ньюпору"17.
  


А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты


"Ньюпор-24 C1" 1917 г.

  Продолжая совершенствовать удачную машину, фирма "Ньюпор", не имея возможности установить более мощные двигатели типа "Сальмсон" (150 л. с.). из-за их слишком больших размеров, пошла по пути улучшения аэродинамики. Для этого в первую очередь был облагорожен фюзеляж: с помощью уширенных шпангоутов и продольных реек ему была придана овальная форма. Улучшено было и сопряжение капота с фюзеляжем. Незначительно увеличился размах крыла. Вертикальное оперение получило небольшой киль. Двигатель 9-цилиндровый, воздушного охлаждения, звездообразный, ротативный "Рон" (120 л. с.). Вооружение - синхронный пулемет "Виккерс". В остальном машина повторяла истребитель "Ньюпор-17". В связи с введением киля длина самолета была на 0,3 м больше. Кроме того, серийно выпускался и самолет "Ньюпор-25", отличавшийся от "Ньюпор-24" только тем, что имел вертикальное оперение, аналогичное "Ньюпор-17". Встречались варианты с двигателем "Клерже" (130 л. с.), "Рон" (110 и 130 л. с.). Последним самолетом фирмы, построенным по схеме полутораплана с V-образными стойками, стал "Ньюпор-27". Он мало отличался от "Ньюпор-24" внешне, но для обеспечения увеличенного радиуса действия была увеличена емкость топливного бака. Усилено вооружение: стояло два синхронных пулемета.
  Двигатель "Рон" (150 л. с.). Серийно машина выпускалась короткое время. Выпущено 207 машин. Она быстро была заменена более совершенной машиной "Ньюпор-28".

  В 1917 году японская фирма "Токоросава" приобрела лицензию на выпуск "Ньюпор-24", и до 1919 года он строился под маркой Ko.3.
  Кроме Франции и России эти машины закупали британские, бельгийские, итальянские вооруженные силы. После войны "ньюпоры" попали почти во все страны Европы и эксплуатировались до середины 1920-х годов. Именно эти машины составляли основу истребительной авиации Красной армии в годы Гражданской войны.
  
  
ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ
  
   "Ньюпор"17бис Ньюпор-24 Ньюпор-24-бис Ньюпор-27 С1
   1916г. 1917г. 1917г. 1917г.
  Размах, м 8,16 8,21/7,76 8,16/7,76 8,16/7,8
  Длина, м 5,80 5,87 5,85 5,9
  Высота 2,4 2,4 2,45
  Площадь крыла, кв.м 14,75 14,75 15,0 15,0
  Сухой вес, кг 355 375 375 375
  Взлетный вес, кг 547 573 567 567
  Двигатель: "Рон" "Клерже" "Рон" "Рон"
   мощность, л. с. 120 130 120 120
  Скорость максимальная, км/ч 176 175 171 172
  Скорость подъема на высоту
   2000 м, мин.сек 5,40 5,50
  Дальность полета, км 250 250 375
  Потолок, м 5300 5550 6800 5600
  Экипаж, чел. 1 1 1 1
  Вооружение 1 пулемет 1-2 пулемета 1-2 пулемета 1-2 пулемета


В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.


"Ньюпор-XXIV" ( "Ньюпор-24" ) отличался от других "Ньюпоров" наличием небольшого киля. Обшивка фюзеляжа благодаря дополнительным планкам-стрингерам имела форму многогранника. Вооружение - один пулемет "Виккерс", синхронный. Самолет появился в России в 1917 г., в серии не строился, применялся до 1921 г. в десятке импортных экземпляров с двигателем "Рон" в 120 л. с. Был заменен самолетом типа "Ньюпор-XXIV бис".

   "Ньюпор-XXIV бис" ( "Ньюпор-24 бис" ). От самолета типа XXIV отличался только обычным для "Ньюпоров" оперением. Строился серийно на заводе "Дукс" в 1917-1920 rr. и широко применялся в гражданской войне. Есть упоминание об его варианте с крыльями от "Сопвича-разведчика" и с двигателем "Рон" в 80 л. с.

   Есть сведения о самолетах "Ньюпор-25" с "Клерже" в 130 л. с. (было 5 экземпляров) и "Рон" в 80, 110 и 130 л. с. в единичных экземплярах. Их даже называли "Ньюпор-27", но это был тот же "Ньюпор-XXIV бис" с другими двигателями.


Самолет||<Ньюпор-XXIV>/<Ньюпор-XXIV бис>
Год выпуска||1917/1917
Двигатель, марка||<Рон>/<Рон>
   мощность, л.с.||120/120
Длина самолета, м||6,4/6,4
Размах крыла, м||8,16(7,76)/8,16(7,76)
Площадь крыла, м2||15/15
Масса пустого, кг||355/375
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||67/67
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||192/192
Полетная масса, кг||547/567
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||36,5/38
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||4,6/4,7
Весовая отдача,%||35/34
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||171/171
Время набора высоты 1000 м, мин||2,7/2,7
Время набора высоты 2000 м, мин||5,7/5,7
Время набора высоты 3000 м, мин||9,4/9,4
Время набора высоты 4000 м, мин||14,4/14,4
Время набора высоты 5000 м, мин||21,5/21,5
Потолок практический, м||6800/6800
Продолжительность полета, ч.||1,7/1,7


L.Andersson Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 (Putnam)


Nieuport 24bisC1

  The French Nieuport 24 was a light biplane fighter designed by Gustave Delage. Being a refinement of the very successful Nieuport 17 series the Nieuport 24 employed a new aerofoil section, a new tail unit and a more powerful engine. It underwent official trials at the Section Technique in February and March 1917 and displayed a modest improvement on the earlier Nieuport 17 and 23. The Nieuport 24C1 was then quickly introduced on the production lines.
  The structure of the faired fuselage consisted of four spruce longerons, spacers and formers supporting spruce stringers. It was covered by fabric except on the forward part which was plywood-covered. The circular engine cowling was made of aluminium. The 130hp nine-cylinder Le Rhone 9Jb rotary engine driving a two-blade wooden propeller was chosen for the new fighter. A single 7.7mm Vickers machine-gun was mounted slightly to starboard of the centre line on top of the forward fuselage. The tail surfaces with horn-balanced rudder and unbalanced elevators were of wooden construction with plywood covering, but the Nie 24bisC1 version reverted to the characteristic Nieuport tail assembly of steel-tube construction with fabric-covering. With a similarly shaped rudder and lacking a fin the Nie 24bisC1 was nearly indistinguishable from the Nie 17C1. The undercarriage consisted of simple aluminium tube V-struts and a conventional one-piece axle.
  The Nie 24 had swept fabric-covered wings and interplane V struts. The upper surface of the top wing was covered by plywood between the leading edge and the main spar. There were two box spars in the upper wing and a single spar in the lower wings, which were much narrower. Ailerons were fitted on the upper wing, which had a circular cut-out in the trailing edge. Deliveries started in the summer of 1917 but relatively few went into service with the French Aviation Militaire and with the RFC. Some 120 Nie 24 and 140 Nie 24bis aircraft were acquired by the USAAS in France for training and some went to Italy. A number were exported to Japan along with a few Nieuport 27s and the Nie 24 was adopted as the Imperial Japanese Army's standard fighter. It was produced there under licence as the Army Type Ko 3 Fighter in great numbers between 1919 and 1923.
  According to Shavrov twenty Nie 24s were delivered to Russia in 1917 and the Nie 24 and Nie 24bis were built by the Aktsionernoe obshchestvo Duks in Moscow from 1917. Six Soviet Nie 24bis were captured and used by Poland. Others were with the Latvian Air Force in 1919. At least eleven served in the Soviet Latvian Air Force in 1918-19. In December 1920 the RKKVF had sixty-seven Nie 24 and twenty-six Nie 24bis fighters on charge. The Civil War took its toll but production at GAZ No. 1 (ex- Duks) kept the number of serviceable aircraft up and in December 1921 there were seventy-nine of both types. They were employed in all military districts, but the majority was concentrated in the Ukraine. Production at GAZ No. 1 included the following c/ns:
   -2228-2261 and 2263-2292 (about sixty aircraft in 1920)
   -2347-2396 (fifty aircraft in 1921-1922)
   -2471-2496 (thirty aircraft in 1923)
  By September 1923 125 Nie 24s were in service, but their number diminished quickly and a year later only sixty-nine remained. They were used until 1922 by the Istrebitel'naya eskadril'ya in Moscow, the 1st and (until 1923) 2nd otryady of the Istrebitel'naya eskadril'ya at Kiev, the 4th, 14th and 18th Aviaotryady and the 2nd naval Istrootryad at Odessa. It served until 1925 with the 4th Otdel'naya istrebitel'naya aviaeskadril'ya at Minsk (including one aircraft named Metallist). This unit then received Fokker D.XIs and moved to Smolensk. Nieuport 24s were also employed as reconnaissance aircraft by the 12th Otdel'nyi razvedivatel'nyi aviatsionnyi otryad at Pervomaisk and by the 17th Otdel'nyi razvedivatel'nyi aviatsionnyi otrvad at Chita until 1924.
  The Nieuport 24 was also used in small numbers by many other units including the 2nd otryad of the DVK and the NOA. Relegated to the fighter training role it served with the 1st Higher School of Military Pilots in Moscow, the Strel'bom school at Serpukhov and the Training Eskadril'ya in Moscow. Small numbers were also assigned to the Military-Technical School, the 1st School of Military Pilots and the Academy of the VVS. A few Nieuport 24s were given to local ODVF sections in 1924-25 for instructional purposes and for aviation propaganda. Fifty-six were written off by the VVS in April 1925, but all were not retired until 1926, when there were still a few with the 4th and 5th Otdel'nye istrebitel'nye aviaeskadrilii and the 1st Legkobombardirovochnaya eskadril'ya.
  Known c/ns of Soviet Nieuport 24 and Nieuport 24bis aircraft, excluding those built bv GAZ No. 1 in 1921-1923: 51, 65", 67, 68, 81, 273, 274, 278, 279, 286, 310, 322, 332, 335, 350, 367, 377, 379, 480, 4095, 4284 to 4287, 4293, 4300, 4301, 4303-4306, 4311, 4312, 4321, 5086, 5088, 5089, 5094, 5098, 5111, 5114, 5120, 5125, 5126, 5127-5129, 5131, 5134,5135, 5147, 5423, 5424, 542 5436, 5440 and 5627.


  120hp Le Rhone 9Ja or 130hp Le Rhone 9Jb
  Span 8.16m; length 6.4m; height 2.4m; wing area 15m2.
  Weight. Empty 555kg; loaded 556kg
  Maximum speed 170km/h; climb to 1,000m in 2.7min; ceiling 6,800m; endurance 2.15hr
  Conflicting data has been published, including the following dimensions: Span 8.21m; length 5.87m; wing area 14.75m2


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


NIEUPORT 17bis France

  Despite a preference for the Le Rhone engine to the Clerget on the part of Gustave Delage, a modified Nie 17 appeared late in 1916 with a 130 hp Clerget and full-length fuselage side fairings as the Nie 17bis. Seeing only limited French service, the Nie 17bis was ordered by the RNAS, both from the parent company and from British Nieuport & General Aircraft, some 80 eventually being delivered to the British service. Most RNAS Nie 17bis fighters mounted both a synchronised Vickers gun and an overwing Lewis gun, but the type failed to attain expectations, and later British Nieuport contracts for 100 aircraft were cancelled. Replaced in first line use by the Camel from June 1917, the Nie 17bis was relegated to the training role.

Max speed, 118 mph (190 km/h) at sea level.
Loaded weight, 1,263 lb (573 kg).
Span, 26 ft 9 in (8,16 m).
Length, 19 ft 0 in (5,80 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158.8 sq ft (14,75 m2).


NIEUPORT 17bis (DERIVATIVE I) France

  Nieuport single-seat fighter prototypes were numerous, but apparently undesignated - no record of their chronology having apparently survived. One that appears to have been related to the Nie 17bis and which has been described incorrectly as the Nie 25 was a Clerget-powered fighter with a faired fuselage like that of the Nie 17bis. This was mated to an upper wing lacking sweepback and a wooden fin and plain rudder rather than the characteristic Nieuport steel-tube balanced rudder. Setting this prototype apart from other Nieuports was its immense cone de penetration mounted as a stationary fairing ahead of the propeller. It may conceivably have had a 150 hp Clerget 9Bd rotary engine, but this is uncertain.


NIEUPORT 17bis (DERIVATIVE II) France

  By early November 1916, Nieuport had built and flown a single-seat fighter prototype reported to be "practically the same as” the Nie 17bis, but powered by a 150 hp Le Rhone engine. It is assumed - though without positive evidence - that this was the prototype featuring a Le Rhone engine enclosed by an unusually long-chord cowling. Having an Nie 17bis-type faired fuselage, it possessed vertical tail surfaces of generally similar profile to those of the Clerget-engined Nie 17bis derivative (see previous entry) with the cone de penetration, but with a horn-balanced rudder and a new tailplane and elevator assembly. The upper wing was mounted on two inverted Vee-type cabane struts and the Vickers gun was mounted on the port upper longeron. It would seem likely that this aircraft was an early prototype for the Nie 24.


NIEUPORT (Hispano-Suiza) France

  Construction began early in November 1916 of a new single-seat Nieuport fighter "designed to compete with the SPAD” and powered by a 150 hp Hispano-Suiza water-cooled engine with a circular frontal radiator. A contemporary report stated that "the empennage, rudder and elevators are all covered with three-ply wood and fabric”, and indicated that "M Delage expects great things of this machine". The Hispano-Suiza powered prototype was a clean and elegant aircraft, with a faired fuselage and close coamings around the cockpit. The lower wing was broader in chord than that of preceding Nieuport fighters, but the fact that this prototype was not developed beyond the flight test stage suggests that its performance offered an insufficient improvement on that of the similarly-powered SPAD S.VII.


NIEUPORT 24 France

  Yet a further refinement of the basic Nie 17/17bis series, the Nie 24 employed a new aerofoil section, was fitted with a wooden tail unit and was powered by a 130 hp Le Rhone 9Jb rotary. Official trials in February and March 1917 of an aircraft designated Nie 24 produced results not significantly better than those of the Nie 17 and 23. Nevertheless, the Nie 24 was ordered in quantity and was in service with French escadrilles in June 1917. The fact that the Nie 24 was, in the event, preceded operationally by the Nie 24bis suggests that some problems delayed the service debut of the earlier model. A few Nie 24s were supplied to the RFC in the summer of 1917, others were supplied to Russia, a total of 121 was acquired by the USA in November 1917, and production of 77 was undertaken by Nakajima in Japan from 1921/22 as the Ko-3 fighter-trainer with the 80 hp Le Rhone engine.

Max speed, 109 mph (176 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 9.4 min.
Empty weight, 783 lb (355 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,206 lb (547 kg).
Span, 26 ft 11 in (8,21m).
Length, 19 ft 3 in (5,87 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158.77 sq ft (14,75 m2).


NIEUPORT 24bis France

  Precisely why the Nie 24bis preceded the Nie 24 in operational service has never been satisfactorily explained. However, the Nie 24bis had something of the appearance of a stop-gap hybrid in that the elegant vertical tail, comprising fixed fin and horn-balanced rudder, adopted for the Nie 24 was discarded in favour of the balanced rudder of such types as the Nie 17bis. It seems likely that problems had been encountered with the manufacture or strength of the new vertical tail, and the earlier form had been retained while these were being resolved. With its fully-faired fuselage, the Nie 24bis therefore resembled the Nie 17bis with a 130 hp Le Rhone 9Jb in place of the similarly rated Clerget. It is also assumed that the Nie 24bis had the new aerofoil section adopted for the Nie 24. Normal armament comprised a single synchronised Vickers gun, while those delivered to the RFC - which service received at least five - conservatively retained the unsynchronised overwing Lewis gun. The American Expeditionary Force received 140 Nie 24bis fighters and the type was manufactured in Russia by Duks from 1917 until 1920. In service with France's Aviation Militaire, the Nie 24bis was rapidly superseded by the Nie 24.

Max speed, 106 mph (170 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 9.66 min.
Loaded weight, 1,225 lb (556 kg).
Dimensions as for Nie 24.


NIEUPORT 25 France

  Gustave Delage retained an affection for the Vee-strutted sesquiplane that exceeded the basic design’s realisable potential, and the Nie 25 apparently represented the ultimate variant, at least in respect of engine power. The Nie 25 was essentially a Nie 24 airframe adapted to take a 200 hp Clerget 11E 11-cylinder rotary. Armament consisted of a single synchronised Vickers gun. This type is believed to have first flown in July 1917, possibly initially with a 150 hp Clerget 9Bd engine, and the fact that it had an SFA type number suggests that series production was contemplated. However, the Clerget 11E was beset with difficulties and it was presumably for this reason that the Nie 25 was not built in quantity. One example was flown by Charles Nungesser and bore his colourful personal markings.

Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 8.0 min.
No other data available for publication.


NIEUPORT 27 France

  Despite receiving a new SFA designation, the Nie 27 differed from the Nie 24 only in having an articulated two-part undercarriage axle and simplified tailskid similar to those of the Nie 25. The standard engine remained the Le Rhone 9Jb or 9Jby of 120 hp and 130 hp respectively, and the single synchronised Vickers gun was retained. The last Vee-strutted Nieuport sesquiplane to see operational service, the Nie 27 attained use with French escadrilles during the summer of 1917, but was rapidly outmoded. At least 87 were supplied to the RFC, which was not to withdraw this type finally until 20 April 1918, long after the Nie 27 was outclassed on the Western Front. It was used in quantity by Italy, and, in November 1917, a total of 287 Nie 27s was acquired by the US Air Service for the fighter training role. In Japan, Nakajima built 25 Nie 27s in 1923, and these served in the Imperial Army as fighters with the same Ko 3 designation as the Nie 24s.

Max speed, 107 mph (172 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 9.42 min.
Loaded weight, 1,179 lb (535 kg).
Span, 26 ft 11 in (8,21m).
Length, 19 ft 3 in (5,87 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158.77 sq ft (14,75 m2).


NIEUPORT 27 (Derivative) France

  On 22 October 1917, Gustave Delage’s Vee-strutted sesquiplane fighter was described in the following terms by General Petain: "The Nieuport is inferior to all enemy aircraft. It is essential that it be withdrawn very soon from all the escadrilles at the Front.” Whether a prototype apparently derived from the Nie 27 and intended to overcome that fighter’s shortcomings made its debut before or after Petain’s condemnation is not recorded, but it would seem to have represented Delage’s very last attempt to keep alive the combination of rotary engine and Vee-type interplane strut. Retaining the Nie 27 fuselage, tail surfaces, undercarriage and, apparently, the 130 hp Le Rhone 9Jby engine, this prototype in fact departed from the sesquiplane arrangement in adopting a two-spar lower wing of broader chord. The Vee-type struts featured broad apices to provide appropriate pick-up points. Armament consisted of paired synchronised 7,7-mm guns.


R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 (Putnam)


Army Type Ko 3 Fighter/Trainer

  Following the First World War, the Japanese Army imported a number of aircraft that had proved themselves in combat. Among these was the SPAD S.VII, imported in 1918, the (100) SPAD S.XIIIs in 1919, (50) Sopwith Pups in 1919, and the Morane-Saulnier A.I in 1922. Additionally, there were French Nieuport 24.C1 and 27.C1 fighters, imported in 1917. These were found to be the most manoeuvrable, and as a result the Army adopted the Nieuport 24.C1 as its standard fighter.
  This brought the need for additional aircraft of this type for Army service. They were built under licence agreement at the Tokorozawa Branch of the Army Supply Depot beginning in March 1919, but, later, production of these fighters was transferred to Nakajima. Le Rhone engines to power the aircraft were licence-manufactured by Tokyo Gasuden.
  There were actually two missions assigned to these Nieuport designed fighters. The Nieuport 24.C1 was used as a single-seat trainer powered by an 80hp Le Rhone engine; the other, the Nieuport 27.C1, equipped with a 120hp Le Rhone, wa used as a fighter. Both were so identified by markings on their tails. The Japanese Army referred to both as the Type Ni-24; the Ni being the first kana in the word Nieuport. In November 1921, a new designation system for Army aircraft was enacted, and both became the Ko 3.
  The first of the Nakajima-built aircraft was completed in July 1921. Structurally it was identical to the Nieuport 24.C1. These were a signed to fighter units beginning in June 1922 to replace the Type Hei 1 (SPAD XIII) Fighters and remained operational until the later years of the Taisho reign which ended in 1926, replaced then by the Type Ko 4; Nakajima Nieuport 29-C-1 fighters.
  As the Ko 3 was phased out of Army service, some were released to the civil market and used as single-seat sports aircraft until around 1933.

  Single-engine single-bay biplane fighter. Wooden Structure with fabric covering. Pilot in open cockpit.
  80-93hp Le Rhone or 120-130hp Le Rhone nine-cylinder air-cooled rotary engines, driving two-bladed wooden propellers.
  One fixed forward-firing 7.7mm machine-gun.
  Span 8.22m (26ft 11 1/2in); length 5.67m (18ft 7 1/4in); height 2.40m (7ft 10 1/2in); wing area 15sq m (161.463sq ft).

   With 80hp Le Rhone With 120hp Le Rhone
Empty weight 415kg (915Ib) 450kg (992Ib)
Loaded weight 595kg (1,311Ib) 630kg (1,389Ib)
Wing loading 39.7kg sq m 42kg sq m
   (8.1lb/sq ft) (8.6lb sq ft)
Power loading 7.44kg hp (16.4Ib hp) 5.25kg hp (11.5lb hp)
Maximum speed 74kr (85mph) 88kt (101 mph)

  Nakajima production only: thirty in 1921, forty-seven in 1922, twenty-five in 1923.

J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 17bis, serial and pilot unknown, No.6 (Naval) Squadron, April 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with British roundels in eight positions. Narrow chord cowling, wheel covers (both sides) and rear fuselage numeral are depicted in red, possibly a Flight identification colour.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 17bis, N5874, pilot unknown, East Fortune, September 1917.
Upper surfaces of fuselage wings, tailplane, elevators in PC 10 Khaki, natural metal cowling with clear-doped under surfaces and wheel covers. PC 10 wrapped around flying and control surfaces to leave a two inch border. British roundels in eight positions, white-outlined on PC 10 doped surfaces.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24 N3961, pilot unknown, Escadrille N.91 Aviation Militaire, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. French roundels in six positions. Wheel covers doped in national colours, black fuselage numeral and Escadrille N.91 insignia of a red eagle bearing a golden yellow skull.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Nie 24 of Escadrille N.91, Aviation Militaire, 1917
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор-24" из 91-й эскадрильи французских ВВС, 1917г.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-24" эскадрильи SPA99 французских ВВС (1918г.)
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Nie 24 with a USAS Construction [training] Sqn, France, early 1918.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24, N5424 Lt. A Jurkiewicz, 4th Squadron, Polish Air Service, 1919.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling and white rudder. National insignia in eight positions; red devil marking on both sides of fuselage.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24, serial, pilot and unit unknown, JAAF, Tokorosawa, Japan, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope or very pale grey with national insignia in eight positions - there are no fuselage markings.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-24-бис" авиации РККА (1919г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24bis, serial and pilot unknown, Escadrille N.97, Aviation Militaire, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. French roundels in six positions. Escadrille N.97 insignia in plain red over fuselage sides, normally in red and white as depicted on the wing profile at right.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 24bis N5170 of N.512, 'The Crocodiles’.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24bis, N3305, Caporal Six, Escadrille N. 159 Aviation Militaire, February, 1918.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. French roundels in six positions. Personal numeral colours are speculative. The unit marking was often repeated on upper wings of other Nieuports with N.159.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-24-бис" ВВС Польши (1920г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24bis, N5086, Lt. J. Gilewicz, 5th Squadron, Polish Air Service, 1919.
Finished in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling; red/white striped tailplane and elevator. National insignia in six positions; not applied beneath upper wings. Personal marking applied to both sides of the fuselage.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 24bis, N4301, pilot Popow, unit unknown, Polish Air Service, 1919.
Finished in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling, white rudder and broad white stripes on wings and fuselage. At a later date national insignia was applied to rudder and wing surfaces. Personal marking originally applied to both sides of the fuselage.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Ньюпор 27, 1-й дивизион RFC, декабрь 1917г.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 27, N5532; Capt. R de Richenout, Escadrille N.99, Aviation Militaire, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. National insignia in six positions with black fuselage numeral. Unit insignia was usually white but shown here in blue, a speculative colour not confirmed by any documentary evidence.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Nie 27 of the Italian 81a Squadriglia, summer 1917
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 27, N5800, Sergente A Retorri, 81a Squadriglia, Aeronautico del Regio Esercito, 1918.
Upper surfaces camouflaged in Dark Brown, Dark Green, Light Green, Beige and Black with clear-doped ‘yellow’ or aluminium doped under surfaces. Retained French insignia in six positions, aeroplane number and unit numeral 81 in white.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Nie 27 of No 1 Sqn, RFC, at Builleul, France, in October 1917.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
A preserved example with Nungesser emblem in USA.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Two views of N2576, a production Nie.17bis. Its principal identifying particulars are the Clerget engine in the characteristic short-chord cowling, the faired sides of the fuselage, and the straight trailing edges of the ailerons.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
One of the earliest French-built Nie.17bis to be delivered to the RNAS received the British serial number N3102. It was at the Dunkerque Depot by April 19 1917, and was delivered to No.6 (Naval) Squadron on April 23. It was back at the Depot by June 13, and was deleted later that year. When photographed it had the unusual (for the type) feature of a British roundel on the fuselage.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Marked, not with an SFA number, but with the British serial N3195, this French-built Nie.17bis was an aircraft of No.6 (Naval) Squadron. It had been delivered to Villacoublay by February 27 1917, to the RNAS Depot at Dunkerque during the first week of March, and to No.6 (Naval) on March 9. On May 3, N3195 crashed on the aerodome of No.52 Squadron, RFC, at Longavesnes; its pilot, FSL R W Berridge, sustained fatal injuries. The wrecked aircraft was taken to the Dunkerque Depot and was deleted on June 27 1917.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Wearing the RNAS serial number N3204, this Nie.17bis had been completed by March 2 1917, and arrived at the Dunkerque Depot of the RNAS during the week ending March 8. It was with No.6 (Naval) Squadron by March 15, and acquired a marking of a broad band, possibly red, round the rear fuselage. Its engine cowling and wheel covers were also painted in a dark, and presumably matching, colour. When photographed, it was armed with both a fixed, synchronized Vickers gun, and an overwing Lewis gun. N3204 was lost on June 6 1917, when its wings came off during combat with Vzfw. Riesinger of Jasta 12, to whom its destruction was credited; the Nieuport’s pilot, Flight Lieutenant F P Reeves, was killed. Apparently the remains of the aircraft fell in the Allied lines, for the wreckage was sent to the Dunkerque Depot next day for survey, and it was deleted on June 25 1917.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This British built Nie.17bis appeared to have clear-doped fabric on its fuselage, with its British serial number in black, but only partly visible in this photograph. It had a non-standard mounting for a sprung tailskid, and its engine appeared to be a 110-hp Le Rhone. If so, the aircraft was something of a hybrid.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Two of No.6 (Naval) Squadron’s Nie.17bis. The nearer appears to have only the Vickers gun in place; its engine cowling and wheel covers are in a dark colour. The other Nie.17bis beyond appears to be finished in PC10.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
When photographed, aircraft 2 of No.6 (Naval) Squadron had its overwing Lewis gun in place. Its engine cowling and wheel covers appear to be unpainted, but the wing roundels seem to be in the French style and colouring.
The Nie 17bis saw only limited French service, but was used in some numbers by the RNAS.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The Nieuport 17bis differed from the 17/23 (those two types being virtually indistinguishable) in its circular fuselage and the use of a Clerget engine in place of the normal 110hp Le Rhone.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
When photographed at East Fortune, N5874 had its serial number in black on fuselage and rudder, in different styles of characters. This 130-hp Nie.17bis was delivered to Hendon on August 9 1917, and by September 22 was at Fast Fortune as a defensive aircraft. On January 3 1918, it was deleted to become a source of spares, but was apparently reprieved in Spring that year when selected for museum preservation. On April 30 it was delivered, engineless, apparently from the Southern Aircraft Repair Depot, Farnborough, to the Agricultural Hall, Islington. Inevitably, it was subsequently destroyed, with virtually all of the several score other types that had been set aside for preservation.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
As seen in this photograph, the Nie.17bis that bore the name Tweedledum had its serial number on the rudder only. Regrettable this is nol legible on the original photograph.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Flight of Nie.17bis of No.6 (Naval) Squadron. N3196 (RNAS serial number) had readied Villacoublay by February 27 1917, and was at the Dunkerque Depot early in March. It went to No.6 (Naval) on March 10, and was back at the Depot by June 7.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuports 17bis of No.6 (Naval) Squadron at rest in Spring sunshine. The four at left all have their Lewis guns mounted: aircraft I seems to have French-sequence roundels; the more distant Nieuport at right has two dark-coloured bands (possibly red) round its fuselage.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
View of N5875 (110 hp Clerget), which was delivered to Hendon for erection on August 8 1917, and was allocated to Chingford as a defensive aircraft on August 27. Both it and N5876 were still there on March 30 1918.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
View of N5875 (110 hp Clerget), which was delivered to Hendon for erection on August 8 1917, and was allocated to Chingford as a defensive aircraft on August 27. Both it and N5876 were still there on March 30 1918.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
There appeared to be a curious lack of uniformity in the manner of applying serial numbers to the Nie.17bis of the British-built batch N5860 - N5909. Here N5872 displays white numerals and minor markings on a PC10 painted fuselage. This aircraft had been delivered to Hendon on July 11 1917, and by July 20 was at Eastchurch as a home defence fighter; it had a 110-hp Clerget 9Z engine. It was deleted during the week ending February 9 1918.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An interesting size and style of serial number presentation appeared on N5876, which, when photographed, also had its number painted on the underside of the lower wings. At least one of these photographs was taken at Old Sarum on an unknown date, but probably after the formation of the Royal Air Force.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An interesting size and style of serial number presentation appeared on N5876, which, when photographed, also had its number painted on the underside of the lower wings. At least one of these photographs was taken at Old Sarum on an unknown date, but probably after the formation of the Royal Air Force.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
It was agreed on October 19 1917, that a few British built Nie.17bis could be handed over lo Handley Page to provide training in aircraft erecting for girls who had been engaged by the company for that task. That N5904 was one such aircraft appears to be confirmed by this photograph of the fuselage of N5904 beside that of a Handley Page O/100 (probably one of the six numbered B9446-B9451).
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The forward fuselage of a Nieuport 17bis
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nungesser in front of his Nie.17bis, its Clerget engine clearly seen in this photograph.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
At one time Charles Nungesser flew this Nie.17bis, photographed at Dunkerque. This was one of several Nieuports flown by him and, although of different types, all marked with the number N1895. Nungesser's Nie.17bis had, or acquired, ailerons of the more rounded form that was standardized for the Nie.24 and subsequent types; this is probably why this particular Nie.17bis has been wrongly identified as a Nie.24bis in the past.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Possibly N4495, this Nie.24bis was armed with the single Vickers gun, slightly desaxee to starboard.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1641, a Nie.24bis of Esc. N.92, brought down in German-held territory on September 5 1917, by K Flak 83 in Flakbatterie 563. Its pilot was Sergent Louis Charton.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The pilot of N3305, Caporal Six, had evidently persuaded his commanding officer to allow him to have Ihe appropriate individual number allocated to his Nie.24bis of Esc. N.159. Unfortunately, it was not his lucky number, for his aircraft was brought down on February 20 1918, by Flakzug 18 at Ercheu. Obviously the Nieuport had overturned on landing, and Six was made PoW.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 24bis N5170 of N.512, 'The Crocodiles’.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A group of Nie.24bis of Esc. N.97. The nearest aircraft has the SFA number N4479; none has an overwing Lewis gun.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Nie.24bis actually preceded the Nie.24 in operational service. It differed from the Nie.24 only in reverting to the normal Nieuport tall unit, with 'angular-comma' shaped rudder without fin, and rectilineal tailplane and elevators, all surfaces being fabric covered. This reversion hinted strongly at problems with the revised all-wooden tail unit of the Nie.24. The Nie.24bis seen in this photograph, N4359, had a perceptibly 'used’ look, and appeared to have no armament.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
B3591 of the RFC was with No.111 Squadron in Palestine by January 1918, when Lt. W S Lighthall flew it for the first time. He made many flights in this Nie.24bis while with the squadron. The background to this photograph, which includes a Sopwith Pup, suggests that it might have been taken at Abu Qir, perhaps at a time when B3591 had been relegated to training duties.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A closer look at B3591's cockpit area, a photograph taken when, armed and equipped with an Aldis sight, it was operational with No.111 Squadron. The name Frances was painted in small characters just abaft the roundel on the port side, and the top decking was apparently painted in two colours, perhaps by way of camouflage. The coloration of the wings is indistinct, but might also have been in corresponding colours.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Lt. A Eckley in the cockpit of No.111 Squadron's Nie.24bis B3591, evidently at a different time, for here it has both a Vickers and a Lewis gun. A semi-conical fairing has been fitted over the belt feed to the Vickers, and the Aldis sight is aligned with that gun.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 24bis actually preceded the Nie 24 into service and closely resembled the Nie 17bis.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Contemporary with B3591 in No.111 Squadron was its sister Nie.24bis B3592, here photographed with Lt. R J P Grebby, its pilot. At this time the Vickers gun (but not its belt feed fairing) had been removed. Four narrow bands, probably red, were painted round the rear fuselage, space being allowed for the name Demoiselle just behind the roundel. The mainplanes were in dark colours on the upper surfaces, and on the fuselage top decking there was a coloured (blue?) area about the cockpit and the head fairing.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Another study of B3592, here seen with its the Vickers gun in place, the alignment of the Aldis sight varying with the presence or absence of that weapon.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A well-known but informative photograph of Lt. T O Clogstoun of No.111 Squadron in a Nieuport, probably a 24bis, of that unit. His aircraft is armed with twin lewis guns on parallel Foster mountings and separate forward supports, an unusual installation. The visible gun is a Mark II Lewis that has had most of the casing cut away; the Aldis sight is on struts suspended from the upper wing, and is supplemented by ring-and-bead sights, the bead apparently mounted on the inboard side of the starboard half of the inverted-V strut. Still in place are the forward supports for the Vickers gun, offset to starboard. The weighty and drag-creating combination of guns, stays, bungee cards, firing and release cables, and sights must have impaired the Nieuports performance severely.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This study of B3604 leaves no doubt that, when photographed, this Nie.24bis was in overall aluminium finish. Originally numbered N4666 by the SFA, it was one of 15 Nie.24s and 24bis that were handed over at Villacoublay for the RFC during Ihe week ending July 28 1917. lt was flown to No.2 AD Candas on that date, but probably did not go to a squadron. In September 1917 it was in use at the Scout School at No.2 AD.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The US Air Service acquired 140 Nie.24bis in November 1917 for training purposes. One of these was SFA N3263, here seen at Issoudun with its local station number painted large on the fuselage side. When photographed it still had its Vickers gun in place.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Liberally decorated with fanciful scaly (?) markings, including a representation of teeth on the engine cowling, and an eye on the fuselage side. This Nie.24bis was another of Issoudun's aircraft.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор-24бис" Красного воздушного флота, 1920 г.
The Nie.24bis saw service with Russian units, and some remained in use in Bolshevik hands. One such was this example, inevitably with red-star markings.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
The Nieuport 24bis fighter was built by GAZ No. 1 in Moscow until 1923. A last series of thirty aircraft was completed in that year.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
In September 1923 the RKKVF had 125 Nieuport 24bis fighters in service but their number diminished quickly. They were withdrawn from fighter units in 1925.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This Nie.24bis of the Soviet Szyrynkin Group was flown to Polish territory by Col. P Abakanowtcz, who landed his aircraft at the airfield of the 14th Polish Squadron.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
During the post-armistice fighting between Polish and Bolshevik forces a considerable number of Bolshevik aircraft were captured by the Poles and pressed into service in Polish squadrons. These included six Nie.24bis, at least some of which were evidently French built. N5086, flown and probably owned by Juliusz Gilewicz of the Polish 5th Squadron, had a strikingly artistic painting of the mythical huntress Diana on the fuselage.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Also adorned with a portrait-type marking was N4301, a Nie.24bis flown by Popow. There were white stripes on the wings and fuselage, and the tail surfaces were also painted white.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N4301 was later given new markings, as seen here, with the distinctive Polish red/white quartered square.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N4301 was later given new markings, as seen here, with the distinctive Polish red/white quartered square.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Little is known about this Nieuport single-seater, which was unarmed and might have been a purely experimental aircraft. Its fuselage and undercarriage might have been similar to those of the Nie.17bis, but its all wood fin and rudder resembled those of the Hispano-Suiza powered fighter; the strut-braced tailplane and elevators appeared to be similar to those of previous production types. A Clerget engine of unknown type and output was fitted, and had on its crankshaft an enormous cone de penetration that must have seriously impaired the cooling of the engine. The tailskid was hinged to a small and inept-looking inverted pyramid of struts. The mainplanes had no sweepback, and straight-edged ailerons were fitted. It is not known precisely where this single-seater fitted chronologically in the sequence of Nieuport types.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The fact that 'N.24‘ was marked on the lower ends of the inlerplane struts does not necessarily mean that this aircraft, N3760, should be regarded as a true Nie.24. It had the faired fuselage and all-wood tail unit of the Nie.24, but it also had the articulated axle in the undercarriage and the sprung tailskid of the Nie.27. More particularly, it had an engine cowling of unusually deep chord encircling an unidentified engine of unknown output. The Vickers gun was on the port upper longeron, and the central struts supporting the upper mainplane were two inverted Vs. Despite all these refinements and novelties, however, this Nieuport still had straight edged ailerons, as on the Nie.17bis. This last detail might indicate that N3760 existed before the Introduction of the more rounded ailerons used on the Nie.24, 24bis, 25 and 27; that is, earlier than May 1917.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
An Hispano-Suiza-engined Nieuport prototype was "designed to compete with the SPAD".
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The advent of the Spad 7 obviously posed a competitive threat to the Nieuport single-sealer, and probably inspired Delage to design this combination of the V-strut sesquiplane with the Hispano-Suiza engine. In a report to the Senior Officer, HQ RNAS Dunkerque, dated November 11 1916, Squadron Commander C I. Courtney, who had visited the Nieuport works, stated that construction of this single-seater had begun. It was virtually a new design, no mere modification of the basic Nie.17. Its faired fuselage and entirely redesigned tail unit gave it clean lines; the lower wings were of proportionately greater chord than those of earlier Nieuports, and the gap was reduced; the ailerons had straight trailing edges. The stern view shows how remarkably wide the fuselage was, and how poor the pilot's downward view must have been. Sqn. Cdr. Courtney wrote in his report. 'M Delage expects great things from this machine' - , but Delage's expectations were not realised. No development nor production ensued; presumably this Nieuport was considered to be no improvement on the Spad.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The next production Nieuport fighter to receive an SFA designation and to be built in quantity was the Nie.24. This development had the faired fuselage and retained the original and structurally unsatisfactory rigid tailskid. The all wood tail unit resembled that of the experimental type with the Hispano-Suiza engine, but on the Nie.24 the rudder had a modest balance area. The basic armament was still a single Vickers gun, desaxee as on the Nie.23, and in the undercarriage a one-piece axle was retained.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Clearly exemplifying the Nie.24's retention of the basic Nieuport rigid tailskid with the revised all-wood tall unit, N3961 displays the striking emblem of Esc. N.91, an eagle in flight carrying in its talons a human skull. This escadrille was formed in April 1917, and in the original form of its marking the eagle was depicted carrying an ignited grenade.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The marking of Esc. N.89 was a wasp in flight, as seen here on this Nie.24. The other marking, a fish, was probably a personal device applied by the unknown pilot. Esc. N.89 had formed as a Nieuport unit in March 1917, and was redesignated SPA.89 on March 3 1918, on re-equipment with Spads.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N5340 was a production Nie.24 that fell into German hands intact near Chateau Salins on February 8 1918. The marking on its fuselage is that of Escadrille N.314, the Escadrille de Protection de Nancy. German reports named the pilot of this aircraft as a 'Lt. Moke', but he was in fact Sergent Herschel J McKee, an American serving in the Aviation militaire, who was made PoW.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Sous-Lieutenant William Herisson, an 11-victory ace of Esc. N.75, stands before his Nie.24 N3987, with a Spad 7 for company. The unit marking represented a gliding falcon; on this camouflaged Nie.24 it was painted dark on a light-coloured (perhaps blue or white) ellipse, though on buff or silver finished aircraft the falcon would more probably be in golden yellow on a red ground.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
One of 15 Nie.24 and 24bis handed over by the French authorities during the week ending July 28, 1917, N4662 become B3601 in the RFC. It was flown from Villacoublay to No.2 AD Candas on July 27, and these photographs taken there were dated July 28. It went first to No.40 Squadron on August 15, and on August 20 2/Lt. A E Godfrey took it to other squadrons of the 1st Brigade to show it as a new type to their members. On August 22, Godfrey on B3601 claimed an enemy two-seater out of control near Hulluch. Following a landing crash on September 21, B3601 presumably went to an AD for repair, for it was not on No.40 Squadron's strength on October 5, nor was it among the 17 assorted Nieuports that the squadron returned to No.2 AD on October 12, 13 and 15, when No.40 re-equipped with SE5as. B3601 was recorded as on the strength of No.2 ASD on February 5 1918, and was issued to No.29 Squadron on March 30. On April 7 Lt. A G Wingate-Gray failed to return from a special mission on B3601, a loss not reported by the Germans, but Wingate-Gray survived to be made PoW.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
It seems that Poland managed to acquire only one Nie.24 during the fighting against Bolshevik forces in 1919-20. Originally N5424, it is here seen without armament, but with an image, dramatic in its size and posture, of a spear-armed, winged devil, painted in red on the fuselage. This aircraft was flown by Lt. Artur Jurkiewicz, who commanded the 4th Squadron from May to October 1919. This was a reconnaissance squadron, but it had at least one Nieuport, possibly this one, that proved to be its last serviceable aircraft in July 1920, and was then transferred to the 1st Squadron.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Charles Nungesser’s Nie.25, N5324, photographed at Dunkerque with some RNAS DH4s behind. The type number 25 can be seen in small characters just under the tailplane. Also discernible in this photograph are the tricolour stripes that Nungesser had painted on the fuselage decking and the wings.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
It is not known how many Nie.25s were built, nor how many were allocated to Charles Nungesser. His seeming personal attachment to the number N1895 has been mentioned elsewhere; here it reappears on a Nie.25, but it is not known whether this was N5324 renumbered or another Nie.25. This photograph shows the very deep engine cowling and broad-chord fairings on the undercarriage V-struts, distinguishing features of this rare variant.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Presumably the same Nie.25, showing the tricolor diagonals on wings and fuselage that distinguished Nungesser's aircraft. The type number 25 is just within the frame of this photograph, painted in small characters on the rudder.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Nie.25 in a hangar with its starboard access panel removed. This photograph indicates that the Nie.25 had, in its undercarriage, the articulated two-piece axle that was subsequently to distinguish the Nie.27.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
A view of a Nieuport Nie.25 with Nungesser in the cockpit. The onlookers appear to be Belgian officers.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nungesser in his Nieuport 17bis.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Believed to be the prototype Nie.27, this numberless aircraft had the faired fuselage, all-wood revised tail unit, rounded ailerons, sprung tailskid, and half axle undercarriage that were the external characteristics of the type.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Side view of the type XXVII Nieuport of 1917-18.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Front view of the type XXVII Nieuport.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A production Nie.27. It bears what might be an escadrille marking, but it cannot be seen clearly enough to be identified.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
Some aeroplanes of the Fifth Army of France: Nieuport.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Seen from this viewpoint, Nie.27 N5295 provides a clear impression of the rounded ailerons and all-wood tail unit, together with one of the overall camouflage patterns applied to the type.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
All the principal identifying characteristics of the Nie.27 can be seen in these views of the RFC's B3650. It was at No.I AD. St-Omer, by September 13 1917, by which date some 38 Nie.27s had been delivered to the RFC. B3650 went to No.l Squadron that month, and was back at No.l AD by November 21. It went to No.29 Squadron on March 16 1918, but the squadron's re-equipment with SE5as began next month, and B3650 was one of the 14 Nie.27s that were sent to the Reception Park at Marquise on April 19. It was flown to England next day.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
All the principal identifying characteristics of the Nie.27 can be seen in these views of the RFC's B3650. It was at No.I AD. St-Omer, by September 13 1917, by which date some 38 Nie.27s had been delivered to the RFC. B3650 went to No.l Squadron that month, and was back at No.l AD by November 21. It went to No.29 Squadron on March 16 1918, but the squadron's re-equipment with SE5as began next month, and B3650 was one of the 14 Nie.27s that were sent to the Reception Park at Marquise on April 19. It was flown to England next day.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
B3637 was another of No.29 Squadron's Nie.27s that went to Marquise Reception Park on April 19 1918. It had been one of the first six Nie.27s to go to No.29 Squadron on September 7 1917, when it had engine No. T6203Jb. It was sent to No.l AD for repair on October 16, and returned to No.29 Squadron on January 10 1918. On January 2d Lt. E S Meek, on B3637, sent down a Fokker Dr.l out of control south of Roulers; and on January 29 Meek destroyed an Albatros D.V east of Moorsede.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
B6768 was a Nie.27 of No.l Squadron in Autumn 1917. On October 5, Sergeant G P Olley on B6768 destroyed a German two-seater west of Roulers; and on October 24, 2/Lt. W D Patrick shared with Captain P F Fullard's B6789 in the defeat of another two-seater sent down out of control. On January 9 1918. Lt. R C Sotham, flying B6768 (then with engine No.51270), was reported missing in action. He was made PoW, and the Nieuport was lost.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Again like B3650, B3637 was flown to England on April 20 1918. By May 9 it was at the RAF Farnborough, and was flown by Major Roderic Hill, here seen with B3637 in a photograph dated March 11 1919. By that time, it had been fitted with anti-twist stays to the lower wing at the struts.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Seen in this photograph in overall aluminium finish, B6821 went lo No.29 Squadron on October 18 1917. On November 8 Lt. J G Coombe, on B6821, sent down a German two-seater out of control over Houthulst. The Nie.27 might have suffered combat damage, for it was sent to No.l AD for repair next day. It returned to No.29 Squadron on January 4 1918, but was struck off squadron charge on February 20 after a crash, and was struck off RFC strength three days later.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
A Scout aeroplane on the British Western Front being prepared for a moonlight flight.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Likewise finished aluminium overall, this anonymous Nie.27 had no armament fitted when it was photographed on a spacious airfield, probably in England, with a distant Handley Page O/100 just visible.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Immaculate and unmarked, probably because it had been entirely recovered, this Nie.27 was photographed in the USA. It probably was one of the 287 Nie.27s acquired by the US Air Service in November 1917, and could have been the Nie.27 that had the McCook Field number P153 and the American serial number 94098. P153 was dispatched to Museum storage on November 11 1924.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The emblem of Esc. N.99 was a delicately drawn and elegant Pegasus, here seen in a somewhat weatherbeaten state on Nie.27 N5532. In the cockpit is Capitaine Roger de Richemont, commanding officer of the escadrille.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This somewhat indeterminate aircraft is probably a Nie.27 with a Nie.24 undercarriage. It is an aircraft of Esc. N.92, and its occupant is Adjudant-Chef Miserolle.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Indubitably in Italian service, and wearing the Italian serial number Ni.19821, this Nie.27 was obviously of the 79* Squadriglia. It was reported to be the aircraft of Tenente Degli Esposti.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Another Nie.27 of the 79* Squadriglia was N5907, conspicuously adorned with the marking of a long pennant on the fuselage side.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
When this photograph was taken, N6060 was in full French camouflage, but carried no unit marking or other identification. Although it had provision for a fixed Vickers gun it is not known whether one was fitted.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Nieuport 27s in Italian service.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Nie.27 was also used by the Italian 81* Squadriglia, and N5800 was one of its aircraft. It is here seen after being raptured intact, with crosses patees roughly painted over the roundels.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N5800 was armed with both Vickers and Lewis guns, and had what looked like a Le Chretien optical sight. Presumably the Lewis gun's magazine was not normally changed in flight.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Believed to be in Italian service, this Nie.27 bore the name Jane on the fuselage side.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Another captured Nie.27 of the 81* Squadriglia, seen in Austrian hands. Someone should have told the unfortunate pilot that a horseshoe adopted or displayed as a good luck symbol should be positioned the other way up: otherwise, superstition has it, the luck runs out - precisely what happened in this case.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Official German photograph of a captured Nie.27, possibly taken at Adlershof. All traces of armament had been removed, but a related German report stated that the armament was a fixed Vickers gun.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Another hybrid Nie.24/ 27, this time in Turkish service, probably shortly after the Armistice. Again it seems probable that this was a Nie.27 that had acquired a Nie.21 undercarriage.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор-27" без вооружения, использовавшийся американскими летчиками в Европе в качестве учебной машины.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 27 was the last Vee-strutted Nieuport sesquiplane to achieve operational status.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.27 used for training purposes, but seemingly devoid of any unit or station markings. It did have small 'mudguard' attachments over the wheels, doubtless to prevent thrown-up stones from striking the airscrew.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор" 27 ВВС РККА. Польский фронт, 1920 год.
A Nie.27 in Bolshevik service and markings at a date and place unknown.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
Line-up of Nieuport 24bis fighters with a couple of B.E.2es at the end of the line, Moscow 1922. K K Artseulov at front between the two nearest aircraft.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
ON THE BRITISH WESTERN FRONT. - A British scouting squadron. Aeroplanes lined up ready to fly over the enemy lines.
A well-known photograph of the Nieuports of No.l Squadron, RFC, in the snow at Bailleul on December 27 1917. This is a mixed assembly of Nie.24bis and Nie.27; unfortunately, the wartime censor had obliterated the serial numbers of the aircraft. The nearest is a Nie.27 that has an oddly dark-coloured lower wing, perhaps a replacement on an otherwise aluminium-painted aircraft. The second in the line, a Nie.24bis, has what appears to be a camera gun on the overwing mounting.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The nearest aircraft in this photograph is a Nie.27 fitted with flare brackets under the lower wings. It belonged to a French escadrille in the Dunkerque area, but the nature and extent of its nocturnal activities are unknown.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
A bombing machine on the British western front in France tucking its eggs under its wings prior to a daylight trip, with one of its attendant fighting scouts in waiting.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.24, possibly French-built, in Japanese service, probably at Tokorosawa. The first Nie.21 to go to Japan arrived there in 1917, and the type was adopted for use by the Japanese Army Air Force.
R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe - Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 /Putnam/
Nakajima Army Type Ko 3 Fighter/Trainer of the Nieuport 24.C1 design.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
By 1925, when these Nie.24s were photographed at Tokorosawa, the type had been produced in Japan at the Japanese army aircraft Factory situated there. Production began in March 1919, and, with the Japanese designation Ko.3, the aircraft entered service with fighter squadrons in May 1922. Ironically, the Ko.3 replaced the SPAD 13 (Hei.1) in the squadrons, and remained in service until December 1926.
R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe - Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 /Putnam/
Nakajima Army Type Ko 3 Fighter converted for civil use with fuel tank under the upper wing for the November 1922 Tokyo-Osaka mail flight competition.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Presumable a superannuated Japanese Army Air Force Ko.3, this civil registered Nie.24 is said to have belonged to a Mr. Sigimoto, and to have been powered by an 80-hp Le Rhone 9C engine.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Formerly N5748, this Nie.27 passed into private ownership as F-AIB.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This unnumbered fighter prototype appeared to be a somewhat tentative attempt by Delage to break away from the basic design formula that he had squeezed dry. To a fuselage and tail unit that apparently were of more-or-less standard Nie.27 form were attached broad-chord lower wings with two spars. The upper wing apparently had a separate centre section, but seemed to be without sweepback; its ailerons still had straight trailing edges. A more voluminous engine cowling was employed, but the power unit itself was still at Le Rhone of the basic 9J type, though perhaps of enhanced output.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 27 derivative prototype which used a biplane rather than sesquiplane configuration.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Underside of lower wing root, said to be of a Nie.27. The inter-rib curve at left is the rear edge of the plywood nosing applied to the upper surface of the leading edge.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Structure of lower wing, again said to be of a Nie.27, showing the notorious annular fitting for the attachment of the inlerplane V-strut.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
On the British Western Front in France. A Gotha strafer, who recently brought down a Gotha aeroplane.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
William Wendell Rogers in the cockpit of his No 1 Squadron, RFC, Nieuport 24, shortly after joining the unit in the spring of 1917. Rogers was to stay with No 1 Squadron throughout the remainder of the war. Born on Canada's eastern seaboard in 1897, Rogers joined the RFC in 1916 and survived the war as a Captain, with a confirmed victory tally of 9, including the downing of the Gotha flown by Rudolf Klein, commanding officer of KG 3, on 12 December 1917. Happily, Rogers died of old age on 11 January 1967. This image highlights an interesting difference between British and French operated Nieuport 24s, with the British retaining the overwing-mounted Lewis gun, while the French opted for a nose-mounted Vickers gun, synchronised to fire through the propeller arc.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
"FLYING THE FLAG". French ace Lieutenant Charles Nungesser was one of few pilots to fly the rare Nieuport 25 with its more powerful 150-200hp Clerget engine. This particular machine, N.5324, bears Nungesser’s familiar black heart insignia on the fuselage. French colours adorn the wings and fuselage to aid recognition. Beyond, a Nieuport 17bis of No.6 (Naval) Squadron provides escort.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
Nieuport 27
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An exquisite German drawing of the attachment of the interplane struts to the main spar of the lower wing. Its principal, and most vulnerable, feature was the annular component to which the securing socket was attached.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Strut attachment point on the front spar of the upper wing on the French Nieuport single-seater fighter [Nie.27].
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 17bis which appeared late in 1916.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 27 was a further Nie 24 derivative.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Nieuport 27
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 24/24bis
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 25
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 27