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Nieuport Nieuport-17/21/23

Страна: Франция

Год: 1916

Истребитель

Nieuport - Nieuport-12/13/14 - 1915 - Франция<– –>Nieuport - Triplane - 1916 - Франция


В.Кондратьев Самолеты первой мировой войны


Nieuport 17/21/23

  Дальнейшее развитие типа "Ньюпора-16". Самолет с тем же мотором, но с несколько увеличенными геометрическими размерами, усиленной конструкцией планера и улучшенной аэродинамикой. Основные внешние отличия - круглый, замкнутый снизу капот (вместо подковообразного) и более плавные переходы от капота к плоским бортам фюзеляжа, вместо треугольных алюминиевых накладок, характерных для ранних "ньюпоров". Некотрые экземпляры комплектовались большим округлым коком винта, но в частях его обычно снимали.
  Вооружение - один синхронный "Виккерс", который иногда дополняли несинхронным "Льюисом" над верхним крылом. В редких случаях "по-старинке" ограничивались только одним надкрыльевым "Льюисом" (вероятно, из- за нехватки "виккерсов" или синхронизаторов к ним).
  Машина строилась массовыми сериями. Во Франции выпущено не менее 2000 экземпляров, из которых более полутора тысяч поступили на вооружение французских эскадрилий, а остальные передали британцам или отправили в Россию.
  Одновременно с "Ньюпором-17" во Франции и России строили "Ньюпор-21" с двигателем "Рон" в 80 л .с. и открытым снизу капотом "раннего" типа. Из-за относительно слабого мотора на Западе эту машину, как правило, применяли в качестве учебной, но в России она нередко встречалась и в боевых частях.
  Очередной версией популярного французского истребителя стал "Ньюпор-23", появившийся в июне 1916 года. Он оснащался двигателем "Рон" 9Je мощностью в 120 л.с. Единственным внешним отличием "23-го" французской постройки от "17-го" был пулемет "Виккерс", смещенный вправо от продольной оси фюзеляжа, что объяснялось особенностями работы синхронизатора. "Ньюпор-23" выпускался также в России, причем русские машины этой модификации имели удлиненную на 0,6 м. хвостовую часть фюзеляжа для сохранения центровки при установке более тяжелого мотора. Кроме того, на них ставили элероны, имевшие равную ширину по всему размаху.
  Московский завод "Дукс" в 1916-17 годах построил свыше 500 "ньюпоров-17", -21 и -23, еще более 200 сделано на других российских авиазаводах, в том числе порядка 50 - на РБВЗ. 150 экземпляров машины вышло из цехов завода итальянской фирмы "Ньюпор-Макки".
  Первые "ньюпоры-17" поступили на вооружение французской эскадрильи №57 2 мая 1916 года. В дальнейшем на эти машины перевооружили еще более 20 французских истребительных эскадрилий, а также восемь дивизионов RNAS и пять дивизионов RFC, воевавших на западном фронте. Кроме того, самолет активно применялся на восточном фронте, в Италии, Палестине, Македонии и Месопотамии. На "ньюпорах-17" в 1916 году летала американская добровольческая эскадрилья "Лафайет", воевавшая в составе французских ВВС на западном фронте, а также несколько бельгийских, румынских и греческих эскадрилий. 20 машин закупили голландцы.
  "Ньюпоры-17" и -23 ни в чем, кроме, огневой мощи, не уступали своим основным оппонентам - немецким истребителям "Альбатрос" и "Хальберштадт". С середины 1916-го и до начала следующего года они составляли основу французской истребительной авиации. В России эти машины использовались вплоть до выхода страны из Первой мировой войны, а затем - на фронтах гражданской и польско-советской войн.
  Высокие качества машины по достоинству оценили не только союзники Франции, но и ее враги. С ноября 1916 года по июль 1917-го в Германии на фирме "Сименс-Шуккерт" под индексом SSW D.I серийно выпускалась копия трофейного "Ньюпора-17". Всего построено около 100 таких истребителей, оснащенных ротативными моторами "Оберурсель" и применявшихся, в основном, на восточном фронте.


А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты


"Ньюпор-17 "Бебе” 1916 г.

  К началу 1916 года летные данные истребителя "Ньюпор-11" перестали удовлетворять военных. Новые немецкие истребители превосходили его и в скорости, и в вооружении. Фирма приступила к модернизации. Следующей машиной стал "Ньюпор-15" с двигателем "Гном-Моносупап" (100 л. с.) и синхронным пулеметом "Виккерс". Летные данные улучшились. Следующим стал истребитель "Ньюпор-16" с 9-цилиндровым двигателем "Рон" мощностью 110 л. с. Капот открытый снизу, прямоугольные щеки отсутствуют. После внесения изменений и улучшений машина была запущена в серию под обозначением "Ньюпор-17". Конструктивно новая машина повторяла в основном "Ньюпор-11". Изменения коснулись в основном усиления узлов крепления крыльев. На двигателе установили новый капот, полностью его закрывавший. За головой пилота на гаргроте установили заголовник. Вооружение - 1 синхронный пулемет "Виккерс" 7,69-мм. Незначительно увеличились размах и площадь верхнего крыла. Кроме французских фирм, самолет серийно выпускала итальянская фирма "Макки".
  В России по лицензии "Ньюпор-17" выпускали АО "Дукс", завод Щетинина и Русско-Балтийский вагонный завод. В Германии удачная машина была скопирована и выпускалась под обозначениями "Сименс-Шукерт I" (около 100 самолетов) и "Эйлер I" (несколько десятков).
  Развитием "Бебе-17" стал самолет с более мощным двигателем "Рон" (120 л. с.) - "Ньюпор-18 C1".


"Ньюпор-21" 1916 г.

  Облегченный вариант "Ньюпор-17". Уменьшение веса производилось даже в ущерб прочности для достижения максимальной скорости при двигателе "Рон" (80 л. с.). Машина имела открытый снизу капот. Сечение стрингеров и лонжеронов уменьшено.
  Благодаря удачному соотношению массы, площади крыльев и мощности двигателя самолет был очень маневренным и легко управляемым и пользовался популярностью у летчиков. На этой машине К. К. Арцеулов выполнил преднамеренный ввод самолета в штопор и вывел самолет из него. Но все же недостаточная прочность не позволяла выполнять энергичное маневрирование без риска разрушения крыла. Поэтому с середины 1917 года самолет применялся как тренировочный.


"Ньюпор-23 "Бебе” 1917 г.

  Развитием "Ньюпор-17" стали новые самолеты "Ньюпор-23". Внешне самолет не отличался от предшественника. Только для повышения эффективности рулей фюзеляж был удлинен на 0,6 м. Элероны были уже, чем у "Ньюпора-17". Машина, обладавшая неплохими летными качествами, быстро сменила "Бебе-17" в серийном производстве. В России этот самолет выпускался по лицензии на заводе "Дукс" и составлял большую часть "Ньюпоров", выпущенных этим заводом.
  Машины широко использовались в Гражданской войне обеими воющими сторонами. В РККА состоял на вооружении до 1923 года. Некоторое количество машин попало и в польские ВВС.


ЛЕТНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

   Ньюпор-17 "Ньюпор-21"
   1916г. 1916г.
  Размах, м 8,16/7,8 8,16/7,76
  Длина, м 5,8 5,8
  Высота, м 2,4 2,4
  Площадь крыла, кв.м 14,75 14,75
  Сухой вес, кг 375 370
  Взлетный вес, кг 560 545
  Двигатель: "Рон" "Рон"
   мощность, л. с. 110 80
  Скорость максимальная, км/ч 165 250
  Скорость подъема на высоту
   2000 м, мин.сек 6,50 8,7
  Дальность полета, км 320 150
  Потолок, м 5300 5250
  Экипаж, чел. 1 1
  Вооружение 1 пулемет 1 пулемет


  
  Показатель "Ньюпор-23" 1917г.
  Размеры, м:
   длина 6,4
   размах крыльев 8,03/7,76
   высота 2,4
  Площадь крыла, м2 14,7
  Вес, кг:
   максимальный взлетный 547
   пустого 355
  Двигатель: "Рон" 9Je
   мощность, л. с. 120
  Скорость, км/ч 168
  Дальность полета, км 300
  Потолок, м 6500
  Экипаж, чел. 1
  Вооружение 1 пулемет


В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.


"Ньюпор-XVII" ( "Ньюпор-17" , "Бебе-17") - одноместный истребитель с двигателем "Рон" в 110 л. с. (с чугунными поршнями) - появился в России во второй половине 1916 г., несколько позже чем "Ньюпор-XXI" с двигателем "Рон" в 80 л. с. и имел совершенно одинаковые с ним контуры и размеры крыльев, фюзеляжа и оперения, отличаясь только силовой установкой и более прочной конструкцией крыльев. Поэтому в инструкции было оригинальное указание - не смешивать его крылья с крыльями "Ньюпора-XXI" во избежание катастрофы.

   Вооружение: один пулемет "Виккерс", реже - "Льюис", над центропланом без синхронизатора или же над двигателем с синхронным приводом впервые в России (лето 1916 г.). Иногда ставили два пулемета - с синхронизатором и без него.

   Был вариант самолета с двигателем "Клерже" в 130 л. с. - "Ньюпор-XVII бис", серийно не строившийся.

  "Ньюпор-XVIII" ("Ньюпор-18") - тот же самолет типа XVII, но с двигателем "Рон" в 120 л. с. (с алюминиевыми поршнями). Встречался часто.


Самолет||<Ньюпор-XVII>/<Ньюпор-XVIII>
Год выпуска||1916/1916
Двигатель, марка||<Рон>/<Рон>
   мощность, л.с.||110/120
Длина самолета, м||5,8/5,8
Размах крыла, м||8,02(8,76)/7,02(7,76)
Площадь крыла, м2||14,7/14,7
Масса пустого, кг||375/390
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||65/65
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||185/185
Полетная масса, кг||560/575
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||38/39
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||5,1/4,8
Весовая отдача,%||33/32
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||164/166
Время набора высоты||
   1000 м, мин||3,2/2,8
   2000 м, мин||6,8/6
   3000 м, мин||11,5/10,5
   4000 м, мин||19,5/17,5
   5000 м, мин||35/28
Потолок практический, м||5300/5700
Продолжительность полета, ч.||2/1,7


"Ньюпор-XXI" ("Ньюпор-21" , "Бебе-21"). Отличался от самолетов типа XVII открытым снизу капотом на двигателе "Рон" в 80 л. с. и несколько меньшими сечениями лонжеронов крыльев. Появился в России раньше, чем тип XVII, - в первой половине 1916 г. По свидетельствам многих летчиков, самолет "Ньюпор-XXI" был особенно приятен в полете из-за удачного соотношения мощности, массы и площади крыльев. На нем К. К. Арцеулов выполнил впервые в России преднамеренный штопор в конце 1916 г. Самолет применялся в первой мировой войне как истребитель и как тренировочный, а в гражданской войне и после нее только как тренировочный. Вооружение: один пулемет с синхронным приводом или же без него - над центропланом.


Самолет||<Ньюпор-XXI>
Год выпуска||1916
Двигатель, марка||<Рон>
   мощность, л.с.||80
Длина самолета, м||5,8
Размах крыла, м||8,02(7,76)
Площадь крыла, м2||14,7
Масса пустого, кг||370
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||55
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||175
Полетная масса, кг||545
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||37
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||6,8
Весовая отдача,%||32
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||150
Время набора высоты||
   1000 м, мин||4
   2000 м, мин||8,7
   3000 м, мин||15,7
   4000 м, мин||25,6
   5000 м, мин||46
Потолок практический, м||5250
Продолжительность полета, ч.||2


  "Ньюпор-XXIII" ("Ньюпор-23", "Бебе-23"). По внешнему виду и по конструкции мало отличался от самолетов типа XVII. Лишь фюзеляж его был длиннее на 0,6 м и элероны на концах не были расширены. Самолет попал в Россию в 1917 г., строился серийно на заводе "Дукс" и широко применялся в гражданской войне, численно преобладая среди других "Ньюпоров".


Самолет||<Ньюпор-XXIII>
Год выпуска||1917
Двигатель, марка||<Рон>
   мощность, л.с.||120
Длина самолета, м||6,4
Размах крыла, м||8,03(7,76)
Площадь крыла, м2||14,7
Масса пустого, кг||355
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||67
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||192
Полетная масса, кг||547
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||37
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||4,6
Весовая отдача,%||35
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||168
Время набора высоты||
   1000 м, мин||2,7
   2000 м, мин||5,8
   3000 м, мин||9,7
   4000 м, мин||15
   5000 м, мин||23
Потолок практический, м||6500
Продолжительность полета, ч.||1,7


O.Thetford British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Putnam)


Nieuport Scout

  In its various guises, the Nieuport V-strutter sesquiplane scout was one of the most famous aircraft of the First World War, and will always be associated with the brilliant exploits of such pilots as Ball and Bishop of the RFC, and Navarre and Nungesser of the French Air Force.
  The first RNAS Nieuport Scouts were the Type 11 with 80 hp Le Rhone engines, described and illustrated in the Appendix and in the drawing opposite. These arrived early in 1916 and saw extensive service with NO.1 Wing of the RNAS in Belgium and No.2 Wing in the Aegean. 'A' Squadron at Fumes in Belgium commanded by Squadron Commander F K Haskins became the first homogenous fighter unit of the RNAS in June 1916. From November 1916 the improved Nieuport 17bis was introduced. This had a 130 hp Clerget engine and a round-sided, streamlined fuselage. Around 80 of these were supplied to the RNAS. Those serialled between N3100 and N3209 were from the original French manufacturers but the remainder (N5860--5909) were built under licence by the British Nieuport Co. Ten additional Nieuport Scouts were of the Type 21 model which reverted to the 80 hp Le Rhone engine. These were serialled 3956-3958 and 8745-8751 and for some reason were known to the RNAS as Nieuport 17Bs.
  The RNAS Nieuport Scouts played a significant role in support of the RFC on the Western Front from late 1916 until replaced the following year by Sopwith Triplanes and Camels. For the most part they flew in squadrons with mixed equipment, usually alongside Sopwith Pups as in the case of the famous Naval Eight, but one unit, No.6 (Naval) Squadron, had a full complement of Nieuport 17bis.

UNITS ALLOCATED
  NO.1 Wing, RNAS (Dunkirk), No.2 Wing, RNAS (Aegean) and No.3 Wing, RNAS (Aegean). 0.6 (Naval) Squadron and partial equipment of Nos.l, 4, 8, 9, 10 and 11 (Naval) Squadrons on the Western Front.

TECHNICAL DATA (NIEUPORT 17bis)
  Description: Single-seat fighting scout. Wooden structure, fabric covered.
  Manufacturers: Soc Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport, Issy-le-Moulineaux (Seine), France, and British Nieuport Company, Cricklewood.
  Power Plant: One 130 hp Clerget.
  Dimensions: Span, 27 ft 3 in. Length, 19 ft 6 in. Height, 7ft. Wing area, 158 sq ft.
  Weights: Empty, 825 lb. Loaded, 1,233 lb.
  Performance: Maximum speed, 115 mph at sea level. Climb, 5 1/2 min to 6,500 ft; 9 min to 10,000 ft. Endurance, 2 hr. Service ceiling, 18,000 ft.
  Armament: One fixed Lewis gun mounted above the top wing firing clear of the airscrew disc. Later a synchronised Vickers gun was mounted above the cowling. Provision for four Le Prieur rockets on each V strut.


NIEUPORT 21

  Known in the RNAS as the '17B', the Nieuport 21 was similar to the Nieuport 17 and of the same dimensions but reverted to the 80 hp Le Rhone engine. At least 10 entered RNAS service with the serial numbers 3956-3958 and 8745-8751. Units with them on strength included Nos.8, 9 and 11 RNAS Squadrons. Maximum speed, 93 mph. Climb, 8 3/4 min to 6,500 ft.


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


NIEUPORT 17 France

  Appearing mid-1916, the Nie 17 rapidly established itself as an outstanding fighter. Although it retained the basic geometry and proportions of the Nie 11 and 16, it was a new, somewhat larger and more refined aircraft. Most Nie 17s were powered by either the Le Rhone 9Ja of 110 hp or 9Jb of 120 hp, but a few of the earliest had the 110 hp or 130 hp Clerget. At some time in 1916, the Nie 17 equipped every fighter escadrille of the Aviation Militate, and at least one naval unit. Many of those in French service had a synchronised Vickers gun, while the substantial number supplied to the RFC were armed with a Lewis gun on a Foster overwing mounting. One hundred and fifty were built in Italy by Nieuport-Macchi, and the Nie 17 was supplied to Belgium and Russia. Twenty were also supplied to the Netherlands and two to Finland, and, in September 1917, the American Expeditionary Force received 75 fighters of this type. A classic design, the Nie 17 was to serve as a basis for a number of later types.

Max speed, 103 mph (165 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 11.5 min.
Range, 155 mis (250 km).
Empty weight, 827 lb (375 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,235 lb (560 kg).
Span, 26 ft 9 in (8,16 m).
Length, 19 ft 0 in (5,80 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158.8 sq ft (14,75 m2).


NIEUPORT 21 France

  Although apparently intended as a fighter trainer, the single-seat Nie 21 was flown operationally as a fighter in French escadrilles. Fundamentally a variant of the Nie 17 in which the 110 hp Le Rhone 9J gave place to the 80 hp Le Rhone 9C, the Nie 21 was built in considerable numbers, and, because many were fitted with a horseshoe-form engine cowling, it was frequently mistaken for the Nie 11. It had the larger wings and bracing geometry of the Nie 17, however, and in RNAS service (at least five being acquired) it was known confusingly as the Nie 17B. The Nie 21 was supplied to Russia, and, from September 1917,181 were acquired by the US Air Service for training duties. At least one was tested with the 90 hp Le Rhone 9Ga engine.

Max speed, 94 mph (150 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 15.7 min.
Empty weight, 705 lb (320 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,091 lb (495 kg).
Span, 26 ft 9 in (8,16 m).
Length, 19 ft 8 1/4 in (6,00 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158.77 sq ft (14,75 m2).


NIEUPORT 23 France

  The Nie 23 differed from the Nie 17 in comparatively minor respects. A new form of interrupter gear for the Vickers gun led to the weapon's installation slightly to starboard of the centreline and dictated some internal structural changes. There were minor modifications to the upper wing and the 120 hp Le Rhone 9Jb rotary was adopted as standard. The Nie 23 was used side by side with the Nie 17 in French escadrilles and was licence-built by Dux in Russia where it became the most numerous Nieuport serving with the Imperial Russian Air Service. It was supplied to Belgium and at least 80 were delivered to the RFC with which it entered service mid-March 1917. In British squadrons, replacement of the Vickers by a Foster-mounted Lewis gun rendered distinguishing Nie 23 from Nie 17 almost impossible.

Max speed, 103 mph (165 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 9,840 ft (3 000 m), 11.5 min.
Empty weight, 827 lb (375 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,235 lb (560 kg).
Span, 26 ft 9 in (8,16 m).
Length, 19 ft 0 1/4 in (5,80 m).
Height, 7 ft 10 in (2,40 m).
Wing area, 158,77 sqft (14,75 m2).


R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 (Putnam)


Army Type Ko 1 Trainer (Nieuport 81-E2)

  French influence on the Japanese Army resulted in an influx of imported French aircraft for training, starting in January 1919. Among these were 40 Nieuport 81-E2s and as their numbers diminished the Japanese Army decided to supplement them with others built in Japan.
  Nieuport 81-E2s and 83-E2s were the standard Army trainers and they were initially manufactured under licence in Japan by the Army at Tokorozawa. But recognizing that manufacturing aircraft was not a function of the military, the production of the Nieuport 81E2 was transferred to Mitsubishi which had recently begun building Navy aircraft, and production of the Nieuport 83-E2 went to Nakajima, a newly formed aircraft manufacturer. All drawings and specifications were furnished by the Army and both aeroplanes remained identical to the French-built aircraft. The first of the Mitsubishi-built aircraft was completed in May 1922.
  The identity of these two aircraft changed from the French system beginning in November 1921 when the Army established a new designation system, giving a separate identity symbol to each foreign manufacturer's name: Type Ko for Nieuport, followed by a sequential number for each separate type. The Nieuport 81-E2 therefore became the Ko 1 and the Type 83-E2 became the Ko 2.
  These Army trainers served at Tokorozawa from the time the Tokorozawa Army Flying School was opened in 1922. Others served at the Kagamigahara Airfield and with some Air Regiments, some remaining operational until around 1926. These two types, with the Nakajima Ko 3, were the main trainers for the Japanese Army during its initial expansion period. After service with the Army, many were released to civil flying schools.

  Single-engine sesquiplane trainer. Wooden structure with fabric covering and some plywood and metal. Crew of two in open cockpits.
  80-100hp Le Rhone nine-cylinder air-cooled rotary engine, driving a Regy-type two-bladed wooden propeller.
  Span 9.20m (30ft 2 1/4in); length 7.20m (23ft 7 1/2in); height 2.60m (8ft 6 1/4in) tail down; wing area 23sq m (247.578sq ft).
  Empty weight 490kg (1,080Ib); loaded weight 760kg (1,675lb); wing loading 33kg/sq m (6.759Ib/sq ft); power loading 7.6kg/hp (16.7Ib/hp).
  Maximum speed 70kt (81 mph) at sea level; service ceiling 4,000m (13,123ft).
  Fifty-seven built.


Army Type Ko 2 Trainer

  In November 1921 the Army developed and used a new identifying system for its standard equipment. In the case of Nieuport aircraft, they were all given the designator Type Ko, making the Nieuport 81 E.2 the Ko 1, and the Nieuport 83 E.2 the Type Ko 2. As with the Nakajima-built Type Ko 3, already described, the Type Ko 1 and 2 were needed in greater numbers than could be imported, so licence-manufacture was planned for these aircraft as well. In keeping with the usual practice, production was started at Tokorozawa, but by this time aircraft manufacturing was being shifted to civil companies. The Army remained responsible for the licence agreement with Nieuport and transferred all production materials to respective companies. In doing this, the Army contracted with Mitsubishi to build the Nieuport 81 E.2 as the Type Ko I, and with Nakajima to build the Nieuport 83 E.2 as the Type Ko 2 in addition to the Type Ko 3.
  The first of the Nakajima-built Type Ko 2s was completed in March 1922, and was identical to the Nieuport 83 E.2. Subsequent trainers of both the Type Ko 1 and 2 types were delivered and assigned to Army Flying Schools at Tokorozawa and Kagamigahara, and some Flight Regiments beginning in 1922. They remained in service until around 1926. After that a number was released to civil flying schools.

  Single-engine sesquiplane fighter. Wooden structure with fabric covering. Pupil and instructor in open cockpit.
  80-100hp Le Rhone nine-cylinder air-cooled rotary engine, driving a Regy fixed-pitch wooden propeller.
  Span 8.11 m (26ft 7 1/4in); length 7.035m (23ft 1in); height 2.9m (9ft 6in); wing area 18.40sq m (198.062sq ft).
  Empty weight 440kg (970Ib); loaded weight 710kg (1,565Ib); wing loading 38.5kg/sq m(8Ib/sq ft); power loading 8.8kg/hp (19.4Ib/hp).
  Maximum speed 76kt (87.5mph) at sea level; service ceiling 5,000m (16,404 ft); endurance 2hr.
  Forty built from March to July 1922.

В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Ньюпор 17, эскадрилья N-65, пилот - лейтенант Ш.Нэжессе, 1916г.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Истребитель "Ньюпор-17" эскадрильи "Аисты" ВВС Франции (пилот Рене Дорм; 1917г.)
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-17" 60-го истребительного дивизиона RFC (пилот У.Бишоп; 1917г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 17 B1690 of No. 1 Squadron RFC, August, 1917. Machine is doped overall aluminium with natural metal cowling which bears either black or red stripes. Fuselage numeral ‘4’ repeated on upper decking and probably applied in blue as depicted. B1690 featured a mixture of roundel proportions at one stage.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-17" эскадрильи "Лафайет" ВВС Франции, укомплектованной американскими добровольцами (1917г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 17, N.2778, Serg. Carre, Escadrille N.112 (?), 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling; French roundels in six positions with red (?) wing and fuselage bands suggesting service with Escadrille N.112. Rene and initial R shown black but may also have been red.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT (MACCHI-built) 17, Ni 3647, pilot and unit unknown, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. Stripe behind cockpit is depicted as red, under surfaces of wings divided into national colours. Small upper wing roundels (see detail I).
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT (MACCHI-built) 17, Ni 3656, Serg. E Liut, 77" Squadriglia 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. Under surfaces of wings divided into national colours with medium sized upper wing roundels. On this machine the fuselage roundel has been overpainted in white and a red heart added.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-17" на лыжном шасси XIX авиаотряда русской армии (1917г.)
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
"Ньюпор-17" российского летчика Доната Макиенка из 7-го истребительного авиаотряда, лето 1917г.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 17, pilot and serial number unknown. No.19 Squadron, Imperial Russian Air Service, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. The aeroplane bears the name 'Bob’ in white and black characters, yin-yan wheel markings in the same colours and fuselage pennant in orange and black stripes representing the colours of the Order of St. George. Rudder markings are black and white. Russian roundels in six positions.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 17, serial, pilot and unit unknown, Estonian Air Force, 1925.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling, this aeroplane was particularly well-worn when photographed. Estonian triangular markings of white/deep blue/black/white applied to upper surfaces (and possibly lower surfaces) of upper wing, together with under surfaces of lower wing and fuselage sides. Rudder and elevators in equal bands of the national colours.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-21" RNAS (1917г.)
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Истребитель "Ньюпор-21" французских ВВС (1917г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 21, N.1645, Sgt. R Lufbery, Escadrille Americaine, 1916.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. French roundels in six positions. Personal marking believed to be in red.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Трофейный "Ньюпор-21", использовавшийся авиацией Австро-Венгрии (1917г.)
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Ньюпор 23, 5-я эскадрилья авиации Бельгии ("Кометы"), пилот - су-лейтенант Э.Тиффри, 1917 год.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 23, serial unknown, Adjt. E Thieffry, 5eme Escadrille, 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. Upper surfaces of wings, tail and fuselage overpainted in an unspecified dark colour, probably green. On the upper wing the overpainted roundels can still be discerned. Red/white Comet insignia is well worn, wheels and upper fuselage are marked with a white disc divided by a broad red stripe.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
NIEUPORT 23, A’ 6786, pilot unknown, No.40 Sqn. RFC 1917.
Finished overall in aluminium dope with natural metal cowling. RFC roundels in six positions with black and white fuselage and wing markings. NB: This machine was also used by No.29 Sqn, May 1917. It had gone to No.40 Sqn on 23.3.17 and was struck off charge on 30.3.17, so it wasn't with 40 Sqn for long. It survived at least until January 12 1918, when it was recorded at No.l AD St-Omer.
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Истребитель "Ньюпор-23" боевой авиагруппы Юго-Западного фронта, на котором летал капитан Евграф Крутень
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
"Ньюпор-23" одного из авиаотрядов РККА (1919г.)
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Bearing the serial number of the original Nie.17 flown by Lt. W A Bishop in No.60 Sqn, RFC, this exquisite airworthy reproduction aircraft was built in 1962 by Carl Swanson at Sycamore, Illinois, and is in the collection of Canada’s National Aviation Museum at Rockcliffe, Ontario.
Inset: one observation about the Nieuport 17 that almost certainly applies to the 11 and 16 concerns the fuselage covering. Whenever the NAM Nieuport 17 had the engine running on the ground, or was flying, the fabric on the sides of the fuselage behind the cockpit ‘sucked-in’ making the vertical fuselage members stand out in relief. In bright light conditions the shadows this caused were quite noticeable while the aircraft was in flight as this photo shows.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 21, that being a replica with some genuine components in Brazil’s Museu Aeroespacial.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Rear view of the Nieuport 1 1/2-plane,Type 17.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This aspect of Nieuport 17 N1424 shows application of sprayed camouflage seen on early examples of the type. Patterns varied widely and although this is one of the best photographs available, high reflectivity and lighting conditions still make defining the disposition of colours extremely difficult.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Front view of the Nieuport 1 1/2-plane, Type 17.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A line of Nie.17s of Escadrille N.26. The two nearest aircraft are armed with Vickers guns; the others appear to have overwing Lewis guns.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The marking on the fuselage of N1741 suggests that the aircraft belonged to Escadrille N.26. The individual numeral 3 was repeated on the starboard upper wing, and a cone de penetration was fitted.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The Nieuport squadrons played a vital role in wresting air superiority from the Germans around Verdun and over the French sectors south of the Somme. This Nieuport 17 served with Escadrille N3.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A close-up of a Duks-built Nie. 17 said to have been taken at the firm's Moscow factory.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Ground view of late production Nieuport 17, serial no N1559. With these later machines the overwing Lewis gun was replaced by a synchronised .303 inch Vickers firing through the propeller arc. N1559 is in standard French markings. The fact that the machine is fined with a totally non-standard pitot/static tube, fined to the portside 'V' interplane strut, would indicate that N1559 was involved in development flying.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1803 was typical of the Vickers-armed version of the Nie.17 with overall ‘silver’ finish. A narrow (one rib-space) transparent area at the root end of each upper mainplane allowed more light to fall on the centrally-placed Vickers gun.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
The insignia of Escadrille N48, the head of a crowling cock can just barely be seen on the fuselage side of this Nie.17 number 1930
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
An Nie 17 of the RFC, this particular example serving in Palestine with No 111 Squadron.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A splendidly evocative impression of N1177 of Escadrille N.76, usually flown by Lt. Emile-Louis-Albert Paumier. His personal marking was a white eight-pointed star just visible towards the rear of the fuselage. The escadrille's emblem was a blue and gold fanion.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Nieuport 17, possibly of Escadrille N76. This Nieuport was built in large numbers and equipped many of the French fighter squadrons, as well as a variety of Allied units.
The triangular fanion on the fuselage of N1932 is the light blue and gold emblem of Escadrille N76. The colors were also used for the zig-zag on the rear fuselage. A personal marking which is possibly medium blue aft, extends over the decking
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N3509’s SFA serial number was applied in such small characters (in the rudder’s white stripe) that it is all but illegible in this photograph. The wasp emblem of Escadrille N.89 is eminently visible, however, and the aircraft is a Nie.17.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
This Nie.17 numbered N2038 belonging to Escadrille N15 was named DEDETTE III and carried an elaborate helmet and plume in front of the numeral 7
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Most of the assorted Nieuports acquired by the United States Air Service were used for training purposes in France. This Nie.17 was photographed at Issoudun, wearing on its fuselage the number 31 in large characters, plus ‘15m’ in smaller characters, presumably to intimate that this was a Nieuport with 15 sq. m. wing area.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The first of the RFC’s many Nie.17s was, like the Nie.16s that preceded it, a transfer from the RNAS. This was SFA N1553, which came to the RFC on July 19 1916, and was numbered A200. It had a cone de penetration and transparent panels in the upper wing. A200 went briefly to No.11 Squadron, RFC, but on August 28 1916, was transferred to No.60 Squadron. Albert Ball flew it on September 15, armed with Le Prieur rockets, bent on destroying enemy balloons. Frustrated because the balloons were hauled down, he fired his rockets at a German fighter; all missed, but Ball closed and shot down the enemy. His Nieuport must have been hit, possibly by defensive ground fire, for it was sent to No.2 AD for repair on September 16. The aircraft returned to No.60 Squadron on December 16. Early in February 1917 it suffered the wing distortion that affected several Nieuports but evidently survived. Following damage late in March, it went to No.2 AD on March
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The size and proportions of the cone de penetration of the Nie. 17 can be assessed from this photograph of Lt. Albert Ball, taken in the garden of his Nottingham home while he was on leave. The RFC seemed to be quick to discard this refinement from its early Nieuports, which is probably why Ball was allowed to have his as a souvenir. It was painted red.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
By 1916 French air strength had become impressive, and with types such as the Nieuport and Spad the fighter units had capable equipment. The Nieuport 17, as N2474 here, was powered by a 110hp Le Rhone and had a top speed of 110mph (177kph).
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Alongside the 450 locally-built Nieuport 11s, Nieuport-Macchi also produced a follow-on batch of 150 Nieuport 17s. Seen here with its proud, young pilot is serial no Ni 3632. Note the command pennant that partially obscures the first letter of the aircraft's serial no.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Believed to be in Belgian service, this Vickers-armed Nie.17, evidently in use in July 1917, had a quartered square marking, probably in red and white.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An Escadrille Lafayette pilot, Dudley Hill, in a Nie.17 that had both a Vickers gun and an overwing Lewis. The increased fire-power was doubtless valuable, but the additional gun must have reduced the aircraft's performance seriously.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 17 N2779, believed to be of Esc. N.112, fell into German hands intact on April 12 1917, when Sous-Lt. Carre was obliged to make a forced landing at Leffincourt. It did not survive for long: on May 20, Ltn. Hermann Pfeiffer of Jasta 9 was killed while he was flying this aircraft.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
With a name perhaps chosen to proclaim the bloodthirstiness of its pilot, this Belgian Nie. 17 had, by way of emphasis, both Vickers and Lewis guns.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Современная реплика "Ньюпора-17" в полете.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
A Nie.17, one of the single seat trainers used by a United States' flying training school in France, hence the retention of the tricolor roundels
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The Nieuport 17 went into operational service in the late spring of 1916 being a bigger, better, more powerful development of the Nieuport 11 Bebe, minus the handling problems of the Ni 16. Powered by a 110hp Le Rhone, the Ni 17 had a top level speed of 107mph at 6.560 feet giving it a level speed advantage of around 13mph over the Halberstadt D II and 16mph compared with the Fokker E III. This, combined with its superior climb and agility saw the new French fighter outclassing its German opposition to the point where the German reaction was to have Euler and Siemens-Schuckert mimic the design by 'back-engineering' a captured Nieuport 17. The early production French-operated example seen here sported a 'cone de penetration', which, unlike a normal airscrew boss, remained stationary. However, like many adornments dreamt up by the aircraft builders, these cones failed to survive long in operational useDespite the high speed manoeuvre limitations of the earlier Bebe also applying to the Ni 17, the fighter was built in quantities that approached the 1.000 aircraft mark, the type entering widespread service in France, with both the RFC and RNAS in Britain, Belgium, Italy - where 150 were licence-built by Macchi - The Netherlands and Romania.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
The fore-part of a Nieuport 17 "destroyer" (1916-17 type).
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
The then Captain William Avery Bishop, photographed in the cockpit of his No 60 Squadron, RFC, Nieuport 17, serial no B 1556. Destined to survive World War I with a confirmed score of 72 victories, 'Billy' Bishop was born in Ontario, Canada, on 8 February 1894, Bishop was already a Lieutenant with a Canadian cavalry unit at the outbreak of war. As with other aces-to-be, Bishop started his flying career as an observer in Royal Aircraft Factory RE 7s of No 21 Squadron, RFC, during the autumn of 1915. Hospitalised with a knee injury sustained in a crash landing early in 1916, Bishop then underwent pilot training, following which he spent the rest of the year and early 1917 flying the Royal Aircraft Factory BE 2c with a UK-based anti-airship unit. In mid-March 1917, the young Canadian was posted to No 60 Squadron, RFC, operating Nieuports over the Western Front. Just over a week later, 'Billy' Bishop was to score his first 'kill'. During the next five months, Bishop's tally rose to 36, with his lone 2 June 1917 attack on a German airfield earning him the coveted Victoria Cross for exceptional bravery. After an enforced extended leave back in Canada, Major Bishop, as he now was, returned to France in mid-March to command the Royal Aircraft Factory SE 5a-equipped No 85 Squadron, RFC. Between then and 19 June 1918, 'Billy' Bishop doubled his score of confirmed victories before being effectively forced to quit operational flying for public relations reasons. Bishop returned to Canada after the war, where he helped create the Royal Canadian Air Force, becoming an Air Vice Marshal in the process. 'Billy' Bishop died on 11 September 1956.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
B1640 went to No.40 Squadron, RFC, on May 3 1917, but its operational career was brief. On May 13, Lt. A B Raymond was obliged to land in German-held territory, shot down by Ltn. Ermecke of Jasta 33.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nieuport of No.40 Squadron, RFC. In the cockpit is (it is believed) Lt. Gordon T Pettigrew, who is known to have sent down an Albatros D.V out of control on June 25 1917, while he was flying B1683.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A portrait study of Sergente Ferrucio Zampieri of the 77" Squadriglia in Ni.2656, a Nie.17 bearing the unit’s emblem of a red heart on white disc, superimposed on the position of the fuselage roundel.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.17 of uncertain nationality, possibly in an Italian unit, or a French escadrille in Italy. The skull-and-crossbones emblem might even suggest a connexion with the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Service. What is clear here is the centrally placed securing point for the absent Vickers gun.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Lt. William Thaw's Nie.17, N1582, photographed at Luxeuil, displays typical French rudder serial and weights stencil application. Armament is a centrally-mounted Vickers gun. The intersections of the interplane bracing cables provided parking places for items of flying clothing.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Macchi-built Nie.17, presumably Vickers-armed. The presentation of the serial number, Ni.3647, is typical of Italian practice, and it is noteworthy that the roundels on the upper wing do not extend over the ailerons.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.17 of the Russian 19th (Death or Glory) Squadron. The significance of the name ‘Bob' is not known.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.17 of the Estonian air force, photographed at Tallinn in 1925.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Among the motley collection of Nieuports operated by the Finnish air service in its earliest years was this Duks-built Nie.17. Initially numbered D86/18, it was given the new identity of ID453, and was in service during the period 1918 - 1923. In Winter it was flown with a ski undercarriage. It could have been one of two Nie.l7s (N1899 and N1900) that were flown to Finland in April 1918 by two White Russian officers, Captains Igor and Oleg Zaizewsky.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The Nie.17s of ‘C’ Flight, No.29 Squadron, RFC. The aircraft at right, marked 5C, is A6788, which was at No.l AD by March 30 1917. It went to No.29 Squadron on April 9, was sent to No.2 AD for repair on May 19, but evidently returned to the unit and was finally sent to No.l AD on December 2 1917. Beside it stands A6787, which was at No.l AD by March 27 1917, and went to No.29 Squadron on April 9. On May 11, Lt. A S Shephard on this aircraft destroyed an Albatros D.III; and the Nieuport was sent to No.2 AD for repair on June 15.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Both manpower and material were major initial contributions America brought to the war as pictured by these US Army Signal Corps mechanics re-assembling Nieuport 17s at Issoudun in France during May 1917. After August 1917, Issoudun was to become the biggest and best known of the sixteen American advanced flying training schools established in France. At the time of the Armistice, these flying training schools were producing around 2.000 pilots per month, including those undergoing refresher training.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
A foursome of Nieuport 17s belonging to the Escadrille Lafayette, or N 124, formed of French commanded American volunteer pilots. The brainchild of Norman Price, an American lawyer, the squadron came into being on 16 April 1916, as the Escadrille Americaine, its name being quickly changed to Lafayette following German diplomatic pressure. After serving honourably under the French flag for just under two years, the unit was transferred to US control on 18 February 1918 to become the 103rd Aero Squadron, with most of its pilots being put in command of other squadrons being formed at the time, thus helping to spread this pool of hard-won combat experience. Sadly, the squadron's creator, Norman Price, along with other unit members including Raoul Lufbery, James McConnell and Kiffen Rockwell were all to die in combat. Note the squadron's Indian Head emblem.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Despite having been born in France of French parentage, Raoul Gervais Victor Lufbery has deservedly gone into the annals of aviation as one of the brave young men who helped in the forging of US military aviation during World War I. Lufbery was born on 14 March 1885, emigrating with his parents to the US at the stare of the 1890s. At seventeen and footloose, Lufbery ran away from home, travelling to Europe and the Middle East before returning to the US to join the Army as a rifleman. It was the US Army that furthered his knowledge of the world by sending him to the Philippines, from where, on Army discharge, he proceeded to explore South East Asia in 1910. Two years on and Lufbery's path crosses that of French pilot, Marc Pourpe, who hired Lufbery as the mechanic for his Bleriot. At the outbreak of war both men were still together and, by now, back in France, Pourpe volunteered and with his previous flying experience soon found himself with Escadrille N 23. Initially rejected as a foreigner by the French authorities, Lufbery was contemplating joining the French Foreign Legion when Pourpe, in need of a tried and trusted mechanic, intervened on his behalf. Sadly, shortly after rejoining Pourpe, his benefactor was killed. During the late spring of 1915, Lufbery was selected for pilot training, gaining his 'wings' on 29 July 1915. His introduction to combat came in October 1915 piloting two seater Voisins with Escadrille VB 106. Happily for Lufbery, he was selected for single seaters early in 1916 and following type conversion training joined the Nieuport 11-equipped Escadrille Lafayette on 24 May 1916. French-led, this unit was manned by American volunteer pilots. Here, within the space of less than five months, Lufbery made his mark by becoming an ace, that is having amassed the necessary five 'kills', on 12 October 1916. Commissioned in early 1917, Lufbery continued flying for the French with the Escadrille Lafayette until January 1918, when the unit and its personnel were transferred to the American Expeditionary Forces's control. By now holding the US rank of major, Lufbery was given command of the 94th Aero, equipped with Nieuport 28s. This unit became operational on 19 March 1918 and two months later Raoul Lufbery was killed after falling from his blazing Nieuport on 19 May 1918. Seen here standing besides his Nieuport 17, with its Escadrille Lafayette's Indian Head emblem. Lufbery's ultimate confirmed score stood at 17 'kills'.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The Eastern Front remained very much a ground war although air operations did grow in importance during 1916; the Russians continued to rely on foreign aircraft, such as this Nieuport 17.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
The first aircraft used by the RKKVF were French types taken over from the Imperial Russian Air Fleet in 1917. This Nieuport fighter has an interesting and unusual type of national insignia.
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
"Ньюпор-XVII"
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This captured RFC Nieuport 17 was B1514 (though some official records list it as a Nie.23). It had been at No.l AD by April 4 1917, and was with No.60 Squadron by April 22. On May 6 2/Lt. C W McKissock was obliged to land in enemy territory, and was made PoW. His aircraft had a cutaway cowling, and rocket-tube attachment points were on the interplane struts.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Nieuport 17 in German hands.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Nieuport single-seater fighter, Type 17, with fixed machine gun.
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Nieuport single-seater fighter, Type 17, with fixed machine gun.
Журнал - Flight за 1918 г.
THE LONG AND THE SHORT OF IT. - A Handley-Page bomber and a Nieuport single-seater are objects for Hun curiosity.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.17, formerly of Escadrille NAS (the cockerel’s head part of the escadrille’s well-known marking can be seen to left of the German cross on the fuselage) but here pressed into instructional service with the Jastaschule at Valenciennes.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Three-quarter rear view of the type XXIII Nieuport.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
Rear view of the type XXIII Nieuport.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
In the Nie.23 the Vickers gun was slightly to starboard of centre, its interrupter gear being actuated by a cam on the engine’s distributor ring. The disposition of fuselage cross members was revised to serve as a mounting for the gun. The Nie.23 in this photograph was an aircraft of Escadrille N. 506, the Escadrille d’Athene.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 23 served side-by-side in French escadrilles with the fundamentally similar Nie 17.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
The presence of the emblem of the Escadrille Comete leaves little doubt of the identity of this Nie. 23 flown by Thieffry. Its upper surfaces are overpainted in a dark colour and the machine bears the familiar red/white markings on the upper fuselage repeated on the wheel covers.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport 23 N5017 of the Escadrille Comete, the main subject of the cover painting, reveals markings anomalies with an apparently dark tailplane and wing roundels under transformation, the port appears in French colours while the starboard marking has been overpainted. The red paint used to apply the fuselage insignia was obviously of poor quality!
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
Nieuport 23 N2903 of N561, a unit that formed part of the air defence of Venice.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Although in Russian service, this Nie.23 had apparently retained its French roundels and rudder stripes, but had supplementary flying wires. The pilot's flying suit was generally similar to the British Sidcot.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N3389 was another Russian Nie.23 with its French markings unchanged. In this case the aircraft had been captured intact by the Germans.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Operated by Czarist Russia while wearing French colors, this machine was captured by the Germans. Its identity may have been N3389
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.23 of No.40 Squadron RFC; believed to be A'6786. The RFC found that in the Nie.23 there was a different disposition of packing pieces at the inboard ends of the upper wing panels, consequently different drillings had to be made for the securing bolts of the Foster gun-mounting.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
B3494 had been with No.29 Squadron, RFC, in France in July 1917; on July 31 2/Lt. D F Hilton, flying this Nieuport 23, destroyed two balloons, one at Westhoek that morning, the other at Polygon Racecourse that evening. On August 9 he drove down an Albatros D.V out of control near Langevarde, another east of Houthulst Forest two days later, and a third east of Zonnebeke on August 16. By January 21 1918, B3494 was in Egypt and was in the Repair Park; as at February 12 it had engine No. 100939/ WD9025. This photograph was reported to have been taken in Palestine: if correct, that could imply possible use by No.14 or No.111 Squadron.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This Nie.23, thought to be of No.l Squadron, RFC had what looked like a variant of one of the French types of Lewis-gun mounting, not a Foster mounting, despite the instructions of June 13 and November 20 1916, that RFC Nieuport scouts were to be fitted with the Foster.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Sous-Lieutenant P Braun of the Aviation militaire beige in his Nie.23, armed with twin Lewis guns. The parallel forward attachments for the missing Vickers gun clearly show the extent to which that gun was offset on the Nie.23.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Charles Nungesser with his Nie.17, N1480, during a brief temporary attachment to Escadrille Ml 24, the Escadrille Lafayette. Like N1420, Nungesser’s aircraft had a natural-metal engine cowling and a cone de penetration. On it he shot down an Aviatik over Seuzey on July 21 1916.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Externally almost identical to the later Nieuport 17s, the Nieuport 23 was fitted with a 120hp Le Rhone and carried its Vickers gun on the port, or left-hand side of the upper nose, rather than the top centre as on late model 17s. Top level speed of the Ni 23 was 115mph at sea level. The machine shown here, N1895, was the personal mount of French ace, Charles Nungesser.
H.Cowin - Aviation Pioneers /Osprey/
Charles Eugene Jules Marie Nungesser ended his war with 45 confirmed victories, placing him in third place among France's leading air aces. Seen here leaning against his Nieuport 23, serial no N1895, resplendent with his macabre personal emblem. Nungesser was born in Paris on 15 March 1892. Clearly both impetuous and self-confident, the young Nungesser had run off to Argentina at the age of 16, where he made his first flight, 'soloing' the machine immediately afterwards. Commissioned as a cavalry officer into the 2nd Hussars prior to the war, Nungesser found himself overtaken by the advancing German in August 1914, coolly extricating himself by ambushing an enemy staff car, shooting its two occupants, and using it to make his escape. For this feat, along with an earlier act of bravery, Nungesser received the Medaille Militaire, along with a transfer to the flying service. On 8 April 1915 and by now a qualified pilot, he joined Escadrille VB 106, flying two-seat Voisins. It was while flying one of these sedate pushers in the autumn of 1915 that he was to make his first 'kill' by downing an Albatros two seater. Clearly, this victory marked him as being fighter pilot material, his transfer to Escadrille N 65, with its single seat Nieuport 11s following in November 1915. Once with N 65, Nungesser displayed an impressive aggression, as reflected in his ever-mounting tally of 'kills'. Reckless to the point of foolhardiness, helped, no doubt, by the military publicists, Charles Nungesser was feted wherever he went despite the fact that he spent much time in hospital recovering not only from enemy-inflicted wounds, but car crashes of his own making. Nungesser was to survive the war, his legend following him to the end, when, on 8 May 1927, accompanied by Francois Coli in the Levasseur 'Oiseau Blanc', he took off in an attempt to make the first east-west Atlantic crossing by aeroplane. Neither the aircraft or its crew were ever seen again.
L.Andersson - Soviet Aircraft and Aviation 1917-1941 /Putnam/
The most significant event on the Eastern Front was the Bolshevik revolution in Russia that led to the Russian exit from the war. This Nieuport 17 was in Russian service and, as shown by the markings, went on to serve the Bolshevik forces.
Many Nieuport 10, 17, 21, 23, 24, 25 and other models were taken over by the RKKVF. This is probably a Nieuport 23.
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
"Ньюпор-XXIII"
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A Nie.23 of the Czechoslovakian air service in the early inter-war years.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Details of the cockpit area and Vickers installation can be seen in this photograph of Stephen Bigelow of the Escadrille Lafayette, notably the inconveniently-placed firing lever for the gun. A rear-view mirror is mounted in the cutout in the wing trailing edge.
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Nie 21
O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
Nieuport 21
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
"Ньюпор-XXI"
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An elaborately marked Nie.21, probably Duks-built, in Russian service.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
An unusually interesting Duks-built Nieuport 21 of the Russian naval air station at Tserel on Osel island in the Baltic. One of a sub-Flight of four (the three others were numbered 6, 7 and 8), it was flown by Ensign Vsevolod Leonidovich Yakovlev in August 1917. The Nieuport’s naval ownership is marked by the small representation of the Russian naval ensign (a blue cross of St Andrew on a white background) on the fuselage side midway between the roundel and the tailplane. That fact notwithstanding, Yakovlev was an army officer.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
N1645 was a Nie.21 of the Escadrille americaine that was flown by Sergent Raoul Lufbery, and bore his personal markings. It is believed that this photograph was taken at Behonne, near Bar-le-Duc, in September 1916.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
In its official lists of Royal Naval aircraft the RNAS had a regrettable practice of using the vague description ‘Nieuport 1-seater, 80-hp Le Rhone' for aircraft that were not identical. Statements of squadron aircraft would generally indicate that those numbered 3956 - 3958 and 8745 - 8751 were known in the Service as Nieuport 17B. All were in use by August 1916, just before the French SFA designation Type 21 was introduced, so it is hardly surprising that the RNAS did not use it. In a minute dated February 26 1917, Acting Wing Commander Alec Ogilvie of RNAS Dunkerque confirmed that, . . the 17B type of 80 Le Rhone Nieuport. . . is a machine with 15 sq. m. of surface in place of the 13 sq. m. of the old Nieuport 80 Le Rhone Baby'. This leaves little doubt that the RNAS’s Nieuport 17Bs would have come as Nie.21s had they been delivered later. No.3956 had reached the Dunkerque Depot by August 10 1916, and was initially allocated to No.2 Flight of ‘A’ Squadron in No.l Wing at Fumes. Flight Lieutenant G V Leather was flying it on October 20 when he shot down a twin-engine seaplane off Ostend. Six days later 3956 was in ‘A’ Flight of the Detached Squadron that became No.8 (Naval) Squadron; and on December 4 Flight Sub-Lieutenant G G Simpson on 3956 shared with Flight Lieutenant C R Mackenzie on 8750 in the destruction of an Albatros D.I near Bapaume. By January 5 1917, 3956 was with No.3 (Naval) Squadron and acquired the name Binky. Subsequent moves took it to No.9 (Naval) by February 1, and to No.11 (Naval) by March 28. Flight Sub Lieutenant A E Hall was injured in a crash on May 12 1917, and 3956 was sent to the Dunkerque Depot that day. Its deletion was approved on May 16 1917.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A Nieuport "biplan de chasse" or "destroyer" (1916-17 type). The mounting of the gun on the top plane is of interest.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Built in France to a Russian order, N1810 awaits transport east. National colors on the rudder from front to rear are white, blue and red
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Российский "Ньюпор-21" французской сборки.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Probably an early Nie.21, possibly of an operational escadrille. A Lewis gun is present, and the numerals might have been unit identification numbers.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
В.Обухович, А.Никифоров - Самолеты Первой Мировой войны
R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe - Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 /Putnam/
Mitsubishi Army Type Ko 1 Trainer, a Japanese manufactured Nieuport 81-E2
R.Mikesh, A.Shorzoe - Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941 /Putnam/
Nakajima Army Type Ko 2 Trainer, a Japanese-produced Nieuport 83 E.2.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
These close-ups of the sole genuine Nieuport 'vee-strutter’ single-seat fighter survivor, Type 23 N5024, currently being restored by Belgium's Musee Royal de l’Armee, provide some rarely-appreciated details. On the photo, three views reveal cowl lip, slots and flanges and the fuselage underside cut-out behind the engine.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Port upper wing showing fabric strip covering the aileron gap; next, a general view of N5024 with the famous Comet insignia of 5""' Escadrille; next, the wooden tail skid fairing was usually plain varnished not doped aluminium as here; lowest, port undercarriage leg and axle detail.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Frontal aspect of the Brussels’ Nieuport 23 showing the cowl lip and riveting to advantage; centre, windscreen, cockpit padding and aileron crank - wood strip covering of forward fuselage visible in cockpit; lowest, starboard aspect of the same area with rear cabane and wing cut-out detail.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
This view of the forward fuselage emphasises the offset position of the Vickers gun on the Type 23; centre, two views of the cockpit (incomplete). There was no dashboard, instruments being attached to various fuselage members. Finally, at foot, the varnished ply seat.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Forward fuselage and cockpit area of a Nieuport 17. The control column is well over to port, and the cross member that actuated the aileron connecting rods is at a considerable angle.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Forward-fuselage structural details of one of the later 110-hp variants, probably a 17 or 23. The steel band visible under the fuselage was the retaining strap that secured the engine cowling.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
A fixed Lewis gun, regulated by the Alkan-Hamy synchronizing mechanism, on what was probably an early production Nieuport 17. Such an installation must have been rare on the type.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Aeroplane versus anchor cable. - Returning from a flight on his Nieuport, Sergt. Courtois, who had had his propeller damaged by bullets, was making for home against the sun. This accounted for the fact that he failed to see the anchor cable of a French kite balloon. As luck would have it, it was the propeller which struck the cable, otherwise the issue might have been serious. As it was, the Nieuport seemed to hesitate an instant, then, as the cable parted, it resumed its flight. On landing it was found that some ten yards of cable was twisted round the propeller shaft, otherwise no damage had been done. The observer in the kite balloon managed to land safely at Eure-et-Loir.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Comets in the Sky Adjudant ‘Teddy’ Franchomme flying Nieuport 23 N5017 of the 5 Escadrille, Aviation Militaire Beige over the Front in 1917; his companion flying the Nieuport 11 is Edmond Desclee. The aeroplanes bear the unit's famous red comet marking the tail of which on Desclee’s machine bears the legend ‘ Va ou je te pousse’.
Журнал - Flight за 1919 г.
A Sitter.
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Drawing of the Nieuport cone de penetration in the French Patent No. 492.971, which was applied for on November 7, 1916. This shows clearly how this stationary fairing was secured to a forward extension of the engine’s crankshaft. All known photographs show a more nearly hemispherical unit than the somewhat ogival cone depicted.
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Сайт - Pilots-and-planes /WWW/
Журнал - Flight за 1917 г.
Scale drawings (in mm.) of the Nieuport single-seater.
В.Кондратьев - Самолеты первой мировой войны
Nieuport 17
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/
Nieuport Type 17
J.Bruce - Nieuport Fighters /Albatros/