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Jane's
 
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913
265

Jane's All The World Aircraft 1913 /Jane's/

In 1909 the famous Bleriot XI was built. This did very well at Reims, 1909. On 25th July, 1909, Bleriot made the first Cross-Channel flight in the machine illustrated below.
BLERIOT XI. This machine had length, 23 feet (7 m.) Span, 25? feet (7.80 m.) Area, 167 sq. feet (15? m?.) Aspect ratio 4? to 1. Motor, 22-25, 3 cylinder Anzani, Speed, about 45 m.p.h. (73 k.m.) Special features: Fixed wings with rounded edges. Twin elevator and fixed surface tail.
DEPERDUSSIN, 80 h.p. UAS.
H. Farman. 1912-1913 military biplane.
B.F.W.-built 1913 Etrich Taube.
ALBATROS. Military hydro-biplane.
1912 flying boat.
Curtiss. 1913 flying boat.
Burgess-Wright.
Armoured war aeroplane.
BURGESS-WRIGHT as a hydro (the U.S. Navy has two of these).
Wright. Model B.
HP Type E (HP5) in original 1912 form as a two-seater. The 'bird-like' origins of some of the early designs can clearly be seen in the wing design of the Handley Page 'Yellow Peril'. No type ol this design entered service with the British military because of the monoplane ban.
R.E.P. (1908). Early example of enclosed stream line body. Apparently the first machine in which steel construction appeared.
H. FARMAN (1907). This famous machine is the first Voisin, and the one on which H. Farman taught himself to fly. It was the first machine to make a turn in the air. Won the Deutsh-Archdeacon Grand Prix, 13th January, 1908, with a flight of 1 minute, 28 seconds. The extra third plane was added later. An Austrian Syndicate subsequently bought the machine.
VOISIN (1908). The first European aeroplanes to fly with any real success.
WRIGHT (1908). Two views of the machine with which Wilbur Wright started all Europe from August, 1908 to April, 1909. First U.S. machine to fly.
WRIGHT (1908). Two views of the machine with which Wilbur Wright started all Europe from August, 1908 to April, 1909. First U.S. machine to fly.
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Army Flying School ground. Bleriot (since wrecked), Tokogawa, Wright, Grade.
1908 Astra-Kapferer tandem plane
Country of Origin: France Designed and built by ASTRA
ANTOINETTE IV (1909). In this machine Latham made the first attempt to fly the Channel, 19th July, 1909.
SANTOS-DUMONT XIX. This little machine, surface only 9 m2. made an extraordinary sensation in France in 1909. It flew at the then incredible speed of 65 m.p.h. (100 k.p.h.) Santos-Dumont presented all rights to the world soon afterwards, and a large number were built before it was realised that only an extremely light weight pilot could fly in one. Few of the copies ever left the ground.
WITZIG-LIORE-DUTILLUEL (1908-09). First or one of the first appearances of the idea of a series of staggered planes, with which Sellers has ever since experimented in the U.S.A.
BREGUET IV (1910). On its appearance, this machine was generally laughed at and nicknamed the "Coffee Pot," till in Aug., 1910, it made a world's record by carrying six, and later proved itself superior in stability to anything then existing.
DE LA HAULT (1907). One of the earliest attempts at an ornithopter. No flights.
CYGNET II (1908). Designed by Dr. Graham Bell, of the Aeronautical Society of America. Bell (Canadian), Glen Curtis (U.S.), Herring (U.S.), and Burgess (Canadian). It made short flights.
JUNE BUG (1908-09). Famous machine of its era. Built by the Aeronautical Society of America (see Cygnet II). Second machine to fly in the U.S.A. Did 2000 miles before being broken up.
BOKOR TRIPLANE. - In this American design the double triangular-shaped tail and the swinging aviator's seat, which automatically warps the lower plane, are the main features.
BOKOR (1909). The third American machine to leave the ground; the second purely U.S. one.
KIMBALL (1909). First machine in which a large number of propellers was attempted. Failed.
PORTE (1908). Designed by Lieut. Porte, R.N., in conjunction with Lieut. Pirie, R.N. This machine, on which the former well known aviator commenced his flying career, was smashed up in preliminary trials as a glider on Portsdown Hill, Portsmouth. Its design apparently preceded the Goupy in the use of staggered planes.
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Army Flying School ground. Bleriot (since wrecked), Tokogawa, Wright, Grade.
VUITTON-HUBER (1908). Early helicopter.
MILLER (1908-09). First aeroplane to be designed and constructed by Italians.
WELS & ETRICH (1908). Original form of the modern Etrich (q.v.)
DUNNE, U.A.S. Original Dunne biplane D5.
GABARDINI (1909-10). Very early hydro-aeroplane, antedating the Fabre.
HUNTINGDON (DUNNE II) (1910). One of the earliest aeroplanes in existence--designed by Captain Dunne about 1905-06, previous to the secret experiments of the British War Office in Scotland, on the Duke of Atholl's estate. Assigned to Prof. Huntingdon in 1910. Made a few short flights.
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Army Flying School ground. Bleriot (since wrecked), Tokogawa, Wright, Grade.
CODY (1909). Development of a much earlier machine. This one was a general laughing stock for a long time; but it was the direct predecessor of the machine (not very materially different) which was an easy first in the British Army aeroplane trials, 1912.
1909 Dufaux tractor biplane - many flight during 1909 and in 1910. Armand Dufaux flew almost 50 miles in 1 hr 18 mins over water the length of Lake Geneva (almost double the distance over water than Bleriot during his channel crossing)
Country of origin: Switzerland Designed and built by Armand & Henri Dufaux
Photo, Edwin Levick, N.Y.
BALDWIN. "Red Devil". UAS.
SEDDON. (1910). Designed by Lieut. Seddon, R.N.
EULER. Military biplane.
1912 Sommer monoplane
Country of Origin: France Designed and built by Roger Sommer
2 seater Span: 37'9" Length: 29'6" Weight: 900 lb
1 seater Span: 34'6"
1911 Dufaux-5 biplane
Country of Origin: Switzerland Designed and built by Dufaux brothers
Span: 27'3" Length: 30'6" Weight: 1224 lbs Speed: 52 mph
Type D (1911). Photo, Alan H. Burgoyne, Esq., M.P.
Avro. Type D (1911-12)., x1, U.A.S.
M. Farman. 1912-1913 military biplane.
ASTRA. Military "C.M." 1913.
The Type XXVII, similar to the XXI.
1912-13. G3 type 3-seater military.
M. Farman. 1912-13 staggered biplane. This is the type which has done best as a hydro-aeroplane.
BLERIOT-LIMOUSINE.-- View from left side, x3, UAS.
General standard type of Bleriot 1912 & 1913. UAS.
1911 Besson canard monoplane
Country of Origin: France Designed by Marcel Besson Built by Louis Clement
Span: 38' Length: 24'7" Weight empty: 770 lbs
CAUDRON Mono. By favour of "Flight".
B.E. type. R.A.F. Uniform Aeroplane Scale.
SWEDISH AEROPLANES. Nyrop. Naval monoplane. Bleriot 2-seater. Built in Sweden by Nyrop, 1911. Motor, 50 h.p. Gnome.
"Short" Hydro Aeroplane Type S.41 100 h.p. tractor biplane.
BLACKBURN--MILITARY TYPE. TWO-SEATER.
Illustration: Photograph from right, partially obscured. Caption: ETRICH. Limousine. Photo, Guld.
THE "MARTINSYDE" 120 H.P. TWO-SEATER, MILITARY TYPE MONOPLANE. Fuel Capacity for 6 HOURS' FLIGHT, at 85 miles per hour.
By favour of "Aeronautics," U.S.A.
Avro G at the Military Trials.
No. 6 monoplane re-engined with a 70 hp Gnome and with a Levasseur-type propeller.
H. Farman. 1913 latest type military biplane.
1913 Borel. Hydro-avion. By favour of "Flight."
GOUPY. Hydro. From "Flight."
GOUPY. Hydro. By favour of "Aeronautics," U.S.A.
NIEUPORT. Hydro. By favour of "Flight." UAS.
ECOLE MILITAIRE DE CORBEAULIEU
The 80 h.p. mounted on floats as a hydro.
E type Standard 50 h.p. Avro Biplane.
1913 tractor. Type F.
The latest type 60-h.p, Gnome Blackburn monoplane with which Mr. Cyril Foggin, together with Mr. Harold Blackburn, has been giving exhibitions in Leeds at Easter. This new Blackburn model has shown some excellent flying qualities, and is very stable in adverse winds. It is a quick climber, and has a fine turn of speed.
ASTRA. Hydro-avion, 1913.
The Burgess flying boat in flight.
Rumpler. Hydro-aeroplane.
Unquestinably the most famous aviation photograph ever taken, this study shows the Flyer making the first of its four flights of 17 December 1903, with Orville piloting and Wilbur at the wingtip. Orville had set up the camera on its tripod, and the shutter was operated by John T Daniels of the Kill Devil Life Saving Station.
1904 Wright Flyer 2 - almost identical to Flyer 1 but heavier.
Country of origin: USA. Designed and built by Wilbur & Orville Wright.
Span: 40.3' Length: 21.1' Weight: 925 lbs
1906 Santos-Dumont 14-BIS - made first powered flight in Europe
Country of origin: France/Brazil. Designer: Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian living in France.
Span: 38'9", Length: 31'10" Weight: 661 lbs
1912 hydro. By favour of "Aeronautics," U.S.A., UAS.
Wright. Model C.
1913 Wright Model E - similar to EX, except only one 7' pusher and 2 large 24" balloon tires.
Country of origin: USA. Designed and built by Wilbur & Orville Wright.
Span: 36' Length: 27.9' Weight: 730 lbs.
Benoist. Flying boat.
1913 Schwade 2-seater biplane
Country of Origin: Germany Designed and built by Schwade
1913 model. (1912 same appearance.)
1913 Castaibert IV monoplane
Country of Origin: Argentina Designed and built by Castaibert
1910 Mercep-Rusjan monoplane
Country of Origin: Slovenia (in 1910 Austro-Hungarian Empire) Designed and built by M.Mercep and E.and J. Rusjan
Span: 46'
1910 De Broucker biplane
Country of Origin: Belgium Designed and built by De Broucker
1912 tractor-biplane (racer).
1910 Dorner Type II pusher monoplane
Country of Origin: Germany Designed and built by Dorner
Span: 32'10" Length: 38'1" Weight w.engine: 661 lbs
1912 Hanuschke monoplane
Country of Origin: Germany Designed and built by Hanuschke
1911 Oertz monoplane
Country of Origin: Germany Designed and built by May Oertz
1913 Rumpler monoplane
Country of Origin: Germany Designed and built by Rumpler Company
1912 Antoni monoplane
Country of Origin: Italy Designed and built by Guido and Ugo Antoni
1913 Antoni monoplane
Country of Origin: Italy Designed and built by Guido and Ugo Antoni
1911 Asteria No. 3 pusher biplane - first plane to be used in War during Italian campaign in Bengasi (Oct.1911)
Country of Origin: Italy Designed by Francesco Darbesio, built by Soc.Aeronautica Asteria,Torino
Span: 49'3" Length: 34'5"
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Tokogawa II. Type I the same except for minor details.
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Army Flying School ground. Bleriot (since wrecked), Tokogawa, Wright, Grade.
SWEDISH AEROPLANES. Ask. Monoplane. Harlan type. Built by Ask, 1911.
SWEDISH AEROPLANES. Dahlbek. Farman type. Built by Lieut. Dahlbek. 1913.
1912 Grandjean Hydravion monoplane
Country of Origin: Switzerland Designed and built by Rene Grandjean
Span: 29'6" Length: 27'11"
1911 Taddeoli monoplane - he lost a wheel on take off in Berne!
Country of Origin: Italy? Designed and built by Taddeoli
1911 Benoist Headless pusher biplane (land and seaplane) St. Louis
Country of Origin: USA Designed by Thomas W.Benoist and built by Benoist Aircraft Co.
Span: 30' Length: 22'6" Range: 180 miles Price: US$ 3950- land; US$4150- with float
Burgess H Biplane
Burgess H Biplane
Burgess H 1913 American duration/distance record holder
Military tractor.
1913 Burgess I Scout hydroaeroplane pusher biplane
Country of Origin: USA Designed and built by W.Burgess
Span: 39'19" Length: 31'4"
Dr. Christmas Biplane
1913 Standard biplane, U.A.S.
HIPPICH (1908). Tandem mono, with one propeller befora and another in rear of rear plane.
NEMETHY (1908). The first "Aviette."
SOLTAU (1910). An ornithopter based on earlier ideas of Adhemar de la Hault (see BELGIUM).
DE LA HAULT II. (1910-11). The ornithopter principle applied to a monoplane. No success met with.
D'HESPEL (1909-10). Single plane and suspended body. Early example of enclosed body. No flights.
AVRO (1906). This 24 h.p. biplane, designed by A.V. Roe, was the first British machine to leave the ground.
1908 AVROE biplane - was longtime considered the first flying British plane
Country of Origin: U.K. Designed and built by A.V.Roe
Span: 33'3" Length: 23' Weight: 600 lb
The Humphreys Waterplane, built at Wivenhoe, Essex, during 1908/9 by Mr Jack Humphreys, who is said to have been known locally as 'the mad dentist'.
Ellehammer Aeroplane 1906
ELLEHAMMER (1905). On 12th September, 1906, this machine made the first free flight in Europe. On 28th June, 1908, it won the prize at Kiel for the first flight in Germany (distance, 47 m.) It was a tractor biplane with a revolving Ellehammer motor. It also had a pendulum seat as a stabilising device.
The big Bousson-Borgnis canard, the Auto-Aviateur of 1908.
BREGUET (1906). The first Breguet, known as Breguet Gyroplane I. Made a flight in October, 1906, being the first helicopter to leave the ground.
CHAUVIERE (1909-10). Attempt to develop a monoplane with propellers in rear. The idea has been resuscitated for some 1913 military monoplanes.
The Cornu helicopter safely on the ground. Aviator Paul Cornu
CORNU (1908). An early helicopter for which flights were claimed, but have also been denied.
D'EQUIVELLY (1907-08). Interesting example of the strange machines devised by pioneers.
GIVAUDIN (1908-09). Built by the Vermorel Co. The first conception of an idea which has since attracted a certain class of inventor in Germany, Italy and the U.S.A.
MILITARY (1909). The first special military aeroplane ever built. It was specially designed by Capt. Dorand, for what were then held to be the aerial necessities of the French Army. The planes were placed well above the body, giving the pilot a very clear uninterrupted view.
PISCHOFF-KOECHLIN (1908). Very early example of a tractor biplane. The extra span of the upper plane is also of interest. The machine had twin mono-elevators aft and also twin rudders.
1907 De Pischoff tractor biplane
Country of origin: France Designed by Alfred de Pischoff Constructor: L.Chauviere
Span: 32'10"
The second Vuia aeroplane, with a squared box frame. Earliest known machine with folding wings.
BEILHARZ (1909). First design in which a completely closed in body figured.
GRADE (1908). The first German built machine to fly.
PARSEVAL (1909). Early hydro-aeroplane. Spedially designed for military purposes by Major Parseval.
SCHOLTZ (1908). Never left the ground.
DUFAUX (1908-09). First Swiss machine.
CALL II (1909).
ENGLISH (1909). In 1909 extraordinary claims were made for this machine and great things expected. On a full power trial in its shed it broke loose, and smashed itself against the roof. No recorded outdoor results.
HULBERT (1910). This strange machine built in Switzerland by Dr. Dane Hulbert, achieved several flights. The planes were placed longitudinally instead of in the usual way.
LUYTIES OTTO (1908).
MOISSANT (1910). Built entirely of aluminium. Designed by the late John Moissant. Failed.
H. FARMAN (1908). Farman's first idea of a monoplane. It proved too heavy to fly with the power provided. Was eventually sold to a German officer. Three sets of wings and entirely enclosed body.
PISCHOFF-KOECHLIN (1906 or earlier). Dates from the days when a box-kite was the elementary idea in design, and the accepted position of the aviator lying prone.
Rumpler. "Taube." With limousine body.
JAPANESE AEROPLANES. Narahara.